Comrat (Romanian: Comrat, Romanian pronunciation: [komˈrat]; Gagauz: Komrat, Russian and Bulgarian: Комрат, romanizedKomrat) is a city and municipality[3] in Moldova and the capital of the autonomous region of Gagauzia. It is located at 46°19′N 28°40′E / 46.317°N 28.667°E / 46.317; 28.667, in the south of the country, on the Ialpug River. In 2014, Comrat's population was 20,113, of which the vast majority are Gagauzians.[2]

Comrat
Komrat
City
MD.GE.Comrat - Catedrala Sf. Ioan Botezătorul - jun 2017.jpg
Lenin statue in Comrat.jpg
Street in Comrat4.jpg
Komrat Devlet Universiteti1.jpg
Дом культуры в Комрате.jpg
Komrat - kaplica zbudowana w miejscu gdzie dawniej znajdowała się cerkiew zburzona w czasach komunizmu.jpg
Центральный парк2.jpg
Flag of Comrat
Official seal of Comrat
Comrat is located in Moldova
Comrat
Comrat
Location of Comrat in Moldova
Coordinates: 46°19′N 28°40′E / 46.317°N 28.667°E / 46.317; 28.667Coordinates: 46°19′N 28°40′E / 46.317°N 28.667°E / 46.317; 28.667
Country Moldova
Autonomous Region Gagauzia
Founded1789
Government
 • MayorSergey Anastasov[1]
Area
 • Total164 km2 (63 sq mi)
Population
 • Total20,113
 • Density120/km2 (320/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
ClimateCfb
Websitehttp://comrat.md

HistoryEdit

 
The first seal of Comrat (1932—2005)

Comrat began to be settled in 1789, and received town privileges in 1957.[citation needed]

In 1906, the village revolted against the Russian authorities and proclaimed the autonomous (but not independent) Comrat Republic.[4][5]

During the time when the town was part of Moldavian SSR, Comrat's industry was geared toward the production of butter, wine, and rugs, the latter ornated with Moldavian motifs. The Comrat State University was established in 2002.

PopulationEdit

  • 1989: 25,800 (official census)[6]
  • 1991: 27,500 (estimate)
  • 1996: 27,400 (estimate)
  • 2004: 23,429 (official census)
  • 2006: 22,369 (estimate)
  • 2011: 24,135 (estimate)
  • 2014: 20,113 (official census)[2]

EconomyEdit

Comrat is situated in the southern wine zone of Moldova. It is known for production of red wine and muscat. In Comrat and its suburbs there are about 10 wineries.

Food production is very developed in the city. Comrat is a home for food processing factories, alcohol production, and an oil processing plant (the first and only one in Moldova).

There is also such economic agents as a ferro-concrete factory, furniture productions, wood processing, production of plastic windows and doors, cattle butcheries, and transport companies.

WineriesEdit

Comrat Wines - the oldest winery located in the south of Republic of Moldova.[citation needed]

Aur-Vin is a Moldovan wine producer from Comrat. This factory takes part of the Moldovan wine producer Dionis Club.

SightsEdit

  • Cathedral of Saint John Baptist, built in 1820
  • Museum of local history
  • Museum of Gagauz culture, located in the suburb of Beșalma
  • Gagauzian art gallery
  • Turkish library by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  • Alley of Gagauzian Glory
  • Memorial dedicated to defenders of Comrat (sculptor: Dubinovskiy)
  • Monument Dedicated to troops suffered in Afghanistan (sculptor: Afanasiy Dmitrievich Karacoban)
  • Monument of Vladimir Lenin
  • Monument of military tank
  • Monument to victims of Stalinist repressions.

Notable peopleEdit

International relationsEdit

Twin towns — Sister citiesEdit

Comrat is twinned with:

GeographyEdit

ClimateEdit

Comrat has a humid continental climate (Dfb, bordering on Dfa), characterized by warm summers and cool, drier winters with snow. Winter lows are often below 0 °C (32 °F). In summer, the average maximum temperature is approximately 25 °C (77 °F). The average annual precipitation is relatively low.

Climate data for Comrat
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 0.7
(33.3)
2.2
(36.0)
7.6
(45.7)
15.8
(60.4)
21.8
(71.2)
25.2
(77.4)
27.1
(80.8)
26.9
(80.4)
22.7
(72.9)
16.0
(60.8)
8.6
(47.5)
3.4
(38.1)
14.8
(58.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.5
(27.5)
−1.0
(30.2)
3.6
(38.5)
10.7
(51.3)
16.4
(61.5)
19.8
(67.6)
21.5
(70.7)
21.1
(70.0)
16.9
(62.4)
10.9
(51.6)
5.0
(41.0)
0.4
(32.7)
10.2
(50.4)
Average low °C (°F) −5.7
(21.7)
−4.1
(24.6)
−0.3
(31.5)
5.6
(42.1)
11.1
(52.0)
14.5
(58.1)
16.0
(60.8)
15.3
(59.5)
11.2
(52.2)
5.9
(42.6)
1.5
(34.7)
−2.5
(27.5)
5.7
(42.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 31
(1.2)
35
(1.4)
30
(1.2)
39
(1.5)
51
(2.0)
71
(2.8)
60
(2.4)
44
(1.7)
44
(1.7)
26
(1.0)
34
(1.3)
35
(1.4)
500
(19.6)
Source: Climate-data.org[8]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Açik TV. "Viktor Volkov will perform the duties of the mayor of Comrat Archived 2016-01-03 at the Wayback Machine"
  2. ^ a b c Results of Population and Housing Census in the Republic of Moldova in 2014: "Characteristics - Population (population by communes, religion, citizenship)" (XLS). National Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Moldova. 2017. Retrieved 2017-05-01.
  3. ^ LEGE Nr. 248 din 03.11.2016 pentru modificarea și completarea Legii nr. 764-XV din 27 decembrie 2001 privind organizarea administrativ-teritorială a Republicii Moldova (in Romanian)
  4. ^ "107 лет назад в Буджаке была провозглашена Комратская республика". vfokuse.md (in Russian). 9 January 2013. Archived from the original on 20 August 2017.
  5. ^ "106 лет назад была провозглашена Комратская республика". Gagauzinfo.MD (in Russian). 9 January 2012.
  6. ^ World Gazetteer. "Comrat". Accessed September 22, 2006.
  7. ^ http://comrat.md/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=29&Itemid=116
  8. ^ "Climate: Comrat". Climate-data.org.

External linksEdit