The president of Serbia (Serbian: Председник Србије, romanizedPredsednik Srbije), officially styled as the President of the Republic (Serbian: Председник Републике, romanizedPredsednik Republike)[2] is the head of state of Serbia.

President of the Republic of Serbia
Председник Републике Србије
Predsednik Republike Srbije
Incumbent
Aleksandar Vučić
since 31 May 2017
Office of the President of Serbia
StyleHis Excellency
StatusHead of state
Commander-in-chief
SeatNew Palace (Belgrade)
Nominatorpolitical parties represented in the National Assembly
Appointerdirect popular vote
Term lengthFive years
renewable once
Inaugural holderSiniša Stanković
(1945)
Boris Tadić
(5 June 2006; current constitution)
DeputyPresident of the National Assembly
Salary199,126.45 RSD[1]
Websitewww.predsednik.rs

The current office holder is Aleksandar Vučić. He was elected on 2 April 2017 and took office on 31 May 2017. The list includes the heads of state of the Socialist Republic of Serbia, a constituent country of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and heads of state of the Republic of Serbia (1992–2006), a constituent country of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. Prior to 1974, Serbia's head of state was the speaker of the Serbian parliament.

The president is directly elected to a five-year term and is limited by the Constitution to a maximum of two terms. In addition to being the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces, the president has the procedural duty of appointing the prime minister with the consent of the National Assembly, and has some influence on foreign policy. The president's office is located in Novi Dvor.

Duties and competences

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Largely a ceremonial position, the duties and competences of the president as stipulated in chapter 5, article 112 of the Constitution:[3]

  • Represent Serbia at home and abroad,
  • Proclaim laws upon their decree, in accordance with the Constitution,
  • Propose an individual for the position of Prime Minister to Parliament,
  • Propose to the National Assembly holders of positions, in accordance with the Constitution
  • Appoint and dismiss, upon their decree, ambassadors of Serbia, upon the proposal of the Government,
  • Receive letters of credit and revocable letters of credit of foreign diplomatic representatives,
  • Grant amnesties and award honors,
  • Administer other affairs stipulated by the Constitution.

In accordance with the law, the president of the republic shall command the Army and appoint, promote and relieve officers of the Army of Serbia.

Oath of office

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While assuming the office, the president of the republic shall take the following oath before the National Assembly:

I, <name>, do solemnly swear that I will devote all my efforts to preserve the sovereignty and integrity of the territory of the Republic of Serbia, including Kosovo and Metohija as its constituent part, as well as to provide exercise of human and minority rights and freedoms, respect and protection of the Constitution and laws, preservation of peace and welfare of all citizens of the Republic of Serbia and perform all my duties conscientiously and responsibly.[4]

Term of office

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The term of office of the president of the republic shall last five years and begin from the day of taking of the oath before the National Assembly.

If the term of office of the president of the republic expires during the state of war or emergency, it shall be extended so that it lasts until the expiry of three months from the day of the end of the state of war, that is, of emergency.

No one shall be elected to a position of the president of the republic more than twice.

The term of office of the president of the republic shall end with expiry of the period of time for which they have been elected, by their resignation, or released of duty.

The president of the republic shall tender their resignation to the president of the National Assembly.[5]

Support staff

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Advisers to the president carry out the analytical, advisory and other corresponding tasks for the needs of the president of the republic as well as other expert tasks in relations of the president with the Government and the Parliament.[6]

Additional posts connected to the office of the president include:

• Chief of staff to the president of the republic.

• Secretary-general to the president of the republic, who presides over the secretariat of the president of the republic

List of presidents

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Latest elections

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CandidatePartyVotes%
Aleksandar VučićSerbian Progressive Party2,224,91460.01
Zdravko PonošUnited for the Victory of Serbia698,53818.84
Miloš JovanovićNational Democratic Alternative226,1376.10
Boško ObradovićDveriPOKS165,1814.46
Milica Đurđević StamenkovskiSerbian Party Oathkeepers160,5534.33
Biljana StojkovićWe Must122,3783.30
Branka StamenkovićSovereignists77,0312.08
Miša VacićSerbian Right32,9470.89
Total3,707,679100.00
Valid votes3,707,67997.63
Invalid/blank votes89,9332.37
Total votes3,797,612100.00
Registered voters/turnout6,502,30758.62
Source: RIK

See also

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References

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  1. ^ "Otkrivena imovinska karta Vučića: Plata predsednika Srbije iznosi ovoliko". N1 (in Serbian). 22 May 2023.
  2. ^ The President of the Republic Wikisource
  3. ^ Constitution of Serbia - Article 112 Wikisource
  4. ^ Constitution of Serbia - Article 114 Wikisource
  5. ^ Constitution of Serbia - Article 116 Wikisource
  6. ^ "Office of the President". Archived from the original on 2009-01-21. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
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