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The Idel-Ural State was a short-lived Tatar republic located in Kazan that claimed to unite Tatars, Bashkirs, Volga Germans, and the Chuvash in the turmoil of the Russian Civil War. Often viewed as an attempt to recreate the Khanate of Kazan, the republic was proclaimed on March 1, 1918, by a Congress of Muslims from Russia's interior and Siberia.[citation needed] "Idel-Ural" means "Volga-Ural" in the Tatar language.

Idel-Ural State

1918–1918
Flag of Russia
CapitalKazan
Common languagesTatar, Russian
Religion
Islam
GovernmentRepublic
President 
Historical eraRussian Civil War
• Proclamation
1 March 1918
• Defeated by Red Army
28 March 1918
ISO 3166 codeRU

The Republic, which in reality included only some sections of Kazan, was defeated by the Red Army on 28 March 1918.[1][2][3]

The president of Idel-Ural, Sadrí Maqsudí Arsal, escaped to Finland in 1918. He was well received by the Finnish foreign minister, who remembered his valiant defence of the national self-determination and constitutional rights of Finland in the Russian Duma. The president-in-exile also met officials from Estonia before continuing in 1919 to Sweden, Germany and France, in a quest for Western support. Idel-Ural was listed among the "Captive Nations" in the Cold War-era public law (1959) of the United States.[4]

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NotesEdit

  1. ^ The Trans Bulak Republic- view after 85 years
  2. ^ Commissar and Mullah: Soviet-Muslim Policy from 1917 to 1924, Glenn L. Roberts, Universal-Publishers, 2007, p.178
  3. ^ The New Central Asia: The Creation of Nations, Olivier Roy, I.B.Tauris, 2000, p.44
  4. ^ Campbell, John Coert (1965). American Policy Toward Communist Eastern Europe: the Choices Ahead. University of Minnesota Press. p. 116. ISBN 0-8166-0345-6.

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