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Limba noastră (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈlimba ˈno̯astrə] (listen); English: Our language) is the national anthem of Moldova. It has been used since 1994 and was officially adopted on 22 July 1995.
|English: Our language|
National anthem of Moldova
|Lyrics||Alexei Mateevici, 1917|
|Music||Alexandru Cristea, ext. 1942|
|Adopted||1995 (used unofficially in 1994)|
|Preceded by||"Deșteaptă-te, române!"|
Limba noastră (instrumental)
For a short period of time in the early 1990s, the national anthem of Moldova was "Deșteaptă-te, române!, which was and remains the national anthem of Romania. The lyrics were written by Alexei Mateevici (1888–1917) a month before his death. Mateevici contributed significantly to the national emancipation of Bessarabia. The music was composed by Alexandru Cristea.
Uniquely among national anthems, the focus of Limba noastră is a language; in this case, the national language of Moldova, which is referred to as either Romanian or Moldovan.[a] It calls for the people to revive the usage of their native language. The poem does not refer to the language by name; it is poetically called our language.
Limba noastră, like Deșteaptă-te, române!, makes reference to the awakening from the sleep of death: "a people suddenly awaken from the sleep of death" and "awaken, Romanian, from the sleep of death", respectively.
Limba noastră is based on a twelve-verse poem. For the officially-defined national anthem used today, the verses were selected and reorganised into five stanzas of four verses each; namely the first, second, fifth, ninth and twelfth verse respective, which are highlighted in bold.
Limba noastră-i o comoară
Лимба ноастрэ-й о комоарэ
Our language is a treasure
Mateevici, author of the poem. In the background are written quatrains from the Limba noastră.
- The constitution of the Republic of Moldova refers to the country's language as Moldovan, whilst the 1991 Declaration of Independence names the official language Romanian. In December 2013, a decision of the Constitutional Court of Moldova ruled that the Declaration of Independence takes precedence over the Constitution and that the state language is therefore Romanian.
- The Moldovan Cyrillic alphabet was officially used between 1924 and 1932 then in 1938 to 1989 during the Soviet Union (as the lyrics were written in 1917), and is still used officially in the region of Transnistria.
- "20 de ani fără "Deșteaptă-te, române!"". Adevărul. June 2014.
- "Moldova: Limba noastră". NationalAnthems.me. Retrieved 2012-02-25.
- "De Ziua Limbii Române, "Limba noastră" va răsuna din turnul Primăriei Cluj". Ziua de Cluj. 2017-08-30. Retrieved 2020-12-03.
- "Poezia "Limba noastră", de Alexei Mateevici, a împlinit un secol". 10tv.md. June 2017.
- "Moldovan court rules official language is 'Romanian,' replacing Soviet-flavored 'Moldovan'"
- "Limba noastră". Poezie. 2010-02-21. Retrieved 2019-08-23.
- "Лимба матернэ — флоаре етернэ". Лимба молдовеняскэ (in Moldovan). 2015-04-24. Retrieved 2019-08-23.
- Minahan, James B. (2009-12-23). The Complete Guide to National Symbols and Emblems [2 volumes]. ISBN 9780313344978.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Limba noastră.|
|Romanian Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
- Wikisource, "Limba noastră", full text of Mateevici's poem (in Romanian)
- State Symbols of the Republic of Moldova – The official page of the Republic of Moldova features a page about the flag and anthem, which include vocal and instrumental versions
- President's House – The official website of the President of Moldova has a page with information about the anthem. The Romanian version of the page also contains the music score of the anthem.
- Moldova: Limba noastră – Audio of the national anthem of Moldova, with information and lyrics
- "Romanian Nationalism in the Republic of Moldova" by Andrei Panici, American University in Bulgaria, 2002