International Gymnastics Federation
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The International Gymnastics Federation (French: Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique, FIG) is the governing body of competitive gymnastics. Its headquarters is in Lausanne, Switzerland. It was founded on July 23, 1881, in Liège, Belgium, making it the world's oldest existing international sports organisation. Originally called the European Federation of Gymnastics, it had three member countries—Belgium, France and the Netherlands—until 1921, when non-European countries were admitted and it received its current name.
|Formation||23 July 1881|
|Headquarters||Avenue de la Gare 12|
|Affiliations||Longines, VTB, Cirque du Soleil|
The federation sets the rules, known as the Code of Points, that regulate how gymnasts' performances are evaluated. Seven gymnastics disciplines are governed by the FIG: artistic gymnastics, further classified as men's artistic gymnastics (MAG) and women's artistic gymnastics (WAG); rhythmic gymnastics (RG); aerobic gymnastics (AER); acrobatic gymnastics (ACRO); trampolining (TRA); Double mini trampoline (DMT), tumbling (TUM) and parkour.
Additionally, the federation is responsible for determining gymnasts' age eligibility to participate in the Olympics.
The main governing bodies of the federation are the president and vice presidents, the Congress held every two years, the Executive Committee, the Council, and technical committees for each of the disciplines.
As of 2019[update], there were 148 national federations affiliated with FIG, one of which have been suspended, as well as one associated federation, one provisional federation and the following five continental unions:
- European Union of Gymnastics (UEG)
- Pan-American Gymnastic Union (PAGU)
- Asian Gymnastic Union (AGU)
- African Gymnastics Union (UAG)
- Oceania Gymnastics Union (OGU)
Across all disciplines, participation in FIG sanctioned events exceeds 30,000 athletes, about 70% of whom are female.
Presidents, and their tenures, of the FIGEdit
- Nicolaas Cupérus (1881–1924)
- Charles Cazalet (FIG President) (1924-1933)
- Count Adam Michal Zamoyski (1933-1939)
- Count Félix Goblet d'Alviella (1946-1956)
- Charles Thoeni (1956-1966)
- Arthur Gander (1966-1976)
- Yuri Titov (1976-1996)
- Bruno Grandi (1996-2016)
- Morinari Watanabe (2016-present)
Morinari Watanabe was elected president of the organization in 2016.
According to the technical regulations of the International Gymnastcs Federation, the competitions officially organized by FIG are:
- World Gymnastics Championships
- World Cup series
- World Challenge Cup series
Other official FIG competitions include:
- Olympic Games
- Youth Olympic Games
- World Games
- Junior World Gymnastics Championships
- Junior World Artistic Gymnastics Championships
- Junior World Rhythmic Gymnastics Championships
- World Age Group Competitions
Defunct events formerly organized of sanctioned by FIG:
Age eligibility rulesEdit
The FIG regulates the age at which gymnasts are allowed to participate in senior-level competitions. The purpose is to protect young gymnasts, but it has caused some controversy, and there have been cases of age falsification.
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