The Moldova Portal
( Moldova , mol- DOH-və sometimes ; MOL-də-və Romanian pronunciation: ), officially the [mɔːlˈdɔːva] Republic of Moldova ( Romanian: Republica Moldova), is a country in Eastern Europe. It is bordered by Romania to the west and Ukraine to the north, east, and south. The unrecognised breakaway region of Transnistria lies across the Dniester on the country's eastern border with Ukraine. Moldova's capital and largest city is Chișinău.
Most of Moldovan territory was a part of the
Principality of Moldavia from the 14th century until 1812, when it was ceded to the Russian Empire by the Ottoman Empire (to which Moldavia was a vassal state) and became known as Bessarabia. In 1856, southern Bessarabia was returned to Moldavia, which three years later united with Wallachia to form Romania, but Russian rule was restored over the whole of the region in 1878. During the 1917 Russian Revolution, Bessarabia briefly became an autonomous state within the Russian Republic, known as the Moldavian Democratic Republic. In February 1918, the Moldavian Democratic Republic declared independence and then integrated into Romania later that year following a vote of its assembly. The decision was disputed by Soviet Russia, which in 1924 established, within the Ukrainian SSR, a Moldavian autonomous republic (MASSR) on partially Moldovan-inhabited territories to the east of Bessarabia.
In 1940, as a consequence of the
Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, Romania was compelled to cede Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina to the Soviet Union, leading to the creation of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic (Moldavian SSR), which included the greater part of Bessarabia and the westernmost strip of the former MASSR (east of the Dniester River). On 27 August 1991, as the dissolution of the Soviet Union was underway, the Moldavian SSR declared independence and took the name Moldova. The constitution of Moldova was adopted in 1994. The strip of the Moldovan territory on the east bank of the Dniester has been under the control of the breakaway government of de facto Transnistria since 1990. ( )
Selected article -
are the political and economic relations between the
Republic of Moldova
(officially the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic), an unrecognized state between the
. During the
dissolution of the Soviet Union
, political tensions in the
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
led to Transnistria declaring independence from Moldova, culminating in the
Transnistrian War of 1992
. As part of the
ceasefire agreement ending the war
Joint Control Commission
composed of Moldovan, Transnistrian, and Russian forces was established to supervise the
which was located in the
. The Joint Control Commission still supervises the zone, and negotiations to resolve the dispute are ongoing. The negotiations are supported by the
, and the
Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe
Selected image -
, which is located on the southwestern bank of the Otaci Dniester River, which at that point forms the northeastern border of Moldova, July 2006. Here Otaci is seen from the Ukrainian town of Mohyliv-Podilskyi. The tower block in the foreground collapsed in 2019.
A view of
A satellite view of Moldova, 2003
Did you know...
... that The "Golden Collection" from the State Enterprise Quality Wines Industrial Complex "
Mileştii Mici" was recognized by the Guinness World Records as "the biggest wine collection in the world" on the 19th of August 2005. It contains over 1,5 million bottles of different types of wine – dry wines, dessert and sparkling wines.
...that according to the legend,
voivode Dragoş founded Moldova as the result of an aurochs hunt. This is the popular explanation of aurochs head depicted on the coat of arms of Moldova.
...that only five of twelve stanzas of the original poem by
Alexei Mateevici are included in the national anthem of Moldova.
Moldavian SSR had population density 128.2 people/km² and was the most densely populated republic of the Soviet Union.
Orthodox is the predominant religion in Moldova. 98% of believers belong to the Orthodox Church, and its traditions are tightly entwined with the culture and patrimony of the country.
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The following are images from various Moldova-related articles on Wikipedia.
Largest cities of Moldova
Chișinău Tiraspol Rank
Bălți Bender 1
Chișinău 1 644,204 (
Comrat 3 20,113 (
Tiraspol 2 129,500 (
Strășeni 3 18,376 (
Bălți 1 102,457 (
Durlești 3 17,210 (
Bender 2 91,000 (
Ceadîr-Lunga 3 16,605 (
Rîbnița 2 46,000 (
Căușeni 3 15,939 (
Ungheni 3 30,804 (
Codru 3 15,934 (
Cahul 3 30,018 (
Edineț 15,520 (
Soroca 3 22,196 (
Drochia 13,150 (
Orhei 3 21,065 (
Ialoveni 12,515 (
Dubăsari 3 25,700 (
Hîncești 12,491 (
Moldovan Census (2004); Note: 1.World Gazetteer. Moldova: largest cities 2004. 2.Pridnestrovie.net 2004 Census 2004. 3. National Bureau of Statistics of Moldova Recognized content
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