Demographic history of Serbia

This article presents the demographic history of Serbia through census results. See Demographics of Serbia for a more detailed overview of the current demographics from 2011 census.

CensusesEdit

 
Logo of the 2011 Census

Censuses in Serbia ordinarily takes place every 10 years, organized by the Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. The last census was in 2011. The censuses were organized in 2011, 2002, 1991, 1981, 1971, 1961, 1953 and 1948, during Communist Yugoslavia. During the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, censuses were conducted in 1931 and 1921; the census in 1941 was never conducted due to the outbreak of WWII.

The independent Principality of Serbia, had conducted the first population census in 1834; the subsequent censuses were conducted in 1841, 1843, 1846, 1850, 1854, 1859, 1863 and 1866 and 1874. During the era Kingdom of Serbia, six censuses were conducted in 1884, 1890, 1895, 1900, 1905 and the last one being in 1910.

19th centuryEdit

[1]

The censuses of 1846, 1850 and 1854 were partially published in Glasnik DSS. The Statistical Office was established in 1862. Since 1863, the Office published Državopis Srbije in twenty volumes, until 1894. Statistical data continued to be published in the new edition of Statistika Kraljevine Srbije, published since 1892. Little is known in historiography about the censuses through 1859.

1834 censusEdit

  • TOTAL = 678,192[2]

Serbia was divided into 15 counties with 61 districts called kapetanija ("captaincy", after 1834 called srez). Užice was not included due to unrest.

1841 censusEdit

  • TOTAL = 828,895

1843 censusEdit

  • TOTAL = 859,545

1846 censusEdit

  • TOTAL = 915,080

Extracts in Glasnik DSS.[3]

1850 censusEdit

  • TOTAL = 956,893

Extracts in Glasnik DSS.[4]

1854 censusEdit

  • TOTAL = 998,919

Extracts in Glasnik DSS.[5]

1859 censusEdit

  • TOTAL = 1,078,281

Published in 1863.[6]

1863 censusEdit

  • TOTAL = 1,108,668[7]

1866 censusEdit

  • TOTAL = 1,216,219[8]
  • Serbs = 1,058,189 (87.01%)
  • Romanians = 127,545 (10.49%)
  • Roma ("Gypsies") = 24,607 (2.02%)
  • Germans = 2,589 (0.21%)
  • other = 3,256 (0.27%)

This was the first census which recorded literacy, nationality (ethnicity) and citizenship.

1874 censusEdit

Total

1878 censusEdit

  • TOTAL = 1,669,337[9]

In 1879 there was a census in the four counties ceded to Serbia in 1878.

1884 censusEdit

Total

1890 censusEdit

Total

1895 censusEdit

  • TOTAL = 2,493,770[9]
  • Serbs = over 2 million (ca. 90%)
  • Romanians = 159,000 (6.43%)
  • Roma ("Gypsies") = 46,000 (1.84%)

20th centuryEdit

1905 censusEdit

Total

1910 censusEdit

Total
2,922,258

1921 censusEdit

1948 censusEdit

1953 censusEdit

1961 censusEdit

1971 censusEdit

1981 censusEdit

1991 censusEdit

  • TOTAL (official estimation) = 9,778,991 (registered 8,182,141)
  • Serbs = 6,446,595 (65.92%)
  • Albanians (official estimation) = 1,674,353 (17.12%), registered 87,372
  • Hungarians = 343,800 (3.52%)
  • Yugoslavs = 323,643 (3.31%)
  • ethnic Muslims (official estimation) = 246,411 (2.52%), registered 237,980
  • Roma (official estimation) = 140,237 (1.43%), registered 138,799
  • Montenegrins = 139,299 (1.42%)
  • Croats = 105,406 (1.08%)

Estimated population:

Registered population:

1991 censusEdit

21st centuryEdit

2002 censusEdit

2011 censusEdit

Vital statisticsEdit

1880–1887Edit

Average population (x 1,000) Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1,000) Crude death rate (per 1,000) Natural change (per 1,000)
1880 1,738 70,167 54,243 15,924 40.4 31.2 9.2
1881 1,775 80,678 43,645 37,033 45.4 24.6 20.8
1882 1,814 80,274 41,648 38,626 44.3 23.0 21.3
1883 1,859 87,161 42,263 44,898 46.7 22.7 24.0
1884 1,902 90,441 47,552 42,889 47.6 25.0 22.6
1885 1,940 90,627 52,318 38,309 46.7 27.0 19.7
1886 1,965 83,091 58,525 24,566 42.3 29.7 12.6
1887 2,008 93,911 50,481 43,430 46.8 25.1 21.7

1900–1912Edit

Average population (x 1,000) Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1,000) Crude death rate (per 1,000) Natural change (per 1,000)
1900 2,470 105,000 58,000 47,000 42.4 23.5 18.9
1901 2,520 96,000 53,000 43,000 38.0 21.0 17.0
1902 2,570 98,000 57,000 41,000 38.0 22.3 15.7
1903 2,580 106,000 60,000 46,000 40.9 23.5 17.4
1904 2,650 106,000 56,000 50,000 39.8 21.1 18.7
1905 2,660 100,000 65,000 35,000 37.3 24.8 12.5
1906 2,690 113,000 66,000 47,000 42.0 24.5 17.5
1907 2,770 111,000 62,000 49,000 40.0 22.4 17.6
1908 2,820 104,000 67,000 37,000 36.8 23.7 13.1
1909 2,840 110,000 83,000 27,000 38.7 29.3 9.4
1910 2,870 112,000 64,000 48,000 39.0 22.4 16.6
1911 2,940 107,000 64,000 43,000 36.3 21.8 14.5
1912 2,980 114,000 63,000 51,000 38.3 21.1 17.1

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Censuses in 19th century Serbia: inventory of preserved microdata (PDF), Rostock: Max-Planck, 2012
  2. ^ Лепосава Цвијетић: Попис становништва и имовине у Србији 1834. године, Београд 1984. године
  3. ^ Jovan Gavrilović, “Prilog za geografiju i statistiku Srbije. Glavni izvod popisa Srbije u godini 1846”, Glasnik DSS III (1851), pp.186–190.
  4. ^ Jovan Gavrilović, “Prilog za geografiju i statistiku Srbije. Glavni izvod popisa Srbije u godini 1850”, Glasnik DSS IV (1852), pp. 227–248
  5. ^ Jovan Gavrilović, “Glavni izvod popisa u Srbiji godine 1854/55”, Glasnik DSS IX (1857), pp. 224–226.
  6. ^ „Izvestije podnešeno g. Ministru Finansije o čislu žitelja Srbije u godini 1859“, Državopis Srbije I (1863), pp.86–97.
  7. ^ Halpern, J., 1972. Town and countryside in Serbia in the nineteenth-century, social and household structure as reflected in the census of 1863.
  8. ^ "Serbien". Geographisches_Handbuch_zu_Andrees_Handatlas. 1882.
  9. ^ a b "Serbien". Geographisches_Handbuch_zu_Andrees_Handatlas. 1902.
  10. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-09-04. Retrieved 2014-09-04.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ B.R. Mitchell. European historical statistics. 1750-1975.

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit