Parliament of the Republic of Moldova
The Parliament of the Republic of Moldova is the supreme representative body of the Republic of Moldova, the only state legislative authority, being a unicameral structure composed of 101 elected deputies on lists, for a period of 4 years. Parliament is elected by universal vote, equal directly, secret and freely expressed. The President of the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova is elected by the Parliament, with a minimum of 52 votes. Nowadays this function is fulfilled by DPM deputy Andrian Candu.
Parliament of the Republic of Moldova
Parlamentul Republicii Moldova
|24 February 2019|
|Palace of the Parliament, Chişinău, Moldova|
The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Moldova, on a proposal of the Central Electoral Commission, decides to validate or invalidate the mandate of deputy. The mandate is invalid in the case of violation of electoral legislation. The Parliament is meeting at the convening of the Speaker of the Parliament within 30 days of the elections. Parliament's mandate is prolonged until the legal meeting of the new composition. During this period the Constitution cannot be amended and organic laws cannot be adopted, amended or abrogated.
The Parliament staff ensures an organizational, informational and technological assistance to activity of the Parliament, the Standing Bureau, standing committees, parliamentary factions and of deputies. The structure and the personal record of the parliament staff are approved by the Parliament.
According to the Constitution of Moldova (1994), the Parliament is the supreme representative organ and the single legislative authority of the state. The right of legislative initiative belongs to the Members of Parliament, to the Speaker (excepting proposals to revise the Constitution) and to the Government. In exercise of this right MPs and the President of the state present to Parliament draft papers and legislative proposals, while the Government presents draft papers.
In order to form the working bodies and to organize the activity of the parliament, deputies form parliamentary factions composed of at least 5 deputies elected on the basis of lists of electoral contestants, as well as parliamentary factions with the same numerical composition as independent deputies. The parliamentary factions are constituted within 10 days after the legal constitution of the parliament. The 101 deputies elected on February 24, 2019 voting constituted 4 parliamentary factions:
|Fraction||Party chairman||The leader of the faction||Number of deputies|
|Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova||Zinaida Greceanîi||Zinaida Greceanîi||35|
|Democratic Party of Moldova||Vladimir Plahotniuc||Pavel Filip||30|
|ACUM (DA and PAS)||Maia Sandu||Andrei Năstase||26|
|Șor Party||Ilan Shor||Ilan Shor||7|
Structure of former legislaturesEdit
|PCRM||OMA||DPM + SLP||PCDP|
- Andrian Candu — Speaker of Parliament (DPM);
- Vladimir Vitiuc — Vice President of Parliament (DPM);
- Valeriu Ghilețchi — Vice President of Parliament;
- Vlad Batrîncea — The faction of the Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova;
- Mihai Ghimpu — The faction of the Liberal Party;
- Zinaida Greceanîi — The faction of the Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova;
- Tudor Deliu — The faction of the Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova;
- Dumitru Diacov — The faction of the Democratic Party of Moldova;
- Violeta Ivanov — The faction of the Democratic Party of Moldova;
- Eugen Carpov - European Parliamentary Group;
- Marian Lupu — The faction of the Democratic Party of Moldova;
- Artur Reșetnicov — The faction of the Democratic Party of Moldova;
- Iurie Țap — The faction of the Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova;
- Inna Șupac — The faction of the Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova.
Presidents of the Parliament of MoldovaEdit
- Alexandru Moșanu (September 4, 1990 - February 2, 1993)
- Petru Lucinschi (February 4, 1993 - January 9, 1997)
- Dumitru Moțpan (March 5, 1997 - April 23, 1998)
- Dumitru Diacov (April 23, 1998 - March 20, 2001)
- Eugenia Ostapciuc (March 20, 2001 - March 24, 2005)
- Marian Lupu (March 24, 2005 - May 5, 2009)
- Ivan Călin (acting; May 5, 2009 - May 12, 2009)[full citation needed]
- Vladimir Voronin (May 12, 2009 - August 28, 2009)
- Mihai Ghimpu (August 28, 2009 - December 28, 2010)
- Marian Lupu (December 30, 2010 - April 25, 2013)
- Liliana Palihovici (acting; April 25, 2013 - May 30, 2013)
- Igor Corman (May 30, 2013 - January 23, 2015)
- Andrian Candu (January 23, 2015 - present)
The Parliament Building was formerly the meeting place of the Central Committee of the Moldovan branch of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. It is located on Stephen the Great Boulevard formerly known as Lenin Boulevard. The architects were Alexander Cerdanțev and Grigore Bosenco. The building was damaged during civil unrest in 2009 and repairs were carried out in 2012 and 2013. Parliament moved back into the restored building in February 2014.
- Constitution of Moldova, art. 63, pag. 16.
- Structura Parlamentului > Fracțiunile parlamentare
- "De ce rămân în praf şi beznă clădirile Parlamentului şi Preşedinţiei". Timpul - Ştiri din Moldova.
- "allmoldova". Archived from the original on 2014-01-02.