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The President of the Republic of Moldova (Romanian: Președintele Republicii Moldova) is the head of state of Moldova. The current President of Moldova is since December 2016 has been Igor Dodon,

President of Moldova
Flag of the President of Moldova.svg
Igor Dodon MoscowTass 01-2017.jpg
Incumbent
Igor Dodon

since 23 December 2016
StyleHis/Her Excellency
ResidencePresidential Palace,
Condrița
AppointerPopular vote
Term lengthFour years, renewable once
Inaugural holderMircea Snegur
FormationSeptember 3, 1990
Salary9,264 USD[1]
Websitewww.presedinte.md

Contents

Oath of OfficeEdit

“I, <name>, solemnly swear to devote all my personal strength and abilities to the prosperity of the Republic of Moldova, to abide by the Constitution and the laws of the country, to defend democracy, fundamental human rights and freedoms, the sovereignty, independence, unity and territorial integrity of Moldova”.[2]

Constitutional positionEdit

According to the Article 77 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994), the President of Moldova is the head of the State and represents the State and is the guarantor of national sovereignty, independence, and the unity and territorial integrity of the nation.

Acting presidentEdit

The Acting President of Moldova (Romanian: Președinte interimar al Republicii Moldova) is a person who fulfills the duties of President of Moldova when cases of incapacity and vacancy occur. It is a temporary post provided by the Constitution of Moldova.

According to Article 91 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):

Suspension from officeEdit

According to Article 89 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):

  • (1) In the event where the president of the Republic of Moldova commits grave offenses infringing upon constitutional provisions, he or she may be suspended from office by Parliament if two-thirds of the members cast their vote in support of suspension.
  • (2) The motion requesting the suspension from office must be initiated by at least one third of the members, and it must be brought to the knowledge of the President without delay. The President may give explanations on the actions for which he or she is being censured before parliament.
  • (3) If the motion requesting suspension from office meets with approval, a national referendum shall be organized within 30 days for removing the President from office.

VacancyEdit

According to Article 90 of the Constitution of Moldova (1994):

  • (1) The office of the President of the Republic of Moldova may become vacant in consequence of expiry of the presidential mandate, resignation from office, removal from office, definite impossibility of executing his duties, or death.
  • (2) The request to remove the President of the Republic of Moldova from office will be brought forward in Parliament, which will pass a decision on that request.
  • (3) Within 3 months from the date when the presidential office was announced as vacant elections for a new President will be held in accordance with the law.

ElectionEdit

Between 1994 and 2000, the President had been elected by popular vote for a four-year term; if no candidate received a majority in the first round, a runoff took place between the top two finishers. In 2000, the Law regarding the election of the President of Moldova stipulated that the President would be indirectly elected by the Parliament of Moldova to a four-year term; a candidate must win a supermajority of 61 votes to be elected. Presidents are limited to two terms.

Nevertheless, the Constitutional Court ruled on March 4, 2016, that the law adopted in 2000 was unconstitutional,[3] thus reverting the election method of the President to a two-round system direct election.

List of Presidents of MoldovaEdit

Moldavian Democratic Republic (1917–1918)Edit

Party

  Bessarabian Peasants' Party

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Political party
1   Ion Inculeț
(1884–1940)
December 15 [O.S. December 2] 1917 April 9 [O.S. March 27] 1918 Bessarabian Peasants' Party

Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic (1940–1991)Edit

Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme SovietEdit

First Secretaries of the Moldavian Communist PartyEdit

Chairman of the Supreme SovietEdit

Party

  PCM

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Political party
1   Mircea Snegur
(born 1940)
27 April 1990 3 September 1990 Communist Party of Moldova

Republic of Moldova (1991–present)Edit

Parties

  PDAM   PCRM   PL   PLDM   PDM   PSRM   Independent

Status
  Acting President
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Political party Elected
1   Mircea Snegur
(born 1940)
3 September 1990 15 January 1997 Independent 1991
2   Petru Lucinschi
(born 1940)
15 January 1997 7 April 2001 Democratic Agrarian Party of Moldova 1996
3   Vladimir Voronin
(born 1941)
7 April 2001 11 September 2009 Party of Communists 2001
(indirect)
2005
(indirect)
  Mihai Ghimpu
(born 1951)
Acting President
11 September 2009 28 December 2010 Liberal Party
(Alliance for European Integration)
  Vlad Filat
(born 1969)
Acting President
28 December 2010 30 December 2010 Liberal Democratic Party
(Alliance for European Integration)
  Marian Lupu
(born 1966)
Acting President
30 December 2010 23 March 2012 Democratic Party
(Alliance for European Integration)
4   Nicolae Timofti
(born 1948)
23 March 2012 23 December 2016 Independent
(Alliance for European Integration)
2011–12
(indirect)
5   Igor Dodon
(born 1975)
23 December 2016 Incumbent
Party of Socialists 2016

Living former PresidentsEdit

There are four living former Moldovan Presidents:

ResidenceEdit

 
Official residence on Stephen the Great Boulevard.

The President Palace is located in the Buiucani sector of Chișinău. It was constructed between 1984 and 1987 to the design of architects A. Zalțman and V. Iavorski. The distinctive building was originally the meeting place of the Supreme Soviet of the Moldavian SSR [ro].

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://independent.md/salariu-de-presedinte-cat-primeste-dodon-de-la-stat/
  2. ^ ""I solemnly swear to devote all my personal strength and abilities to the prosperity of the Republic of Moldova, to abide by the Constitution and the laws of the country, to defend democracy, fundamental human rights and freedoms, the sovereignty, independence, unity and territorial integrity of Moldova"".
  3. ^ "DECIS: Şeful statului va fi ales de popor; Modificarea din 2000 a Constituţiei privind alegerea preşedintelui de Parlament, NECONSTITUŢIONALĂ". Jurnal.md (in Romanian). 4 March 2016.

External linksEdit