Bârlad (Romanian pronunciation: [bɨrˈlad] (About this soundlisten)) is a city in Vaslui County, Romania. It lies on the banks of the river Bârlad, which waters the high plains of Western Moldavia.

Bârlad
Statue of Alexandru Ioan Cuza, downtown Bârlad
Statue of Alexandru Ioan Cuza, downtown Bârlad
Coat of arms of Bârlad
Location in Vaslui County
Location in Vaslui County
Bârlad is located in Romania
Bârlad
Bârlad
Location in Romania
Coordinates: 46°13′N 27°40′E / 46.217°N 27.667°E / 46.217; 27.667Coordinates: 46°13′N 27°40′E / 46.217°N 27.667°E / 46.217; 27.667
CountryRomania
CountyVaslui
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2024) Dumitru Boroș[1] (PNL)
Area
15 km2 (6 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[2]
55,837
 • Density3,700/km2 (9,600/sq mi)
Time zoneEET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)
Vehicle reg.VS
Websitewww.primariabarlad.ro

At Bârlad the railway from Iași diverges, one branch skirting the river Siret, the other skirting the Prut; both reunite at Galați. Along with a maze of narrow and winding streets, Bârlad features several notable modern buildings, including the hospital administered by the Saint Spiridion Foundation of Iași. In the vicinity of the city are the ruins of a Roman camp.

The city is the birthplace of Romanian Domnitor (Ruler) and diplomat Alexandru Ioan Cuza.

EtymologyEdit

Scholars continue to debate the origin of the city's name. The Hypatian Codex mentions a market town called Berlad, and some historians, influenced by a document Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu published in the 19th century, have tried to link this town and its inhabitants (variously considered Romanians, East Slavs or an amalgam) with the Moldavian Bârlad. Ioan Bogdan demonstrated that the Hasdeu document was false, thus invalidating the hypothesis. Like Siret and Suceava, the medieval town took its name from the adjacent river, but nothing more can be said for certain. Constantin Cihodaru linked the name, of possible Hungarian origin, to a Slavic word (berlo — "rod", "cottage" or birlo — "swamp"), to which was added the Hungarian suffix -d, also found, for example, in the names Cenad, Arad, Tușnad, and Tășnad. Supporting this notion is the historic presence of a significant Hungarian community, with traditions recalling the fight against the Tatars in the mid-14th century.[3]

HistoryEdit

During World War II, Bârlad was captured on 24 August 1944 by Soviet troops of the 2nd Ukrainian Front during the Jassy–Kishinev Offensive.

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
185913,165—    
190024,484[4]+1.52%
191225,288+0.27%
193026,204+0.20%
194824,035−0.48%
195632,040+3.66%
196641,060+2.51%
197755,937+2.85%
199277,518+2.20%
200269,183−1.13%
201155,837−2.35%

NativesEdit

EducationEdit

Bârlad features a total number of 43 school units, of which 23 kindergartens, 12 primary and secondary schools, 5 high schools, one vocational school, one music and arts school, an orphanage for preschool children and one for school children.

All these units are subordinated to the Romanians Ministry of Education.

Education Main high schools are:

  • Colegiul Național Gheorge Roșca Codreanu (Gheorghe Roșca Codreanu National College) - the only national college in Vaslui County;
  • Liceul Teoretic Mihai Eminescu (Mihai Eminescu Theoretical High School);
  • Grupul Școlar Industrial Alexandru Ioan Cuza (Alexandru Ioan Cuza Industrial High School);
  • Liceul Tehnologic Petru Rareș (Petru Rares Technological High School);
  • Liceul Pedagogic Ioan Popescu (Ioan Popescu Pedagogical High School).

International relationsEdit

Twin towns—Sister citiesEdit

Bârlad is twinned with:

SportEdit

"Rulmentul Bârlad" is the city's rugby team, currently playing in the first rugby league in Romania. One of the pioneers of rugby in Romania, the first team was created in 1956 under the name of "Constructorul", meaning "The Builder" in Romanian. "S.C. RULMENȚI S.A. Bârlad" was formed later on in 1962, competing in the first tier of the Romanian rugby division ever since. The team colours are white and blue. Notable performances are the winning of the 1986 and 1987 F.R.R cup (Federația Română de Rugby - The Romanian Rugby Cup).

"Fepa '74 Bârlad" was the city's football team, changing its name to "F.C. Bârlad" shortly after. Its best performance was the promotion in the second tier of the Romanian Football Championship in the mid-1980s.

Football

  • FC Bârlad
  • Fepa 74 Bârlad
  • FC Rulmentul Bârlad

Rugby

  • Rulmentul Bârlad

Gymnastics

  • CSS Bârlad

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Results of the 2020 local elections". Central Electoral Bureau. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Populaţia stabilă pe judeţe, municipii, oraşe şi localităti componenete la RPL_2011" (in Romanian). National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  3. ^ Laurențiu Rădvan, Orașele din Țările Române în Evul Mediu, p.486-87. Editura Universității "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" din Iași, 2012, ISBN 978-973-703-719-0
  4. ^ of which one-quarter were Jewish
  5. ^ "Oaspeți francezi, la Primăria Bârlad". primariabarlad.ro (in Romanian). Bârlad. 2018-07-08. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  6. ^ "Kardeş Şehirler". selcuklu.bel.tr (in Turkish). Selçuklu. Retrieved 2020-01-20.

External linksEdit