The Kingdom of Serbia operated under the multi-party system until 1918 when it became Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. After World War II, Serbia was reorganized into a one-party socialist republic. After the re-establishment of the multi-party system in 1990, new parties were established such as the Socialist Party of Serbia (SPS; direct successor of the League of Communists of Serbia), Democratic Party (DS), Serbian Renewal Movement (SPO), Serbian Radical Party (SRS), Civic Alliance of Serbia (GSS) and others. Serbia was de facto a dominant-party state between 1990 and 2000, during the rule of Slobodan Milošević and his Socialist Party of Serbia. In the year 2000, Milošević and his party were overthrown which led to the disestablishment of the dominant-party system in Serbia. Between 2000 and 2012, Serbia was ruled by the centre-left Democratic Party. After the Serbian Progressive Party (SNS) gained power in 2012, Serbia began to shift back to authoritarianism. Since 2014, Serbia has been de facto a dominant-party state, and since 2020 the ruling party and its government partners (including SPS and two minority parties) hold majority of seats in the parliament, while the opposition currently holds 7 seats out of 250.
During the entirety of the 1990s, Serbia's opposition which was composed of centrist, liberal and right-wing parties (DS, SPO, GSS, Democratic Party of Serbia (DSS) and others) clashed with the ruling nationalist parties, the left-wing SPS, and the far-right SRS. The Serbian Radical Party went into the opposition a couple of times during this period but even then they were described as a satellite party of the ruling SPS. After the fall of Milošević in 2000, the opposition gained a lot of popularity while the ruling SPS went into decline until 2008, while their former coalition partner, SRS, managed to stabilize its position in Serbian politics. In the 2000s, Serbia also experienced new liberal and social democratic parties (Liberal Democratic Party (LDP), Social Democratic Party (SDP), Social Democratic Union (SDU) and others) and also new right-wing parties and organizations managed to get on the scene.
Political parties represented in the National AssemblyEdit
Dissolved political parties in Serbia (since 1990)Edit
Historical parties in Serbia (1861–1918)Edit
|People's Radical Party
Народна радикална странка
|NRS||Socialism (until 1890s)
|Left-wing (until 1890s)
Centre-right (after 1890s)
|Serbian Progressive Party
Српска напредна странка
|Serbian Social Democratic Party
Српска социјалдемократска партија
|Independent Radical Party
Самостална радикална странка