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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Serbia; including vital statistics, ethnicity, religious affiliations, education level, health of the populace, and other aspects of the population.

PopulationDecrease 7,020,858 (30 June 2017)[1]
Growth rateNegative increase −5.5 per 1,000 pop. (2017)[1]
Birth rateDecrease 9.2 per 1,000 pop. (2017)[1]
Death rateNegative increase 14.8 per 1,000 pop. (2017)[1]
Life expectancyIncrease 75.1 years (2016)[1]
 • male72.6 years
 • female77.7 years
Fertility rateIncrease 1.48 children born/woman (2016)[1]
Infant mortality ratePositive decrease 5.4 deaths/1,000 infants (2016)[1]
Net migration rateDecrease -1.6 migrant(s)/1,000 pop. (2011)
0–14 yearsDecrease 14.4% (2016)[1]
15–64 yearsDecrease 66.4% (2016)[1]
65 and overIncrease 19.2% (2016)[1]
At birth1.06 male(s)/female
Under 151.06 male(s)/female
15–64 years0.99 male(s)/female
65 and over0.72 male(s)/female
Nationalitynoun: Serbian(s) adjective: Serbian
Major ethnicSerbs Increase (83.3%)
Minor ethnicHungarians Decrease (3.5%)
Roma Increase (2.1%)
Bosniaks Increase (2%)
other minorities less than 1% respectively
OfficialSerbian at national level;
Hungarian, Bosnian, Croatian, Slovakian, Albanian, Romanian and Rusyn are in official use in individual municipalities
SpokenSerbian Steady (88%)
Hungarian Decrease (3.4%)
Bosnian Increase (1.9%)
Romani Increase (1.4%)
other minority languages less than 1% respectively

Contents

HistoryEdit

Censuses in Serbia ordinarily take place every 10 years, organized by the Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. The Principality of Serbia had conducted the first population census in 1834; the subsequent censuses were conducted in 1841, 1843, 1846, 1850, 1854, 1859, 1863 and 1866 and 1874. During the era Kingdom of Serbia, six censuses were conducted in 1884, 1890, 1895, 1900, 1905 and the last one being in 1910. During the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, censuses were conducted in 1931 and 1921; the census in 1941 was never conducted due to the outbreak of World War II. Socialist Yugoslavia conducted censuses in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, and 1991. The two most recent censuses were held in 2002 and 2011.

The years since the first 1834 Census saw frequent border changes of Serbia, first amidst the disintegration of the Ottoman Empire and Austria-Hungary, then subsequent formation and later disintegration of Yugoslavia and, finally, recent self-proclaimed independence of Kosovo which affected territorial scope in which all these censuses have been conducted.

YearPop.±%
1834678,192—    
1841828,895+22.2%
1843859,545+3.7%
1846915,080+6.5%
1850956,893+4.6%
1854998,919+4.4%
18591,078,281+7.9%
18631,108,668+2.8%
18661,216,219+9.7%
18741,669,337+37.3%
18841,901,336+13.9%
18952,493,770+31.2%
19102,922,858+17.2%
19214,781,446+63.6%
19315,675,567+18.7%
19485,794,966+2.1%
19536,163,154+6.4%
19616,678,227+8.4%
19717,202,591+7.9%
19817,729,676+7.3%
19917,822,915+1.2%
20027,498,001−4.2%
20117,253,862−3.3%
20177,040,272−2.9%

Total fertility rate 1860-1949Edit

The total fertility rate is the number of children born per woman. It is based on fairly good data for the entire period. Sources: Our World In Data and Gapminder Foundation.[2]

Year 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870[2]
Total fertility rate 5.51 5.47 5.43 5.7 5.96 5.97 5.98 5.98 5.99 6 6
Year 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880[2]
Total fertility rate 5.95 5.89 5.84 5.78 5.73 5.67 5.62 5.56 5.51 5.45
Year 1881 1882 1883 1884 1885 1886 1887 1888 1889 1890[2]
Total fertility rate 5.45 5.44 5.44 5.43 5.43 5.42 5.42 5.41 5.41 5.4
Year 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899 1900[2]
Total fertility rate 5.43 5.46 5.48 5.51 5.54 5.57 5.6 5.63 5.65 5.68
Year 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910[2]
Total fertility rate 5.54 5.41 5.48 5.27 5.13 5 5.04 5.13 5.18 5.23
Year 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920[2]
Total fertility rate 5.18 5.14 5.1 5.05 5.01 4.96 4.92 4.88 4.83 4.79
Year 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930[2]
Total fertility rate 4.75 4.7 4.76 4.62 4.57 4.53 4.49 4.44 4.4 4.36
Year 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940[2]
Total fertility rate 4.31 4.27 4.22 4.18 4.14 4.09 4.05 4.01 3.96 3.92
Year 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949[2]
Total fertility rate 3.88 3.83 3.79 3.75 3.7 3.66 3.61 3.57 3.53

Vital statisticsEdit

Data for Serbia excluding Kosovo.

Average population (x 1000) Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Total fertility rate
1950 5 970 163 297 76 851 86 446 27.4 12.9 14.5 3,51
1951 6 043 145 197 80 034 65 163 24.0 13.2 10.8 3,07
1952 6 112 161 306 67 870 93 436 26.4 11.1 15.3 3,33
1953 6 188 151 672 68 168 83 504 24.5 11.0 13.5 3,03
1954 6 274 152 569 62 610 89 959 24.3 10.0 14.3 3,05
1955 6 358 140 396 65 179 75 217 22.1 10.3 11.8 2,81
1956 6 425 132 078 67 055 65 023 20.6 10.4 10.1 2,66
1957 6 481 118 535 64 885 53 650 18.3 10.0 8.3 2,38
1958 6 535 118 425 55 564 62 861 18.1 8.5 9.6 2,45
1959 6 585 114 872 60 850 54 022 17.4 9.2 8.2 2,40
1960 6 635 119 298 61 872 57 426 18.0 9.3 8.7 2,56
1961 6 693 115 222 57 990 57 232 17.2 8.7 8.6 2,51
1962 6 752 110 008 62 830 47 178 16.3 9.3 7.0 2,47
1963 6 809 108 324 57 778 50 546 15.9 8.5 7.4 2,46
1964 6 863 103 847 62 100 41 747 15.1 9.0 6.1 2,51
1965 6 916 106 699 58 856 47 843 15.4 8.5 6.9 2,43
1966 6 974 103 775 55 471 48 304 14.9 8.0 6.9 2,45
1967 7 027 103 491 62 915 40 576 14.7 9.0 5.8 2,40
1968 7 078 103 621 60 932 42 689 14.6 8.6 6.0 2,41
1969 7 127 105 478 68 152 37 326 14.8 9.6 5.2 2,27
1970 7 171 102 453 67 211 35 242 14.3 9.4 4.9 2,40
1971 7 214 104 070 65 872 38 198 14.4 9.1 5.3 2,30
1972 7 258 106 859 70 822 36 037 14.7 9.8 5.0 2,28
1973 7 303 108 361 67 152 41 209 14.8 9.2 5.6 2,31
1974 7 351 110 458 66 457 44 001 15.0 9.0 6.0 2,32
1975 7 401 112 945 69 590 43 355 15.3 9.4 5.9 2,35
1976 7 452 114 035 68 565 45 470 15.3 9.2 6.1 2,28
1977 7 503 111 510 68 924 42 586 14.9 9.2 5.7 2,26
1978 7 550 110 622 71 986 38 636 14.7 9.5 5.1 2,23
1979 7 611 109 953 72 306 37 647 14.4 9.5 4.9 2,14
1980 7 688 109 597 76 180 33 417 14.3 9.9 4.3 2,26
1981 7 729 103 407 78 086 25 321 13.4 10.1 3.3 2,24
1982 7 738 106 575 78 473 28 102 13.8 10.1 3.6 2,31
1983 7 747 108 003 83 506 24 497 13.9 10.8 3.2 2,23
1984 7 754 107 036 82 742 24 294 13.8 10.7 3.1 2,21
1985 7 759 101 938 81 836 20 102 13.1 10.5 2.6 2,22
1986 7 759 99 419 83 977 15 442 12.8 10.8 2.0 2,21
1987 7 757 98 279 83 426 14 853 12.7 10.8 1.9 2,24
1988 7 755 97 471 83 616 13 855 12.6 10.8 1.8 2,22
1989 7 773 91 270 85 256 6 014 11.7 11.0 0.8 2,09
1990 7 806 90 590 85 932 4 658 11.6 11.0 0.6 2,11
1991 7 836 90 378 89 072 1 306 11.5 11.4 0.2 1,80
1992 7 852 86 877 93 475 -6 598 11.1 11.9 -0.8 1,77
1993 7 848 87 931 95 121 -7 190 11.2 12.1 -0.9 1,90
1994 7 843 85 292 93 011 -7 719 10.9 11.9 -1.0 1,87
1995 7 837 86 236 93 933 -7 697 11.0 12.0 -1.0 1,70
1996 7 828 82 548 98 370 -15 822 10.5 12.6 -2.0 1,85
1997 7 831 79 716 98 068 -18 352 10.2 12.5 -2.3 1,76
1998 7 568 76 330 99 376 -23 046 10.1 13.1 -3.0 1,68
1999 7 540 72 222 101 444 -29 222 9.6 13.5 -3.9 1,62
2000 7 516 73 764 104 042 -30 278 9.8 13.8 -4.0 1,48
2001 7 503 78 435 99 008 -20 573 10.5 13.2 -2.7 1,58
2002 7 500 78 101 102 785 -24 684 10.4 13.7 -3.3 1,57
2003 7 481 79 025 103 946 -24 921 10.6 13.9 -3.3 1,59
2004 7 463 78 186 104 320 -26 134 10.5 14.0 -3.5 1,57
2005 7 441 72 180 106 771 -34 591 9.7 14.3 -4.6 1,45
2006 7 412 70 997 102 884 -31 887 9.6 13.9 -4.3 1,43
2007 7 382 68 102 102 805 -34 703 9.2 13.9 -4.7 1,38
2008 7 350 69 083 102 711 -33 628 9.4 14.0 -4.6 1,42
2009 7 321 70 299 104 000 -33 701 9.6 14.2 -4.6 1,45
2010 7 291 68 304 103 211 -34 907 9.4 14.2 -4.8 1,42
2011 7 234 65 598 102 935 -37 337 9.0 14.2 -5.2 1,41
2012 7 195 67 257 102 400 -35 143 9.3 14.1 -4.8 1,45
2013 7 163 65 554 100 300 -34 746 9.1 14.0 -4.9 1,44
2014 7 132 66 461 101 247 -34 786 9.3 14.1 -4.8 1,47
2015 7 095 65 657 103 678 -38 021 9.3 14.6 -5.3 1,47
2016 7 058 64 734 100 834 -36 100 9.2 14.3 -5.1 1,46
2017 7 020 64 894 103 722 -38 828 9.2 14.8 -5.6 1,48
2018 6 982 63 975 101 655 -37 680 9.2 14.6 -5.4 1,47

Source:[3]

Current vital statisticsEdit

  • Number of births from January-April 2018 =   19,008
  • Number of births from January-April 2019 =   19,472
  • Number of deaths from January-April 2018 =   35,984
  • Number of deaths from January-April 2019 =   35,654
  • Natural increase between January-April 2018 =   -16,648
  • Natural increase between January-April 2019 =   -16,162[4]

Birth statistics by districtsEdit

2017 data[5]
District Population Live births Crude birth rate (‰)
City of Belgrade 1,687,132 18,000 10.7‰
Kolubara District 165,273 1,334 8.1‰
Mačva District 283,007 2,441 8.6‰
Moravica District 202,026 1,753 8.7‰
Pomoravlje District 202,025 1,435 7.1‰
Rasina District 226,808 1,772 7.8‰
Raška District 305,954 3,260 10.7‰
Šumadija District 284,957 2,390 8.4‰
Zlatibor District 271,080 2,358 8.7‰
Bor District 114,816 846 7.4‰
Braničevo District 170,207 1,284 7.5‰
Jablanica District 203,254 1,655 8.1‰
Nišava District 364,157 3,290 9.0‰
Pčinja District 198,671 1,980 10.0‰
Pirot District 85,964 645 7.5‰
Podunavlje District 189,091 1,469 7.8‰
Toplica District 85,287 758 8.9‰
Zaječar District 109,634 660 6.0‰
Central Banat District 177,308 1,561 8.8‰
North Bačka District 180,349 1,709 9.5‰
North Banat District 138,371 1,158 8.4‰
South Bačka District 617,949 6,529 10.6‰
South Banat District 281,203 2,500 8.9‰
Srem District 300,988 2,715 9.0‰
West Bačka District 175,347 1,392 7.9‰
Total 7,020,858 64,894 9.2‰

Birth rate by municipalities 1961-2017Edit

Birth rates between 1961 and 2017 by municipalities (‰)[6]
Municipality 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011 2017
Novi Pazar 32.5 24.2 22.5 21.5 16.9 15.1 14.6
Tutin 36.3 32.3 27.0 21.5 18.8 17.4 14.5
Sjenica 34.2 26.8 18.3 20.0 12.7 11.9 12.9
Preševo 36.2 33.8 25.6 32.5 22.2 11.2 12.7
Savski venac 12.7 12.5 13.6 9.8 8.8 10.3 11.9
City of Novi Sad 18.4 15.1 15.5 11.9 10.8 12.2 11.7
Trgovište 28.0 19.0 11.4 14.6 8.7 6.1 11.5
Bujanovac 30.6 28.0 20.2 24.8 15.6 11.4 11.3
Zvezdara 15.9 17.6 15.4 10.3 10.8 11.4 11.2
Bojnik 18.0 15.4 11.1 12.7 11.7 9.9 11.1
Voždovac 17.4 17.2 13.6 10.3 8.8 10.5 10.9
Zemun 18.7 18.0 16.8 11.2 11.8 11.2 10.8
City of Belgrade 15.8 15.3 14.7 10.6 9.8 10.7 10.7
Čukarica 28.8 25.2 17.2 10.8 10.2 10.9 10.4
Žabalj 18.7 13.7 13.4 13.8 12.6 9.5 10.4
Vračar 10.6 10.8 12.2 8.5 8.7 10.8 10.3
City of Niš 17.1 15.3 13.7 11.8 10.1 9.5 9.7
City of Vranje 23.7 18.2 15.0 13.8 12.4 10.3 9.6
Bački Petrovac 16.9 10.5 12.1 10.9 9.2 9.6 9.6
Žitište 14.2 9.6 9.6 10.8 8.5 8.0 9.6
Grocka 16.1 14.6 16.9 11.7 10.3 10.5 9.5
Prijepolje 29.9 22.3 15.6 15.6 10.3 9.9 9.4
Loznica 23.6 17.2 15.1 12.0 10.3 8.0 9.4
Titel 17.8 13.1 12.1 12.5 9.6 10.0 9.3
Alibunar 15.7 12.0 10.7 10.6 8.1 6.8 9.3
City of Požarevac 14.5 13.4 12.4 12.5 12.1 9.7 9.3
Vrbas 20.4 16.5 16.8 12.6 10.5 10.0 9.2
Čačak 16.5 13.3 14.2 10.3 9.7 8.5 9.2
Arilje 16.5 12.6 11.4 11.9 10.8 9.5 9.2
Bor 15.1 16.1 12.9 12.1 10.3 8.6 9.2
Bela Palanka 13.5 10.1 9.8 9.6 7.2 7.3 9.2
Inđija 12.3 13.3 14.3 12.1 8.8 7.7 9.2
Šabac 17.4 14.2 15.5 12.4 10.4 8.7 9.0
Bačka Palanka 16.0 15.2 14.4 10.1 9.6 8.5 9.0
Ada 15.5 13.4 11.6 10.2 9.8 7.3 9.0
Čajetina 19.0 14.9 9.9 11.0 8.6 6.3 8.9
Bač 19.6 13.6 13.4 11.4 9.3 6.9 8.7
Valjevo 17.7 13.2 11.5 11.0 9.3 8.1 8.7
Krupanj 22.6 16.9 14.5 13.6 9.0 7.0 8.6
Zrenjanin 16.1 13.6 13.4 10.6 9.4 8.8 8.5
Beočin 21.5 15.2 14.0 15.2 11.5 9.0 8.4
City of Užice 20.0 17.0 13.9 12.0 9.3 8.5 8.4
Bečej 16.8 13.1 13.4 11.0 11.3 8.6 8.4
Žitorađa 15.7 16.0 9.6 11.2 10.5 8.4 8.4
Bajina Bašta 13.6 11.7 12.3 8.8 9.5 9.1 8.4
Vršac 17.7 12.0 13.6 12.6 10.3 8.9 8.3
Šid 10.9 12.5 13.2 12.3 8.4 8.4 8.3
Leskovac 21.0 15.7 13.0 12.2 10.9 8.3 8.2
Ub 17.8 11.7 11.2 11.0 9.4 6.9 8.2
Brus 19.6 15.4 12.7 9.9 7.9 7.1 8.1
Temerin 19.3 11.7 14.8 12.1 9.6 9.1 8.1
Ivanjica 18.3 14.6 12.2 11.9 9.9 7.2 8.1
Sombor 15.5 12.5 12.6 11.6 8.5 7.1 8.1
Irig 15.0 12.1 12.6 9.8 8.9 7.1 8.1
Bačka Topola 15.0 11.3 12.4 11.0 9.9 7.3 8.1
Blace 14.9 11.4 7.1 7.9 8.4 5.1 8.1
Gornji Milanovac 14.0 12.8 13.0 10.2 8.2 7.7 8.1
Ljubovija 26.0 16.6 13.7 12.5 10.2 8.3 8.0
Doljevac 18.9 14.2 11.9 12.4 9.6 6.9 8.0
Apatin 18.2 14.2 13.7 10.1 9.0 7.3 7.9
Požega 15.4 13.7 11.0 10.1 8.5 6.3 7.9
Vladičin Han 19.8 12.8 13.3 12.3 8.9 7.0 7.8
Bajina Bašta 20.5 15.8 12.2 10.5 9.4 7.0 7.7
Raška 17.3 15.8 13.6 10.1 10.5 7.4 7.6
Kraljevo 16.1 15.4 12.3 11.6 10.9 8.4 7.6
Kanjiža 15.8 12.4 12.7 9.7 8.3 8.5 7.6
Bogatić 15.7 12.9 12.3 10.7 9.1 7.4 7.6
Aleksinac 13.3 11.6 10.6 9.6 9.1 7.1 7.6
Aleksandrovac 18.5 14.2 11.9 10.1 9.3 6.8 7.5
Koceljeva 17.7 11.4 14.1 12.4 10.6 7.1 7.5
Mali Zvornik 23.7 16.6 16.6 12.9 9.2 7.7 7.4
Jagodina 16.0 14.3 11.4 11.3 11.1 9.5 7.4
Priboj 32.7 20.1 16.0 14.8 8.8 6.4 7.3
Bela Crkva 17.1 15.4 13.8 9.3 9.2 9.2 7.3
Batočina 14.5 9.2 12.4 11.6 10.6 7.1 7.3
Aranđelovac 16.0 14.5 12.5 12.0 9.2 8.8 7.2
Velika Plana 14.8 13.5 11.1 10.9 9.2 7.2 7.2
Vlasotince 21.2 15.4 11.8 12.9 9.9 7.1 7.1
Vrnjačka Banja 13.7 11.8 14.2 11.0 9.6 7.4 7.1
Nova Varoš 25.3 16.1 14.3 12.9 8.0 5.4 7.0
Čoka 16.6 11.4 10.7 11.6 9.3 6.0 7.0
Trstenik 14.2 11.4 12.5 10.3 8.2 6.4 6.9
Ćuprija 14.8 12.3 12.4 11.3 9.7 6.2 6.9
Ćićevac 13.0 10.7 13.0 9.4 9.8 5.2 6.9
Bosilegrad 18.9 14.7 11.5 9.7 8.2 5.3 6.7
Žabari 11.0 10.7 7.7 8.8 7.7 6.0 6.7
Žagubica 13.2 11.7 7.8 10.0 8.3 6.3 6.5
Vladimirci 17.6 11.2 11.2 11.8 7.9 7.0 6.3
Varvarin 13.4 12.1 1.6 9.3 9.1 7.0 6.3
Veliko Gradište 11.7 12.9 8.6 10.5 8.7 6.9 6.3
Topola 13.0 9.9 10.5 9.4 8.1 6.4 6.2
Babušnica 18.5 11.3 8.5 6.2 5.3 5.9 6.1
Golubac 13.5 12.3 8.6 9.8 9.3 5.9 6.1
Dimitrovgrad 13.0 9.3 9.0 7.2 7.1 4.7 6.0
Boljevac 13.4 9.0 8.3 9.9 8.1 5.0 5.8
Zaječar 11.8 11.5 11.2 10.0 8.2 7.2 5.8
Despotovac 15.9 12.3 10.6 9.4 8.9 7.2 5.6
Crna Trava 24.2 12.4 9.0 6.1 4.4 4.8 5.5
Gadžin Han 16.7 9.5 6.7 5.6 4.7 3.7 5.4
Total 17.2 14.4 13.4 11.5 10.5 9.0 9.2

Other demographic statisticsEdit

 
Population of the Republic of Serbia 1998-2006

Demographic statistics according to the World Population Review.[7]

  • One birth every 6 minutes
  • One death every 5 minutes
  • Net loss of one person every 18 minutes
  • One net migrant every 53 minutes

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook.[8]

Population
7,078,110 (July 2018 est.)
note: does not include the population of Kosovo
Age structure
 
Population pyramid of Serbia in 2017
0-14 years: 14.35% (male 523,473 /female 492,339)
15-24 years: 11.19% (male 408,379 /female 383,385)
25-54 years: 41.27% (male 1,475,243 /female 1,445,935)
55-64 years: 14.21% (male 485,849 /female 520,126)
65 years and over: 18.98% (male 557,307 /female 786,074) (2018 est.)
Median age
total: 42.8 years. Country comparison to the world: 24th
male: 41.2 years
female: 44.5 years (2018 est.)
Birth rate
8.9 births/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 207th
Death rate
13.6 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 7th
Total fertility rate
1.44 children born/woman (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 208th
Net migration rate
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 97th
Population growth rate
-0.47% (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 220th
Mother's mean age at first birth
27.9 years (2014 est.)
note: data do not cover Kosovo or Metohija
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 49.2 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 24.9 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 24.3 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 4.1 (2015 est.)
note: data include Kosovo
Urbanization
urban population: 56.1% of total population (2018)
rate of urbanization: -0.07% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
note: data include Kosovo
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 75.9 years. Country comparison to the world: 98th
male: 73 years
female: 79 years (2018 est.)
Ethnic groups
Serb 83.3%, Hungarian 3.5%, Romani 2.1%, Bosniak 2%, other 5.7%, undeclared or unknown 3.4% (2011 est.)
note: most ethnic Albanians boycotted the 2011 census; Romani populations are usually underestimated in official statistics and may represent 5–11% of Serbia's population
Languages
Serbian (official) 88.1%, Hungarian 3.4%, Bosnian 1.9%, Romani 1.4%, other 3.4%, undeclared or unknown 1.8% (2011 est.)
note: Serbian, Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, and Ruthenian (Rusyn) are official in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina; most ethnic Albanians boycotted the 2011 census
Religions
Orthodox 84.6%, Catholic 5%, Muslim 3.1%, Protestant 1%, atheist 1.1%, other 0.8% (includes agnostics, other Christians, Eastern, Jewish), undeclared or unknown 4.5% (2011 est.)
note: most ethnic Albanians boycotted the 2011 census
Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write (2016 est.)

total population: 98.8%
male: 99.5%
female: 98.2% (2016 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 15 years
male: 14 years
female: 15 years (2017)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 34.9%. Country comparison to the world: 22nd
male: 32.2%
female: 39.5% (2016 est.)

Ethnic groupsEdit

 
Ethnic map (2011 census)

Situated in the middle of the Balkans, Serbia is home to many different ethnic groups. According to the 2011 census, Serbs are the largest ethnic group in the country and constitute 83.3% of population. Hungarians are the largest ethnic minority in Serbia, concentrated predominately in northern Vojvodina and representing 3.5% of the country's population (13% in Vojvodina). Roma people constitute 2% of the total population but unofficial estimates put their actual number to be twice or three as high.[9] Bosniaks are third largest ethnic minority mainly inhabiting Raška region in southwestern part of the country. Other minority groups include Croats (0.9%), Slovaks (0.8%), Albanians, Montenegrins (0.5%), Romanians (0.4%), Macedonians (0.3%), and Bulgarians (0.3%). The Chinese[10][11] and Arabs, are the only two significant immigrant minorities.

Serbia (excluding Kosovo) in 2011
Serbs
83.3%
Hungarians
3.5%
Roma
2.1%
Bosniaks
2%
Croats
0.8%
Slovaks
0.7%
other
5.3%
unspecified
2.2%
Belgrade region
Serbs
90.7%
Roma
1.6%
other/unspecified
7.6%
Vojvodina
Serbs
66.7%
Hungarians
13%
Slovaks
2.6%
Croats
2.4%
Roma
2.2%
Romanians
1.3%
Montenegrins
1.1%
other/unspecified
9.7%
Šumadija and Western Serbia
Serbs
88.5%
Bosniaks
7%
Roma
1%
other/unspecified
3.5%
Southern and Eastern Serbia
Serbs
89.1%
Roma
3.6%
Vlachs
2.1%
Bulgarians
1%
other/unspecified
4.2%
Ethnic
group
census 1948 census 1953 census 1961 census 1971 census 1981 census 1991 census 2002[12] census 2011
Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %
Serbs 4,651,819 80.2 4,963,070 80.4 5,477,670 82.0 5,788,547 80.4 5,972,661 77.3 6,616,917 80.3 6,212,838 82.9 5,988,150 83.3
Hungarians 433,618 7.5 441,748 7.2 449,377 6.7 430,145 6.0 390,321 5.0 337,479 4.5 293,299 3.9 253,899 3.5
Roma 40,951 0.7 46,896 0.8 6,624 0.1 35,301 0.5 76,833 1.0 90,853 1.2 108,193 1.4 147,604 2.1
Muslims 7,636 0.1 74,840 1.2 85,441 1.3 127,973 1.8 156,604 2.0 176,401 2.3 19,503 0.3 22,301 0.3
Bosniaks 136,087 1.8 145,278 2.0
Croats 164,574 2.8 167,045 2.7 189,158 2.8 176,649 2.5 140,650 1.8 97,344 1.2 70,602 0.9 57,900 0.8
Slovaks 73,138 1.3 75,006 1.2 77,816 1.2 76,707 1.1 73,170 0.9 65,363 0.9 59,021 0.8 52,750 0.7
Albanians 33,769 0.6 40,954 0.7 53,167 0.8 68,593 1.0 76,296 1.0 74,303 1.0 61,647 0.8 5,809 0.08
Montenegrins 46,810 0.8 54,718 0.9 67,165 1.0 93,705 1.3 120,438 1.6 117,761 1.6 69,049 0.9 38,527 0.5
Vlachs 93,440 1.6 28,047 0.5 1,367 0.0 14,719 0.2 25,592 0.3 15,675 0.2 40,054 0.5 35,330 0.5
Romanians 63,112 1.1 59,689 1.0 59,492 0.9 57,399 0.8 53,676 0.7 37,818 0.5 34,576 0.5 29,332 0.4
Yugoslavs 14,873 0.2 122,904 1.7 439,265 5.7 312,595 4.1 80,721 1.1 23,303 0.3
Macedonians 17,391 0.3 26,302 0.4 35,146 0.5 41,627 0.6 47,930 0.6 44,028 0.6 25,847 0.3 22,755 0.3
Bulgarians 59,395 1.0 60,146 1.0 58,243 0.9 53,536 0.7 33,294 0.4 26,416 0.3 20,497 0.3 18,543 0.3
Others[13]/unspecified 114,493 2.0 132,549 2.1 102,700 1.5 115,093 1.6 122,506 1.6 97,953 1.3 266,067 3.5 368,136 5.1
Total 5,936,223 6,171,010 6,678,239 7,202,898 7,729,236 8,010,906 7,498,001 7,186,862

ReligionEdit

 
Religion map (2002 census)
Serbia (excluding Kosovo) in 2011
Eastern Orthodox
84.5%
Roman Catholic
5%
Islam
3%
Protestant
1%
Other
0.1%
Atheists/Agnostics
1.1%
Unspecified
4.4%

Serbia is largely a homogeneous Eastern Orthodox nation, with Catholic and Muslim minorities, among other smaller confessions.[14]

Orthodox Christians number 6,079,396 or 84.5% of country's population. The Serbian Orthodox Church is the largest and traditional church of the country, adherents of which are overwhelmingly Serbs. Other Orthodox Christian communities in Serbia include Montenegrins, Romanians, Vlachs, Macedonians and Bulgarians.

There are 356,957 Roman Catholics in Serbia, roughly 5% of the population, mostly in Vojvodina (especially its northern part) which is home to minority ethnic groups such as Hungarians, Croats, Bunjevci, Albanians, as well as to some Slovaks and Czechs.[14] Protestantism accounts for about 1% of the country's population, chiefly among Slovaks in Vojvodina as well as among Reformist Hungarians.

Muslims, with 222,282 or 3% of population, form third largest religious group. Islam has a strong historic following in the southern regions of Serbia, primarily in southern Raška. Bosniaks are the largest Islamic community in Serbia; estimates are that some third of country's Roma people are Muslim.

LanguagesEdit

 
Linguistic map (2002 census)
Serbia (excluding Kosovo) in 2011
Serbian
88%
Hungarian
3.4%
Bosnian
1.9%
Romani
1%
Other/unspecified
5.2%

The official language is Serbian, member of the South Slavic group of languages, and is native to 6,330,919 or 88% of the population.[15] Recognized minority languages are: Hungarian (mother tongue to 243,146 people or 3.4% of population), Slovak, Romanian, Bulgarian and Rusyn as well as Bosnian and Croatian which are completely mutual intelligible with Serbian. All these languages are in official use in municipalities or cities where more than a 15% of population consists of national minority.[16] In Vojvodina, provincial administration uses, besides Serbian, five other languages (Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian and Rusyn).

Largest citiesEdit

Name Population (2011)
Belgrade 1,233,796
Novi Sad 277,522
Niš 187,544
Kragujevac 150,835
Subotica 105,681

MigrationEdit

EmigrationEdit

ImmigrationEdit

Foreign citizens in Serbia in 2016.[17]

Temporary residence Permanent residence
# Country Population Country Population
1   China 3,280   China 1,232
2   Russia 2,677   Romania 1,162
3   Libya 1,656   Russia 620
4   Macedonia 1,386   Macedonia 516
5   Ukraine 1,031   Ukraine 340
Total 19,929 Total 6,684

EducationEdit

According to 2011 census, literacy in Serbia stands at 98% of population while computer literacy is at 49% (complete computer literacy is at 34.2%).[18] Same census showed the following levels of education: 16.2% of inhabitants have higher education (10.6% have bachelors or master's degrees, 5.6% have an associate degree), 49% have a secondary education, 20.7% have an elementary education, and 13.7% have not completed elementary education.[19]

HealthEdit

The life expectancy in Serbia at birth is 74.8 years, 71.9 for males and 77.7 for females.[20] Serbia has a comparatively old overall population (among the 10 oldest in the world), with the average age of 42.9 years.[21]

Period Life expectancy in
Years[22]
1950–1955 59.12
1955–1960   61.60
1960–1965   64.26
1965–1970   66.72
1970–1975   68.53
1975–1980   69.53
1980–1985   70.20
1985–1990   71.14
1990–1995   71.74
1995–2000   71.91
2000–2005   72.36
2005–2010   73.33
2010–2015   74.65

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Population" (PDF). Stat.gov.rs. Retrieved 29 June 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Max Roser (2014), "Total Fertility Rate around the world over the last centuries", Our World In Data, Gapminder Foundation
  3. ^ "Démographie des pays développés - Bases de données en ligne - Les chiffres - Ined - Institut national d'études démographiques". Ined.fr. Archived from the original on 2014-07-02. Retrieved 2016-09-29.
  4. ^ "Births and Deaths". Retrieved 10 July 2019.
  5. ^ "Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ "Serbia Population 2018", World Population Review
  8. ^ "The World FactBook - Serbia", The World Factbook, July 12, 2018  This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  9. ^ "Vesti – Zvaničan broj Roma u Srbiji". B92.net. 7 April 2009.
  10. ^ "Chinese Migrants Use Serbia as Gate to Europe". Abcnews.go.com. Retrieved 2016-09-26.
  11. ^ V. Mijatović – B. Hadžić. "I Kinezi napuštaju Srbiju | Reportaže". Novosti.rs. Retrieved 2016-09-29.
  12. ^ "Official Results of Serbian Census 2003–Population" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-10-18. Retrieved 2009-02-19. (441 KB), pp. 12-13 ‹See Tfd›(in Serbian)
  13. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). Pod2.stat.gov.rs. Retrieved 2016-09-29.
  14. ^ a b "Становништво, домаћинства и породице – база : Попис у Србији 2011". Popis2011.stat.rs. Retrieved 2016-09-29.
  15. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). Pod2.stat.gov.rs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-07-15. Retrieved 2016-09-29.
  16. ^ "EUROPEAN CHARTER FOR REGIONAL OR MINORITY LANGUAGES" (PDF). Coe.int. Retrieved 2016-09-29.
  17. ^ [2]
  18. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). Pod2.stat.gov.rs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-07-29. Retrieved 2016-09-29.
  19. ^ "Education stats in Serbia". Webrzs.stat.gov.rs. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
  20. ^ "Витални догађаји, 2016". Stat.gov.rs. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  21. ^ "Процене становништва, 2016". Stat.gov.rs. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  22. ^ "World Population Prospects - Population Division - United Nations". esa.un.org. Retrieved 2018-08-26.

SourcesEdit

Further readingEdit