Zinaida Greceanîi

Zinaida Greceanîi (born 7 February 1956;[1]) is a Moldovan politician. She is currently Speaker of the Parliament of Moldova since 8 June 2019. Greceanîi was previously also the Prime Minister of Moldova from 31 March 2008[1][2] to 14 September 2009. She is the leader of the Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova (PSRM) and was previously a member of the Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova (PCRM).[3] She was Moldova's first female Prime Minister[2] and was the second female Communist head of government in Europe, the first having been Premier Milka Planinc of Yugoslavia.[4]

Zinaida Greceanîi
Zinaida Greceanîi, 2014 (cropped).jpg
12th President of the Moldovan Parliament
Assumed office
8 June 2019
PresidentIgor Dodon
Prime MinisterPavel Filip
Maia Sandu
Ion Chicu
Preceded byAndrian Candu
Member of the Moldovan Parliament
Assumed office
29 July 2009
7th Prime Minister of Moldova
In office
31 March 2008 – 14 September 2009
PresidentVladimir Voronin
Preceded byVasile Tarlev
Succeeded byVladimir Filat
First Deputy Prime Minister
In office
10 October 2005 – 31 March 2008
PresidentVladimir Voronin
Prime MinisterVasile Tarlev
Preceded byVasile Iovv
Succeeded byIgor Dodon
Minister of Finance
In office
26 February 2002 – 10 October 2005
PresidentVladimir Voronin
Prime MinisterVasile Tarlev
Preceded byMihai Manole
Succeeded byMihai Pop
Personal details
Born
Zinaida Bujor

(1956-02-07) 7 February 1956 (age 64)
Tomsk Oblast, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
(now Russia)
Political partyCommunist Party (Before 2011)
Socialist Party (2011–present)
Spouse(s)Alexei Greceanîi
Children2
EducationMoldova State University

BackgroundEdit

Greceanîi was born at Tomsk Oblast in Siberia in the Russian SFSR of the Soviet Union. Her parents, Marioara Ursu (1918–1993) and Petrea Bujor (1906–1996), were deported in 1951 from Cotiujeni in the north of Moldova during the Operation North because they were Jehovah's Witnesses. Her brother died during the deportation. Zinaida Greceanîi and her parents came back to Cotiujeni only in 1968. She was baptised as Orthodox by her grandmother on mother's side.

She graduated from the Financial and Economic College in the capital Chișinău and the State University of Moldova.[1]

Greceanîi is married to Alexei Greceanîi and has two children.[1]

CareerEdit

In the mid 90th, was employed as the head of the Department at the Ministry of Finance.[5] She was Deputy Minister of Finances from 2000 to 2001 and First Deputy Minister of Finances from 2001 to 2002. President Vladimir Voronin appointed her as Interim Minister of Finances on 8 February 2002 and then appointed her as Minister of Finances on 26 February 2002 as the only woman in the cabinet. After serving as Finance Minister for more than three years, she was appointed by Voronin as First Deputy Prime Minister of Moldova on 10 October 2005.[1] In the summer, she arrived first in the 2005 Chișinău election, but they were declared invalid because of the low turnout.

According to the polls made in 2019 related to the most popular politicians of the Republic of Moldova, Zinaida Greceanii is ranked at the second position of the top of politicians which enjoyed the highest trust from the Moldovans citizens side,[6] and according to some other polls she was given the sixth [7] and at the eighth rank accordingly[8]

Prime ministerEdit

 
Greceanîi with former Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin in June 2008.

Following the resignation of Prime Minister Vasile Tarlev on 19 March 2008, President Vladimir Voronin nominated Greceanîi as Prime Minister.[3] The Cabinet of Zinaida Greceanîi was approved by Parliament on 31 March; it received 56 votes in favor out of the 101 members of Parliament. According to Greceanîi, the immediate focus of her Cabinet would on "freedom of the media, an active dialogue with civil society and an independent judiciary". She increased the number of women ministers from 2 to 5 (25 per cent) and followed up on laws of gender equality.[9]

Greceanii resigned on 9 September 2009, saying she was unable to simultaneously hold the posts of prime minister and member of parliament at the same time. On 10 September 2009, Moldova's President Vladimir Voronin signed a decree appointing Justice Minister Vitalie Pîrlog as acting Prime Minister from 14 September until a new government was formed.

Events of 7 April 2009Edit

Zinaida Greceanîi, the prime minister of the Republic of Moldova, within the events of 7 April 2009, became famous in the public space by her symbolic statements, that the policemen are ready to use the weapons against the protesters, and came with the message: "The organizers of the biggest crime are ready to use children in the next days. If this will happen, to avoid casualties would be very hard. The police will use all necessary measure to defence the constitutionality, including the weapons". Six years later, in April 2015, Greceanîi stated at the Interpol TV-show, broadcast by TV7, that she did right when she declared in 2009 "that there will be bloodshed".[10][11][12]

In the investigation of the events of 7 April Zinaida Greceanîi, who has remained in history by her statement, when she begged the country's "mothers" to keep their children at home, because of the weapons that had to be used. In this respect, she has been heard once by the prosecutors, and event then, as a witness.[13]

Moldovan presidential election, May–June 2009Edit

Her party won the April 2009 election with 49.48% of the vote and she won one of the 60 seats of the PCRM in the Moldovan Parliament. She was twice an unsuccessful candidate of the PCRM for the post of the President of Moldova, on 20 May and 3 June 2009, lacking only one vote to obtain the required 3/5 (61) of the votes. In both rounds, alternative male candidates were also nominated by the PCRM and obtained 0 votes and Greceanîi all 60 Communist party votes.[14]

New elections were held and after the July 2009 parliamentary election, Greceanîi again won a seat in the Moldovan Parliament, but the PCRM only got 48 seats and the opposition to the Communist Party, the Alliance for European Integration, agreed to create a governing coalition.[15]

Leaving the PCRM and joining the PSRMEdit

In autumn 2011, Zianida Greceanîi, together with Igor Dodon and Veronica Abramciuc, left PCRM[16] and joined the Party of Socialists (PSRM) led by Veronica Abramciuc. In 2011 - 2016, the party leader became Igor Dodon. After the Republic of Moldova president election, the acting leader of the Party of Socialists became Zinaida Greceanîi, who on 18 December 2016 was officially elected as party chairman.[17] At the elections of 30 November 2014 Zinaida Greceanîi was at the top position of the PSRM electoral list.[18]

Subsequent careerEdit

She contested the mayoralty of Chișinău at the 2015 local elections, where she progressed to a run-off against incumbent Dorin Chirtoacă.[19] Ultimately she was unsuccessful, losing to Chirtoacă 46.56% to 53.46% on 28 June.[20]

On 18 November 2016, she was elected Chairman of the Socialist Party, taking office on 23 December 2016. She was elected as 12th President of the Moldovan Parliament 8 June 2019, which sparked a brief 8-day constitutional crisis in the country.

ControversiesEdit

Import of electricityEdit

Zinaida Greceanîi and Igor Dodon were involved in a collusive import scheme of the electricity and became subject to a complaint filed to the Prosecutor General's Office. Since 1 June 2008 Moldova has purchased electricity from Ukraine at a price that was by 10% higher than that paid in May. First Deputy Prime Minister Igor Dodon announced the new price as a "remarkable success", reasoning that, initially, the Ukrainian side demanded a 50% increase. However, the Chișinău corridors were talking about the fact that the price increase was made for the benefit of a company registered in Hungary behind which would be persons delegated by the leadership of Moldova and Ukraine.[21] Following the "negotiations", a private intermediary was included in the Ukrainian import scheme. In the meantime, the energy experts have received more official information from ANRE, which showed that only one year ago the intermediary company got a profit of over 14.5 million dollars from the energy price difference. The Government was responsible for importing electricity. And according to a provision signed by then Prime Minister Zinaida Greceanîi, the negotiating group for the signing the electricity supply contract in Ukraine was composed by Igor Dodon, at that time the Minister of Economy, Alexandr Gusev, the Director of Energocom and Marcu Rimish, from Moldelectrica.[22][23]

Credits from BEMEdit

In 2008, Zinaida Greceanîi, was Minister of Finance, and her husband, Alexei, was the member of the Board of Directors of Vin Cojusna Factory, a company that took a credit from Banca de Economii (BEM) in the amount of 1.63 million Euro and $500,000 US dollars. For the Greceanîi family, was not a problem to get this loan, all the more so since the Ministry of Finance was responsible for the state's package of the BEM assets. Two years ago, in 2010, the Cojusna factory went bankrupt, and in 2011 a certain "Alsvit-print" firm, founded by an off-shore company controlled by Alexei Greceanîi, had bought the assets of the factory, pledged at the bank, with another credit of 40 million of MDL also contracted from BEM.[24] One year after the launch of the Bank of Economy liquidation process, the amounts that came from the sale of the assets and property of the bank are insignificant. The most precious batch auctioned is the Cojusna Wine Factory that came to court after Alexei Greceanîi, the husband of the former prime minister and the current Socialist leader Zinaida Greceanii, has not returned tens of millions of MDL.[25]

On 15 July 2019 the PL leader, Dorin Chirtoaca, presented several documents, according to which it was shown that Zinaida Greceanii was involved in getting BEM's credits, which were not returned.[26] He has asked Zinaida Greceanii resignation from the position of the Speaker of the Parliament, being accused of her implication in bank fraud.[27]

IntegrityEdit

Before the parliamentary elections of 28 November 2010, the Civic Initiative for a Clean Parliament, which drew up a list of the candidates with integrity issues, noted that because of the Minister of Finance, Zinaida Greceanîi Moldova was convicted to the European Court of Human Rights in the case of "Offer Plus" Company, which led the state to pay damages and outstanding debts to the company in the amount of 2.5 million Euro.[28]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Page on Greceanii at government website Archived 7 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ a b "Moldova's Parliament approves new government" Archived 5 December 2012 at Archive.today, Associated Press (International Herald Tribune), 31 March 2008.
  3. ^ a b "Moldova's Leader Nominates First Female Prime Minister", Associated Press (The Moscow Times), 24 March 2008.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 1 May 2008. Retrieved 30 April 2008.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link); Skard, Torild (2014) "Zinaida Greceanîi" in Women of power - half a century of female presidents and prime ministers worldwide, Bristol, Policy Press, ISBN 978-1-44731-578-0, pp. 326-30, 358-60
  5. ^ "Zinaida Greceanîi - alegeri.md", Alegeri.md/w/zinaida_grecean%c3%aei, retrieved 20 June 2019
  6. ^ "Sondaj BOP: Cei mai apreciați politicieni din Republica Moldova", UNIMEDIA, retrieved 18 February 2019
  7. ^ "Sondaj: Cine sunt politicienii în care moldovenii au cea mai mare încredere", stiri.md, retrieved 18 February 2019
  8. ^ "Partidele care ar ajunge in legislativ daca duminica viitoare ar avea loc alegeri parlamentare. Top trei politicieni care se bucura de cea mai mare incredere. Sondaj iData", protv.md, retrieved 18 February 2019
  9. ^ Skard, Torild (2014), p. 359
  10. ^ "7 aprilie 2009. Piramida ruşinii", Anticoruptie.md/ro/investigatii/integritate/7-aprilie-piramida-rusinii, retrieved 20 June 2019
  11. ^ "VIDEO. Zinaida Greceanîi: "Nu regret declarațiile mele din aprilie 2009"", AGORA, retrieved 20 June 2019
  12. ^ "(video) Zinaida Greceanîi nu regretă declarațiile pe care le-a făcut în aprilie 2009 - #diez", Diez.md/2015/06/26/video-zinaida-greceanii-nu-regreta-declaratiile-pe-care-le-a-facut-in-aprilie-2009/, retrieved 20 June 2019
  13. ^ https://www. Zdg. Md/author/admin (23 February 2012), "Dosarul 7 aprilie: Martorii Voronin şi Saachian", Ziarul de Gardă, retrieved 20 June 2019
  14. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/8059039.stm; http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/8071251.stm Archived 10 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine; Inter-Parliamentary Union, IPU: "Republic of Moldova, Parliament", www.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2215_E.htm
  15. ^ IPU
  16. ^ I. R. (4 November 2011), "Rep. Moldova: Doi oameni cheie ai comunistilor, Igor Dodon si Zinaida Greceanai, parasesc partidul - International", HotNews.ro, retrieved 20 June 2019
  17. ^ "Partidul Socialiştilor din Republica Moldova (PSRM) / partide.md", E-democracy.md/parties/psmpr/, retrieved 20 June 2019
  18. ^ "Nr.1 pe listele partidelor intrate în Parlament: milionari și... bugetari", MOLDOVACURATA, retrieved 20 June 2019
  19. ^ http://www.rferl.org/content/moldova-chisinau-mayor-election-chirtoaca/27072499.html Archived 15 June 2015 at the Wayback Machine Pro-Europe, Pro-Russia Parties Split Vote In Moldova
  20. ^ http://www.rferl.org/content/moldova-election-chisinau-mayor-eu-russia/27099585.html Archived 30 June 2015 at the Wayback Machine Pro-EU Incumbent Declared Winner In Moldova Mayoral Runoff
  21. ^ "Afacerea "scumpirea energiei din Ucraina"", Investigatii.md/ro/investigatii/economic/afacerea-scumpirea-energiei-din-ucraina, retrieved 20 June 2019
  22. ^ "DOC // Schemă frauduloasă de import a energiei electrice. Igor Dodon și Zinaida Greceanîi, subiecții unei plângeri depusă la Procuratura Generală", Anticoruptie.md/ro/stiri/doc-schema-frauduloasa-de-import-a-energiei-electrice-igor-dodon-si-zinaida-greceanii-subiectii-unei-plangeri-depusa-la-procuratura-generala, retrieved 20 June 2019
  23. ^ "De ce au mințit Grecianii și Dodon?", Investigatii.md/ro/investigatii/economic/de-ce-au-mintit-grecianii-si-dodon, retrieved 20 June 2019
  24. ^ "CV-ul și averea noului președinte al Parlamentului", Ziarul de Gardă, 8 June 2019, retrieved 20 June 2019
  25. ^ "BEM nu poate recupera banii de la soțul Zinaidei Greceanîi - moldNova", moldNova, 18 November 2016, retrieved 20 June 2019
  26. ^ "Conferinta de presa sustinuta de conducerea Partidului Liberal cu tema "Probe privind implicarea familiei Grecianii in sustragerea a 5 mln de euro de la BEM" - VIDEO", Pro TV, retrieved 22 July 2019
  27. ^ "Dorin Chirtoaca cere demisia Zinaidei Greceanii din functia de Presedinte al Parlamentului. Acesta o acuza pe lidera PSRM ca ar fi participat la frauda bancara, dupa ce ar fi luat un credit de cinci milioane de euro, pe care nu l-a mai intors - VIDEO", Pro TV, retrieved 22 July 2019
  28. ^ "Cunoaşte-ți candidatul" (PDF), Moldovacurata.md/upload/pages/11.pdf, retrieved 20 June 2019
Political offices
Preceded by
Vasile Tarlev
Prime Minister of Moldova
2008–2009
Succeeded by
Vitalie Pîrlog
Acting