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The Dacia Duster is a compact sport utility vehicle (SUV) produced jointly by the French manufacturer Renault and its Romanian subsidiary Dacia since 2010. It is also marketed as the Renault Duster in certain markets, such as India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Russia, Mexico, Egypt, South Africa, Ukraine, the UAE and in South America.[1] It is also rebadged as the Nissan Terrano in Russia and India.[2] It was officially launched at the 2010 Geneva Motor Show and is the third model based on the Logan platform, after the Sandero.

Dacia Duster
Dacia Duster IMG 0915.jpg
Manufacturer Dacia
Production 2009–present
Body and chassis
Class Compact SUV
Body style 5-door Station wagon
4-door pick up


First generation (2009–2018)Edit

Dacia Duster pre-facelift
Also called Renault Duster
Nissan Terrano[3]
Production 2009-2018
Assembly Mioveni, Romania
São José dos Pinhais, Brazil (Renault Brazil)
Envigado, Colombia (Sofasa)
Moscow, Russia (Avtoframos 2011-2015/Renault Russia 2015-)
Chennai, India (Renault India)
Pulogadung, Indonesia (IndoMobil Group)[4][5]
Designer Renault Design Central Europe
Body and chassis
Class Compact SUV
Body style 5-door wagon
4-door pick-up
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive or four-wheel-drive
Platform Dacia B0 platform
Related Dacia Logan
Dacia Sandero
Nissan Juke
Renault Duster Oroch
Engine 1.2 L H5FT I4 turbo (petrol)
1.6 L I4 (petrol)
1.6 L I4 (petrol/ethanol)
1.6 L I4 (petrol/LPG)
2.0 L I4 (petrol)
2.0 L I4 (petrol/ethanol)
1.5 L I4 (diesel)
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
4-speed automatic
6-speed automatic manual (Easy-R)
6-speed EDC automatic
X-Tronic CVT
Wheelbase 2,673 mm (105.2 in) (wagon)
2,829 mm (111.4 in) (pick-up)[6]
Length 4,315 mm (169.9 in) (wagon)
4,700 mm (185.0 in) (pick-up)[6]
Width 1,822 mm (71.7 in)
Height 1,630–1,690 mm (64.2–66.5 in)
Curb weight 1,160–1,294 kg (2,557–2,853 lb)

In 2014, 40% of the Duster units sold worldwide were badged as Dacia and 60% (70% in 2013) as Renault.[7] An unspecified proportion were badged as Nissan Terrano models sold in Russia and India. A four-door double cab pick-up was launched at the end of 2015 in South America, marketed as the Renault Duster Oroch.

An unrelated off-road vehicle, the ARO 10 manufactured by Auto Romania, was sold as Dacia Duster in some markets during the 1980s and 1990s.


Dacia Duster interior

The Duster was initially introduced in the ice racing version prepared for the Andros Trophy, presented for the first time on 17 November 2009.[8] The production version was revealed to the media on 8 December 2009,[9] and was subsequently launched at the Geneva Motor Show in March 2010.[10]

Based on the B0 platform, the Duster measures 4.31 metres (169.7 in) in length, 1.82 metres (71.7 in) in width and has 210 mm (8.3 in) of ground clearance. Its luggage space has a volume of up to 475 litres (16.8 cu ft), while with the rear benchseat folded and tipped forward, its carrying ability can exceed 1,600 litres (57 cu ft).

The Duster is offered with two-wheel drive or four-wheel-drive. The 4x4 variants make use of Nissan's all-wheel drive system,[11] which allows the driver to choose from three different driving modes: Auto, in which the rear-wheel drive is engaged automatically in case the front wheels lose grip, Lock, whereby 50 per cent of torque is consistently fed through the rear axle, and 2WD where the transmission is locked into front-wheel drive for maximum fuel efficiency.


2013 facelift (front)

In September 2013, the facelifted Dacia Duster was presented at the Frankfurt Motor Show. The exterior received important changes in the front with a new chromed grille and redesigned headlights, restyled roof bars, new 16-inch wheels and modest modifications in the rear. The interior was also renewed, with design and features similar to those introduced the previous year on the new models in the Dacia line-up.[12][13] A new TCe 125 1.2 liter direct-injection turbo engine was introduced.[14]


Euro NCAP test results
Dacia Duster (2011)[15]
Test Points %
Adult occupant: 27 74%
Child occupant: 38 78%
Pedestrian: 10 28%
Safety assist: 2 29%

The Dacia Duster features Bosch 8.1 ABS, as well as electronic brakeforce distribution (EBD) and emergency brake assist (EBA). It also features electronic stability control (ESC) as an option on certain versions, as well as understeer control (CSV) and traction control (ASR). This option also allows torque to be transferred away from a spinning wheel in 4x4 mode to improve traction when diagonal wheel spin occurs.[16]

On the passive safety front, the Dacia Duster comes as standard with two front airbags (depending on market) and three-point seat belts with load limiters for the front seats. Depending on version, two lateral head/thorax airbags are fitted in addition to the driver and passenger front airbags to provide additional protection in the case of side impact. The pyrotechnic pretensioners for the front seats (depending on version) complete Dacia Duster's retention system.[17]

In 2011, the Duster was tested by the Euro NCAP, receiving a three-star rating. It was awarded 27 points (74%) for the adult occupant protection, 38 points (78%) for the child occupant protection, 10 points (28%) for the pedestrian protection and two points (29%) for the safety assist features. In the latter category, the rating was influenced by the lack of the speed limiter and the fact that the electronic stability control is available only as an option.[15]


Name Code Capacity Configuration Power Torque Top speed Acceleration 0–100 km/h
(0–62 mph)
1.2 TCe 125 H5Ft 1,197 cc (73.0 cu in) I4 DOHC Turbo 92 kW (125 PS; 123 hp) at 5250 rpm 205 N⋅m (151 lb⋅ft) at 2000 rpm 175 km/h (109 mph) 10.4 s
1.6 16V 105 K4M 690 1,598 cc (97.5 cu in) I4 DOHC 77 kW (105 PS; 103 hp) at 5750 rpm 148 N⋅m (109 lb⋅ft) at 3750 rpm 164 km/h (102 mph) 11.5 s
1.6 16V Ethanol K4M Hi-Flex 1,598 cc (97.5 cu in) I4 DOHC 84 kW (114 PS; 113 hp) at 5750 rpm 152 N⋅m (112 lb⋅ft) at 3750 rpm 165 km/h (103 mph) 11.9 s
1.6 16V LPG K4M Bi-fuel 1,598 cc (97.5 cu in) I4 DOHC 75 kW (102 PS; 101 hp) at 5750 rpm 144 N⋅m (106 lb⋅ft) at 3750 rpm 162 km/h (101 mph) 12.8 s
1.6 16V 105 K4M 606 1,598 cc (97.5 cu in) I4 DOHC 77 kW (105 PS; 103 hp) at 5750 rpm 148 N⋅m (109 lb⋅ft) at 3750 rpm 160 km/h (99 mph) 12.8 s
2.0 16V F4R 1,998 cc (122 cu in) I4 DOHC 99 kW (135 PS; 133 hp) at 5500 rpm 195 N⋅m (144 lb⋅ft) at 3750 rpm 177 km/h (110 mph) 10.4 s
2.0 16V Ethanol F4R Hi-Flex 1,998 cc (122 cu in) I4 DOHC 104 kW (141 PS; 139 hp) at 5500 rpm 205 N⋅m (151 lb⋅ft) at 3750 rpm 180 km/h (110 mph) 9.9 s
1.5 dCi 85 K9K 796 1,461 cc (89.2 cu in) I4 SOHC Turbodiesel 63 kW (86 PS; 84 hp) at 4000 rpm 200 N⋅m (148 lb⋅ft) at 1900 rpm 156 km/h (97 mph) 13.9 s
1.5 dCi 110 K9K 896 1,461 cc (89.2 cu in) I4 SOHC Turbodiesel 79 kW (107 PS; 106 hp) at 4000 rpm 240 N⋅m (177 lb⋅ft) at 1750 rpm 171 km/h (106 mph) 11.8 s
1.5 dCi 110 K9K 898 1,461 cc (89.2 cu in) I4 SOHC Turbodiesel 81 kW (110 PS; 109 hp) at 4000 rpm 240 N⋅m (177 lb⋅ft) at 1750 rpm 168 km/h (104 mph) 12.5 s

Marketing and productionEdit

Dacia Duster Ambiance (Europe; pre-facelift)
Facelift Dacia Duster (UK)

Dacia Duster is offered in Europe, Turkey, Algeria, Morocco from March 2010, with prices starting from €11,900 (or €10,500 in Romanian domestic market) for the two-wheel drive version, and from €13,900 (or €11,500 in Romanian domestic market) for the 4x4 version.[16][18] From June 2010, the Duster is also available in Ukraine, Jordan, Syria, Egypt and Lebanon and in some African countries badged as a Renault, while in 2011, it is sold in the Persian Gulf States.[19]

Renault Duster (Colombia)

In June 2011, Renault revealed the Duster in South America at the Buenos Aires Motor Show.[20] It will be produced at its Curitiba plant in Brazil for distribution in Brazil, Argentina, and Chile, and at the Sofasa plant in Colombia, to be sold in Mexico and Ecuador with marketing planned to start in the last quarter of 2011.[21]

The Duster is manufactured at the Avtoframos plant in Moscow, Russia with about 80,000 annual quantities, being available since 1 March 2012 with prices starting from about $14,400[22] and reaching 200,000 sales in 2.5 years.[23] In June 2015, an updated version of the Duster was launched in Russia with some improved engines and features.

The Dacia brand was launched in 2012 in the UK and broke records since then, especially the Duster.[24] The Duster was named "Scottish Car of the year", "SUV of the year" and "Budget car of the year" by the Association of Scottish Motoring Writers. In 2012, the Duster was also introduced in Ireland.[25]

Since 2011, the flexi-fuel (ethanol) version is available in several Western European countries, while the Bi-Fuel (LPG) version, an OEM Landi Renzo, is offered in Eastern Europe, Italy, Germany, Spain and the Netherlands. As of January 2013, the Bi-Fuel version is also available in France. The Bi-Fuel (LPG) version has proved to be very popular in Poland. Since the Duster's K4M engine has hydraulic lifters, the LPG version needs no regular valve adjustments. As of 2014, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Belgium and Luxembourg are the only countries in the European Union where the LPG version is not offered by Dacia.


The Dacia Duster was launched in the UK in 2012, and has received several awards since, including: 2012 Top Gear Bargain of the Year,[26] 2012 Scottish Car of the Year,[27] and 2014 Best Small SUV.

The Duster is Dacia's best selling vehicle in the UK, with 20,000 sales as of 2016,[28] from the 70,000 total Dacia sales in the same period.[29]


The Duster was introduced in Russia in 2012, as Renault Duster. Its off-road capabilities for the relatively modest price have made Duster very popular. Initial strong demand has caused preorder waiting times of up to 18 months. In the first half of 2013, Renault Duster sold 40710 units, making it the 4th best-selling car model in Russia overall.[30] The Duster is adapted to the Russian consumers expectations with for example the Renault Start innovative system of remote engine start, useful during the cold days to heat the car's body and engine, which decreases polluting emissions. In June 2015, a renewed version of the Duster was launched in Russia with a new range of more powerful and low-consumption engines,[31] an automatic gearbox, some new options, new interior ergonomics and materials of interior trim, and a new exterior design.[32]


Nissan Terrano (India)

Renault launched the Duster on 4 July 2012 in India, with various modifications for the Indian market. The suspension and the underside of the car were strengthened to increase the car's offroading suitability. The Duster is currently available in ten different variants, out of which eight are diesel and two are petrol. This version has some additional safety features as standard, including door warning lights, central locking and engine protective underguard. It also comes with safety features like Anti-lock Brake System, Emergency Brake Assist, Electronic Brake-force Distribution, stability control module, two front air-bags and three-point seatbelt tensioners features.

Duster AWD

Renault India launched the All Wheel Drive (AWD) version of Duster at INR 11.89 lakh. Powering the new Duster AWD is the 1.5-litre diesel engine – which produces 110 bhp, and 248Nm of peak torque – coupled to a six-speed manual transmission. Renault claims a fuel efficiency of 19.72kmpl from this new entrant in the line-up. The all-wheel drive feature of the SUV, can be controlled via a toggle switch, that has three options to choose from – two-wheel drive, automatic, and four-wheel drive which can be manually locked.[33]

The next generation Renault Duster will make an international debut in 2016, so says a report. The new car will not be based on the Oroch Concept. An addition of a third row of seats will be available as an option on the new model. Accommodating more than seven people inside the new Duster will not only increase its appeal to car lovers, but also freshen up the style of the brand Duster.[34]

South AfricaEdit

Renault introduced the Duster in South Africa in October 2013.[35] The Duster was originally imported from India, where it is also produced under the Dacia brand for other right-hand drive markets, namely the United Kingdom, Ireland, Cyprus and Malta.[36] In September 2015, South Africa received the facelifted version of the Duster, with cars being imported from Romania.[37]


It was introduced in 2012 as the Renault Duster, and has been the best selling SUV in the country since then. It is assembled in the plant of SOFASA in Envigado, in four versions:

  • 1.6 Expression: It equips driver's airbag and front electric windows. It is powered by a 1.6 16 valve, 110 PS engine. Also equips a 5-speed manual gearbox.
  • 2.0 Dynamique: It equips two frontal airbags, rear electric windows, ABS, foglights, leather wheel, electric mirrors and a 6-speed manual gearbox. Also includes GPS system and leather seats as optional.
  • 2.0 AT: It has the same equipment as the Dynamique version. Equipes a 4-speed automatic gearbox.
  • 2.0 Dynamique 4X4: It is equipped the same as the Dynamique version, but includes 4WD system and black background headlights.

The Duster is exported from Colombia mostly to countries as Mexico, Ecuador and Bolivia. All versions are powered by a 16 valve, petrol engine. Also, since May 2014 it includes Media Nav system with GPS in Dynamique versions as optional.


British motoring journalist Jonny Smith took the Duster on a road test in Morocco for the Fifth Gear TV programme, describing it as "brilliant"; "I really like this". He particularly praised its handling on poorly maintained mountain roads, while commenting on its poor standard of finish.[38][39] Another drive test in Morocco was performed by James May for the Top Gear magazine.[40]

The Dacia Duster was awarded the "Autobest 2011" prize by the members of the Autobest jury, coming from fifteen countries (Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Cyprus, Macedonia, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey, Ukraine and Malta). Ten members of the jury have designated the Duster as the winner, after scoring in 13 criteria such as fuel consumption, versatility, roominess or design. It outran the Renault Fluence, placed third.

The Dacia Duster was nominated among the finalists of the "2011 European Car of the Year" award.[41][42] It received praise for being "a real bargain",[43] "a competent off-roader",[44] as well as "attractive" and "practical".[43]

The Dacia Duster was named the "Scottish Car of the Year 2012" at a ceremony held in Glasgow on 14 October 2012.[45][46] It was also named "The Bargain of the Year 2012" by the Top Gear magazine.[47][48]

In India, the Renault Duster received the "2013 Indian Car of the Year" award from a jury comprising leading automotive magazines of the country.[49]

Second generation (2018–present)Edit

Production 2018–present
Assembly Mioveni, Romania
Curitiba, Brazil
Body and chassis
Class Compact SUV
Body style 5-door Station wagon
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive or four-wheel-drive
Engine Petrol
1.2L TCe(125/90HP)
Transmission Manual 5 speeds
Manual 6 speeds
Wheelbase 2,673 mm (105.2 in)
Length 4,320 mm (170.1 in)
Width 1,820 mm (71.7 in)
Height 1,630–1,700 mm (64.2–66.9 in)

A second generation was announced between 14 and 24 September 2017 during Frankfurt Motor Show with actual models reaching the Romanian market 6 weeks later in November 2017.[50]

The new model has the same length and comes with 5 standard seats. The model is built on the same platform B0 as the first generation.

Due on sale , the revamped SUV represents an evolutionary generation jump. It will retain tweaked versions of the same 1.5-litre diesel and 1.2 petrol motors as the outgoing model. It sits on the same platform as the old car, too, and is near-identical in terms of dimensions. But according to the brand’s design boss, Laurens van den Acker, every body panel is new.

Duster OrochEdit

Renault Duster Oroch 2016

The Renault Duster Oroch is a double cab pick-up version of the Duster. The Duster Oroch is the first Renault-badged pick-up and creates a new range[51] in the pick-up market: 30 cm larger than the small ones and smaller than the large pick-up, but yet with 4 real doors instead of 2 or 3 for the usual smaller pick-up. It was unveiled on 18 June 2015 at the Buenos Aires Motor Show[52] and was previewed by a concept car[53] at the 2014 São Paulo Motor Show.[54]

The Duster Oroch is available since September 2015 in South America and will get an automatic gearbox in 2016.[51] It is powered by either the 1.6 litre or the 2.0 litre petrol engine, mated to 5-speed or 6-speed gearbox respectively.[6]


The Duster race car during the Andorra round of the Andros Trophy

A competition version of the Duster, fitted with a 350 hp (261 kW) V6 engine and driven by Alain Prost, took part in the 2009–2010 edition of the French ice racing championship Andros Trophy,[55] finishing in second place at the end of the season.[56]

In 2010, the Duster participated in the Rallye Aicha des Gazelles, being first in the crossover class. The two Dacia teams successfully finished the Rallye on board the Duster: Dounia and Isabelle (Team 315 - Dacia) were first in the general ranking, while Nathalie and Dorothée (Team 316 - Dacia) finished in 5th place (out of 8 teams competing in the class).[57]

In 2011, Dacia announced that they would be racing the Duster in the "Unlimited Class" of the Pikes Peak International Hill Climb. The Dacia Duster 'No Limit' was powered by an 850 bhp version of the VR38DETT engine, used in the Nissan GT-R, mated to a six-speed sequential transmission. The car was tuned by Tork Engineering, Sodemo and Renault Sport and was driven by three-time Trophée Andros winner Jean-Phillipe Dayraut.[58]

In 2013, two Renault Duster prototypes took part in the Dakar Rally, which took place in Peru, Argentina and Chile. They were powered by 3.5-litre V6 engines, developing over 300 hp (224 kW), and were driven by Emiliano Spataro and José García, with Benjamin Lozada and Javier Mauricio as co-drivers.[59]

For the 2015 and 2016 editions of the Dakar Rally the Renault Dusters were significantly changed and now feature a V8 engine (Nissan VK-50), SADEV gearbox, Reiger shock absorbers and Powerbrake 6-piston calipers.[60]

Dakar resultsEdit

Year Class Driver Co-Driver Result Stages
2013 Car   Emiliano Spataro   Benjamín Lozada DNF 0
  José Francisco García   Mauricio Javier Malano 29th 0
2014 Car   Emiliano Spataro   Benjamín Lozada 14th 0
  José Francisco García   Mauricio Javier Malano DNF 0
2015 Car   Emiliano Spataro   Benjamín Lozada 21st 0
  José Francisco García   Mauricio Javier Malano DNF 0
  Fernando Luis Bradach   Roberto Samuel Corvalan DNF 0
2016 Car   Christian Lavieille   Jean Michel Polato TBD TBD
  Emiliano Spataro   Benjamín Lozada TBD TBD
  Fernando Luis Bradach   Roberto Samuel Corvalan TBD TBD

Concept carsEdit

Dacia Duster Concept
The Dacia Duster Concept at the 2009 Geneva Motor Show
Manufacturer Dacia
Production 2009 (Concept car)
Body and chassis
Class Compact SUV (J)
Body style 5-door SUV
Layout Front-engine, all-wheel-drive
Engine 1.5 L I4 diesel

Renault Design Central Europe presented, at the 2009 Geneva Motor Show, a concept car named Dacia Duster.[61] This concept vehicle was a 5-door SUV with rear suicide doors for easy access,[62] that addressed the needs of families, with a roomy cabin in a compact package and a large 470 l (124 US gal; 103 imp gal) trunk.[63] The engine emission level was 139 grams of carbon dioxide per kilometer and it had a fuel consumption of 5.3 l/100 km (44 mpg‑US; 53 mpg‑imp).[63] The Dacia Duster was the first concept car developed by Dacia,[64] in collaboration with the Renault Design Technocentre.[61] The Duster normally has four seats but can be converted into a two-seat car, the passenger seat slides under the driver's seat and the right back seat slides under the left back seat freeing an extra room of 2,000 l (71 cu ft) ideal for a bicycle.[65]

The Duster concept car had a 1.5-litre inline-four diesel engine, equipped with Bosch Mono-Jetronic fuel injection producing 106 PS (78 kW; 105 hp) at 5400 rpm and 240 newton metres (180 ft⋅lbf) at 2000 rpm of torque.[61] It was a front-engine, two-wheel-drive or four-wheel-drive vehicle, based on the Nissan B platform.[61] It could accelerate from 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 9.6 seconds.[63] If the model had been produced, its initial price would have been around 15,000 euro (US$18,750).[62]

At the 2012 São Paulo Motor Show, Renault presented the DCross Concept, based on the production version of the Renault Duster.[66] It was designed by Renault Design América Latina and was meant to "underline the robustness and all-terrains capability of the Duster".[67] It featured a bright green and matte black paint scheme, a raised ride height, roof racks and a spare tire atop, but no other details were given.[66]

Romania has demonstrated a combat version of the Duster, complete with armoring, a winch, and roof-mounted machine gun.[68]

In October 2014, a double cab pick-up show car called Duster Oroch was presented by Renault at the São Paulo Motor Show. The concept car takes design clues from the DCross Concept, revealed at the previous edition of the event.[53]

Former use of the nameEdit

Dacia Duster was also the name used to sell the ARO 10 on some markets, such as the United Kingdom, during the 1980s and early 1990s.[69] It was offered in soft-top roadster and 2-door estate variants.[70]


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