Dacia Duster

The Dacia Duster is a family of automobiles produced and marketed jointly by the French manufacturer Renault and its Romanian subsidiary Dacia since 2010. It is currently in its second generation, launched in the autumn of 2017. It is marketed as the Renault Duster in certain markets such as Latin America, Russia, Ukraine, Asia, the Middle East, South Africa, and New Zealand.[1] The first generation was rebadged and restyled as the Nissan Terrano in CIS countries and India.[2] It was introduced in March 2010, and is the third model of the Dacia brand based on the Logan platform, after the Sandero.

Dacia Duster
2018 Dacia Duster Comfort 1.6.jpg
2018 Dacia Duster Comfort (HM)
ManufacturerDacia (Renault)
Also calledRenault Duster
Nissan Terrano
Body and chassis
ClassSubcompact crossover SUV (B)
Compact pickup truck
Body style5-door SUV
2-door pickup
4-door pickup
LayoutFront-engine, front-wheel-drive
Front-engine, all-wheel-drive

The four-door double cab pick-up was launched at the end of 2015 in South America, marketed as the Renault Duster Oroch, while the single cab Dacia Duster Pick-Up was introduced in 2020.

First generation (HS; 2010)Edit

First generation (HS)
Dacia Duster pre-facelift
Also calledRenault Duster
Nissan Terrano (India and Russia)[3]
2012–2020 (Brazil)
2011–2021 (Russia)
2012–2022 (India)
DesignerRenault Design Central Europe
Erde Tungaa (exterior)[6]
Body and chassis
Body style5-door SUV
4-door pick-up
PlatformDacia B0 platform
RelatedDacia Logan
Dacia Sandero
Renault Duster Oroch
Renault Captur/Kaptur (HA)
Nissan Kicks (D15)
Transmission5-speed manual
6-speed manual
4-speed automatic
6-speed automated manual
6-speed EDC
5-speed CVT
Wheelbase2,673 mm (105.2 in)
2,829 mm (111.4 in) (pick-up)[7]
Length4,315 mm (169.9 in)
4,700 mm (185.0 in) (pick-up)[7]
Width1,822 mm (71.7 in)
Height1,630–1,690 mm (64.2–66.5 in)
Curb weight1,160–1,294 kg (2,557–2,853 lb)
SuccessorNissan Kicks (D15) (for Terrano, India)



The Duster was initially introduced in the ice racing version prepared for the Andros Trophy, presented for the first time on 17 November 2009.[8] The production version was revealed to the media on 8 December 2009,[9] and was subsequently launched at the Geneva Motor Show in March 2010.[10]

Based on the B0 platform, the Duster measures 4.31 metres (169.7 in) in length, 1.82 metres (71.7 in) in width and has 210 mm (8.3 in) of ground clearance. Its luggage space has a volume of up to 475 litres (16.8 cu ft), while with the rear benchseat folded and tipped forward, its carrying ability can exceed 1,600 litres (57 cu ft).

The first-generation Duster was offered with two-wheel drive or four-wheel-drive. The 4x4 variants make use of Nissan's all-wheel drive system,[11] which allows the driver to choose from three different driving modes: Auto, in which the rear-wheel drive is engaged automatically in case the front wheels lose grip, Lock, whereby 50 per cent of torque is consistently fed through the rear axle, and 2WD where the transmission is locked into front-wheel drive for maximum fuel efficiency.

The Renault 4 had some influence on the Duster's design.[12]



In September 2013, the facelifted Dacia Duster was presented at the Frankfurt Motor Show. The exterior received important changes in the front with a new chromed grille and redesigned headlights, restyled roof bars, new 16-inch wheels and modest modifications in the rear. The interior was also renewed, with design and features similar to those introduced the previous year on the new models in the Dacia line-up.[13][14] A new TCe 125 1.2 liter direct-injection turbo engine was introduced.[15]


Euro NCAP test results
Dacia Duster (2011)[16]
Test Points %
Adult occupant: 27 74%
Child occupant: 38 78%
Pedestrian: 10 28%
Safety assist: 2 29%

The Dacia Duster features Bosch 8.1 ABS, as well as electronic brakeforce distribution (EBD) and emergency brake assist (EBA). It also features electronic stability control (ESC) as an option on certain versions, as well as understeer control (CSV) and traction control (ASR). This option also allows torque to be transferred away from a spinning wheel in 4x4 mode to improve traction when diagonal wheel spin occurs.[17]

On the passive safety front, the Dacia Duster comes as standard with two front airbags (depending on market) and three-point seat belts with load limiters for the front seats. Depending on version, two lateral head/thorax airbags are fitted in addition to the driver and passenger front airbags to provide additional protection in the case of side impact. The pyrotechnic pretensioners for the front seats (depending on version) complete Dacia Duster's retention system.[18]

The Duster for India with no airbags and no ABS received 0 stars for adult occupants and 2 stars for toddlers from Global NCAP in 2017.[19]

The Duster for India with driver airbag and no ABS received 3 stars for adult occupants and 2 stars for toddlers from Global NCAP in 2017 (similar to Latin NCAP 2013).[20]

The Duster in its most basic Latin American configuration with 1 airbag and no ABS received 4 stars for adult occupants and 2 stars for toddlers from Latin NCAP in 2015.[21]

In 2011, the Duster was tested by the Euro NCAP, receiving a three-star rating. It was awarded 27 points (74%) for the adult occupant protection, 38 points (78%) for the child occupant protection, 10 points (28%) for the pedestrian protection and two points (29%) for the safety assist features. In the latter category, the rating was influenced by the lack of the speed limiter and the fact that the electronic stability control was available only as an option.[16]


Name Code Capacity Configuration Power Torque Top speed
1.2 TCe 125 H5Ft 1,197 cc (73.0 cu in) I4 DOHC Turbo 92 kW (125 PS; 123 hp) at 5250 rpm 205 N⋅m (151 lb⋅ft) at 2000 rpm 175 km/h (109 mph)
1.5 16V H4K 1,498 cc (91.4 cu in) I4 DOHC 78 kW (106 PS; 105 hp) at 5600 rpm 142 N⋅m (105 lb⋅ft) at 4000 rpm 160 km/h (99 mph)
1.6 16V 105 K4M 690 1,598 cc (97.5 cu in) I4 DOHC 77 kW (105 PS; 103 hp) at 5750 rpm 148 N⋅m (109 lb⋅ft) at 3750 rpm 164 km/h (102 mph)
1.6 16V Ethanol K4M Hi-Flex 1,598 cc (97.5 cu in) I4 DOHC 84 kW (114 PS; 113 hp) at 5750 rpm 152 N⋅m (112 lb⋅ft) at 3750 rpm 165 km/h (103 mph)
1.6 16V LPG K4M Bi-fuel 1,598 cc (97.5 cu in) I4 DOHC 75 kW (102 PS; 101 hp) at 5750 rpm 144 N⋅m (106 lb⋅ft) at 3750 rpm 162 km/h (101 mph)
1.6 16V 105 K4M 606 1,598 cc (97.5 cu in) I4 DOHC 77 kW (105 PS; 103 hp) at 5750 rpm 148 N⋅m (109 lb⋅ft) at 3750 rpm 160 km/h (99 mph)
2.0 16V F4R 1,998 cc (122 cu in) I4 DOHC 99 kW (135 PS; 133 hp) at 5500 rpm 195 N⋅m (144 lb⋅ft) at 3750 rpm 177 km/h (110 mph)
2.0 16V Ethanol F4R Hi-Flex 1,998 cc (122 cu in) I4 DOHC 104 kW (141 PS; 139 hp) at 5500 rpm 205 N⋅m (151 lb⋅ft) at 3750 rpm 180 km/h (112 mph)
1.5 dCi 85 K9K 796 1,461 cc (89.2 cu in) I4 SOHC Turbodiesel 63 kW (86 PS; 84 hp) at 4000 rpm 200 N⋅m (148 lb⋅ft) at 1900 rpm 156 km/h (97 mph)
1.5 dCi 110 K9K 896 1,461 cc (89.2 cu in) I4 SOHC Turbodiesel 79 kW (107 PS; 106 hp) at 4000 rpm 240 N⋅m (177 lb⋅ft) at 1750 rpm 171 km/h (106 mph)
1.5 dCi 110 K9K 898 1,461 cc (89.2 cu in) I4 SOHC Turbodiesel 81 kW (110 PS; 109 hp) at 4000 rpm 240 N⋅m (177 lb⋅ft) at 1750 rpm 168 km/h (104 mph)
1.3 TCe H5Ht 1,332 cc (81.3 cu in) I4 DOHC Turbo 116 kW (158 PS; 156 hp) 254 N⋅m (187 lb⋅ft) N/A

Marketing and productionEdit

Dacia Duster Ambiance (Europe; pre-facelift)
Facelift Dacia Duster (UK)

The first-generation Dacia Duster was offered in Europe, Turkey, Algeria and Morocco from March 2010, with prices starting from €11,900 (or €10,500 in Romanian domestic market) for the two-wheel drive version, and from €13,900 (or €11,500 in Romanian domestic market) for the 4x4 version.[17][22] From June 2010, the Duster is also available in Ukraine, Jordan, Syria, Egypt and Lebanon and in some African countries badged as a Renault, while in 2011, it is sold in the Persian Gulf States.[23]

In 2014, 40% of the Duster units sold worldwide were badged as Dacia and 60% (70% in 2013) as Renault.[24]

Renault Duster (Colombia)

In June 2011, Renault revealed the Duster in South America at the Buenos Aires Motor Show.[25] It will be produced at its Curitiba plant in Brazil for distribution in Brazil, Argentina, and Chile, and at the Sofasa plant in Colombia, to be sold in Mexico and Ecuador with marketing planned to start in the last quarter of 2011.[26]

The first-generation Duster was manufactured at the Avtoframos plant in Moscow, Russia with about 80,000 annual quantities, being available since 1 March 2012 with prices starting from about $14,400[27] and reaching 200,000 sales in 2.5 years.[28] In June 2015, an updated version of the Duster was launched in Russia with some improved engines and features.

The Dacia brand was launched in 2012 in the UK.[29] The Duster was named "Scottish Car of the year", "SUV of the year" and "Budget car of the year" by the Association of Scottish Motoring Writers. In 2012, the Duster was also introduced in Ireland.[30]

Since 2011, the flexi-fuel (ethanol) version was available in several Western European countries, while the Bi-Fuel (LPG) version, an OEM Landi Renzo, was offered in Eastern Europe, Italy, Germany, Poland, Spain and the Netherlands. As of January 2013, the Bi-Fuel version was also available in France. The Bi-Fuel (LPG) version has proved to be very popular in Poland. Since the Duster's K4M engine has hydraulic lifters, the LPG version needs no regular valve adjustments. As of 2014, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Belgium, Romania and Luxembourg are the only countries in the European Union where the LPG version was not offered by Dacia.


The Dacia Duster was launched in the UK in 2012, and has received several awards since, including: 2012 Top Gear Bargain of the Year,[31] 2012 Scottish Car of the Year,[32] and 2014 Carbuyer.co.uk Best Small SUV.

The Duster was Dacia's best selling vehicle in the UK, with 20,000 sales as of 2016,[33] from the 70,000 total Dacia sales in the same period.[34]


The Duster was introduced in Russia in 2012, as Renault Duster. Its off-road capabilities for the relatively modest price have made Duster very popular. Initial strong demand has caused preorder waiting times of up to 18 months. In the first half of 2013, Renault Duster sold 40710 units, making it the 4th best-selling car model in Russia overall.[35] The Duster was adapted to the Russian consumers expectations with for example the Renault Start innovative system of remote engine start, useful during the cold days to heat the car's body and engine, which decreases polluting emissions. In June 2015, a renewed version of the Duster was launched in Russia with a new range of more powerful and low-consumption engines,[36] an automatic gearbox, some new options, new interior ergonomics and materials of interior trim, and a new exterior design.[37]


Renault launched the Duster on 4 July 2012 in India, with various modifications for the Indian market. The suspension and the underside of the car were strengthened to increase the car's offroading suitability. Renault India also launched the all-wheel drive (AWD) version of Duster in 2014. The all-wheel drive feature of the SUV, can be controlled via a toggle switch, that has three options to choose from – two-wheel drive, automatic, and four-wheel drive which can be manually locked.[38] The AWD version was discontinued in 2020.[39]

In 2018, the vehicle contains 98 percent Indian parts.[40]

In April 2019, Renault India had confirmed that the second generation Renault Duster will not be coming to India,[41] which meant the first-generation Duster production was extended up until the third generation Duster launch scheduled for 2023. Renault India launched a second facelift for the car, featuring an updated bumper and grille design that slightly mimics the second generation Duster, including a hood cutout to accommodate the Renault logo, reflecting Renault's design language.[42][43] It was offered with a 1.5 L K9K diesel engine until April 2020, when it was discontinued due to the implementation of Bharat Stage 6 emission standards.[44] Renault ended production of the Duster in February 2022.[45]

South AfricaEdit

Renault introduced the Duster in South Africa in October 2013.[46] The Duster was originally imported from India, where it was also produced under the Dacia brand for other right-hand drive markets, namely the United Kingdom, Ireland, Cyprus and Malta.[47] In September 2015, South Africa received the facelifted version of the Duster, with cars being imported from Romania.[48]


It was introduced in 2012 as the Renault Duster, and has been the best selling SUV in the country since then. It was assembled in the plant of SOFASA in Envigado, in four versions:

  • 1.6 Expression: It equips driver's airbag and front electric windows. It is powered by a 1.6 16 valve, 110 PS engine. Also equips a 5-speed manual gearbox.
  • 2.0 Dynamique: It equips two frontal airbags, rear electric windows, ABS, foglights, leather wheel, electric mirrors and a 6-speed manual gearbox. Also includes GPS system and leather seats as optional.
  • 2.0 AT: It has the same equipment as the Dynamique version. Equipes a 4-speed automatic gearbox.
  • 2.0 Dynamique 4X4: It is equipped the same as the Dynamique version, but includes 4WD system and black background headlights.

The Duster was exported from Colombia mostly to countries as Mexico, Ecuador and Bolivia. All versions are powered by a 16 valve, petrol engine. Also, since May 2014 it includes Media Nav system with GPS in Dynamique versions as optional.

The production of this generation in Colombia stopped in 2021.[49]


In October 2015,[50] a special edition called "Dacia Duster Connected by Orange" was released, featuring a Wi-Fi hotspot with a two-year free contract from the mobile operator Orange, a rear-view camera, a new brown paint color, a new version of 16-inch rims and electric-heated front seats.[51]

Renault Duster OrochEdit

The Renault Duster Oroch is a double cab pick-up version of the Duster. The Duster Oroch is the first Renault-badged pick-up and creates a new range[52] in the pick-up market: 30 cm larger than the small ones and smaller than the large pick-up, but yet with 4 real doors instead of 2 or 3 for the usual smaller pick-up. It was unveiled on 18 June 2015 at the Buenos Aires Motor Show[53] and was previewed by a concept car[54] at the 2014 São Paulo Motor Show.[55]

The Duster Oroch is available since September 2015 in South America and will get an automatic gearbox in 2016.[52] It is powered by either the 1.6 litre or the 2.0 litre petrol engine, mated to 5-speed or 6-speed gearbox respectively.[7]

Nissan TerranoEdit

The Duster is also restyled and sold as the Nissan Terrano in CIS markets and India. The nameplate was used before as an alternative name to the Nissan Pathfinder. It is succeeded by the B0 platform-based Nissan Kicks in India.

Travec Tecdrah TTiEdit

The Travec Tecdrah TTi is an off-road vehicle based on the first gen Dacia Duster,[56] launched in 2011.[57]


British motoring journalist Jonny Smith took the Duster on a road test in Morocco for the Fifth Gear TV programme, describing it as "brilliant"; "I really like this". He particularly praised its handling on poorly maintained mountain roads, while commenting on its poor standard of finish.[58][59] Another drive test in Morocco was performed by James May for the Top Gear magazine.[60]

The Dacia Duster was awarded the "Autobest 2011" prize by the members of the Autobest jury, coming from fifteen countries (Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Cyprus, Macedonia, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey, Ukraine and Malta). Ten members of the jury have designated the Duster as the winner, after scoring in 13 criteria such as fuel consumption, versatility, roominess or design. It outran the Renault Fluence, placed third.

The Dacia Duster was nominated among the finalists of the "2011 European Car of the Year" award.[61][62] It received praise for being "a real bargain",[63] "a competent off-roader",[64] as well as "attractive" and "practical".[63]

The Dacia Duster was named the "Scottish Car of the Year 2012" at a ceremony held in Glasgow on 14 October 2012.[65][66] It was also named "The Bargain of the Year 2012" by the Top Gear magazine.[67][68]

In India, the Renault Duster received the "2013 Indian Car of the Year" award from a jury comprising leading automotive magazines of the country.[69]

Second generation (HM; 2017)Edit

Second generation (HM)
2018 Dacia Duster (pre-facelift)
Also calledRenault Duster
2020–present (Brazil)
2021–present (Nigeria, SKD)
2021–2022 (Russia)
AssemblyRomania: Mioveni
Brazil: São José dos Pinhais (Renault Brazil)
Colombia: Envigado (SOFASA)
Russia: Moscow (Renault Russia)
Nigeria: Lagos (Coscharis)
DesignerRenault Technocentre & Renault Technologie Roumanie
Erde Tungaa (exterior)[70]
Emmanuel Klissarov (exterior)[71]
Body and chassis
Body style5-door SUV
2-door pickup
PlatformDacia B0+ platform
Transmission5-speed manual
6-speed manual
6-speed EDC
Wheelbase2,673 mm (105.2 in)
Length4,320 mm (170.1 in)
4,341 mm (170.9 in) (pick-up)[72]
Width1,822 mm (71.7 in)
Height1,630–1,700 mm (64.2–66.9 in)

A second generation was announced between 14 and 24 September 2017 during the Frankfurt Motor Show with the production models reaching the Romanian market in November 2017.[73] The new model has nearly the same dimensions, and built on the same B0 platform as the first generation. Although it is near-identical in terms of dimensions, according to Renault design chief, Laurens van den Acker, every body panel is new.[74] The interior design has been revamped and the interior noise has been reduced to half of the previous generation.[75] It has a nearly the same boot volume of 445 litres on two-wheel-drive versions, or 376 litres on four-wheel-drive versions, and a total dedicated storage space of 28.6 litres.[75] A facelifted version was unveiled in 2021.[76]

It now features an electric power steering,[77] a MultiView camera system consisting of four cameras, blind spot warning system, automatic climate control, keyless entry and ignition system,[78][79] and daytime running lights.[75] The ground clearance has been increased and a hill-start assist system is also offered, as well as hill descent control.[80] The top trim level features 17 inch wheels.[81] The mid-range Comfort model offers as standard Bluetooth, air conditioning, SatNav, rear parking sensors, rear camera, cruise control, six speed gearbox, alloy wheels, sports front seats.

It retains tweaked versions of the same 1.5-litre diesel, and 1.6-litre and 1.2-litre petrol engines as the outgoing model. The diesel can be mated to a dual-clutch automatic transmission (EDC).[82] GCC markets and several Latin American markets continue to offer a 2.0-litre petrol engine as the main option; this engine is not available in Europe where it does not suit CO2, emissions, and fuel consumption requirements.

In 2018, Renault first rolled out across its Dacia range its new modified Euro 6 compliant 1.5-litre common-rail turbodiesel engine. To keep its NOx emissions low, this engine requires the injection of AdBlue fluid into the exhaust system.[83]


Euro NCAP test results
Dacia Duster (2017)[84]
Test Points %
Adult occupant: 27 71%
Child occupant: 32 66%
Pedestrian: 24 56%
Safety assist: 5 37%

In December 2017, Euro NCAP has published the results for the crash-tests of the second generation model. It received three out of five stars, the result being considered an expected one,[85] although most of its rivals received five stars.[86][87] It was awarded 27 points (71%) for the adult occupant protection, 32 points (66%) for the child occupant protection, 24 points (56%) for the pedestrian protection and five points (37%) for the safety assist features.[citation needed]

In the frontal offset test, the driver received marginal to good protection ratings, while the passenger occupant received adequate to good ratings. In the frontal full width test, the driver's head received a poor protection rating and an adequate to good rating for the rest of the body.[88]

Pedestrian protection was "predominantly good or adequate but poor results were recorded along the base of the windscreen and along the stiff windscreen pillars. The bumper provided good protection to pedestrians' legs and protection of the pelvis was also good at all test locations."[88]

In terms of safety equipment, it was downrated because of the lack of knee airbags, rear side chest airbags, side pelvis airbags, automatic emergency braking system or lane assist system, but it received points for the availability of the speed limiter and the seat belt reminder.[88]

Latin AmericaEdit

Latin NCAP test results Renault Duster (2021)[89]
Test Points %
Adult occupant: 11 29%
Child occupant: 11 23%
Pedestrian 24 51%
Safety Assist: 15 35%

The Latin American duster has front disc brakes.[90]

The Duster in its most basic Latin American configuration with 2 airbags and ESC received 4 stars for adult occupants and 3 stars for toddlers from Latin NCAP in 2019.[91]

Latin NCAP did a crash test of the 2021 Renault Duster manufactured in Brazil and Colombia, in its most basic Latin American configuration with 2 airbags, airbag switch, and ESC obtaining 0 stars in the crash tests (one level above 2019, similar to Euro NCAP 2014), during the tests the passenger side door was opened and the car had a fuel leak. that made the Latin NCAP call for attention to Renault to recall the cars sold and prevent the car from leaking fuel during an accident.[92]

Duster Pick-UpEdit

In October 2020, Dacia introduced the single cab pick-up version based on the four-wheel drive Duster model. Developed in collaboration with the Romanian engineering consultancy Romturingia from Câmpulung, the Duster Pick-Up features a 1.65 m (5.4 ft) length cargo bed with a loading capacity of 1,000 l (220 imp gal; 260 US gal) and a maximum payload of 500 kg (1,100 lb), has a ground clearance of 224 mm (8.8 in), and is equipped with the Blue dCi diesel engine that develops 115 hp (86 kW) and 260 N⋅m (190 lbf⋅ft) of torque.[72][93]

Duster FiskalEdit

In 2018, Dacia's Austrian importer developed a panel van version of the second generation Duster called the Dacia Duster Fiskal.[94] This has a flat metal loading floor, a metal cargo divider, and blanked rear side windows. The rear side doors still opened, although the Duster Fiskal is a strict two-seater. The Austrian importer had also offered a Fiskal version of the original Duster.[94]


British website carwow has reviewed the car in July 2018. It was criticised for the poor range of equipment in the lowest trim level, considering its price, for its plasticky, dark-coloured and "cheap-feeling" interior, the lack of light for the vanity mirror or the noisy electric motor for the windows.[86] Among the good points there are its accessible folding seats, the rear-view and panoramic cameras, the in-depth-adjustable steering wheel, the good visibility and handling inside town, the soft suspension and the lock mode for the four-wheel-drive.[95]


2021 Dacia Duster (facelift)

The restyled version of the Duster is presented on June 22, 2021 and went on sale in September 2021.[96] The updated Duster is equipped with a new light signature, both front and rear, similar to the third-generation Sandero. The pattern of the grille is slightly simplified and a sliding central armrest is inside.[97][98]

The number of engines available is reduced, with now two petrol engines of 130 and 150hp, a petrol/LPG version of 100hp, and a 115hp diesel engine available in all-wheel drive.[99] The most powerful engine is now available as standard with the 6-speed automatic transmission (EDC6).[100]

In June 2022, like the entire Dacia range, the Duster received a slight update featuring the brand's new logo. The grille was redesigned, the steering wheel was updated with the new logo, and all the other badges were replaced.[101][101][102] The facelift also applied to the Commercial version, sold only in the United Kingdom.[103]


The Duster race car during the Andorra round of the Andros Trophy

A competition version of the Duster, fitted with a 350 hp (261 kW) V6 petrol engine and driven by Alain Prost, took part in the 2009–2010 edition of the French ice racing championship Andros Trophy,[104] finishing in second place at the end of the season.[105]

In 2010, the Duster participated in the Rallye Aicha des Gazelles, being first in the crossover class. The two Dacia teams successfully finished the Rallye on board the Duster: Dounia and Isabelle (Team 315 - Dacia) were first in the general ranking, while Nathalie and Dorothée (Team 316 - Dacia) finished in 5th place (out of 8 teams competing in the class).[106]

In 2011, Dacia announced that they would be racing the Duster in the "Unlimited Class" of the Pikes Peak International Hill Climb. The Dacia Duster 'No Limit' was powered by an 850 bhp version of the VR38DETT engine, used in the Nissan GT-R, mated to a six-speed sequential transmission. The car was tuned by Tork Engineering, Sodemo and Renault Sport and was driven by three-time Trophée Andros winner Jean-Phillipe Dayraut.[107]

In 2013, two Renault Duster prototypes took part in the Dakar Rally, which took place in Peru, Argentina and Chile. They were powered by 3.5-litre V6 engines, developing over 300 hp (224 kW), and were driven by Emiliano Spataro and José García, with Benjamin Lozada and Javier Mauricio as co-drivers.[108]

For the 2015 and 2016 editions of the Dakar Rally the Renault Dusters were significantly changed and now feature a V8 engine (Nissan VK-50), SADEV gearbox, Reiger shock absorbers and Powerbrake 6-piston calipers.[109]

Dakar resultsEdit

Year Class Driver Co-Driver Result Stages
2013 Car   Emiliano Spataro   Benjamín Lozada DNF 0
  José Francisco García   Mauricio Javier Malano 29th 0
2014 Car   Emiliano Spataro   Benjamín Lozada 14th 0
  José Francisco García   Mauricio Javier Malano DNF 0
2015 Car   Emiliano Spataro   Benjamín Lozada 21st 0
  José Francisco García   Mauricio Javier Malano DNF 0
  Fernando Luis Bradach   Roberto Samuel Corvalan DNF 0
2016 Car   Christian Lavieille   Jean Michel Polato TBD TBD
  Emiliano Spataro   Benjamín Lozada TBD TBD
  Fernando Luis Bradach   Roberto Samuel Corvalan TBD TBD

Concept carsEdit

The Dacia Duster Concept at the 2009 Geneva Motor Show

Renault Design Central Europe presented a concept car named Dacia Duster at the 2009 Geneva Motor Show.[110] This concept vehicle was a 5-door SUV with rear suicide doors for easy access,[111] that addressed the needs of families, with a roomy cabin in a compact package and a large 470 l (124 US gal; 103 imp gal) trunk.[112] The engine emission level was 139 grams of carbon dioxide per kilometer and it had a fuel consumption of 5.3 l/100 km (44 mpg‑US; 53 mpg‑imp).[112] The Dacia Duster was the first concept car developed by Dacia,[113] in collaboration with the Renault Design Technocentre.[110] The Duster normally has four seats but can be converted into a two-seat car, the passenger seat slides under the driver's seat and the right back seat slides under the left back seat freeing an extra room of 2,000 l (71 cu ft) ideal for a bicycle.[114]

The Duster concept car had a 1.5-litre inline-four diesel engine, equipped with Bosch Mono-Jetronic fuel injection producing 106 PS (78 kW; 105 hp) at 5400 rpm and 240 N⋅m (177 ft⋅lbf) at 2000 rpm of torque.[110] It was a front-engine, two-wheel-drive or four-wheel-drive vehicle, based on the Nissan B platform.[110] It could accelerate from 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 9.6 seconds.[112] If the model had been produced, its initial price would have been around 15,000 euro (US$18,750).[111]

At the 2012 São Paulo Motor Show, Renault presented the DCross Concept, based on the production version of the Renault Duster.[115] It was designed by Renault Design América Latina and was meant to "underline the robustness and all-terrains capability of the Duster".[116] It featured a bright green and matte black paint scheme, a raised ride height, roof racks and a spare tire atop, but no other details were given.[115]

Romania has demonstrated a combat version of the Duster, complete with armoring, a winch, and roof-mounted machine gun.[117]

In October 2014, a double cab pick-up show car called Duster Oroch was presented by Renault at the São Paulo Motor Show. The concept car takes design clues from the DCross Concept, revealed at the previous edition of the event.[54]

Former use of the nameEdit

Dacia Duster was also the name used to sell the ARO 10 on some markets, such as the United Kingdom, during the 1980s and early 1990s.[118] It was offered in soft-top roadster and 2-door estate variants.[119]


Year Europe[120] Russia[121] Mexico Brazil India
Duster Terrano
2010 57,438
2011 134,001 40
2012 101,452 47,344 8,464[122] 46,897[123] 23,731[99]
2013 88,082 83,702 10,994[124] 50,224[125] 51,411[99] 7,390[99]
2014 127,772 76,138 12,652[126] 48,877[127] 39,807[99] 21,286[99]
2015 125,416 43,923 10,213[128] 34,199[129] 24,172[99] 10,670[99]
2016 139,826 44,001 12,360[130] 25,373[131] 18,700[99] 4,717[99]
2017 145,682 43,828 10,919[132] 17,791[133] 15,158[134] 3,035[134]
2018 180,391 41,409 10,663[135] 23,581[136] 10,937[137] 1,162[137]
2019 220,167 39,031 7,521[138] 26,093[139] 8,974[140] 429[137]
2020 139,269 31,640 4,048[141] 19,477[142] 3,685[143]


  1. ^ "Renault Duster". Renault.com. Retrieved 31 July 2013.
  2. ^ "Nissan Terrano 4x4 launched in Russia; might come to India too". CarAndBike. 24 April 2014. Retrieved 17 March 2016.
  3. ^ "2013 Nissan Terrano Unveiled In India, Launch In October". Overdrive. 20 August 2013. Retrieved 29 August 2013.
  4. ^ "Renault Gandeng Indomobil Jajaki Industri Otomotif di Tanah Air" (in Indonesian). Rajamobil.com. 18 September 2013. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
  5. ^ "Renault launches product range for Indonesia at 2013 Jakarta Motor Show". Renault. 19 September 2013. Archived from the original on 25 July 2014. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
  6. ^ "erde tungaa (designer de groupe renault) : " c'est la renault 4l qui a guidé mes premières esquisses de duster " - Algérie 360°". lignesauto.fr. 17 September 2017. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  7. ^ a b c "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-11. Retrieved 2016-03-10.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "OFICIAL: Dacia Duster, prima aparitie a SUV-ului romanesc!". AutoMarket. 17 November 2009. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
  9. ^ "OFICIAL: Iata noul Duster, primul SUV Dacia!". AutoMarket. 8 December 2009. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
  10. ^ "Dacia Launches its Off-Roader Dacia Duster at 2010 Geneva Motor Show". TheNewsMarket.com. 2 March 2010. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 2 March 2010.
  11. ^ "New Dacia Duster". Carscoop.blogspot.com. 8 December 2009. Archived from the original on 25 July 2011. Retrieved 10 August 2011.
  12. ^ Bureš, David (2011-08-09). "Dacia Duster: Fotografie neznámých prototypů". auto.cz (in Czech). Archived from the original on 2011-10-21. Retrieved 2021-08-17.
  13. ^ "New Dacia Duster. More Duster than ever". Renaut.com. 28 August 2013. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 3 October 2013.
  14. ^ "2014 Dacia Duster furthers our admiration from afar". Autoblog.com. 11 September 2013. Retrieved 3 October 2013.
  15. ^ "New Dacia Duster. More Duster than ever". Renault.com. Archived from the original on 4 October 2013. Retrieved 3 October 2013.
  16. ^ a b "Dacia Duster". EuroNCAP.com. Retrieved 8 September 2012.
  17. ^ a b "2010 Geneva Motor Show - Dacia Duster, the low-emission off-roader from 11,900 euros" (PDF). Renault.com. 2 March 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 2 March 2010.
  18. ^ "Dacia Duster (2011)". NetCarShow.com. Retrieved 8 December 2009.
  19. ^ "RENAULT DUSTER - NO AIRBAGS" (PDF). Static1.squarespace.com. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  20. ^ "RENAULT DUSTER - DRIVER AIRBAG" (PDF). Static1.squarespace.com. Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  21. ^ "Official results of the Renault Duster + 1 Airbag 2015". LATIN NCAP - PARA AUTOS MAS SEGUROS.
  22. ^ "2010 Geneva Auto Show: Dacia Duster". Autoevolution.com. 2 March 2010.
  23. ^ "Dacia Duster (2010) first official photos". CarMagazine.co.uk. 8 December 2008.
  24. ^ "In 2014, sales of private cars + light commercial vehicles (PC+LCV) by the Renault group increased by 3.2% with 2,712,432". Renault.com. 2015-01-30. Archived from the original on 2017-01-19. Retrieved 2015-01-30.
  25. ^ "Nuevo Renault Duster". 16valvulas.com.ar. 16 June 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2011.
  26. ^ "Renault Duster". Renault.com. Retrieved 12 July 2011.
  27. ^ "Renault объявила цены на кроссовер Duster в России Читайте далее" (in Russian). ВЕДОМОСТИ. 12 September 2011. Retrieved 12 September 2011.
  28. ^ "In 2 years and a half in Russia, it was sold 200,000 Renault Duster SUVs". Eng.autostat.ru. 12 September 2011.
  29. ^ "Budget brand Dacia continue to break records thanks to buyers loving the value for money". Daily Records. 1 May 2015. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
  30. ^ "Dacia Duster Launched". Rev.ie. 16 July 2012. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
  31. ^ "Sales of cars and light commercial vehicles in Russia in June 2013". Top Gear. 9 Jan 2013. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
  32. ^ "The new Dacia Duster has been named Scottish Car of the Year 2012". Car buyer. 15 October 2012. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
  33. ^ "How Many Left UK Duster sales". How Many Left. HowManyLeft.co.uk. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
  34. ^ "How Many Left UK Dacia sales". How Many Left. HowManyLeft.co.uk. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
  35. ^ "Sales of cars and light commercial vehicles in Russia in June 2013" (PDF). Association of European Businesses. 8 July 2013. Retrieved 3 October 2013.
  36. ^ "2015 Renault Duster Receives New Engines in Russia". Auto evolution. 25 June 2015. Retrieved 12 October 2015.
  37. ^ "New Renault Duster to go on sale in mid-July". Autostat. 22 June 2015. Retrieved 12 October 2015.
  38. ^ "Renault Duster AWD". CarDekho.com. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
  39. ^ "Up to Rs 1.5 lakh off on Renault Duster diesel". Autocar India. Retrieved 2021-04-10.
  40. ^ "With 98% localization, Renault DUSTER now starts at INR 7.95L - Times of India". The Times of India.
  41. ^ "Renault India cancels second-gen Duster, to launch third-gen model directly". indianautosblog.com. 16 April 2019. Retrieved 2020-05-25.
  42. ^ "2019 Renault Duster facelift review, test drive". Autocar India. Retrieved 2020-05-25.
  43. ^ "2019 Renault Duster Facelift: Variants Explained In Detail". CarandBike. Retrieved 2020-05-25.
  44. ^ "Renault Duster And Captur Diesel SUV To Be Discontinued In 2020". ZigWheels.com. Retrieved 2020-05-07.
  45. ^ "Renault Stops Production Of The Duster, New-Generation SUV Expected In 2023". ZigWheels.com. Retrieved 2022-02-17.
  46. ^ "Car News - car Reviews - car Videos - Auto Trader South Africa". Archived from the original on 23 April 2015. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
  47. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-02-01. Retrieved 2014-01-19.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  48. ^ "Facelifted Duster busts into SA". Independent Online. 18 August 2015. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
  49. ^ "Document d'enregistrement universel 2021" (PDF). Renault Group (in French). March 2022. Retrieved 17 August 2022.
  50. ^ "Dacia Duster Connected by Orange - ediție limitată cu 12 GB de internet 4G pe 2 ani". 29 October 2015.
  51. ^ "Dacia Duster Connected by Orange 1.5 dCi 109 CP 4x4 - review". 5 March 2016.
  52. ^ a b "Renault Duster Oroch Pickup Truck Released In Brazil". Car scoops. September 29, 2015. Retrieved October 14, 2015. The Duster Oroch inaugurates a new pickup truck segment in Brazil
  53. ^ "Renault Duster Oroch and Renault Sandero R.S. 2.0: two world premieres at Buenos Aires Motor Show". Renault. 18 June 2015. Archived from the original on 15 March 2016. Retrieved 19 June 2015.
  54. ^ a b "Presentation of the Duster Oroch show car in Sao Paulo". Renault. Archived from the original on 14 March 2016. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
  55. ^ "Renault's Duster Oroch heralds push into pickups". Automotive News Europe. 19 June 2015. Retrieved 19 June 2015.
  56. ^ "Travec Tecdrah TTi - offroader german bazat pe Dacia Duster". 11 October 2011.
  57. ^ "Travec Tecdrah TTi, SUV nemtesc cu elemente imprumutate de la Duster".
  58. ^ "Fifth Gear: Dacia Duster is like a bare-knuckle fighting gipsy". Romania-Insider.com. Archived from the original on 15 July 2015. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
  59. ^ Johnny Smith (2011-11-25). "Series 20, Episode 6". Fifth Gear. Discovery Channel.
  60. ^ "Follow that donkey!". Top Gear. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
  61. ^ "Dacia Duster in finala Car Of The Year 2011". Dacia. 4 April 2012. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
  62. ^ "The Nominees 2011 - Car of the year". Archived from the original on 15 July 2015. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
  63. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-09-23. Retrieved 2014-06-06.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  64. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-10-30. Retrieved 2014-06-06.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  65. ^ Cars UK (13 October 2012). "Dacia Duster is Scottish Car of the Year 2012". Cars UK. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
  66. ^ "Fleet Directory Website". Archived from the original on 29 October 2014. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
  67. ^ Ford, Tom (2012-12-19). "Bargain Car of the Year: Dacia Duster". Top Gear/BBC. Archived from the original on 2012-12-31. Retrieved 2012-12-24.
  68. ^ "Dacia Duster gets two more awards in the UK". Inautonews. 14 December 2012. Archived from the original on 16 December 2012. Retrieved 16 December 2012.
  69. ^ "Renault Duster SUV is Indian Car of the Year 2013". Rush Lane. 22 December 2012. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
  70. ^ "Renault designers on creating second generation Dacia Duster - Form Trends". lignesauto.fr. 11 September 2017. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  71. ^ "Dacia Duster: los secretos de la segunda generación - Coches.net". coches.net. 31 August 2017. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  72. ^ a b "DACIA LANSEAZĂ VERSIUNEA DUSTER PICK-UP Duster Pick-up". Grup Renault.
  73. ^ Stan, de Robert. "FOTO Dacia Duster 2 a fost prezentată oficial la Frankfurt Motor Show. Iată detaliile". Capital.ro.
  74. ^ Gallina·September 11, Eric; Read, 2017·1 Min (2017-09-11). "Renault Designers on Creating the Second Generation Dacia Duster". Form Trends. Retrieved 2021-04-10.
  75. ^ a b c scris de Adrian Mitrea. "FOTO: Noul Dacia Duster are patru camere video, monitorizarea unghiurilor moarte si pornire fara cheie | 0-100.ro". 0-100.hotnews.ro. Retrieved 2022-04-14.
  76. ^ "2022 Dacia Duster Facelift Debuts With Dual-Clutch Automatic Gearbox". Motor1.com.
  77. ^ "Servodirectia este de domeniul trecutului: de ce este mai buna directia electrica?". 4tuning.ro. 2020-06-07. Retrieved 2022-04-14.
  78. ^ "Echipamente – Duster PRESTIGE - Dacia".
  79. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-07-29. Retrieved 2018-07-29.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  80. ^ "Why choose All-New Dacia Duster | All-New Dacia Duster | Dacia Cars | Dacia UK". Archived from the original on 2018-07-29. Retrieved 2018-07-29.
  81. ^ scris de Adrian Mitrea (2017-11-24). "Noul Dacia Duster pornește de la 12.350 euro cu TVA în România. Poate depăși 20.000 euro cu toate opțiunile | 0-100.ro". 0-100.hotnews.ro. Retrieved 2022-04-14.
  82. ^ "Noul Duster: Mai Duster ca niciodată | Grup Renault". Gruprenault.ro (in Romanian). 23 November 2017. Retrieved 2022-04-14.
  83. ^ "Dacia duster specs". Auto-data.net.
  84. ^ "Official Dacia Duster safety rating". EuroNCAP.com. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  85. ^ scris de Adrian Mitrea (2017-12-13). "VIDEO: Noul Dacia Duster, testat la Euro NCAP. Are 3 stele din 5, rezultat așteptat | 0-100.ro". 0-100.hotnews.ro. Retrieved 2022-04-14.
  86. ^ a b "Noua Dacia Duster criticată în Marea Britanie". Archived from the original on 2020-10-21. Retrieved 2018-07-29.
  87. ^ "Latest Safety Ratings". Euro NCAP. Retrieved 2022-04-14.
  88. ^ a b c [1][dead link]
  89. ^ "Renanult Duster". Latin NCAP. Archived from the original on 2021-08-27.
  90. ^ Cortina, Alejandro (November 29, 2021). "Bajo la lupa: Renault Duster Intens 1.6 CVT". Parabrisas.
  91. ^ "Official results of the Renault New Duster + 2 Airbags 2019". LATIN NCAP - PARA AUTOS MAS SEGUROS.
  92. ^ "renault-duster-+-2-airbags". Latin NCAP. Archived from the original on 2021-08-27.
  93. ^ "New Renault Duster 4x4 Bakkie Launched". cars.co.za. 2020-10-23. Retrieved 2020-10-25.
  94. ^ a b Mihalascu, Dan (2018-05-21). "Dacia Duster Fiskal would rather be a van than an SUV". Drive Mag. Archived from the original on 2020-12-26.
  95. ^ "Dacia Duster Review 2022". Carwow.co.uk. Retrieved 2022-04-14.
  96. ^ Florian Chopin (17 May 2021). "Dacia Duster restylé (2021). Commercialisation en septembre".
  97. ^ Didier Ric (22 June 2021). "Dacia Duster (2021). Tout savoir sur le SUV restylé !". largus.fr (in French).
  98. ^ Johann Leblanc (22 June 2021). "Prix Dacia Duster (2021). Les tarifs et la gamme du SUV restylé". largus.fr (in French).
  99. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "2016 Report Card - Annual Indian Car Sales & Analysis!". Team-BHP.com. Retrieved 2021-08-01.
  100. ^ François Lemaur (18 May 2021). "Dacia Duster restylé : nouveau moteur TCe et boîte EDC sur le SUV présenté le 22 juin 2021".
  101. ^ a b "Présentation - Le nouveau visage des Dacia". caradisiac.com. 15 June 2022. Retrieved 15 June 2022..
  102. ^ "Nouveau Dacia Duster (2022) : calandre, planche de bord et équipements inédits". auto-moto.com. 15 June 2022. Retrieved 16 June 2022..
  103. ^ "The New Dacia Duster Commercial". 3 August 2022.
  104. ^ "A competition version of Dacia Duster to contest the 2009/2010 Trophée Andros in the hands of Alain". DaciaGroup.com. 17 November 2009. Retrieved 9 December 2009.
  105. ^ "Alain Prost Drives Dacia Duster to Silver in the Trophee Andros". Autoevolution.com. 2 February 2010. Retrieved 28 March 2010.
  106. ^ "Road test a success for Dacia". RallyeAichaDesGazelles.com. 28 March 2010. Archived from the original on 29 March 2010. Retrieved 28 March 2010.
  107. ^ "Dacia Duster Pikes Peak racer revealed". TopGear.com. 27 May 2011. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
  108. ^ "Dakar 2013: Renault apuesta a que el Duster se clasifique entre los 15 primeros". Cosas de Autos Blog. 18 December 2012. Retrieved 20 December 2012.
  109. ^ "El Equipo Dakar". Renaultsport Argentinia. Archived from the original on 2016-01-26. Retrieved 2016-01-11.
  110. ^ a b c d "Dacia Duster Concept" (in Romanian). ProMotor.ro. 3 March 2009. Retrieved 3 March 2009.
  111. ^ a b "Dacia Duster la Salonul auto de la Geneva" (in Romanian). ProTV.ro. 3 March 2009. Retrieved 3 March 2009.
  112. ^ a b c "Coupe sau maşină de familie? Dacia Duster, prezentată oficial la Geneva" (in Romanian). Antena3.ro. 2 March 2009. Retrieved 3 March 2009.
  113. ^ "Primele poze cu Dacia Duster" (in Romanian). Banknews.ro. 2 March 2009. Retrieved 3 March 2009.
  114. ^ "Dacia Duster - crossover coupe concept în premieră la Salonul Auto de la Geneva" (in Romanian). InformatiiAuto.ro. 2 March 2009. Archived from the original on 14 April 2019. Retrieved 3 March 2009.
  115. ^ a b "Renault shows DCross Concept in Brazil". Autoblog. 23 October 2012. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
  116. ^ "2012 São Paulo Motor Show: Novo Clio, Fluence GT and D-Cross in the spotlight". Renault.com. 22 October 2012. Archived from the original on 26 October 2012. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
  117. ^ "Bulletproof Dacia Duster Army Vehicle Is a Budget Humvee-Wannabe". Carscoops. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
  118. ^ "DACIA Duster 1.6 4x4 16v road test, review, test drive". Autoevolution.com. 24 June 2010. Retrieved 6 November 2010.
  119. ^ Martin Lewis, A-Z of Cars of the 1980s, Bay View Books, 1998, page 37
  120. ^ "Dacia Duster European Auto sales figures". carsalesbase.com. 2014-01-31. Archived from the original on 2020-09-29. Retrieved 2021-04-10.
  121. ^ "Статистика АЕБ | Топ-25 моделей | АвтоБизнесРевю". abreview.ru. Retrieved 2021-01-16.
  122. ^ "Mexican sales 2012". inegi.org.mx (in Mexican Spanish). Retrieved 2021-10-20.
  123. ^ "Carros mais vendidos do Brasil em 2012". AUTOO. Retrieved 2021-03-12.
  124. ^ "Mexican sales 2013". inegi.org.mx (in Mexican Spanish). Retrieved 2021-10-20.
  125. ^ "Carros mais vendidos do Brasil em 2013". AUTOO. Retrieved 2021-03-12.
  126. ^ "Mexican sales 2014". inegi.org.mx (in Mexican Spanish). Retrieved 2021-10-20.
  127. ^ "Carros mais vendidos do Brasil em 2014". AUTOO. Retrieved 2021-03-12.
  128. ^ "Mexican sales 2015". inegi.org.mx (in Mexican Spanish). Retrieved 2021-10-20.
  129. ^ "Carros mais vendidos do Brasil em 2015". AUTOO. Retrieved 2021-03-12.
  130. ^ "Mexican sales 2016". inegi.org.mx (in Mexican Spanish). Retrieved 2021-10-20.
  131. ^ "Carros mais vendidos do Brasil em 2016". AUTOO. Retrieved 2021-03-12.
  132. ^ "Mexican sales 2017". inegi.org.mx (in Mexican Spanish). Retrieved 2021-10-20.
  133. ^ "Carros mais vendidos do Brasil em 2017". AUTOO. Retrieved 2021-03-12.
  134. ^ a b Punditz, Team Auto (2018-01-06). "Best Selling UVs in India for 2017". Autopunditz. Retrieved 2021-04-11.
  135. ^ "Mexican sales 2018". inegi.org.mx (in Mexican Spanish). Retrieved 2021-10-20.
  136. ^ "Carros mais vendidos do Brasil em 2018". AUTOO. Retrieved 2021-03-12.
  137. ^ a b c Punditz, Team Auto (2019-01-09). "2018 Car Sales Statistics – India". Autopunditz. Retrieved 2021-04-11.
  138. ^ "Mexican sales 2019". inegi.org.mx (in Mexican Spanish). Retrieved 2021-10-20.
  139. ^ "Carros mais vendidos do Brasil em 2019". AUTOO. Retrieved 2021-03-12.
  140. ^ Punditz, Team Auto (2020-01-09). "Report Card – 2019 Car Sales India". Autopunditz. Retrieved 2021-04-11.
  141. ^ "Mexican sales 2020". inegi.org.mx (in Mexican Spanish). Retrieved 2021-10-20.
  142. ^ "Carros mais vendidos do Brasil em 2020". AUTOO (in Brazilian Portuguese). 2016-01-01. Retrieved 2021-01-12.
  143. ^ Punditz, Team Auto (2021-02-23). "OEMwise & Modelwise Car Sales Figures for Calendar Year 2020". Autopunditz. Retrieved 2021-04-11.

External linksEdit