Charles Martel of Anjou

Charles Martel (Hungarian: Martell Károly; 8 September 1271 – 12 August 1295) of the Angevin dynasty was the eldest son of king Charles II of Naples and Mary of Hungary,[1] the daughter of King Stephen V of Hungary.

Charles Martel of Anjou
titular King of Hungary and Croatia
Martell károly.jpg
Charles Martel of Anjou by Anton Boys
Born8 September 1271
Died12 August 1295 (aged 23)
SpouseClemence of Austria
Anjou-Hungary (founder)
FatherCharles II of Naples
MotherMary of Hungary

The 18-year-old Charles Martel was set up by Pope Nicholas IV and the ecclesiastical party as the titular King of Hungary (1290–1295) as successor of his maternal uncle,[1] the childless Ladislaus IV of Hungary against whom the Pope had already earlier declared a crusade.

He never managed to govern the Kingdom of Hungary, where an agnate of the Árpád dynasty, his cousin Andrew III of Hungary ruled at that time. Charles Martel was, however, successful in asserting his claim in the Kingdom of Croatia, then in personal union with Hungary.

Charles Martel died of the plague in Naples. His son, Charles (or Charles Robert), later succeeded in winning the throne of Hungary.[2]

Charles was apparently known personally to Dante: in the Divine Comedy, the poet speaks warmly of and to Charles's spirit when they meet in the Heaven of Venus (in Paradiso VIII).


He married Clemence of Habsburg (d. 1295), daughter of Rudolph I, King of Germany.[3]

They had three children:



  1. ^ a b Fine 1994, p. 207.
  2. ^ Fine 1994, p. 208-209.
  3. ^ Earenfight 2013, p. 173.
  4. ^ a b c Previte-Orton 1962, p. 922.


  • Earenfight, Theresa (2013). Queenship in Medieval Europe. Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Fine, John V.A. (1994). The Late Medieval Balkans. The University of Michigan Press.
  • Previte-Orton, C.W. (1962). The Shorter Cambridge Medieval History. II. Cambridge at the University Press.

Further readingEdit

Charles Martel of Anjou
Born: 8 September 1271 Died: 12 August 1295
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
another crowned
King of Hungary and Croatia
Title next held by
Charles I