Soroca (Russian: Сороки, romanized: Soroki, Ukrainian: Сороки, romanized: Soroky, Polish: Soroki, Yiddish: סאָראָקע Soroke) is a city and municipality in Moldova, situated on the Dniester river about 160 km north of Chișinău. It is the administrative center of the Soroca District.
|• Mayor||Lilia Pilipețchi|
|• Total||11.88 km2 (4.59 sq mi)|
|Elevation||45 m (148 ft)|
|• Density||1,900/km2 (4,800/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|Area code(s)||+373 230|
The city has its origin in the medieval Genoese trade post of Olchionia, or Alchona. It is known for its well-preserved stronghold, established by the Moldavian prince Stephen the Great (Ştefan cel Mare in Romanian) in 1499. The origins of the name Soroca are not fully known. Its location is only a few kilometers from the Moldova-Ukrainian border.
The original wooden fort, which defended a ford over the Dniester, was an important link in the chain of fortifications which comprised four forts (e.g. Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi, then known as Akkerman, and Khotyn) on the Dniester, two forts on the Danube and three forts on the north border of medieval Moldova. Between 1543 and 1546 under the rule of Peter IV Rareș, the fort was rebuilt in stone as a perfect circle with five bastions situated at equal distances.
During the Great Turkish War, John III Sobieski's forces successfully defended the fort against the Ottomans. It was of vital military importance during the Pruth River Campaign of Peter the Great in 1711. The stronghold was sacked by the Russians in the Austro-Russian–Turkish War (1735–39). The Soroca Fort is an important attraction in Soroca, having preserved cultures and kept the old Soroca in the present day.
The locality was greatly extended in the 19th century, during a period of relative prosperity. Soroca became a regional center featuring large squares, modernized streets, hospitals, grammar schools and conventionalized churches. In the Soviet period, the city became an important industrial center for northern Moldova.
|Climate data for Soroca|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−4.7
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||35
The population was estimated at 35,000 in 1919. It consisted mainly of Jews. Romanians, Germans and Russians also lived in the city. The city once had a Jewish population of around 18,000 but they are only 100 today and 20 of them are considered Jewish according to the halakha.
In 2012, Soroca had an estimated 37,500 inhabitants.
The Mayor of Soroca is head of the executive branch of Soroca City Council.
|List of mayors of Soroca|
- Samuel Bronfman (1889–1971), a Canadian entrepreneur, former owner of Seagram
- Alexandru Cimbriciuc
- Arkady Gendler - Yiddish Singer
- Sofia Imber, a Venezuelan journalist, founder of the Contemporary Art Museum of Caracas
- Isaac Kitrosser, French photojournalist
- Kira Muratova, a Soviet and Ukrainian film director, screenwriter and actress
- Nicolae Soltuz, a member of Sfatul Țării
- Robert Steinberg, a Canadian mathematician
- Leonte Tismăneanu, a Romanian communist activist
- Eugen Ţapu (1983–2009), a protester in the post-election riots in Chișinău who died while in police custody
- Gheorghe Ursu (1926–1985), a Romanian construction engineer
Twin towns – Sister citiesEdit
Soroca is twinned with:
- Results of Population and Housing Census in the Republic of Moldova in 2014: "Characteristics - Population (population by communes, religion, citizenship)" (XLS). National Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Moldova. 2017. Retrieved 1 May 2017.
- LEGE Nr. 248 din 03.11.2016 pentru modificarea și completarea Legii nr. 764-XV din 27 decembrie 2001 privind organizarea administrativ-teritorială a Republicii Moldova (in Romanian)
- Kaba, John (1919). Politico-economic Review of Basarabia. United States: American Relief Administration. pp. 13–14.
- Tourist towns of Moldova Archived 22 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- "Climate in Soroca". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
- "Moldovan Jews struggle to maintain their historic community amid poverty, anti-Semitism". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. 20 June 2012. Retrieved 9 January 2014.
- Steve Kokker, Cathryn Kemp (2004) "Romania and Moldova" (a travel guide), ISBN 1-74104-149-X p.322
- "Loading". www.primsoroca.md.
- "Ce se întâmplă la SOROCA ?".
- "Demoscope Weekly - Annex. Statistical indicators reference". demoscope.ru.
- "Moldova: Districts, Communes, Cities, Urban Settlements - Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". www.citypopulation.de.
- Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, „Nici tu ploaie ca lumea, nici tu limpezirea apelor în domeniul politicii”
- Reporter european Archived 22 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Soroca.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Soroca.|