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The Russian Republic (Russian: Российская республика, tr. Rossiyskaya respublika, IPA: [rɐˈsʲijskəjə rʲɪsˈpublʲɪkə]) was a short-lived state which controlled, de jure, the territory of the former Russian Empire after its proclamation by the Russian Provisional Government on 1 September (14 September, N.S.) 1917 in a decree signed by Alexander Kerensky as Minister-President and Alexander Zarudny as Minister of Justice.[1]

Russian Republic

Российская республика
Rossiyskaya respublika
14 Sep – 7 Nov 1917
Anthem: Worker's Marseillaise
Рабочая Марсельеза
Proclaimed territory of the Russian Republic[a]
Proclaimed territory of the Russian Republic[a]
CapitalPetrograd
Common languagesRussian
GovernmentProvisional government
Minister-Chairman 
• Sep-Nov 1917
Alexander Kerensky
LegislatureProvisional Council
Constituent Assembly (planned)
Historical eraWorld War I
15 March 1917
• Republic proclaimed
14 September 1917
7 November 1917
CurrencyRuble
ISO 3166 codeRU
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Russian Empire
Russian Soviet Republic
Russian Democratic Federative Republic
Finland

Less than six weeks later, the Republic was overtaken by the October Revolution beginning on 25 October (7 November, N.S.)[2] and was then superseded by the Russian Soviet Republic.

The term "Russian Republic" is sometimes used erroneously for the period between the abdication of the Emperor Nicholas II on 2 March 1917 (15 March, N.S) and the declaration of the Republic in September. However, during that period the future status of the monarchy remained unresolved.

PoliticsEdit

Officially, the Republic's government was the Provisional Government, although de facto control of the country was contested between it, the soviets (chiefly the Petrograd Soviet), and various ethnic-based separatists (such as the Central Council of Ukraine). Soviets were political organizations of the proletariat, strongest in industrial regions, and were dominated by left-wing parties. Leftists, whose influence was supplemented with paramilitary forces, were occasionally able to rival the Provisional Government having an ineffective state apparatus.

The Government's control of the military was also tenuous. Seamen of the Baltic Fleet, for example, had notoriously far-left views and openly engaged in political activism in the capital. Right-wing proclivities among the army officers were also a problem – Kerensky's attempt to dismiss Gen. Lavr Kornilov precipitated in a (failed) coup.

Principal institutionsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The Russian Republic Proclaimed at prlib.ru, accessed 12 June 2017
  2. ^ "Russia". World Statesmen. Retrieved 23 March 2012.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ With the exception of some western areas lost to the German Empire, its territory was essentially the same as that of the preceding Russian Empire after the sale of Alaska to the United States in 1867.

External linksEdit