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Bačka Topola (Serbian Cyrillic: Бачка Топола, pronounced [bâːtʃkaː topǒla]; Hungarian: Topolya, pronounced [ˈtopojɒ]) is a town and municipality located in the North Bačka District of the autonomous province of Vojvodina, Serbia. The municipality is composed of 23 local communities and has a population of 33,321, while the town itself has 14,573 inhabitants.

Bačka Topola

Бачка Топола

Topolya
Visitation of Our Lady Catholic Church
Visitation of Our Lady Catholic Church
Coat of arms of Bačka Topola
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Bačka Topola within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Bačka Topola within Serbia
Coordinates: 45°49′N 19°38′E / 45.817°N 19.633°E / 45.817; 19.633Coordinates: 45°49′N 19°38′E / 45.817°N 19.633°E / 45.817; 19.633
Country Serbia
Province Vojvodina
DistrictNorth Bačka
Settlements23
Government
 • MayorGábor Kislinder (SVM)
Area
 • Municipality596 km2 (230 sq mi)
Elevation
102 m (335 ft)
Population
 (2011 census)[2]
 • Town
14,573
 • Municipality
33,321
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
24300
Area code+381 24
Car platesBT
Websitewww.btopola.org.rs
Map of Bačka Topola municipality

NameEdit

The name of the town is derived from the Serbian word topola (топола) ("poplar" in English). The first part of the name of the town was given to designate its location in the region of Bačka in contrast to places with similar names, like Topola in Šumadija or Banatska Topola in Banat.

 
The lake

HistoryEdit

The town was mentioned first in 1462 under name Fibaych. This settlement was destroyed in the 16th century and new smaller settlement was later built at its location. Name Topola was first recorded in 1543, while according to the Ottoman defters from 1580, 1582, and 1590, it was mentioned as a village, whose population numbered between 21 and 23 houses. In this time, the inhabitants of the settlement were Serbs. In 1704, Topola was destroyed by kuruc rebels.

In 1731, Topola was mentioned as an uninhabited heath. In 1750, the new settlement was founded at this location and 200 Hungarian and Slovak families arrived here from Upper Hungary. It was a district center in Bács-Bodrog County as "Topolya" until 1918, when it became part of Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (renamed to Yugoslavia in 1929). It was part of Yugoslavia until 1991, with the exception of Hungarian occupation between 1941 and 1944 during World War II.

Inhabited placesEdit

Bačka Topola municipality includes the town of Bačka Topola and the following villages:

Note: For the inhabited places with an absolute or relative Hungarian ethnic majority, the names are also given in Hungarian.

DemographicsEdit

YearPop.±% p.a.
194843,135—    
195343,243+0.05%
196144,466+0.35%
197143,508−0.22%
198141,889−0.38%
199140,473−0.34%
200238,245−0.51%
201133,321−1.52%
Source: [3]

According to the 2011 census results, the municipality of Bačka Topola has a population of 33,321 inhabitants.

Ethnic groupsEdit

 
Ethnic map of the Bačka Topola municipality

Local communities with a Hungarian majority are: Bačka Topola (Hungarian: Topolya), Bajša (Hungarian: Bajsa), Pačir (Hungarian: Pacsér), Stara Moravica (Hungarian: Bácskossuthfalva), Zobnatica (Hungarian: Andrásnépe), Bogaraš (Hungarian: Bogaras-Felváros), Obornjača (Hungarian: Nagyvölgy), Bagremovo (Hungarian: Brazília), Gunaroš (Hungarian: Gunaras), Novo Orahovo (Hungarian: Zentagunaras), and Kavilo (Hungarian: Rákóczifalu or Kavilló).

Local communities with a Serb majority are: Gornja Rogatica, Srednji Salaš, Panonija, Orešković, Bački Sokolac, Karađorđevo, Mićunovo, Njegoševo, Krivaja, Svetićevo, and Mali Beograd.

Pobeda (Hungarian: Győztes or Pobedabirtok) is an ethnically-mixed local community with a Hungarian relative majority. Krivaja, Mali Beograd, and Svetićevo have over 20% Hungarians, as well as other minorities, while Bačka Topola, Pačir, Zobnatica, and Pobeda have over 20% Serbs.

The ethnic composition of the municipality:[4]

Ethnic group Population
Hungarians 19,307
Serbs 9,830
Croats 330
Montenegrins 349
Rusyns 254
Bunjevci 206
Yugoslavs 200
Slovaks 120
Roma 100
Albanians 60
Slovenians 50
Muslims 48
Germans 41
Macedonians 39
Others 2,387
Total 33,321

EconomyEdit

The following table gives a preview of total number of employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):[5]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 1,142
Mining -
Processing industry 2,346
Distribution of power, gas and water 44
Distribution of water and water waste management 83
Construction 158
Wholesale and retail, repair 993
Traffic, storage and communication 205
Hotels and restaurants 166
Media and telecommunications 93
Finance and insurance 110
Property stock and charter 7
Professional, scientific, innovative and technical activities 195
Administrative and other services 115
Administration and social assurance 340
Education 598
Healthcare and social work 486
Art, leisure and recreation 59
Other services 112
Total 7,253

SportEdit

The most popular local football team is TSC Bačka Topola, that plays in the Serbian First League (2nd national tier).

Notable peopleEdit

International relationsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Slobodan Ćurčić, Broj stanovnika Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 1996.
  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
  2. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  3. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 19 March 2017.
  4. ^ "Попис становништва, домаћинстава и станова 2011. у Републици Србији" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Republički zavod za statistiku. Retrieved 6 April 2019.
  5. ^ ОПШТИНЕ И РЕГИОНИ У РЕПУБЛИЦИ СРБИЈИ, 2017. (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 16 March 2018.

External linksEdit