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Vasilica Viorica Dăncilă (Romanian pronunciation: [va.siˈli.ka vi.oˈri.ka dənˈtʃi.lə]; born 16 December 1963) is a Romanian politician, former leader of the Social Democratic Party, and was Prime Minister of Romania from 29 January 2018 to 4 November 2019. She was the first woman in Romanian history to hold both the office of Prime Minister and president of the PSD. In 2014, she was elected as a member in the European Parliament for a second term from the PSD. Viorica Dăncilă was also the president of the Social Democratic Women's Organization (OFSD) between 2015 and 2018.
|Prime Minister of Romania|
29 January 2018 – 4 November 2019
|Preceded by||Mihai Fifor (Acting)|
|Succeeded by||Ludovic Orban|
|President of the Social Democratic Party|
27 May 2019 – 26 November 2019
|Preceded by||Liviu Dragnea|
|Succeeded by||Marcel Ciolacu|
|Member of the European Parliament|
21 January 2009 – 28 January 2018
|Succeeded by||Gabriela Zoană|
Vasilica Viorica Nica
16 December 1963
Roșiorii de Vede, Romania
|Political party||Social Democratic|
National University of Political Studies and Public Administration⁶
Viorica Dăncilă became a member of the Social Democratic Party in 1996, as part of the PSD organization of Teleorman County. Over the years she has held several positions in both PSD and the local administration. Viorica Dăncilă was a local council and a county councilor until 2009, when she was elected MEP for her first term. Also, Viorica Dăncilă occupied several leadership positions in the party, as president of the local organization, vice president of PSD Teleorman and president of OFSD Teleorman.
Dăncilă's plans for a new cabinet were approved on 26 January 2018.
Vasilica Viorica Dăncilă (ex Vasilica Rodica Nica) was born on 16 December 1963 in Roșiorii de Vede, Teleorman County. In 1988 she graduated from the Faculty of Drilling of Wells and Exploitation of Hydrocarbon Deposits of the Institute of Petroleum and Gas in Ploiești. In 2006 Dăncilă obtained the master in European Public Space at the National School of Political and Administrative Studies in Bucharest.
In the European ParliamentEdit
In 2009, Viorica Dăncilă was elected on the lists of the Social Democratic Party for her first term as a member of the European Parliament and then sat as a member of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats group. During the 5-year term, she did not draft any report as a rapporteur (primary legislator).
In 2014, Viorica Dăncilă was elected for another term as MEP on the Social Democratic Party's list. She was also the leader of the Romanian Social Democrat delegation in the EP and a vice chair of the European Parliament's Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development. She was also a full member of the Committee on Women's Rights and Gender Equality and a substitute member of the Committee on Regional Development.
In 2015, she was shortlisted for the MEP Awards, in the Agriculture category. Two years later, in 2017, she was again nominated, in two separate categories: Women's Rights & Gender Equality and Research & Innovation.
She officially left the European Parliament on 28 January 2018 to take up the position of Prime Minister in Romania.
In the Social Democratic Women's OrganizationEdit
In 2015, social democratic women proposed a Pact to the national political forces which aimed to protect women from domestic violence. This was an initiative of Viorica Dăncilă, then the acting chairwoman of the organization, brought up at the OFSD Summer School in Mamaia, on 28–30 August.
In October 2015, she was elected President of the Social Democratic Women's Organization. As President of OFSD, Viorica Dăncilă asked PSD leaders to ensure a quota of at least 30% female candidates on the lists of the Social Democratic Party during elections. The proposal was approved by the PSD leadership.
As Prime MinisterEdit
On 17 January 2018, President of the Social Democratic Party Liviu Dragnea nominated Viorica Dăncilă as Romania's first female Prime Minister and the country's third head of government in a year. Her predecessor, Mihai Tudose, resigned on 15 January after his own party withdrew its backing. President Klaus Iohannis accepted PSD's nomination and appointed Dăncilă as prime minister-designate in a move harshly criticized by his supporters and main opposition parties. Her cabinet received the vote of confidence from Parliament on 29 January.
She was ousted as prime minister on 10 October 2019, following a vote of no confidence. She remained as a caretaker of the office until the formation of a new government.
In February 2018, Dăncilă was in center of a discrimination scandal. She catalogued as "autistic" the MEPs who "misinform the EU" with regard to changes to the justice laws. Soon after, the Association of Parents of Children with Autism claimed that the use of the term "autistic" with a profoundly negative meaning in a political dispute is an offense to those with this condition. Moreover, the National Council for Combating Discrimination began the hearing procedures of Viorica Dăncilă for her perceived discriminatory comments. She later apologized for the statement and said that through the comparison she did not want to insult people with autism spectrum disorders.
She was also criticized for showing a lack of knowledge for proper grammar in Romanian, a lack of verbal fluidity, poor knowledge of terms and subjects related to her tasks. Mircea Dumitru, rector of the University of Bucharest and former Minister of Education, characterized her language as "hard to understand" and "full of syntactic construction errors and logical inconsistencies." After repeatedly avoiding meetings and phone conversations on domestic and international issues with President Klaus Iohannis, the latter asked her to resign, arguing that she "does not cope with the position of prime minister and turns the Government into a vulnerability of Romania." Moreover, Iohannis accused Dăncilă of obeying "orders from the party" and announced that he withdrew his confidence in her.
In July 2018, during a meeting with Montenegrin Prime Minister Duško Marković, she confused the capital of the country, Podgorica, with Pristina, the capital of Kosovo (which is not recognized as an independent nation by Romania).
On 17 May 2018, Ludovic Orban, leader of the main opposition PNL party filed a criminal complaint against Dăncilă for high treason and usurping of official qualities about the transfer of the Romanian embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem without the consent and approval of President Klaus Iohannis. One month later, on 28 June 2018, DIICOT (the Directorate for Investigating Organised Crime and Terrorism) announced that it had started the in rem investigation into the matter. On 28 September 2018, DIICOT announced it concluded the investigation and closed the case on the basis of lack of evidence in support of the accusation, stating that the high treason never occurred.
|Election||Affiliation||First round||Second round|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Vasilica-Viorica Dăncilă.|
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- Elisabeth Bouleanu (4 October 2015). "Viorica Dăncilă, aleasă președinte OFSD, la conferința femeilor social-democrate". Adevărul (in Romanian).
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- "VIDEO / Viorica Dăncilă și-a cerut scuze public, în urma afirmației jignitoare pentru persoanele cu autism". Libertatea (in Romanian). 16 February 2018.
- "Scrisoare de protest a asociației "Autism România", după o declarație a premierului Dăncilă. CNCD, sesizat". Digi 24 (in Romanian). 16 February 2018.
- Sorin Ghica (18 February 2018). "Viorica Dăncilă se află în centrul unui scandal de discriminare: de ce afirmația privind "autiștii" aduce grave prejudicii în societate". Adevărul (in Romanian).
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- Radu Eremia (3 April 2018). "Dăncilă, serie de gafe în plen: Programul de guvernare, vă spun sincer, nu a făcut bine României". Adevărul (in Romanian).
- "Premierul Dăncilă, probleme cu un cuvânt: A spus de șase ori "imunoglobină" în loc de "imunoglobulină"". Digi 24 (in Romanian). 7 March 2018.
- "Cum a crescut Dăncilă pensiile de 10 ori, din greșeală". Digi 24 (in Romanian). 26 February 2018.
- "Limbaj precar, greu de înțeles, plin de greșeli și inconsecvențe logice. Rectorul Universității București dă notă mică premierului Dăncilă". Gândul (in Romanian). 20 May 2018.
- Radu Eremia (27 April 2018). "Război între palate. Iohannis cere demisia Vioricăi Dăncilă: Nu face față poziției de premier și transformă Guvernul într-o vulnerabilitate". Adevărul (in Romanian).
- "Conflict între Președinție și Guvern. Klaus Iohannis îi solicită demisia premierului Dăncilă". Știrile Pro TV (in Romanian). 27 April 2018.
- Insider, Romania (26 July 2018). "Romanian PM confuses Montenegro's capital with that of Kosovo - Romania Insider". Romania Insider. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
- "Ludovic Orban a depus plângere penală împotriva Vioricăi Dăncilă pentru înaltă trădare". Știrile Pro TV (in Romanian). 17 May 2018.
- "DIICOT a început urmărirea penală in rem, după sesizarea făcută de Orban împotriva Vioricăi Dăncilă". Știrile Pro TV. (in Romanian). 28 June 2018.
- "Dosarul de înaltă trădare al premierului Viorica Dăncilă, CLASAT". Mediafax.ro. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
- "Cum arată soțul premierului desemnat. Cristinel Dăncilă e manager la o companie petrolieră". Libertatea (in Romanian). 19 January 2018.
- M. Z. (19 January 2018). "Cum arată soțul premierului Viorica Dăncilă și cu ce se ocupă acesta - GALERIE FOTO". Antena 3 (in Romanian).
| Prime Minister of Romania
|Party political offices|
| President of the Social Democratic Party
Marcel Ciolacu (acting)