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Henri Coandă International Airport

Bucharest Henri Coandă International Airport (Romanian: Aeroportul Internațional Henri Coandă București) (IATA: OTP, ICAO: LROP) is Romania's busiest international airport, located in Otopeni, 16.5 km (10.3 mi) north of Bucharest's city centre.[1] It is currently one of two airports serving the capital of Romania. The other is Aurel Vlaicu Airport, which no longer serves scheduled passenger traffic.

Bucharest Henri Coandă International Airport

Aeroportul Internațional Henri Coandă București
Aeroporturi București logo.png
Henri Coandă International Airport, March 2013.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic / Military
OperatorThe National Company "Bucharest Airports" S.A.
ServesBucharest, Romania
LocationOtopeni
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL314 ft / 96 m
Coordinates44°34′16″N 026°05′06″E / 44.57111°N 26.08500°E / 44.57111; 26.08500Coordinates: 44°34′16″N 026°05′06″E / 44.57111°N 26.08500°E / 44.57111; 26.08500
Websitebucharestairports.ro
Map
OTP is located in Romania
OTP
OTP
Location within Romania
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
08R/26L 3,500 11,484 Concrete
08L/26R 3,500 11,484 Concrete
Helipads
Number Length Surface
m ft
H1 3.5 11 Concrete
Statistics (2017)
Passengers12,804,191
Passengers change 2017–16Increase 16.6%
Aircraft movements108,200
Sources: Romanian AIP at EUROCONTROL,[1] bucharestairports.ro[2]

The airport is named after Romanian flight pioneer Henri Coandă, builder of Coandă-1910 aircraft and discoverer of the Coandă effect of fluidics. Prior to May 2004, the official name was Bucharest Otopeni International Airport (Romanian: Aeroportul Internațional București Otopeni). Henri Coandă International Airport serves as headquarters for TAROM, the country's national airline.[3] It also serves as a base of operations for low-cost airlines Blue Air, Ryanair and Wizz Air. It is managed by The National Company Bucharest Airports S.A. (Compania Națională Aeroporturi București S.A.).[4] The military section of the airport is used by the 90th Airlift Flotilla of the Romanian Air Force.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Early yearsEdit

During World War II, the airport in Otopeni was used as an airbase by the German Air Force. Until 1965, it was a major airfield for the Romanian Air Force, with Băneasa Airport serving as Bucharest's commercial airport. In 1965, with the growth of air traffic, the Otopeni airbase was converted to a commercial airport. The runway was modernized and extended to 3,500 metres (11,500 ft) from the previous 1,200 metres (3,900 ft), making it one of the longest in Europe at that time.[5]

In August 1969, when United States President Nixon visited Romania, a VIP lounge was inaugurated. A new passenger terminal (designed by Cezar Lăzărescu), with a capacity of 1,200,000 passengers per year, was opened on 13 April 1970, for domestic and international flights.[5] An improvement program added a second runway in 1986, expanding capacity to 35 aircraft movements per hour.[5]

In 1992, Otopeni Airport became a regular member of Airports Council International (ACI).

Expansion since the 1990sEdit

The first stage of the plan (Phase I), taking place between 1994 and 1998, involved the construction a new departures terminal and of a new airside concourse with five jetways and nine gates (referred to as 'the Finger') as well as the extension of airport ramps and of their associated taxiways.[6]

The second phase (labeled Phase II/IIe) of the plan led to the construction of a terminal dedicated to domestic flights and of a multi-story car park (2003), the complete overhaul of the control tower (between 2005–2007) as well as the transformation of the old terminal building in a dedicated arrivals hall (in 2000). During the same phase, two high-speed taxiways (Victor and Whiskey) were constructed. Phase II was completed in 2007.[6]

The third stage of the plan (Phase III), which started in 2009, involved the extension of the airside concourse ('the Finger') with 15 new gates (nine of which have jetways), as well as the expansion of the Departure Hall (with 8 new gates). The airside concourse extension, designed by Studio Capelli Architettura & Associati, and measuring 17,000 square metres (200,000 sq ft), was inaugurated on 29 March 2011.[6][7] It was followed, in November 2012, by the extension of the Departure Hall to a total area of 38,600 square metres (400,000 sq ft).[8][9]

In March 2012, all air traffic except for business air traffic was transferred from Aurel Vlaicu International Airport (at that time Bucharest's low-cost hub) to Henri Coandă International Airport.

TerminalsEdit

The airport's facilities consist of a single terminal with three main facilities (colloquially referred to as "Terminals"): the Departures Hall/Terminal, the Arrivals Hall/Terminal, and the Finger Terminal (the airside concourse).[10] A walkway with shops connects the departures and arrivals buildings. The airside concourse is organized in two (domestic and international) passengers flows.[11] The entire terminal has 104 check-in desks, 38 gates (of which 14 are equipped with jetways),[8] and a total floor area of 86,000 square metres (930,000 sq ft).[5][7][9]

Future developmentEdit

Beyond Phase III, a new terminal building (Henri Coandă 2) at the eastern end of the current location is envisaged. Henri Coandă 2 will be of a modular design, consisting of four separate buildings, each capable of handling 5 million passengers annually. Each module will be built as traffic demands dictate. By 2030, Terminal 2 alone should be able to handle the expected volume of 20 million passengers per year. The terminal will be directly connected to the A3 motorway, to the railway system, and to the Bucharest Metro system through Metro Line 6.[12]

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Air Bucharest Seasonal charter: Antalya,[13] Enfidha,[13] Hurghada[13] Sharm El Sheikh[13]
Air Canada Rouge Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau,[14] Toronto–Pearson[14]
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Malta Seasonal: Malta
Air Moldova Chișinău
Air Serbia Belgrade
Arkia Seasonal: Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion[15]
AtlasGlobalSeasonal charter: Antalya[16]
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Blue Air Bacău, Barcelona, Beauvais, Birmingham, Bordeaux, Brussels, Catania, Cluj-Napoca, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Dublin, Florence, Glasgow, Hamburg, Helsinki, Iași, Larnaca, Lisbon, Liverpool, London–Luton, Lyon, Madrid, Málaga, Milan–Linate, Naples, Nice, Oradea, Oslo–Gardermoen, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Rome–Fiumicino, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Turin, Valencia
Seasonal: Castellón, Palma de Mallorca, Timișoara
Seasonal charter: Antalya,[17] Hurghada[17]
Bluebird Airways Seasonal: Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
British Airways London–Heathrow
Croatia Airlines Seasonal: Zagreb[18]
Czech Airlines Prague
El Al Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Ellinair Seasonal: Heraklion, Thessaloniki[19]
Eurowings Düsseldorf
flydubai Dubai–International
Iberia Express Seasonal: Madrid
Israir Airlines Seasonal: Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
KLM Amsterdam
Laudamotion Vienna
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Qatar Airways Doha
Ryanair Amman, Athens, Bergamo, Berlin–Schönefeld, Bologna, Bristol, Charleroi, Dublin, London–Stansted, Madrid, Marseille, Milan–Malpensa, Rome–Ciampino, Palermo, Paphos, Pescara, Timișoara
Scandinavian Airlines Seasonal: Copenhagen, Oslo–Gardermoen (begins 22 December 2018)[20]
SunExpress Seasonal: Antalya
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
TAP Air PortugalLisbon (ends 19 January 2019)
TAROM Amman–Queen Alia, Amsterdam, Athens, Arad (begins March 2019), Baia Mare, Baku (begins 3 April 2019),[21] Barcelona, Beirut, Belgrade, Brussels, Budapest, Chișinău, Cluj-Napoca, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Iași, Istanbul–Atatürk, Larnaca, London–Heathrow, Madrid, Munich, Nice, Odessa,[22] Oradea, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Rome–Fiumicino, Satu Mare, Sibiu, Sofia, Stockholm–Arlanda, Suceava, Târgu Mureș, Tbilisi,[22] Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Thessaloniki, Timișoara, Valencia, Vienna, Yerevan (begins 3 April 2019)[21][23]
Seasonal: Alicante
Seasonal charter: Bodrum (begins 8 June 2019)[13]
Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk (ends 31 December 2018),[24] Istanbul–New (begins 1 January 2019)[24]
Vueling Seasonal: Barcelona, Bilbao
Windrose Airlines Kiev–Boryspil[25]
Wizz Air Alghero, Alicante, Barcelona, Bari, Basel/Mulhouse, Beauvais, Bergamo, Billund, Birmingham, Bologna, Castellón (begins 3 April 2019), Catania, Charleroi, Doncaster/Sheffield, Dortmund, Dubai–Al Maktoum, Eindhoven, Geneva, Hannover, Lamezia Terme, Lisbon (resumes 2 April 2019 ), Liverpool,[26] London–Gatwick, London–Luton, Madrid, Málaga, Malmö, Malta, Memmingen Airport (begins 2 April 2019), Naples, Nice, Nuremberg, Oslo-Sandefjord, Pisa, Rome–Ciampino, Stockholm–Skavsta, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tenerife–South, Treviso, Turin, Valencia, Zaragoza, Warsaw–Chopin
Seasonal: Eilat–Ovda[27]

CargoEdit

AirlinesDestinations
ASL Airlines Belgium Liège, Munich, Sofia
DHL Aviation Bergamo, Budapest, Chișinău, Treviso
UPS Airlines Cologne/Bonn, Katowice

StatisticsEdit

PassengersEdit

 
Departures hall
 
Arrivals hall
 
Interior of the airport in April 2018

In 2017, 12,804,191 passengers passed through the airport, an increase of 16.6% compared to 2016.[28]

Annual traffic
Year Passengers (total)[28] Change[28] Passengers (domestic flights) Aircraft movements[29] Cargo (tonnes)
2005 2,972,799
-
-
49,593 16,887
2006 3,497,938   17.6%
-
55,056 18,089
2007 4,937,683   41.1% 410,916 67,372 17,423
2008 5,063,555   2.5% 497,208 69,916 22,464
2009 4,480,765   11.5% 496,391 69,692 21,585
2010 4,916,964   9.7%
-
71,481
-
2011 5,049,443   2.7%
-
-
-
2012 7,120,024   41%
-
98,600 26,493
2013 7,643,467   7.3%
-
86,730 28,432
2014 8,316,705   8.8%
-
91,788 29,193
2015 9,282,884   11.6% 502,928 97,218 31,421
2016 10,982,967   18.3% 872,915 108,285 34,125
2017 12,804,191   16.6% 1,289,596 116,718 37,415
Passenger Totals 2005-2017 (millions)
 
2018
Month Passengers[28] Change (2017–2018) Passengers Cumulatively
January 907,630   7.1% 907,630
February 847,200   4.7% 1,754,830
March 1,005,602   6.7% 2,760,432
April 1,139,852   9% 3,900,284
May 1,182,105   7.2% 5,082,389

Busiest routesEdit

Busiest Domestic Routes from Henri Coandă International Airport
Rank Airport Passengers 2016 Passengers 2017 Carriers
1   Cluj Airport
289,665
493,956
Blue Air, TAROM, Wizz Air
2   Timișoara Airport
219,070
356,684
Ryanair, TAROM
3   Iași Airport
285,085
297,879
Blue Air, TAROM
Sources:Eurostat,[30] INSSE[31]
Busiest routes at Henri Coandă Airport
City Airport(s) Weekly Departures
(Winter 2018)[32]
Airlines
  London Heathrow Airport, Gatwick Airport, Luton Airport, Stansted Airport
60
Blue Air, British Airways, Ryanair, TAROM, Wizz Air
  Vienna Vienna Airport
49
Austrian Airlines, Laudamotion, TAROM
  Timișoara Traian Vuia Airport
44
Ryanair, TAROM
  Cluj Cluj Airport
42
Blue Air, TAROM
  Iași Iași Airport
42
Blue Air, TAROM
  Paris Beauvais–Tillé Airport, Charles de Gaulle Airport
41
Air France, Blue Air, TAROM, Wizz Air
  Istanbul Atatürk Airport, Sabiha Gökçen Airport
40
Pegasus Airlines, TAROM, Turkish Airlines
  Rome Fiumicino Airport, Ciampino Airport
36
Blue Air, Ryanair, TAROM, Wizz Air
  Munich Munich Airport
33
Lufthansa, TAROM
  Tel Aviv Tel Aviv Airport
31
Blue Air, El Al, TAROM, Wizz Air
  Milan Il Caravaggio International Airport, Milan Linate Airport, Milan–Malpensa Airport
30
Blue Air, Ryanair, Wizz Air
  Brussels Brussels Airport, Brussels South Charleroi Airport
29
Blue Air, Ryanair, TAROM, Wizz Air
  Amsterdam Amsterdam Schiphol Airport
28
KLM, TAROM
  Frankfurt Frankfurt Airport
28
Lufthansa, TAROM
  Chișinău Chișinău Airport
28
TAROM, Air Moldova
  Athens Athens International Airport
24
Aegean Airlines, Ryanair, TAROM
  Warsaw Warsaw Chopin Airport
24
LOT Polish Airlines, Wizz Air
  Madrid Madrid Airport
21
Blue Air, Ryanair, TAROM, Wizz Air
  Barcelona Barcelona–El Prat Airport
15
Blue Air, TAROM, Wizz Air
  Oradea Oradea International Airport
15
Blue Air, TAROM
  Sofia Sofia Airport
15
TAROM

Ground transportationEdit

RailEdit

A direct train service to the main railway station, Gara de Nord, runs from the Airport railway station, about 900 meters from the airport. Shuttle buses connect this station with the departures and arrivals halls; the tickets are valid for the train and for the transfer bus.[33] The next phase of the expansion aims to locate the train station in the airport itself.

By 2025, Bucharest Metro Line M6 should open, connecting the airport to the Gara de Nord (Bucharest North) train station, and integrating the airport into the Bucharest Metro network.[34]

 
RATB Route 783 diagram (connections to Bucharest Metro lines shown)

BusEdit

Henri Coandă Airport is connected to the public transport company RATB system. The 780 route provides express bus service to Gara de Nord and Gara Basarab railway stations in Bucharest, and the 783 route provides express bus service to the city center (Piața Unirii).[35]

CarEdit

The airport is 16.5 km (10.3 mi) north of central Bucharest, to which it is connected by route DN1. The A3 motorway will connect the future terminal 2 and the city.

TaxiEdit

As of May 2013, taxis serving Henri Coandă Airport can be ordered using a touch screen system in the arrivals terminal, allowing the taxi drivers to enter the pick-up area. This measure was taken after many complaints from passengers who were being ripped off when using illegal, high-price taxis.[36]

Ride-sharing services, such as Uber and Taxify, are also available at the airport.

Incidents and accidentsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "EAD Basic – Error Page". Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  2. ^ "Bucharest Airports - Bucharest Henri Coandă International Airport - Bucharest Henri Coandă International Airport". www.bucharestairports.ro.
  3. ^ "TAROM S.A. – Identification Data
  4. ^ "Contact." Henri Coandă International Airport. Retrieved on 1 December 2011. "The National Company "Bucharest Airports" S.A. Calea Bucurestilor nr. 224 E Otopeni, Ilfov County Postal code 075150 Romania" – Address in Romanian: "Compania Națională "Aeroporturi București" S.A. Calea Bucureștilor nr. 224 E Otopeni, județul Ilfov Cod postal 075150 România"
  5. ^ a b c d AIHCB 2007 Report at bucharestairports.ro
  6. ^ a b c "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-30. Retrieved 2011-08-11. (in Romanian) Romanian Ministry of Transportation – Descriptive Note – Otopeni Airport Development Strategy
  7. ^ a b "Bucharest Airport Archived 2011-11-11 at the Wayback Machine. at a10.eu
  8. ^ a b New Departure Hall extension opened (in Romanian)
  9. ^ a b Noul Terminal Plecari al Aeroportului Otopeni (in Romanian)
  10. ^ Bucharest Otopeni Airport, the last frontier (in Romanian)
  11. ^ A new terminal (in Romanian)
  12. ^ [1] (in Romanian) The Romanian Ministry of Transportation
  13. ^ a b c d e "Charter programme". kusadasi.ro.
  14. ^ a b "Air Canada Expands its Global Network from Montreal with New Service to Bucharest, Romania and Lisbon, Portugal". www.newswire.ca.
  15. ^ Arkia. "Arkia Israeli Airlines - Flights to Tel Aviv, Eilat Packages, Hotels in Israel". www.arkia.com.
  16. ^ "Prestige Tours". prestigetours.ro/.
  17. ^ a b "Timetable". www.tez-tour.com.
  18. ^ "Croatia Airlines schedules new routes in S17". Routesonline. Retrieved 6 March 2017.
  19. ^ "Tour operator Mouzenidis Travel". Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  20. ^ "SAS Makes Your Travel Easier". www.flysas.com.
  21. ^ a b Bobon, Gabriel. "TAROM a pus în vânzare biletele pentru zborurile București – Baku și București – Erevan – BoardingPass.ro". boardingpass.ro.
  22. ^ a b Liu, Jim (2 August 2018). "Tarom adds Odessa / Tbilisi from Sep 2018". Routesonline. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
  23. ^ Liu, Jim (28 November 2018). "TAROM schedules Yerevan launch in April 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 28 November 2018.
  24. ^ a b "Turkish Airlines to fully move to Istanbul New in late 4Q18". ch-aviation.com. 16 October 2018. Retrieved 2018-10-16.
  25. ^ NewAgeLab. "WindRose. Airline tickets. Book and Buy online. Ticket". windrose.kiev.ua.
  26. ^ "Wizz Air announces three new routes from Liverpool to Romania". Liverpool John Lennon Airport.
  27. ^ 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "WizzAir expands Eilat/Ovda network in W17".
  28. ^ a b c d "Anna.aero database". Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  29. ^ ORDIN 169/1.801. Planul național de acțiune privind reducerea emisiilor de gaze cu efect de seră în domeniul aviației civile (in Romanian)
  30. ^ "Home - Eurostat". ec.europa.eu.
  31. ^ "Transportul aeroportuar pe anul 2015" (PDF). INSSE. (in Romanian)
  32. ^ Flightradar24. "Flightradar24.com - Live flight tracker!". Flightradar24.
  33. ^ "Bucharest Airports – Bucharest Henri Coandă International Airport – Train connection". Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  34. ^ Chirileasa, Andrei (2015-04-29). "Romania finances subway extension with money from emissions trading". Romania Insider. Retrieved 2017-09-19.
  35. ^ "Bucharest Airports – Bucharest Henri Coandă International Airport – Bus". Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  36. ^ "Touch screen installed for cab ordering at Otopeni airport in Bucharest". Romania Insider. Retrieved 2 May 2013.
  37. ^ "15 ani de la cea mai mare catastrofă aeriană din istoria României". Adevărul. 31 March 2010. Archived from the original on 24 December 2010.

External linksEdit