The Parliament of the Republic of Moldova is the supreme representative body of the Republic of Moldova, the only state legislative authority, being a unicameral structure composed of 101 elected MPs on lists, for a period of 4 years. Parliament is elected by universal vote, equal directly, secret and freely expressed. The President of the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova is elected by the Parliament, with a minimum of 52 votes.
Parliament of the Republic of Moldova
Parlamentul Republicii Moldova
|Founded||23 May 1991|
|Preceded by||Supreme Soviet of the Moldavian SSR|
Deputy Speaker of the Parliament
Deputy Speaker of the Parliament
Length of term
|Closed list proportional representation|
|11 July 2021|
|Palace of the Parliament, Chișinău, Moldova|
The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Moldova, on a proposal of the Central Electoral Commission, decides to validate or invalidate the mandate of the Member of Parliament. The mandate is invalid in the case of violation of electoral legislation. The Parliament is meeting at the convening of the Speaker of the Parliament within 30 days of the elections. Parliament's mandate is prolonged until the legal meeting of the new composition. During this period the Constitution cannot be amended and organic laws cannot be adopted, amended or abrogated.
The Parliament staff ensures an organizational, informational and technological assistance to activity of the Parliament, the Standing Bureau, standing committees, parliamentary factions and of deputies. The structure and the personal record of the parliament staff are approved by the Parliament.
According to the Constitution of Moldova (1994), the Parliament is the supreme representative organ and the single legislative authority of the state. The right of legislative initiative belongs to the Members of Parliament, to the Speaker (excepting proposals to revise the Constitution) and to the Government. In exercise of this right MPs and the President of the state present to Parliament draft papers and legislative proposals, while the Government presents draft papers.
In order to form the working bodies and to organize the activity of the parliament, deputies form parliamentary factions composed of at least 5 deputies elected on the basis of lists of electoral contestants, as well as parliamentary factions with the same numerical composition as independent deputies. The parliamentary factions are constituted within 10 days after the legal constitution of the parliament.
11th Moldovan ParliamentEdit
|Political Group||Party Chair||Faction Leader||MPs|
|Party of Action and Solidarity (PAS)||Igor Grosu||Mihai Popșoi||63|
|Bloc of Communists and Socialists (BCS)||Vlad Batrîncea (PSRM)||Zinaida Greceanîi||32|
|Vladimir Voronin (PCRM)|
|Șor Party (PȘ)||Ilan Șor||6|
Structure of former legislaturesEdit
|PCRM||AMN||PDM + PSL||PPCD|
- Committee for Agriculture and Food Industry
- Committee for Culture, Education, Research, Youth, Sport and Mass-media
- Liliana Nicolaescu-Onofrei (PAS) – Chair
- Virgiliu Pîslariuc (PAS) – Deputy Chair
- Adela Răileanu (BCS) – Deputy Chair
- Marcela Adam (PAS) – Secretary
- Maria Gonța (PAS)
- Marcela Nistor (PAS)
- Larisa Novac (PAS)
- Eugeniu Sinchevici (PAS)
- Elena Beleacova (BCS)
- Diana Caraman (BCS)
- Adrian Lebedinschi (BCS)
- Petru Jardan (ȘOR)
- Committee for Economy, Budget and Finance
- Committee for Environment and Regional Development
- Committee for Human Rights and Interethnic Relations
- Committee for National Security, Defense and Public Order
- Committee for Public Administration
- Committee for Social Protection, Health and Family
- Committee for Foreign Policy and European Integration
- Judicial Committee for Appointments and Immunities
- Committee for Public Finance Control
- Igor Grosu – President (PAS)
- Mihai Popșoi – Vice President (PAS)
- Vlad Batrîncea – Vice President (BCS)
- Olesea Stamate – PAS
- Liliana Nicolaescu-Onofrei – PAS
- Doina Gherman – PAS
- Veronica Roșca – PAS
- Dan Perciun – PAS
- Corneliu Furculiță – BCS
- Vasile Bolea – BCS
- Constantin Starîș – BCS
- Denis Ulanov – ȘOR
Presidents of the Parliament of MoldovaEdit
- Alexandru Moșanu (September 4, 1990 – February 2, 1993)
- Petru Lucinschi (February 4, 1993 – January 9, 1997)
- Dumitru Moțpan (March 5, 1997 – April 23, 1998)
- Dumitru Diacov (April 23, 1998 – March 20, 2001)
- Eugenia Ostapciuc (March 20, 2001 – March 24, 2005)
- Marian Lupu (March 24, 2005 – May 5, 2009)
- Vladimir Voronin (May 12, 2009 – August 28, 2009)
- Mihai Ghimpu (August 28, 2009 – December 28, 2010)
- Marian Lupu (December 30, 2010 – April 25, 2013)
- Liliana Palihovici (acting; April 25, 2013 – May 30, 2013)
- Igor Corman (May 30, 2013 – January 23, 2015)
- Andrian Candu (January 23, 2015 – February 24, 2019)
- Zinaida Greceanîi (June 8, 2019 – April 28, 2021)
- Igor Grosu (July 29, 2021 – present)
The Parliament Building was formerly the meeting place of the Central Committee of the Moldovan branch of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, and was built between 1976 and 1979. It is located on Stephen the Great Boulevard formerly known as Lenin Boulevard. The architects were Alexander Cerdanțev and Grigore Bosenco. The building was damaged during civil unrest in 2009 and repairs were carried out in 2012 and 2013. The Parliament moved back into the restored building in February 2014.
- Constitution of Moldova, art. 63, pag. 16.
- "Moldova's president calls early election for July 11". AP NEWS. 28 April 2021. Retrieved 2021-05-01.
- "President Sandu's party wins landslide victory in Moldova's snap election". www.intellinews.com. 2021-07-12. Retrieved 2021-07-27.
- Fracțiunile parlamentare
- "De ce rămân în praf şi beznă clădirile Parlamentului şi Preşedinţiei". Timpul – Ştiri din Moldova.
- "allmoldova". Archived from the original on 2014-01-02.