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World Artistic Gymnastics Championships

The Artistic Gymnastics World Championships[1][2] are the world championships for artistic gymnastics governed by the Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique (FIG). The first edition of the championships was held in 1903, exclusively for male gymnasts. Since the tenth edition of the tournament, in 1934, women's events are held together with men's events. As of 2018, over sixty different editions of the championships have been staged, and over forty different countries have earned medals in both men's and women's artistic gymnastics events. The most successful nation, both in gold medal results and total number of medals, is Soviet Union. China is the second most successful country in total medals earned, and Japan is the third most successful nation at the championships. Russia, Romania and the United States are also usually among the most dominant nations, especially in women's artistic gymnastics events. Currently, the championships is held annually in non-Olympic years, and all (individual) events are held in every championships. Hovever, the team event is omitted in the year after an Olympic Games.

Contents

Championship detailsEdit

Year Edition Host City Country Events
(men/women)
First in the Medal Table Second in the Medal Table Third in the Medal Table
1903 I Antwerp   Belgium 6 / 0   France   Luxembourg   Netherlands
1905 II Bordeaux   France 5 / 0   France   Netherlands   Belgium
1907 III Prague   Austria-Hungary 5 / 0   Bohemia   France   Belgium
1909 IV Luxembourg   Luxembourg 5 / 0   France   Italy   Bohemia
1911 V Turin   Italy 6 / 0   Bohemia   Italy   France
1913 VI Paris   France 6 / 0   Italy   France   Bohemia
1922 VII Ljubljana   Yugoslavia 6 / 0   Yugoslavia   Czechoslovakia   France
1926 VIII Lyon   France 6 / 0   Czechoslovakia   Yugoslavia   France
1930 IX Luxembourg   Luxembourg 7 / 0   Yugoslavia   Czechoslovakia   Hungary
1934 X Budapest   Hungary 8 / 2    Switzerland   Czechoslovakia   Germany
1938 XI Prague   Czechoslovakia 8 / 6   Czechoslovakia    Switzerland   Yugoslavia
1950 XII Basel    Switzerland 8 / 6    Switzerland   Poland   Sweden
1954 XIII Rome   Italy 8 / 6   Soviet Union   Japan   Czechoslovakia
1958 XIV Moscow   Soviet Union 8 / 6   Soviet Union   Japan   Czechoslovakia
1962 XV Prague   Czechoslovakia 8 / 6   Soviet Union   Japan   Czechoslovakia
1966 XVI Dortmund   West Germany 8 / 6   Soviet Union   Japan   Czechoslovakia
1970 XVII Ljubljana   SFR Yugoslavia 8 / 6   Japan   Soviet Union   East Germany
1974 XVIII Varna   Bulgaria 8 / 6   Soviet Union   Japan   East Germany
1978 XIX Strasbourg   France 8 / 6   Soviet Union   Japan   United States
1979 XX Fort Worth   United States 8 / 6   Soviet Union   United States   Romania
1981 XXI Moscow   Soviet Union 8 / 6   Soviet Union   East Germany   China
1983 XXII Budapest   Hungary 8 / 6   Soviet Union   China   Romania
1985 XXIII Montreal   Canada 8 / 6   Soviet Union   China   East Germany
1987 XXIV Rotterdam   Netherlands 8 / 6   Soviet Union   Romania   China
1989 XXV Stuttgart   West Germany 8 / 6   Soviet Union   Romania   China
1991 XXVI Indianapolis   United States 8 / 6   Soviet Union   China   Romania
1992 XXVII Paris   France 6 / 4   CIS   China   United States
1993 XXVIII Birmingham   Great Britain 7 / 5   Belarus   United States   Romania
1994 XXIX Brisbane   Australia 7 / 5   Belarus   Romania   China
  United States
1994 XXX Dortmund   Germany 1 / 1   China
  Romania
N/A   Russia
1995 XXXI Sabae   Japan 8 / 6   China   Ukraine   Romania
1996 XXXII San Juan   Puerto Rico 6 / 4   Russia   Romania   Belarus
1997 XXXIII Lausanne    Switzerland 8 / 6   Romania   Russia   China
1999 XXXIV Tianjin   China 8 / 6   Russia   China   Romania
2001 XXXV Ghent   Belgium 8 / 6   Romania   Russia   Bulgaria
2002 XXXVI Debrecen   Hungary 6 / 4   Romania   China   United States
2003 XXXVII Anaheim   United States 8 / 6   China   United States   Japan
2005 XXXVIII Melbourne   Australia 7 / 5   United States   China   Slovenia
2006 XXXIX Aarhus   Denmark 8 / 6   China   Romania   Australia
2007 XL Stuttgart   Germany 8 / 6   China   United States   Germany
2009 XLI London   Great Britain 7 / 5   China   United States   Romania
2010 XLII Rotterdam   Netherlands 8 / 6   China   Russia   United States
2011 XLIII Tokyo   Japan 8 / 6   China   United States   Russia
2013 XLIV Antwerp   Belgium 7 / 5   Japan   United States   China
2014 XLV Nanning   China 8 / 6   United States   China   North Korea
2015 XLVI Glasgow   Great Britain 8 / 6   United States   Japan   Russia
2017 XLVII Montreal   Canada 7 / 5   China   Japan   Russia
2018 XLVIII Doha   Qatar 8 / 6   United States   China   Russia
2019 XLIX Stuttgart   Germany 8 / 6 Future event
2021 L Copenhagen   Denmark 7 / 5 Future event
2022 LI Liverpool   Great Britain 8 / 6 Future event
Note

In 1931, an unofficial edition of the World Championships took place in Paris, France, with the participation of 10 different national federations.[3]

All-time medal countEdit

Last updated after the 2018 World Championships.[4][5][6]

Men's eventsEdit

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1   China 62 31 26 119
2   Soviet Union 61 46 31 138
3   Japan 46 47 56 149
4   France 25 29 19 73
5    Switzerland 19 15 14 48
6   Czechoslovakia 18 16 14 48
7   Yugoslavia 17 9 8 34
8   Italy 13 7 22 42
9   Romania 12 9 5 26
10   Belarus 12 7 11 30
11   Russia 10 19 13 42
12   Bohemia [a] 10 8 10 28
13   Hungary 9 10 5 24
14   United States 8 10 13 31
15   Greece 7 2 2 11
16   East Germany 6 6 14 26
17   South Korea 6 2 3 11
18   North Korea 6 0 2 8
19   Germany 5 8 12 25
20   Netherlands 5 5 2 12
21   CIS [c] 5 2 3 10
22   Ukraine 4 8 9 21
23   Bulgaria 4 6 11 21
24   Brazil 3 4 2 9
25   Slovenia 3 4 0 7
26   Great Britain 2 10 4 16
27   Finland 2 5 1 8
  West Germany 2 5 1 8
29   Spain 2 3 1 6
30   Australia 1 2 2 5
  Poland 1 2 2 5
32   Croatia 1 1 1 3
33   Luxembourg 1 0 4 5
34   Kazakhstan 1 0 0 1
35   Belgium 0 4 4 8
36   Canada 0 3 4 7
37   Cuba 0 2 2 4
38   Latvia 0 2 1 3
39   Israel 0 1 2 3
40   Austria-Hungary [b] 0 1 1 2
  Chinese Taipei 0 1 1 2
42   Mexico 0 1 0 1
43   Armenia 0 0 1 1
  Azerbaijan 0 0 1 1
  Philippines 0 0 1 1
  Puerto Rico 0 0 1 1
  Sweden 0 0 1 1
Unattached athlete [d] 0 0 1 1
  Uzbekistan 0 0 1 1
Total 389 353 345 1087

Women's eventsEdit

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1   Soviet Union 50 40 28 118
2   United States 45 35 25 105
3   Romania 36 36 37 109
4   Russia 23 21 20 64
5   China 20 20 16 56
6   Czechoslovakia 16 13 6 35
7   East Germany 11 7 15 33
8   Poland 4 0 7 11
9   Ukraine 3 4 5 12
10   Sweden 3 1 1 5
11   Great Britain 3 0 4 7
12   Hungary 2 5 3 10
13   Japan 2 3 9 14
14   North Korea 2 3 1 6
15   Belarus 2 0 0 2
16   Italy 1 2 5 8
17   Australia 1 2 2 5
  Uzbekistan 1 2 2 5
19   Germany 1 1 4 6
20   Brazil 1 1 2 4
21   Austria 1 1 1 3
22   Bulgaria 1 0 2 3
23   Belgium 1 0 1 2
  Spain 1 0 1 2
25   Canada 0 3 1 4
  Netherlands 0 3 1 4
27   Yugoslavia 0 2 0 2
28   France 0 1 5 6
29   CIS [c] 0 1 2 3
30    Switzerland 0 1 1 2
31   Cuba 0 0 1 1
  Mexico 0 0 1 1
  Vietnam 0 0 1 1
Total 231 208 210 649

OverallEdit

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Soviet Union1118659256
2  China825142175
3  United States534538136
4  Japan485065163
5  Romania484542135
6  Czechoslovakia34292083
7  Russia334033106
8  France25302479
9   Switzerland19161550
10  East Germany17132959
11  Yugoslavia1711836
12  Italy1492750
13  Belarus1471132
14  Hungary1115834
15  Bohemia [a]1081028
16  North Korea83314
17  Ukraine7121433
18  Greece72211
19  Germany691631
20  South Korea62311
21  Great Britain510823
22  Netherlands58316
23  Bulgaria561324
24  CIS [c]53513
25  Poland52916
26  Brazil45413
27  Slovenia3407
28  Spain3328
29  Sweden3126
30  Finland2518
  West Germany2518
32  Australia24410
33  Belgium14510
34  Uzbekistan1236
35  Austria1113
  Croatia1113
37  Luxembourg1045
38  Kazakhstan1001
39  Canada06511
40  Cuba0235
41  Latvia0213
42  Israel0123
43  Austria-Hungary [b]0112
  Chinese Taipei0112
  Mexico0112
46  Armenia0011
  Azerbaijan0011
  Philippines0011
  Puerto Rico0011
Unattached athlete [d]0011
  Vietnam0011
Totals (51 nations)6205615551736
Notes

Multiple gold medalistsEdit

Boldface denotes active artistic gymnasts and highest medal count among all artistic gymnasts (including these who not included in these tables) per type.

MenEdit

All eventsEdit

Rank Artistic gymnast Country From To Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Vitaly Scherbo   Soviet Union
  CIS
  Belarus
1991 1996 12 7 4 23
2 Kōhei Uchimura   Japan 2009 2018 10 6 5 21
3 Joseph Martinez   France 1903 1909 10 1 - 11
4 Yuri Korolyov   Soviet Union 1981 1987 9 3 1 13
5 Dmitry Bilozerchev   Soviet Union 1983 1987 8 4 - 12
6 Li Xiaopeng   China 1997 2005 8 2 1 11
7 Marian Drăgulescu   Romania 2001 2015 8 2 - 10
8 Chen Yibing   China 2006 2011 8 - - 8
9 Eizō Kenmotsu   Japan 1970 1979 7 5 3 15
10 Alexander Dityatin   Soviet Union 1978 1981 7 2 3 12
Akinori Nakayama   Japan 1966 1970 7 2 3 12

Individual eventsEdit

Rank Artistic gymnast Country From To Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Vitaly Scherbo   Soviet Union
  CIS
  Belarus
1991 1996 11 7 4 22
2 Kōhei Uchimura   Japan 2009 2015 9 3 4 16
3 Marian Drăgulescu   Romania 2001 2015 8 2 - 10
4 Dmitry Bilozerchev   Soviet Union 1983 1987 7 3 - 10
5 Joseph Martinez   France 1903 1909 7 1 - 8
6 Yuri Korolyov   Soviet Union 1981 1987 6 2 1 9
7 Eugen Mack    Switzerland 1934 1938 5 3 1 9
8 Marco Torrès   France 1909 1913 5 3 - 8
9 Akinori Nakayama   Japan 1966 1970 5 2 3 10
Alexei Nemov   Russia 1995 2003 5 2 3 10

WomenEdit

All eventsEdit

Rank Artistic gymnast Country From To Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Simone Biles   United States 2013 2018 14 3 3 20
2 Svetlana Khorkina   Russia 1994 2003 9 8 3 20
3 Larisa Latynina (Diriy)   Soviet Union 1954 1966 9 4 1 14
4 Gina Gogean   Romania 1993 1997 9 2 4 15
5 Ludmilla Tourischeva   Soviet Union 1970 1974 7 2 2 11
6 Daniela Silivaș   Romania 1985 1989 7 2 1 10
7 Simona Amânar   Romania 1994 1999 6 4 - 10
8 Nellie Kim   Soviet Union 1974 1979 5 4 2 11
Yelena Shushunova   Soviet Union 1985 1987 5 4 2 11
10 Lavinia Miloșovici   Romania 1991 1996 5 3 5 13

Individual eventsEdit

Rank Artistic gymnast Country From To Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Simone Biles   United States 2013 2018 11 3 3 17
2 Svetlana Khorkina   Russia 1994 2003 9 5 2 16
3 Larisa Latynina   Soviet Union 1958 1962 6 3 1 10
4 Gina Gogean   Romania 1993 1997 6 2 4 12
5 Daniela Silivaș   Romania 1985 1989 6 - 1 7
6 Ludmilla Tourischeva   Soviet Union 1970 1974 5 2 2 9
7 Maxi Gnauck   East Germany 1979 1983 5 1 - 6
Shannon Miller   United States 1991 1994 5 1 - 6
9 Yelena Shushunova   Soviet Union 1985 1987 4 3 2 9
10 Helena Rakoczy   Poland 1950 1954 4 - 3 7
Note

Few non-primary sources state that at the 1938 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships, in Prague, Vlasta Děkanová of Czechoslovakia won 2 or 3 golds on multiple apparatuses. According to some sources, Děkanová and her compatriot Matylda Pálfyová shared gold medals in parallel bars (this event was replaced with uneven bars in the women's program at all subsequent world championships), while others state that Pálfyová shared this victory with Polish gymnast Marta Majowska, not Děkanová. The only primary source on the subject, a book officially released by the International Gymnastics Federation containing the results of the World Championships from 1903 to 2005, informs that medals were distributed only in the team all-around event and in the individual all-around event. Therefore, according to official reports, Děkanová's official number of gold medals is four, two in individual all-round (1934 and 1938) and two in team events (1934 and 1938) - not six or seven.[7]

List of women who won medals in every event at the World Artistic Gymnastics ChampionshipsEdit

Best results of top nations by eventEdit

Event   CHN   GDR   HUN   ITA   JPN   POL   ROU   RUS   SWE   TCH   UKR   URS   USA
W
A
G
Team                          
Individual All-Around                          
Vault       - 6                
Uneven Bars                          
Balance Beam                 -        
Floor Exercise                 -        

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "47th FIG Artistic Gymnastics World Championships MONTREAL (CAN)". live.fig-gymnastics.com. Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique. Retrieved 2018-09-06.
  2. ^ "48th FIG Artistic Gymnastics World Championships DOHA (QAT)". www.fig-gymnastics.com. Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique. Retrieved 2018-09-06.
  3. ^ Geocities - Ilia Belov
  4. ^ MenuHistoricalMedallists
  5. ^ 45th Artistic Gymnastics World Championships Nanning (CHN) 2014 Oct 3-12
  6. ^ 46th Artistic Gymnastics World Championships Glasgow (GBR) 2015 Oct 23 - Nov 1
  7. ^ a b c Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique (2005). 125th Anniversary - The story goes on... FIG.
  8. ^ a b FIG - Official historical results

External linksEdit