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"Limba noastră" (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈlimba ˈno̯astrə] (listen), meaning "Our Language") has been the national anthem of the Republic of Moldova since 1994 (officially adopted on 22 July 1995). For a short period before that, the official anthem of the country was "Deșteaptă-te, române!", which was also (and remains today as) the national anthem of Romania. The lyrics were written by Alexei Mateevici (1888–1917) a month before his death. Mateevici contributed significantly to the national emancipation of Bessarabia. The music was composed by Alexandru Cristea (1890–1942).
|English: Our Language|
National anthem of Moldova
|Lyrics||Alexei Mateevici, 1917|
|Music||Alexandru Cristea, 1942|
|Preceded by||"Deșteaptă-te, române!"|
"Limba noastră" (instrumental)
Uniquely among national anthems, the focus of "Limba noastră" is language, in this case, the national one of Moldova, Romanian (also known as "Moldovan" in Moldova).[a] It calls for the people to revive the usage of their native language. The poem does not refer to the language by name; it is only called poetically "our language".
"Limba noastră", like "Deșteaptă-te, române!", makes reference to the awakening from the sleep of death: "a people suddenly awaken from the sleep of death" and "awaken, Romanian, from the sleep of death", respectively.
National anthem of MoldovaEdit
The original poem contains four stanzas of twelve verses each. For the anthem, the verses were selected and reorganised into five stanzas of four verses each.
Limba noastră-i o comoară
A treasure is our language that surges
Limba noastră is based on a twelve-verse poem. Today, only verses 1, 2, 5, 9, and 12 are used in the national anthem.
|Original Romanian||Cyrillic (used in Transnistria)||English translation|
Mateevici, author of the poem. In the background are written quatrains from the "Limba noastră".
- The constitution of the Republic of Moldova refers to the country's language as Moldovan, whilst the 1991 Declaration of Independence names the official language Romanian. In December 2013, a decision of the Constitutional Court of Moldova ruled that the Declaration of Independence takes precedence over the Constitution and that the state language is therefore Romanian, not "Moldovan".
- "20 de ani fără „Deşteaptă-te, române!"". adevarul.ro. June 2014.
- "Moldova: Limba noastră". NationalAnthems.me. Retrieved 2012-02-25.
- "De Ziua Limbii Române, "Limba noastră" va răsuna din turnul Primăriei Cluj". ziuadecj.realitatea.net. 2017-08-30.
- "Poezia „Limba noastră", de Alexei Mateevici, a împlinit un secol". 10tv.md. June 2017.
- "Moldovan court rules official language is 'Romanian,' replacing Soviet-flavored 'Moldovan'"
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Limba noastră.|
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
- Wikisource, "Limba noastră", full text of Mateevici's poem (in Romanian)
- State Symbols of the Republic of Moldova - The official page of the Republic of Moldova features a page about the flag and anthem, which include vocal and instrumental versions
- President's House - The official website of the President of Moldova has a page with information about the anthem. The Romanian version of the page also contains the music score of the anthem.
- Moldova: Limba noastră - Audio of the national anthem of Moldova, with information and lyrics
- "Romanian Nationalism in the Republic of Moldova" by Andrei Panici, American University in Bulgaria, 2002