Eurovision Song Contest 2005
The Eurovision Song Contest 2005 was the 50th edition of the Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Kyiv, Ukraine, following the country's victory at the 2004 contest with the song "Wild Dances" by Ruslana. It was the first time Ukraine had hosted the contest - only 2 years after the country made its debut. Organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and host broadcaster National Television Company of Ukraine (NTU), the contest was held at the Palace of Sports, and consisted of a semi-final on 19 May, and the final on 21 May 2005. The two live shows were presented by Maria Efrosinina and Pavlo Shylko.
|Eurovision Song Contest 2005|
|Semi-final||19 May 2005|
|Final||21 May 2005|
|Venue||Palace of Sports|
|Directed by||Sven Stojanovic|
|Executive supervisor||Svante Stockselius|
|Executive producer||Pavlo Grytsak|
|Host broadcaster||National Television Company of Ukraine (NTU)|
|Number of entries||39|
|Voting system||Each country awarded 12, 10, 8–1 points to their 10 favourite songs.|
Thirty-nine countries participated in the contest, three more than the previous record of thirty-six, that took part the year before. Bulgaria and Moldova made their first participation this year, while Hungary returned to the contest after a six-year absence, having last taken part in 1998.
The winner was Greece with the song "My Number One", performed by Helena Paparizou and written by Manos Psaltakis, Christos Dantis and Natalia Germanou. This was Greece's first victory in the contest, in 31 years of participation. Malta, Romania, Israel and Latvia rounded out the top five. Malta equalled their best result from 2002, while Romania achieved their best result in their Eurovision history. Unusually, all "Big Four" countries (France, Germany, Spain and United Kingdom) ended up as the "Last Four", all placing in the bottom four positions in the final.
Kyiv is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper. The Palace of Sports, a multi-purpose indoor arena, was confirmed by officials as the host venue in September 2004. However, in order to host the contest, the facilities had been brought up to the standard required by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU).
At the end of December 2004, work began on the renovation of the hall, for which approximately 4 million francs were allocated. Renovation works were to be finished by 20 April, however, they were completed at the beginning of May. The arena could accommodate over 5,000 seated spectators. Additionally 2,000 press delegates were catered for.
Hotel rooms were scarce as the contest organisers asked the Ukrainian government to put a block on bookings they did not control themselves through official delegation allocations or tour packages: this led to many people's hotel bookings being cancelled.
Organizers hoped that by hosting Eurovision, it would boost Ukraine's image abroad and increase tourism, while the country's new government hoped that it would also give a modest boost to the long-term goal of acquiring European Union membership.
The official logo of the contest remained the same from the 2004 contest with the country's flag in the heart being changed. Following Istanbul's 'Under The Same Sky', the slogan for the 2005 show was 'Awakening', which symbolised the awakening of the country and city ready to present itself to Europe. The postcards (short clips shown between performances) for the 2005 show illustrated Ukraine's culture and heritage along with a more modern and industrial side to the country.
The hosts of the Eurovision Song Contest in Kyiv were television presenter Maria "Masha" Efrosinina and DJ Pavlo "Pasha" Shylko. Previous winner Ruslana returned to the stage in Kyiv to perform in the interval act and to interview the contestants backstage in the 'green room'. The famous Ukrainian boxers Vitali and Wladimir Klitschko opened the televoting, while a special trophy was presented to the winner by Ukraine's president, Viktor Yushchenko.
An official CD and DVD was released and a new introduction was an official pin set, which contains heart-shaped pins with the flags of all thirty-nine participating countries. The EBU also commissioned a book "The Eurovision Song Contest – The Official History" by British/American author John Kennedy O'Connor to celebrate the contest's fiftieth anniversary. The book was presented on screen during the break between songs 12 and 13 (Serbia and Montenegro, Denmark). The book was published in English, German, French, Dutch, Swedish, Danish and Finnish.
During the semi final, there were a few sound faults, most notably during the Norwegian song, shortly after the intro and also during the Irish song. These were not fixed for the DVD release.
2005 was no exception for scandals regarding the representatives from the countries participating. Germany's entrant in the Eurovision Song Contest rejected calls to quit after her producer admitted manipulating the country's pop charts with mass purchases of her single.
Gracia Baur defended her producer David Brandes, also behind Swiss entry Vanilla Ninja, and said she would go to the finals in Kyiv despite complaints from other German singers. Bulgaria's debut was overshadowed by a scandal. The song "Lorraine" by Kaffe was accused of plagiarism. The song sounded too similar to another one released by Ruslan Mainov in 2001. There were also problems in Malta with the electricity supply during the contest, so TV viewers were unable to watch their national selection from the very beginning. There was a controversy regarding the Turkish entry: TRT got a false jury which led to the victory of the song Gülseren, which the 2003 winner Sertab Erener said was not the best choice. There were similar controversies in Macedonia which led to an eventual victory for Martin Vučić. The Ukrainian song had to be changed because it would bring a political message to the people, and EBU stated that no politics could be involved in the contest. The entry for Serbia and Montenegro was also overshadowed by a scandal and an accusation of plagiarism. Portugal's entry, "Amar", had very poor sound quality, with the female singer's microphone failing many times on stage.
It is also notable that the programme lasted just short of 3.5 hours. This was mainly due to the extremely long voting procedure, where 39 countries voted, reading out every single score. Many people, including United Kingdom commentator Terry Wogan, noticed this and commented about the marathon-like voting procedure, when Russia voted he stated "How many more [countries] have we got to go? What time is it?". Because the show overran so badly, the EBU changed the way the votes were announced in 2006 into a much shorter method, where only the top 3 scores were read out (the rest appeared on the scoreboard automatically).
Ruslana was also intended to be a presenter for the show, but was pulled out before the contest for numerous reasons, including her poor English skills. She opened the contest, and did do a few brief interviews in the green room at a few different stages in the event.
In the semifinal, the first qualifier was Hungary as shown on the card, but instead of showing Hungary's flag, it showed the Bulgarian flag accidentally.
Thirty-nine countries participated in the 2005 Contest. Hungary returned to the contest after a six-year absence, last competing in 1998. Bulgaria and Moldova competed in the contest for the first time.
|Constantinos Christoforou||Cyprus||1996, 2002 (as member of One)|
|Helena Paparizou||Greece||2001 (as member of Antique)|
|Anabel Conde||Andorra||1995 (for Spain)|
The semi-final was held on 19 May 2005 at 21:00 (CET). 25 countries performed and all 39 participants voted.
The finalists were:
- the four automatic qualifiers France, Germany, Spain and the United Kingdom;
- the top 10 countries from the 2004 final (other than the automatic qualifiers);
- the top 10 countries from the 2005 semi-final.
The EBU introduced an undisclosed threshold number of televotes that would have to be registered in each voting country in order to make that country's votes valid. If that number was not reached, the country's backup jury would vote instead. This affected Monaco, Andorra and Albania in the semi-final, and Andorra, Monaco and Moldova in the final.
|Voting procedure used:
100% Jury vote
Below is a summary of all 12 points in the semi-final:
|N.||Contestant||Nation(s) giving 12 points|
|6||Romania||Cyprus, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Moldova, Spain|
|5||Croatia||Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovenia|
|4||Denmark||Ireland, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden|
|Moldova||Romania, Russia, Turkey, Ukraine|
|3||Israel||Andorra, Belarus, Monaco|
|Norway||Denmark, Finland, Iceland|
|Portugal||France, Germany, Switzerland|
|Voting procedure used:
100% Jury vote
|Serbia and Montenegro||137||12||6||3||4||4||10||2||6||1||6||10||4||10||3||3||12||6||6||10||12||1||6|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||79||10||6||1||8||4||7||10||4||4||7||3||10||5|
Below is a summary of all 12 points in the final:
|N.||Contestant||Nation(s) giving 12 points|
|10||Greece||Albania, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Germany, Hungary, Serbia and Montenegro, Sweden, Turkey, United Kingdom|
|3||Latvia||Ireland, Lithuania, Moldova|
|Norway||Denmark, Finland, Iceland|
|Romania||Israel, Spain, Portugal|
|Serbia and Montenegro||Austria, Croatia, Switzerland|
|2||Croatia||Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia|
- Czech Republic – Czech broadcaster Česká televize (ČT) initially applied to participate in the 2005 Contest, however, the broadcaster reconsidered débuting in the contest and later withdrew their application on 3 December 2004.
- Lebanon – Lebanese broadcaster Télé Liban confirmed Lebanon's début in the contest and selected the song "Quand tout s'enfuit" performed by Aline Lahoud as their entry. However, the broadcaster announced their withdrawal from the competition on 18 March 2005 after the EBU informed them that the rules of the competition require them to broadcast the Israeli entry during the live show and enable viewers to vote for the nation, which contravened a Lebanese law prohibiting any acknowledgement of Israel. As the withdrawal period for the contest had passed, Télé Liban forfeited the return of their participation fee and potentially faced further fines from the EBU.
Marcel Bezençon AwardsEdit
The Marcel Bezençon Awards honour the best competing songs in the final. Named after the founder of the contest, the awards were created and first handed at the 2002 contest by Christer Björkman (Sweden's representative in the 1992 contest and the country's current Head of Delegation), and Richard Herrey (a member of the Herreys who won the 1984 contest for Sweden). The awards are divided into three categories: Artistic Award which was voted by previous winners of the contest, Composer Award and Press Award.
|Artistic Award||Greece||"My Number One"||Helena Paparizou||Manos Psaltakis
|Composer Award||Serbia and Montenegro||"Zauvijek moja"||No Name||Slaven Knezović
|Press Award||Malta||"Angel"||Chiara||Chiara Siracusa||2nd||192|
Barbara Dex AwardEdit
The Barbara Dex Award is a humorous fan award given to the worst dressed artist each year. Named after Belgium's representative who came last in the 1993 contest, wearing her self-designed dress, the award was handed by the fansite House of Eurovision from 1997 to 2016 and is being carried out by the fansite songfestival.be since 2017.
International broadcasts and votingEdit
Voting and spokespersonsEdit
The order in which each country announced their votes was compiled by placing the countries that failed to qualify from the semi-final first in the running order they performed in during the semi-final, followed by the finalists which voted in the order they performed in during the final. The spokespersons are shown alongside each country.
- Austria – Dodo Roščić
- Lithuania – Rolandas Vilkončius
- Portugal – Isabel Angelino
- Monaco – Anne Allegrini
- Belarus – Elena Ponomareva
- Netherlands – Nancy Coolen
- Iceland – Ragnhildur Steinunn Jónsdóttir
- Belgium – Armelle Gysen
- Estonia – Maarja-Liis Ilus
(participant for Estonia in 1996 and 1997)
- Finland – Jari Sillanpää
(participant for Finland in 2004)
- Andorra – Ruth Gumbau
- Bulgaria – Evgenia Atanasova
- Ireland – Dana
(winner for Ireland in 1970)
- Slovenia – Katarina Čas
- Poland – Maciej Orłoś
- Hungary – Zsuzsa Demcsák
- United Kingdom – Cheryl Baker
(winner for United Kingdom in 1981 as part of Bucks Fizz, British representative in 1978 as part of Co-Co)
- Malta – Valerie Vella
(Co-presenter of the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2016)
- Romania – Berti Barbera
- Norway – Ingvild Helljesen
- Turkey – Meltem Ersan Yazgan
- Moldova – Elena Camerzan
- Albania – Zhani Ciko
- Cyprus – Melani Steliou
- Spain – Ainhoa Arbizu
- Israel – Dana Herman
- Serbia and Montenegro – Nina Radulović
- Denmark – Gry Johansen
(participant for Denmark in 1983)
- Sweden – Annika Jankell
- Macedonia – Karolina Gočeva
(participant for Macedonia in 2002 and in 2007)
- Ukraine – Maria Orlova
- Germany – Thomas Hermanns
- Croatia – Barbara Kolar
- Greece – Alexis Kostalas
- Russia – Yana Churikova
- Bosnia and Herzegovina – Ana Mirjana Račanović
- Switzerland – Cécile Bähler
- Latvia – Marija Naumova
(winner for Latvia in 2002 and co-presenter in 2003)
- France – Marie Myriam
(winner for France in 1977)
- Albania – Leon Menkshi (TVSH)
- Andorra – Meri Picart and Josep Lluís Trabal (RTVA)
- Austria – Andi Knoll (ORF2) and Martin Blumenau (Hitradio Ö3)
- Belarus – Ales Kruglyakov (Belarus 1)
- Belgium – French: Jean-Pierre Hautier (La Une), Patrick Duhamel and Carlo de Pascale (La Première), Dutch: André Vermeulen and Anja Daems (één), Julien Put and Michel Follet (Radio 2)
- Bosnia and Herzegovina – Dejan Kukric (BHT1)
- Bulgaria – Elena Rosberg and Georgi Kushvaliev
- Croatia – Zlatko Turkalj (semi), Duško Čurlić (final)
- Cyprus – Evi Papamichail (RIK 1)
- Denmark – Jørgen de Mylius (DR1)
- Estonia – Marko Reikop
- Finland – Finnish: Jaana Pelkonen, Heikki Paasonen and Asko Murtomäki (YLE TV2), Sanna Kojo and Jorma Hietamäki (YLE Radio Suomi), Swedish: Thomas Lundin (YLE FST)
- France – Julien Lepers and Guy Carlier (France 3, Final), Peggy Olmi (France 4, Semi-Final), Jean-Luc Delarue (France Bleu, final)
- Germany – Peter Urban (All, Das Erste), Thomas Mohr (Deutschlandfunk/NDR 2)
- Greece – Alexandra Pascalidou (NET)
- Hungary – Zsuzsa Demcsák, András Fáber and Dávid Szántó (m1)
- Iceland – Gísli Marteinn Baldursson (Sjónvarpið)
- Ireland – Marty Whelan (All, RTÉ One),
- Israel – No commentator
- Latvia – Kārlis Streips
- Lithuania – Darius Užkuraitis
- Macedonia – Milanka Rasic
- Malta – Eileen Montesin
- Moldova – Vitalie Rotaru
- Monaco – Bernard Montiel and Génie Godula (TMC Monte Carlo)
- Netherlands – Willem van Beusekom and Cornald Maas (Nederland 2), Hijlco Span and Ron Stoeltie (Radio 3FM)
- Norway – Jostein Pedersen (NRK1)
- Poland – Artur Orzech (TVP1)
- Portugal – Eládio Clímaco (RTP1)
- Romania – Andreea Demirgian (TVR1)
- Russia – Yuri Aksyuta and Yelena Batinova (Channel One)
- Serbia and Montenegro – Serbian: Duška Vučinić-Lučić (RTS1), Montenegrin: Dražen Bauković, Tamara Ivanković (semi-final and final) and Danijel Popović (final) (TVCG 2)
- Slovenia – Mojca Mavec
- Spain – Beatriz Pécker (TVE1)
- Sweden – Pekka Heino (SVT1), Björn Kjellman and Carolina Norén (SR P3)
- Switzerland – German: Sandra Studer (SF 1), French: Jean-Marc Richard and Marie-Thérèse Porchet (TSR 2), Italian: Daniela Tami and Claudio Lazzarino (TSI 1)
- Turkey – Bülend Özveren (TRT 1), Ümit Tunçağ and Canan Kumbasar (Final, TRT Radyo 3)
- Ukraine – Yaroslav Chornenkyi (First National TV Channel), Galyna Babiy (National Radio)
- United Kingdom – Terry Wogan (Final, BBC One), Paddy O'Connell (Semi final, BBC Three), Ken Bruce (Final, BBC Radio 2)
|Eurovision Song Contest: Kyiv 2005|
|Compilation album by|
|Released||2 May 2005|
|Label||EMI / CMC|
|Eurovision Song Contest chronology|
Eurovision Song Contest: Kyiv 2005 was the official compilation album of the 2005 Contest, put together by the European Broadcasting Union and released by EMI Records and CMC International on 2 May 2005. The album featured all 39 songs that entered in the 2005 contest, including the semi-finalists that failed to qualify into the grand final.
The original cover designed for the album was changed after Lebanon's withdrawal from the Eurovision Song Contest 2005 after announcing they would show advertisements over the Israeli entry. Had they entered, they would have been on track 4, disc 2 with the song "Quand tout s'enfuit" by Aline Lahoud.
It was reported that sales of the 2005 Eurovision merchandise reached record-breaking levels.
|German Compilation Albums (Offizielle Top 100)||2|
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