Mihai Eminescu National College (Satu Mare)

Mihai Eminescu National College (Romanian: Colegiul Național Mihai Eminescu) is a public day high school for students aged 10 to 18, established in 1634 by the Jesuits,[1] and located in Satu Mare, Romania.

Mihai Eminescu National College
Colegiul Național Mihai Eminescu
Mihai Eminescu street, Nr. 5

Funding typePublic
Established1634; 390 years ago (1634)
FounderSociety of Jesus
PrincipalLiviu Rotaru
Age range10–18
Number of studentsc. 930
Average class size25

In 1919, the school is named after the great Romanian poet Mihai Eminescu, being the first high school in Transylvania bearing the name of the poet.[2] The Mihai Eminescu National College is one of the only four national colleges located in Satu Mare, alongside Ioan Slavici, Kölcsey Ferenc, and Doamna Stanca.[3]

History edit

The high school was established in 1634 when Jesuits received approval to open a college in Satu Mare.[1] The new institution was supported by an act issued in 1639 in Vienna by Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III. It operated according to the pedagogical principles of the Ratio studiorum, with few exceptions until 1804 when a decree was given by the Holy Roman Emperor Francis I that states the college will be supported through state funds.[1] Also in 1804 the school established a bishop college in 1850 which later merged with the gymnasium. Based on an energetic approach of the Roman Catholic Bishop the gymnasium was taken over by the state in 1863 and decreed a royal Catholic secondary school – gimnazium regium.[1]

Although this school taught young students belonging to all ethnic groups in this land, it is noteworthy that the majority of students have always been Romanians.[1] The teaching language has been changed in the evolution of the college, from Latin to Hungarian and then to German and finally to Romanian.[1] Centuries of injustice suffered by the Romanians were repaired since July 15, 1919 when the Mihai Eminescu high school was founded, the first institution of secondary education with Romanian language teaching in the town of Satu Mare.[1]

Present edit

The school has 28 high school classes and 4 secondary school classes.[2] The classes have different specializations: mathematics and science, natural sciences, social sciences, and modern languages. Some classes are bilingually specialized: English and French, and others are in intensive learning science.[2]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Istoric". www.eminescusm.ro (in Romanian). Archived from the original on 2009-04-15. Retrieved 2009-07-25.
  2. ^ a b c "Colegiul Național "Mihai Eminescu"". www.satu-mare.ro (in Romanian). Retrieved 2009-07-25.
  3. ^ "Licee". www.satu-mare.ro (in Romanian). Retrieved 2009-07-28.

External links edit