Gagauz Republic

The Gagauz Republic (Gagauz: Gagauz Respublikası; Romanian: Republica Găgăuzia; Russian: Республика Гагаузия, Respublika Gagauzija) was an unrecognised state that separated from Moldova during the dissolution of the Soviet Union but later peacefully joined Moldova after being de facto independent from 1990 to 1994.[1][2]

Gagauz Republic
Gagauz Respublikası  (Gagauz)
Flag of Gagauzia
Map of the territory claimed by the Gagauz Republic. It did not hold control of all of these lands.
Map of the territory claimed by the Gagauz Republic. It did not hold control of all of these lands.
46°19′N 28°40′E / 46.317°N 28.667°E / 46.317; 28.667
Common languagesGagauz, Romanian, Russian
• Established
19 August 1990
• Disestablished
23 December 1994
CurrencySoviet rouble, Moldovan cupon, Moldovan leu
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Today part ofMoldova


The Special Congress of Representatives of the Gagauz people was held on 12 November 1989, in which the Gagauz Republic was proclaimed in the Moldavia, but on the next day the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Moldavia abolished the Special Congress decisions, calling them unconstitutional.[3]

The Congress of People's Deputies of the Steppe South of the Moldavia declared independence from the Moldavia and the establishment of the Gagauz Republic on 19 August 1990.[4] Two days later, the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Moldavia held an emergency meeting, and a decision was reached to declare the republic illegal and the congress unconstitutional.[5] A detachment of Moldovan volunteers and police units were sent to Gagauzia to quell the dissidence, but the arrival of SSV soldiers prevented bloodshed.

In December 1994, on the basis of agreements reached by the Gagauz Republic and the Republic of Moldova, a document on the peaceful integration of Gagauzia with autonomous rights was signed. The integration was carried out from December 1994 to June 1995, when the Gagauz Republic legally dissolved and became the Autonomous Territorial Unit of Gagauzia.

Armed forcesEdit

As the Gagauzia conflict was developing and tensions between the Gagauz and the central government in Chișinău remained high, the Gagauz localities started establishing paramilitary structures for their self-defense.[6] The most prominent one was the Budjak Battalion (Gagauz: Bucak Batalyonu; Romanian: Batalionul Bugeac), led by the Gagauz nationalist and politician İvan Burgucu [gag; ru].[7]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Marcin Kosienkowski (2017) The Gagauz Republic: An Autonomism-Driven De Facto State The Soviet and Post-Soviet Review, volume 44, no. 3, pp. 292–313.
  2. ^ Erendor, Metin (2021). Gagauz Türkleri: "Gök - Oğuzlar". Bilge Kültür Sanat.
  3. ^ Фёдор Ангели (20 August 1990). "ГАГАУЗСКАЯ АВТОНОМИЯ. ЛЮДИ И ФАКТЫ (1989-2005)" (PDF) (in Russian).
  4. ^ "ГАГАУЗИЯ, ОБЩИЕ СВЕДЕНИЯ - Справка - БД "Лабиринт"". Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  5. ^ "ГАГАУЗЫ ОБЪЯВИЛИ О СОЗДАНИИ СВОЕЙ РЕСПУБЛИКИ И ВЫХОДЕ ИЗ МОЛДОВЫ". 20 August 1990. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  6. ^ "Premisele și metodele războiului hibrid din Republica Moldova (1990-1992)". 2 March 2018.
  7. ^ "Битва за Бессарабию /АНАЛИТИКА/". 22 May 2015.