Limba noastră

Limba noastră (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈlimba ˈno̯astrə] (About this soundlisten); English: Our language) is the national anthem of Moldova. It has been used since 1994 and was officially adopted on 22 July 1995.[1]

Limba noastră
English: Our language
몰도바 국가 악보.JPG
Sheet music

National anthem of  Moldova
LyricsAlexei Mateevici, 1917
MusicAlexandru Cristea, ext. 1942
Adopted1995 (used unofficially in 1994)
Preceded by"Deșteaptă-te, române!"
Audio sample
Limba noastră (instrumental)
Emblem of Limba noastră

For a short period of time in the early 1990s, the national anthem of Moldova was "Deșteaptă-te, române!, which was and remains the national anthem of Romania.[2] The lyrics were written by Alexei Mateevici (1888–1917) a month before his death.[3] Mateevici contributed significantly to the national emancipation of Bessarabia. The music was composed by Alexandru Cristea.

HistoryEdit

Uniquely among national anthems,[citation needed] the focus of Limba noastră is a language; in this case, the national language of Moldova, which is referred to as either Romanian[4] or Moldovan.[a] It calls for the people to revive the usage of their native language. The poem does not refer to the language by name; it is poetically called our language.

Limba noastră, like Deșteaptă-te, române!, makes reference to the awakening from the sleep of death: "a people suddenly awaken from the sleep of death" and "awaken, Romanian, from the sleep of death", respectively.

LyricsEdit

Codru forests, referred to in the line Our language is the greenest leaf of the everlasting codrii.
The Dniester river, referred to in the line Gentle river Dniester’s ripples hiding starlight bright and shining.

Limba noastră is based on a twelve-verse poem. For the officially-defined national anthem used today, the verses were selected and reorganised into five stanzas of four verses each; namely the first, second, fifth, ninth and twelfth verse respective, which are highlighted in bold.

Romanian
Moldovan Cyrillic
English translation

Limba noastră-i o comoară
în adîncuri înfundată
Un șirag de piatră rară
pe moșie revărsată.

Limba noastră-i foc ce arde
într-un neam, ce fără veste
S-a trezit din somn de moarte
ca viteazul din poveste.

Limba noastră-i numai cîntec
doina dorurilor noastre
Roi de fulgere, ce spintec
noruri negri, zări albastre.

Limba noastră-i graiul pîinii
cînd de vînt se mișcă vara
In rostirea ei bătrînii
cu sudori sfințit-au țara.

Limba noastră-i frunză verde
zbuciumul din codrii veșnici
Nistrul lin, ce-n valuri pierde
ai luceferilor sfeșnici.

Nu veți plînge-atunci amarnic
că vi-i limba prea săracă
Și-ți vedea, cît îi de darnic
graiul țării noastre dragă.

Limba noastră-i vechi izvoade
povestiri din alte vremuri
Și citindu-le ’nșirate
te-nfiori adînc și tremuri.

Limba noastră îi aleasă
să ridice slava-n ceruri
Să ne spiue-n hram și-acasă
veșnicele adevăruri.

Limba noastră-i limbă sfîntă
limba vechilor cazanii
Care-o plîng și care-o cîntă
pe la vatra lor țăranii.

Înviați-vă dar graiul
ruginit de multă vreme
Ștergeți slinul, mucegaiul
al uitării ’n care geme.

Strîngeți piatra lucitoare
ce din soare se aprinde
Și-ți avea în revărsare
un potop nou de cuvinte.

Răsări-va o comoară
în adîncuri înfundată
Un șirag de piatră rară
pe moșie revărsată.[6][7]

Лимба ноастрэ-й о комоарэ
ын адынкурь ынфундатэ
Ун шираг де пятрэ рарэ
пе мошие ревэрсатэ.

Лимба ноастрэ-й фок че арде
ынтр-ун ням, че фэрэ весте
С-а трезит дин сомн де моарте
ка витязул дин повесте.

Лимба ноастрэ-й нумай кынтек
дойна дорурилор ноастре
Рой де фулӂере, че спинтек
ноурь негри, зэрь албастре.

Лимба ноастрэ-й граюл пыйний
кынд де вынт се мишкэ вара
Ин ростиря ей бэтрыний
ку судорь сфинцит-ау цара.

Лимба ноастрэ-й фрунзэ верде
збучумул дин кодрий вешничь
Ниструл лин, че-н валурь пиерде
ай лучеферилор сфешничь.

Ну вець плынӂе-атунчь амарник
кэ ви-й лимба пря сэракэ
Ши-ць ведя, кыт ый де дарник
граюл цэрий ноастре драгэ.

Лимба ноастрэ-й векь извоаде
повестирь дин алте времурь
Ши читинду-ле ’нширате
те-нфиорь адынк ши тремурь.

Лимба ноастрэ ый алясэ
сэ ридиче слава-н черурь
Сэ не спиуе-н храм ши-акасэ
вешничеле адевэрурь.

Лимба ноастрэ-й лимбэ сфынтэ
лимба векилор казаний
Каре-о плынг ши каре-о кынтэ
пе ла ватра лор цэраний.

Ынвиаць-вэ дар граюл
руӂинит де мултэ време
Штерӂець слинул, мучегаюл
ал уйтэрий ’н каре ӂеме.

Стрынӂець пятра лучитоаре
че дин соаре се апринде
Ши-ць авя ын ревэрсаре
ун потоп ноу де кувинте.

Рэсэри-ва о комоарэ
ын адынкурь ынфундатэ
Ун шираг де пятрэ рарэ
пе мошие ревэрсатэ.[8][relevant?][b]

Our language is a treasure
that surges from deep shadows of the past
A necklace of rare gems
that scattered all over the domain.

Our language is a burning flame
amidst a people that without warning
Awoke from the sleep of death
like the brave hero of the tales.

Our language is made of songs
from our soul’s deepest desires
Flash of lightning striking swiftly
through dark clouds and blue horizons.

Our language is the tongue of bread
when the winds blow through the summer
Uttered by our forefathers who
blessed the country through their labour.

Our language is the greenest leaf
of the everlasting codrii
Gentle river Dniester’s ripples
hiding starlight bright and shining.

Utter no more bitter cries now
that your language is too poor
And you will see with what abundance
flow the words of our precious country.

Our language is full of legends
stories from the days of old
Reading one and then another
nakes one shudder, tremble and moan.

Our language is singled out
to lift praises up to heaven
Uttering with constant fervour
truths that never cease to beckon.

Our language is more than holy
words of homilies of old
Wept and sung perpetually
in the homesteads of our folks.

Resurrect now this our language
rusted through the years that have passed
Wipe off filth and mould that gathered
when forgotten through our land.

Gather now the sparkling stone
catching bright light from the sun
You will see the endless flooding
of new words that overflow.

A treasure will spring up swiftly
from deep shadows of the past
A necklace of rare gems
that scattered all over the domain.[9]

ImagesEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The constitution of the Republic of Moldova refers to the country's language as Moldovan, whilst the 1991 Declaration of Independence names the official language Romanian. In December 2013, a decision of the Constitutional Court of Moldova ruled that the Declaration of Independence takes precedence over the Constitution and that the state language is therefore Romanian.[5]
  2. ^ The Moldovan Cyrillic alphabet was officially used between 1924 and 1932 then in 1938 to 1989 during the Soviet Union (as the lyrics were written in 1917), and is still used officially in the region of Transnistria.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "20 de ani fără "Deșteaptă-te, române!"". Adevărul. June 2014.
  2. ^ "Moldova: Limba noastră". NationalAnthems.me. Retrieved 2012-02-25.
  3. ^ "De Ziua Limbii Române, "Limba noastră" va răsuna din turnul Primăriei Cluj". Ziua de Cluj. 2017-08-30. Retrieved 2020-12-03.
  4. ^ "Poezia "Limba noastră", de Alexei Mateevici, a împlinit un secol". 10tv.md. June 2017.
  5. ^ "Moldovan court rules official language is 'Romanian,' replacing Soviet-flavored 'Moldovan'"
  6. ^ "Limba noastră". Poezie. 2010-02-21. Retrieved 2019-08-23.
  7. ^ http://www.versuri-si-creatii.ro/poezii/m/alexei-mateevici-6zudscu/limba-noastra-6zutscu.html
  8. ^ "Лимба матернэ — флоаре етернэ". Лимба молдовеняскэ (in Moldovan). 2015-04-24. Retrieved 2019-08-23.
  9. ^ Minahan, James B. (2009-12-23). The Complete Guide to National Symbols and Emblems [2 volumes]. ISBN 9780313344978.

External linksEdit