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Bolhrad (Ukrainian: Болград Bolhrad; Bulgarian and Russian: Болград Bolgrad; Romanian: Bolgrad), also known by its Russian name Bolgrad, is a small city in Odessa Oblast (province) of southwestern Ukraine, in the historical region of Budjak. It is the administrative center of Bolhrad Raion (district). Population: 15,499 (2015 est.)[1]

Bolhrad

Болград
City
Town hall of Bolhrad
Town hall of Bolhrad
Flag of Bolhrad
Flag
Coat of arms of Bolhrad
Coat of arms
Bolhrad is located in Odessa Oblast
Bolhrad
Bolhrad
Bolhrad is located in Ukraine
Bolhrad
Bolhrad
Coordinates: 45°40′2″N 28°36′46″E / 45.66722°N 28.61278°E / 45.66722; 28.61278Coordinates: 45°40′2″N 28°36′46″E / 45.66722°N 28.61278°E / 45.66722; 28.61278
Country Ukraine
Oblast Odessa Oblast
RaionBolhrad Raion
Founded1821
Area
 • Total94 km2 (36 sq mi)
Elevation
75 m (246 ft)
Population
(2015)
 • Total15,499
 • Density164.6/km2 (426/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postcode district(s)
68700—706
Area code(s)+380-4846

Contents

HistoryEdit

Historical affiliations

  Russian Empire 1821–1856
  Principality of Moldavia 1856–1859
  Romanian United Principalities 1859–1878
  Russian Empire 1878–1917
  Moldavian Democratic Republic 1917–1918
  Kingdom of Romania 1918–1940
  Soviet Union 1940–1941
  Kingdom of Romania 1941–1944
  Ukrainian SSR 1944–1991
  Ukraine 1991–present

Bolhrad was founded in 1821 by Bulgarian settlers in Bessarabia, under the direction of General Ivan Inzov who is "revered" by Bolhrad residents as the "Founder of Our City."[2] Bolhrad became part of Moldavia from 1856 to 1859, Romania from 1859 to 1878, 1918 to 1940, and 1941 to 1944, before being incorporated into the USSR (in the territory of the Ukrainian SSR), and later independent Ukraine.

DemographicsEdit

YearPop.±%
1930 14,280—    
1941 10,713−25.0%
2001 17,353+62.0%
2011 (est.) 15,479−10.8%

The surrounding Bolhradsky district is predominantly populated by ethnic Bulgarians (a majority of 61%). Bolhrad itself is inhabited by a large number of Bessarabian Bulgarians and is considered by locals to be the unofficial capital of the Bessarabian historic district of Budjak.

EconomyEdit

As of 1920, Bolhrad had a coal industry.[3]

EducationEdit

 
Bolhrad High School

The Georgi Sava Rakovski Bolhrad High School founded in 1858 is the oldest high school of the Bulgarian National Revival.[4][5]

Notable residentsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  2. ^ Куемжи, Мария, Болградский Историко-Этнографический Музей (Bolhrad, Odes'ka Oblast, Ukraine; Фонд им. И.Н. Инзова, 2007)
  3. ^ Kaba, John (1919). Politico-economic Review of Basarabia. United States: American Relief Administration. p. 27.
  4. ^ Манолова, Надя; Красимира Табакова (2008). "150 години Болградска гимназия" (in Bulgarian). Държавна агенция за българите в чужбина. Archived from the original on April 11, 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-19.
  5. ^ "Болградска гимназия „Свети свети Кирил и Методий"". Българска енциклопедия А-Я (in Bulgarian). БАН, Труд, Сирма. 2002. ISBN 954-8104-08-3. OCLC 163361648.

External linksEdit