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Coat of Arms Belgrade.
Belgrade (/ˈbɛlɡrd/ BEL-grayd; Serbian: Beograd / Београд, lit. 'White City', pronounced [beǒɡrad] (About this soundlisten); names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Serbia. It is located at the confluence of the Sava and Danube rivers and the crossroads of the Pannonian Plain and the Balkan Peninsula. The urban area of Belgrade has a population of 1.23 million, while nearly 1.7 million people live within the administrative limits of the City of Belgrade (which encompasses almost all of its metropolitan area), a quarter of total population of Serbia.

One of the most important prehistoric cultures of Europe, the Vinča culture, evolved within the Belgrade area in the 6th millennium BC. In antiquity, ThracoDacians inhabited the region and, after 279 BC, Celts settled the city, naming it Singidūn. It was conquered by the Romans under the reign of Augustus and awarded Roman city rights in the mid-2nd century. It was settled by the Slavs in the 520s, and changed hands several times between the Byzantine Empire, the Frankish Empire, the Bulgarian Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary before it became the seat of the Serbian king Stefan Dragutin in 1284. In 1521, Belgrade was conquered by the Ottoman Empire and became the seat of the Sanjak of Smederevo. It frequently passed from Ottoman to Habsburg rule, which saw the destruction of most of the city during the Austro-Ottoman wars. Belgrade was again named the capital of Serbia in 1841. Northern Belgrade remained the southernmost Habsburg post until 1918, when it was attached to the city, due to former Austro-Hungarian territories becoming the part of the new [Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes], after [world war I]. In a fatally strategic position, the city was battled over in 115 wars and razed 44 times. Belgrade was the capital of Yugoslavia from its creation in 1918 to its dissolution in 2006.

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Golubac fortress overlooking the Danube river
Credit: Denis Barthel

Golubac Fortress (Serbian: Голубачки град or Golubački grad, Hungarian: Galambóc vára) was a medieval fortified town on the right side of the Danube River, 4 kilometers downstream from the modern-day town of Golubac, Serbia.

Did you know...

  • ... that the work of physician Elizabeth Ross is still commemorated annually in Serbia despite her having spent only three weeks in the country?
  • ... that Serbian poisoner Baba Anujka, aged over 90 at the time of her trial, was sentenced to 15 years' hard labor?
  • ... that the victims of the Kragujevac massacre in Serbia included 144 high school students?
  • ... that Leslie Joy Whitehead, a Canadian woman, enlisted in the Serbian Army as a man so that she might get closer to the front lines in World War I?
  • ... that the association footballer Harry Beadles was awarded the Serbian gold medal for bravery during World War I?

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Demographics

Population statistics of Serbia (2011 census)
  • Serbia 7,186,862
    • Belgrade region 1,659,440
    • Vojvodina region 1,931,809
    • Šumadija and West Serbia region 2,031,697
    • South and East Serbia region 1,563,916
    • Kosovo and Metohija n/a

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Selected biography


Sima Lozanić
Simeon "Sima" Lozanić (Serbian Cyrillic: Сима Лозанић) (1847-1935) was a Serbian chemist, president of the Serbian Royal Academy, the first rector of the University of Belgrade, minister of foreign affairs, minister of industry and diplomat. At the Grandes écoles and later when it transformed into the University of Belgrade he taught chemistry and electrosynthesis.


Serbian people

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Category:Serbian politicians

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Category:Serbian saints of the Eastern Orthodox Church

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Category:Serbian scientists

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Category:Serbian sportspeople

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Serbian Cities


Largest cities of Serbia (2011 census)

Belgrade - 1,731,425
Novi Sad - 335,701
Niš - 257,867
Priština- 198,000
Prizren - 178,000
Kragujevac - 177,468
Leskovac - 143,962
Subotica - 140,358
Kruševac - 127,429
Kraljevo - 124,554
Zrenjanin - 122,714
Pančevo - 122,252
Šabac - 115,347
Čačak - 114,809
Uroševac - 108,000
Smederevo - 107,528
Sombor - 97,263
Valjevo - 95,631
Peć -95,000

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