Bucharest Henri Coandă International Airport

Bucharest Henri Coandă International Airport (Romanian: Aeroportul Internațional Henri Coandă București) (IATA: OTP, ICAO: LROP) is Romania's busiest international airport, located in Otopeni, 16.5 km (10.3 mi) north of Bucharest's city centre.[1] It is currently one of the two airports serving the capital of Romania. The other is Aurel Vlaicu Airport. The airport covers 605 hectares (1,495 acres) of land and contains two parallel runways, both 3,500 meters long.[3]

Bucharest Henri Coandă International Airport

Aeroportul Internațional
Henri Coandă București
Summary
Airport typePublic / Military
OwnerMinistry of Transport and Infrastructure
OperatorThe National Company "Bucharest Airports" S.A.
ServesBucharest metropolitan area
LocationOtopeni
Opened1965 (1965)
Hub for
Elevation AMSL314 ft / 96 m
Coordinates44°34′16″N 26°05′06″E / 44.57111°N 26.08500°E / 44.57111; 26.08500
Websitebucharestairports.ro
Map
OTP is located in Romania
OTP
OTP
Location within Romania
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
08R/26L 3,500 11,484 Asphalt
08L/26R 3,500 11,484 Asphalt
Helipads
Number Length Surface
m ft
H1 3.5 11 Concrete
Statistics (2023)
Passengers14,630,715
Passengers change 2022–23Increase 16.11%
Aircraft movements111,820
Sources: Romanian AIP at Eurocontrol,[1] bucharestairports.ro[2]

The airport is named after Romanian flight pioneer Henri Coandă, builder of Coandă-1910 aircraft and discoverer of the Coandă effect of fluidics. Prior to May 2004, the official name was Bucharest Otopeni International Airport (Romanian: Aeroportul Internațional București Otopeni). Henri Coandă International Airport serves as headquarters for TAROM, the country's national airline.[4] It also serves as a base of operations for low-cost airlines Animawings, Ryanair and Wizz Air. It is managed by The National Company Bucharest Airports S.A. (Compania Națională Aeroporturi București S.A.).[5] The military section of the airport is used by the 90th Airlift Flotilla of the Romanian Air Force.

History edit

Early years edit

 
Architect Cezar Lăzărescu

During World War II, the airport in Otopeni was used as an airbase by the German Air Force. Until 1965, it was a major airfield for the Romanian Air Force, with Băneasa Airport serving as Bucharest's commercial airport. In 1965, with the growth of air traffic, the Otopeni airbase was converted to a commercial airport. The runway was modernized and extended to 3,500 metres (11,500 ft) from the previous 1,200 metres (3,900 ft), making it one of the longest in Europe at that time.[6]

In August 1969, when United States President Richard Nixon visited Romania, a VIP lounge was inaugurated. A new passenger terminal (designed by Cezar Lăzărescu), with a capacity of 1,200,000 passengers per year, was opened on 13 April 1970, for domestic and international flights.[6] An improvement program added a second runway in 1986, expanding capacity to 35 aircraft movements per hour.[6]

In 1992, Otopeni Airport became a regular member of Airports Council International (ACI).

Expansion since the 1990s edit

The first stage of the plan (Phase I), taking place between 1994 and 1998, involved the construction of a new departures terminal and of a new airside concourse with five jetways and nine gates (referred to as 'the Finger') as well as the extension of airport ramps and of their associated taxiways.[7]

The second phase (labeled Phase II/IIe) of the plan led to the construction of a terminal dedicated to domestic flights and of a multi-story car park (2003), the complete overhaul of the control tower (between 2005 and 2007) as well as the transformation of the old terminal building into a dedicated arrivals hall (in 2000). During the same phase, two high-speed taxiways (Victor and Whiskey) were constructed. Phase II was completed in 2007.[7]

TAROM ended its unprofitable service to New York City in November 2003.[8][9][10] In June 2007, Delta Air Lines began flying the same route with Boeing 767s.[11] The company made the link seasonal in 2008.[12] Delta terminated it in September 2009 due to the recession and difficulty competing with other airlines.[13]

The third stage of the plan (Phase III), which started in 2009, involved the extension of the airside concourse ('the Finger') with 15 new gates (nine of which have jetways), as well as the expansion of the Departure Hall (with 8 new gates). The airside concourse extension, designed by Studio Capelli Architettura & Associati, and measuring 17,000 square metres (200,000 sq ft), was inaugurated on 29 March 2011.[7][14] It was followed, in November 2012, by the extension of the Departure Hall to a total area of 38,600 square metres (400,000 sq ft).[15][16]

In March 2012, all air traffic except for business air traffic was transferred from Aurel Vlaicu International Airport (at that time Bucharest's low-cost hub) to Henri Coandă International Airport.[citation needed] Air Canada Rouge introduced seasonal routes to Toronto and Montreal in June 2018. The carrier operated the flights with Boeing 767s.[17][18]

Future development edit

Beyond Phase III, a new terminal building (Henri Coandă 2) at the eastern end of the current location is envisaged. The new building is expected to include a large commercial space.[19] Henri Coandă 2 will be of a modular design, consisting of four separate buildings, each capable of handling 5 million passengers annually. Each module will be built as traffic demands dictate. By 2030, Terminal 2 alone should be able to handle the expected volume of 20 million passengers per year. The terminal will be directly connected to the A3 motorway and to the railway system. However, the plans might get delayed due to funding problems.

On 18 January 2021, it has been announced that the airport purchased all the land it needs in order to begin the expansion.[20][21] However, on 15 May 2023, the Minister of Transport and Infrastructure declared that a new terminal will not be built in the near future, because it is not necessary,[22] a declaration which sparked criticism.[23]

Terminals edit

The airport's facilities consist of a single terminal with three main facilities (colloquially referred to as "Terminals"): the Departures Hall/Terminal, the Arrivals Hall/Terminal, and the Finger Terminal (the airside concourse).[24] A walkway with shops connects the departures and arrivals buildings. The airside concourse is organized in two (domestic and international) passengers flows.[25] The entire terminal has 104 check-in desks, 38 gates (of which 14 are equipped with jetways),[15] and a total floor area of 86,000 square metres (930,000 sq ft).[6][14][16]

Airlines and destinations edit

Passenger edit

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights at Bucharest Henri Coandă Airport:

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens
AeroItalia Rome–Fiumicino[26]
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Serbia Belgrade
airBaltic Riga[27]
Animawings Seasonal: Chania,[28] Corfu,[28] Heraklion, Kefalonia,[28] Kos,[28] Mykonos,[28] Rhodes, Santorini,[28] Zakynthos
Arkia Tel Aviv[29]
Austrian Airlines Vienna
British Airways London–Heathrow
Corendon Airlines Seasonal: Antalya[30]
Croatia Airlines Seasonal: Split
El Al Tel Aviv
Eurowings Düsseldorf, Stuttgart[31]
flydubai Dubai–International
HiSky Barcelona, Bordeaux,[32] Brussels, Chișinău, Cluj-Napoca, Dublin, Frankfurt,[33] Málaga, New York–JFK (begins 7 June 2024),[34] Tel Aviv, Timișoara
KLM Amsterdam
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg[35]
Norwegian Air Shuttle Oslo[36]
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Antalya[37]
Qatar Airways Doha
Ryanair Amman–Queen Alia, Beauvais,[38] Bergamo, Berlin, Birmingham,[39] Bologna, Bristol, Catania,[40] Charleroi, Dublin, Edinburgh, Genoa (resumes 31 March 2024),[41] Leeds/Bradford (begins 2 May 2024),[42] London–Stansted, Madrid, Málaga (begins 1 June 2024),[43] Malta,[44] Manchester,[45] Marseille, Milan–Malpensa, Naples, Paphos, Pescara, Pisa, Rome–Ciampino, Tel Aviv (resumes 1 April 2024),[46] Thessaloniki,[39] Tirana,[47] Treviso,[39] Vienna
Seasonal: Chania, Corfu, Palermo,[48] Palma de Mallorca,[49] Perugia, Skiathos (begins 2 June 2024),[43] Zadar[50]
Sky Express Seasonal charter: Heraklion[51][52]
SunExpress Antalya (resumes 6 May 2024)[53]
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
TAROM Amman–Queen Alia, Amsterdam, Athens, Baia Mare, Beirut, Belgrade, Brussels, Budapest, Cairo, Chișinău, Cluj-Napoca, Frankfurt, Iași, Istanbul, London–Heathrow, Madrid, Oradea, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Rome–Fiumicino, Satu Mare, Sofia, Suceava, Tel Aviv,[54] Thessaloniki, Timișoara
Seasonal: Nice,[55] Strasbourg[56]
Turkish AirlinesIstanbul
Wizz AirAbu Dhabi,[57] Alicante, Athens,[58] Barcelona, Bari, Basel/Mulhouse, Beauvais, Bergamo, Billund, Birmingham, Bologna, Budapest (begins 17 June 2024),[59] Castellón, Catania, Charleroi, Copenhagen,[60] Dortmund, Dubai–International,[61] Eindhoven, Geneva, Glasgow,[62] Hamburg, Jeddah (ends 14 April 2024),[63] Leeds/Bradford,[64] Leipzig (begins 4 June 2024),[65] Lisbon, Liverpool, London–Gatwick, Larnaca,[58] London–Luton, Lyon,[66] Madrid, Málaga, Malta, Memmingen,[60] Naples, Nice, Nuremberg, Pisa, Prague (ends 29 March 2024),[67][58] Rome–Fiumicino, Salzburg (begins 2 April 2024),[68] Sandefjord, Seville,[69] Stockholm–Skavsta, Tel Aviv (resumes 5 March 2024),[70] Tenerife–South, Thessaloniki,[71] Tirana,[72] Treviso, Turin,[73] Valencia, Zaragoza
Seasonal: Alghero, Antalya,[74] Corfu,[75] Heraklion,[76] Mykonos,[60] Palma de Mallorca,[77] Santander, Santorini,[60] Zakynthos[75]

Cargo edit

AirlinesDestinations
DHL Aviation[78] Leipzig/Halle, Milan-Malpensa
Turkish Cargo[79][80] Istanbul
UPS Airlines[81]Cologne/Bonn

Statistics edit

Passengers edit

 
The older of two check-in halls
 
Arrivals hall
 
The newer check-in hall

In 2018, 13,824,830 passengers passed through the airport, an increase of 7.95% compared to 2017.[82] In 2018, the airport handled 13.8 million passengers (63.3% of the total number of passengers carried by Romanian airports) and 39,534 tons of cargo (81.4% of the total amount of cargo handled by Romanian airports).[83]

Annual passenger traffic at OTP airport. See Wikidata query.
Annual traffic
Year Passengers (total)[82] Change[82] Passengers (domestic flights) Aircraft movements[84] Cargo (tonnes)
2005 2,972,799 - - 49,593 16,887
2006 3,497,938   17.6% - 55,056 18,089
2007 4,937,683   41.1% 410,916 67,372 17,423
2008 5,063,555   2.5% 497,208 69,916 22,464
2009 4,480,765   11.5% 496,391 69,692 21,585
2010 4,916,964   9.7% - 71,481 -
2011 5,049,443   2.7% - - -
2012 7,120,024   41% - 98,600 26,493
2013 7,643,467   7.3% - 86,730 28,432
2014 8,316,705   8.8% - 91,788 29,193
2015 9,282,884   11.6% 502,928 97,218 31,421
2016 10,982,967   18.3% 872,915 108,285 34,125
2017 12,804,191   16.6% 1,289,596 116,718 37,415
2018 13,824,830   7.95% - 122,966 -
2019 14,697,239   6.34% - - -
2020 4,456,577   59.68%
2021 6,914,610   55.2%
2022 12,610,247   82.37% - 102,134 -
2023 14,630,715   16.11% - 111,820 -

Busiest routes edit

Busiest Domestic Routes from Henri Coandă International Airport
Rank Airport Passengers 2016 Passengers 2017 Passengers 2018 Carriers
1 Cluj Airport 289,665 493,956 489,757 TAROM, HiSky
2 Timișoara Airport 219,070 356,684 410,140 TAROM, HiSky
3 Iași Airport 285,085 297,879 286,728 TAROM
Sources:Eurostat,[85] INSSE[86]

Ground transportation edit

Rail edit

 
TFC Train parked at OTP station

An airport rail link service to the main railway station, Gara de Nord (Bucharest North), runs from the Airport railway station located near the parking lot of the Arrivals hall.[87] As of August 2021, the trains, alternately operated by CFR and TFC depart every 40 minutes, seven days a week. A one-way trip takes 15–20 minutes.[87]

A new Metro Line M6 is also planned, connecting the airport to the Gara de Nord train station, and integrating the airport into the Bucharest Metro network.[88]

 
STB Route 783 diagram (connections to Bucharest Metro lines shown)

Bus edit

Henri Coandă Airport is connected to the public transport company STB system. The 100 route provides 24/7 express bus service to the city center (Piața Unirii).[89]

Car edit

The airport is 16.5 km (10.3 mi) north of central Bucharest, to which it is connected by the DN1 national road. The DN1 also connects the airport with the nearby A0 motorway. The A3 motorway will connect the future terminal 2 and the city.

Taxi edit

As of May 2013, taxis serving Henri Coandă Airport can be ordered using a touch screen system in the arrivals terminal, allowing the taxi drivers to enter the pick-up area. This measure was taken after many complaints from passengers who were being overcharged when using illegal, high-price taxis.[90]

Uber and Bolt are also available at the airport.

Incidents and accidents edit

  • On February 9, 1989, a TAROM Tupolev TU-134 crashed during a training flight following a simulated engine failure when a flight crew member raised the flaps too soon. All 5 occupants were killed.[91]
  • On 31 March 1995, TAROM Flight 371, an Airbus A310-324 registered as YR-LCC, simultaneously experienced asymmetric thrust during climb and one of the pilots being incapacitated. The plane crashed near Balotești just two minutes after takeoff. All 60 people aboard were killed.[92]
  • On 30 December 2007, a TAROM Boeing 737-300 (YR-BGC "Constanța"), flying Flight 3107 hit a car on the runway while taking off for Sharm-el-Sheikh. The aircraft stopped beside the runway and was severely damaged.[93]

See also edit

References edit

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External links edit

  Media related to Henri Coandă International Airport at Wikimedia Commons