Liberal Party (Moldova)

Liberal Party (Romanian: Partidul Liberal, PL) is a conservative-liberal[2] political party in Moldova. The president of the party is the former Mayor of Chișinău, Dorin Chirtoacă.

Liberal Party
Partidul Liberal
AbbreviationPL
PresidentDorin Chirtoacă
Secretary-GeneralIon Apostol
Founded5 September 1993
HeadquartersChișinău, Moldova
Youth wingYoung Liberals
Women's wingLiberal Women's Organisation
Membership (2018)18,989
IdeologyLiberalism[1]
Conservative liberalism[2]
Moldovan–Romanian unionism
Pro-Europeanism
Political positionCentre-right
National affiliationMișcarea Politică Unirea
Regional affiliationLiberal South East European Network
European affiliationAlliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (observer)
ColoursLight blue, yellow
Parliament
0 / 101
District Presidents
0 / 32
Website
pl.md

HistoryEdit

The party was established under the name Party of Reform (Romanian: Partidul Reformei) in 1993 by Anatol Șalaru.[3] In 1997, Mihai Ghimpu was elected chairman. Until April 2005, the party had a Christian-democratic electoral platform.[4] Competing in the 1994, 1998, and 2001 parliamentary elections, the Party of Reform failed to enter parliament, as its results of 2.36%, 0.54% and 0.67%, respectively, failed to meet the electoral threshold of 5%.

Electoral successEdit

At the second party congress, held on 24 April 2005, party members adopted the new name Liberal Party (Romanian: Partidul Liberal),[3] along with a new logo and programme, which presented a liberal political platform. Mihai Ghimpu was elected president of the party. The party competed in the April 2009 parliamentary election, obtaining 13.13% of the vote and of 15 seats in parliament. At the parliamentary election of 2009 in July, the popular vote rose to 14.68%, again winning 15 seats.

As a consequence of the second parliamentary election of 2009, the party signed a coalition agreement with the Liberal Democratic Party (PLDM), the Democratic Party (PDM), and Our Moldova Alliance (AMN), constituting the Alliance for European Integration.[5] The party was included in the First Filat Cabinet. At the 2010 parliamentary election, the party obtained 9.96% of the vote and 12 seats in parliament.[3] The party remained in the Second Filat Cabinet. The European Action Movement (MAE) merged into the party in March 2011.[6]

Under the leadership of Ghimpu, the party has altered its former Christian democratic orientation. On 25 January 2009, a Conference for the constitution of a Women's wing for the Liberal Party the "Liberal Women's Organisation" was held. The party also formed a youth wing the "Young Liberals". The party has joined the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) as an observer member.

At the 2014 parliamentary election, the Liberal Party received 9.7% of the vote, winning 13 seats. At the 2019 parliamentary election, the PL received 1.25% of the vote, losing its representation in parliament.

Internal splitEdit

In February 2013, the party suffered an internal split. On 12 April 2013, the Liberal Party Reform Council was launched, with Ion Hadârcă as leader. The members of this council were called "Liberal Reformers" by the media. The internal split became permanent when a separate Liberal Reformist Party (PLR) joined the Pro-European Coalition, formed after the dissolution of the Alliance for European Integration (AIE), remaining in the Leancă Cabinet after the Liberal Party (PL) left the government.

Creation of Mișcarea Politică Unirea (MPU)Edit

In 2020, Mișcarea Politică Unirea (MPU), a political party established for the unification of Romania and Moldova, was founded by five other political parties, including the Liberal Party. Furthermore, Chirtoacă, leader of the PL,[7][8] was designated as the candidate of the MPU for the 2020 Moldovan presidential election.[9][10][11][12][13] He only received 1.2% of the cast votes and did not qualify for the 2nd round.

2021 parliamentary electionsEdit

For the 2021 Moldovan parliamentary election, PL decided to compete along with PPR, USB, and AUR and managed to get 7,216 votes (0.49%), but failed to meet the 5% threshold.

Electoral resultsEdit

ParliamentEdit

Election year # of total votes % of overall vote # of seats +/– Government
1994 41,980 2.36
0 / 101
  Extra-parliamentary opposition
1998 8,844 0.54
0 / 101
  Extra-parliamentary opposition
2001 10,686[a] 0.67[a]
0 / 101
  Extra-parliamentary opposition
2005 Did not participate Extra-parliamentary opposition
2009 (April) 201,879 13.13
15 / 101
  15 Coalition
2009 (July) 232,108 14.68
15 / 101
  Coalition
2010 171,445 9.96
12 / 101
  3 Coalition
2014 154,507 9.67
13 / 101
  1 Coalition
2019 17,743 1.25
0 / 101
  13 Extra-parliamentary opposition
2021 with PPR, USB, and AUR
0 / 101
  Extra-parliamentary opposition
  1. ^ a b Result of the electoral alliance "Faith and Justice".

In the 2007 local elections, the party gained 18.31% in Chișinău municipality and 11 seats on the Chișinău Municipal Council. Its vice-president, Dorin Chirtoacă, became Mayor.

Notable membersEdit

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "Moldova". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Moldova". European Forum. Archived from the original on 5 April 2015. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
  3. ^ a b c Tom Lansford (8 April 2014). Political Handbook of the World 2014. SAGE Publications. p. 949. ISBN 978-1-4833-3327-4.
  4. ^ "Partidul Liberal (PL) / partide.md". Retrieved 25 February 2015.
  5. ^ Julian Bernauer; Daniel Bochsler; Rogers Brubaker; Magdalena Dembinska; Fulya Memisoglu; Karolina Prasad; Antoine Roger; Edina Szöcsik; Hanna Vasilevich; Doris Wydra; Christina Isabel Zuber (3 March 2014). New Nation-States and National Minorities. ECPR Press. p. 48. ISBN 978-1-907301-86-5.
  6. ^ "Congresul V extraordinar al Mişcării Acţiunea Europeană / partide.md". Retrieved 25 February 2015.
  7. ^ Mihailova, Iulia (15 January 2020). "S-a constituit mișcarea politică Unirea". Radio Europa Liberă Moldova (in Romanian).
  8. ^ "Cinci partide unioniste au constituit mișcarea politică "Unirea"". Agora (in Romanian). 15 January 2020.
  9. ^ Frunză, Alina (29 June 2020). "DOC/ Mișcarea Politică UNIREA și-a desemnat candidatul pentru alegerile prezidențiale din toamnă". Ziarul de Gardă (in Romanian).
  10. ^ "Mișcarea Politică UNIREA își prezintă candidatul pentru alegerile prezidențiale". IPN (in Romanian). 30 June 2020.
  11. ^ Barbăroșie, Liliana (5 October 2020). "Octavian Țîcu și Dorin Chirtoacă au fost înscriși oficial în cursa electorală". Radio Europa Liberă Moldova (in Romanian).
  12. ^ "Dorin Chirtoacă și Octavian Țîcu, înregistrați în cursa electorală pentru prezidențiale". Unimedia (in Romanian). 5 October 2020.
  13. ^ "Octavian Țîcu şi Dorin Chirtoacă, înregistrați în cursa prezidențială". Adevărul Moldova (in Romanian). 5 October 2020.

External linksEdit