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Aerial view of the stage of the Bregenzer Festspiele at and on Lake Constance (2008)

Bregenzer Festspiele (German pronunciation: [ˌbreːɡɛntsɐ ˈfɛst.ʃpiːlə]; Bregenz Festival) is a performing arts festival which is held every July and August in Bregenz in Vorarlberg (Austria).

It features the world's largest floating stage which is situated on Lake Constance.[1]

Contents

Festival BasicsEdit

Founded in 1946, one year after World War II, the festival presents a wide variety of musical and theatrical events in several venues:

  • Seebühne (or floating stage), with its 7,000 seat open-air amphitheatre, is the location for large-scale opera or musical performances on a stage over water on the shores of Lake Constance.
Opera or musical productions on the floating stage generally tend to come from the popular operatic repertoire, but often are extravagantly original and innovative productions/ stagings, frequently using the waters of the lake as an extension of the stage. Recent productions have included Aida by Giuseppe Verdi in 2009 & 2010; Tosca by Giacomo Puccini in 2007–2008; Il trovatore by Giuseppe Verdi in 2005–2006; West Side Story by Leonard Bernstein in 2003-2004; La bohème by Giacomo Puccini in 2001–2002, and Ein Maskenball (Un ballo in maschera) by Giuseppe Verdi in 1999–2000.
  • Festspielhaus presents performances of rarely performed opera and concerts.
  • Werkstattbühne presents performances of contemporary theatre and opera.
  • Theater am Kornmarkt presents operetta and drama performances.
  • shed8/Theater Kosmos venue for drama and crossculture performances.

The Festival became an international event in its first year 1946. People from Germany, Switzerland and France came to the festival. Two stages were created out of floating barges. One barge for the Vienna Symphony Orchestra and the other barge for carrying stage structures.

The Vienna Symphony Orchestra is the biggest contributor to the Festival. This orchestra has a performance spot every year since the beginning of the festival. They have their own stage area and other venues used thorough out the festival. Every year the orchestra has a different conductor for each piece because it is considered the conductors performance. Kornmarktplatz, vorarlberg museum is the venture they are using for the 2016 Festival.

In 2001, the festival created a handful of contemporary arts events to go along with their usual performances. These events were a new collaboration with the Kunsthaus Bregenz that revolved around the theme of "America of the 20th century", and The Art of Our Times program, also known as KAZ, that brought together contemporary theatre with Workshop Theatre while collaborating with Hamburg’s Thalia Theater. Other add-ons that the festival created for more variety and entertainment are the Children's Festival, the opera and band workshops, and family and school-group concerts.[2]

From December 2003 until 2014, David Pountney has been the artistic director of the festival.[3]

Over April and May 2008, scenes for the 22nd James Bond film Quantum of Solace were filmed on the Seebühne during a performance of Tosca[4] and in June 2008 the German broadcasting corporation ZDF hosted its 2008 European Football Championship live broadcast studio on the floating stage.

In 2010, the festival offered about 100 performances that drew an audience of close to 200,000.

2015 was the first year for Elisabeth Sobotka as artistic director. She started with 80 events and by end of August 2015, further founded the Opera Studio with the goal "to help young singers with their professional and personal development in a highly professional environment and also to create a staging that the audience will really enjoy". [5]

The season of year drew an audience of approx. 257,000. Carmen proofed to be very popular and was mostly fully booked with a total audience number of 193,642 people, already including the dress rehearsal and crossculture night.[6] In 2018, the Bregenz Festival broke its own record: With 270,000 visitors in only 5 weeks, the festival attained a new attendance record. It attracted 400,000 people in total when the programme featured Bizet's Carmen in 2017 and 2018.[7]

The Bregenz Festival continues to show a series of popular Puccini works. La Bohème was the first Puccini performance in 2001/02, followed by Tosca in 2007/08 and most recently Turandot in 2015 and 2016, Madame Butterfly in 2021/22 will be the fourth opera by the Italian composer to be performed in Bregenz.

The festival offers guided tours from May to August.[8]

Plays performedEdit

Throughout the seasons, the festival puts on many different performances; from operas to plays and orchestral pieces. The performances range in theme and story and many are performed in consecutive seasons. The full list of shows performed is as follows:[9]

Year Spiel auf dem See (floating stage) Festspielhaus
2022 Madame Butterfly by Giacomo Puccini
2021
2020 Rigoletto by Giuseppe Verdi Nero by Arrigo Boito
2019 Don Quichotte by Jules Massenet
2018 Carmen by Georges Bizet Beatrice Cenci by Berthold Goldschmidt
2017 Mosè in Egitto by Gioachino Rossini
2016 Turandot by Giacomo Puccini Amleto by Franco Faccio
2015 The Tales of Hoffmann by Jacques Offenbach
2014 The Magic Flute by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Tales from the Vienna Woods by Heinz Karl Gruber, originally by Ödön von Horváth (commission)
2013 The Merchant of Venice by André Tchaikowsky
2012 André Chénier by Umberto Giordano Solaris by Detlev Glanert (commission)
2011 Miss Fortune (Achterbahn) by Judith Weir (commission)
2010 Aida by Giuseppe Verdi The Passenger by Mieczysław Weinberg
2009 King Roger by Karol Szymanowski
2008 Tosca by Giacomo Puccini Karl V by Ernst Křenek
2007 Death in Venice by Benjamin Britten
2006 Il trovatore by Giuseppe Verdi The Fall of the House of Usher by Claude Debussy
2005 Maskarade by Carl Nielsen
2004 West Side Story by Leonard Bernstein The Protagonist and Royal Palace by Kurt Weill
2003 The Cunning Little Vixen by Leoš Janáček
2002 La Bohème by Giacomo Puccini Julietta by Bohuslav Martinů
2001 Of Mice and Men by Carlisle Floyd
2000 A Masked Ball by Giuseppe Verdi The Golden Cockerel by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
1999 The Greek Passion by Bohuslav Martinů
1998 Porgy and Bess by George Gershwin L’Amore dei tre re by Italo Montemezzi
1997 The Demon by Anton Rubinstein
1996 Fidelio by Ludwig van Beethoven Le roi Arthus by Ernest Chausson
1995 The Legend of the Invisible City of Kitezh and the Maiden Fevroniya by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
1994 Nabucco by Giuseppe Verdi Francesca da Rimini by Riccardo Zandonai
1993 Fedora by Umberto Giordano
1992 Carmen by Georges Bizet La damnation de Faust by Hector Berlioz
1991 Mazeppa by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
1990 The Flying Dutchman by Richard Wagner La Wally by Alfredo Catalani
1989 Samson and Delilah by Camille Saint-Saëns
1988 The Tales of Hoffmann by Jacques Offenbach
1987 Ernani by Giuseppe Verdi
1986 The Magic Flute by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Anna Bolena by Gaetano Donizetti
1985 I puritani by Vincenzo Bellini
1984 Der Vogelhändler by Carl Zeller Tosca by Giacomo Puccini
1983 Kiss Me, Kate by Cole Porter Der Freischütz by Carl Maria von Weber
1982 The Gypsy Baron by Johann Strauss II Lucia di Lammermoor by Gaetano Donizetti
1981 West Side Story by Leonard Bernstein Otello by Giuseppe Verdi
1980 Die Entführung aus dem Serail by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Falstaff by Giuseppe Verdi

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Festivals in Austria". www.austria.info. Retrieved 2019-02-28.
  2. ^ "HISTORY OF THE BREGENZ FESTIVAL".
  3. ^ "Bregenz Festival: the world's splashiest opera?". telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
  4. ^ "James Bond in the eye of Tosca". bregenzerfestspiele.com. Archived from the original on 8 July 2015. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
  5. ^ "Bregenz Festival opens for 70th season | Bregenz Festival". pressefoyer.at. Retrieved 2018-06-26.
  6. ^ "History of Bregenz Festival | Bregenz Festival". pressefoyer.at. Retrieved 2018-06-26.
  7. ^ "Rekordbilanz für Bregenzer Festspiele". vorarlberg.orf.at (in German). 2018-08-17. Retrieved 2019-02-28.
  8. ^ "Guided Tours | Bregenz Festival". bregenzerfestspiele.com. Retrieved 2019-02-28.
  9. ^ "History of the Bregenz Festival | Bregenz Festival". bregenzerfestspiele.com. Retrieved 2019-08-14.

External linksEdit