Ciampino–G. B. Pastine International Airport
Rome—Ciampino International Airport "G. B. Pastine" (Italian: Aeroporto Internazionale di Roma–Ciampino "G. B. Pastine") (IATA: CIA, ICAO: LIRA), is the secondary international airport of Rome, the capital of Italy, after Rome-Fiumicino Airport "Leonardo da Vinci". It is a joint civilian, commercial and military airport situated 6.5 NM (12.0 km; 7.5 mi) south southeast of central Rome, just outside the Greater Ring Road (Italian: Grande Raccordo Anulare or GRA) the circular motorway around the city.
|Rome—Ciampino International Airport "G. B. Pastine"|
Aeroporto Internazionale di Roma–Ciampino "G. B. Pastine"
|Airport type||Public / Military|
|Operator||Aeroporti di Roma|
|Elevation AMSL||427 ft / 130 m|
The airport is an important hub for many low-cost carriers and general aviation traffic. It also hosts a military airport and the headquarters of the 31º Stormo and the 2nd Reparto Genio of the Italian Air Force.
The airport is named after Giovan Battista Pastine, an Italian airship pilot who served in World War I.
Ciampino Airport was opened in 1916 and is one of the oldest airports still in operation.
From here, on April 10th 1926, Umberto Nobile took off on the airship Norge, the first aircraft to reach the North Pole and the first to fly across the polar ice cap from Europe to America. In October 1930, the first helicopter prototype designed by Corradino D'Ascanio was tested at Ciampino Airport, reaching a record altitude of 18 m, 8m45s duration and 1,078 m distance flown.
During World War II, the airport was captured by Allied forces in June 1944, and afterward became a United States Army Air Forces military airfield. Although primarily used as a transport base by C-47 Skytrain aircraft of the 64th Troop Carrier Group, the Twelfth Air Force 86th Bombardment Group flew A-36 Apache combat aircraft from the airport during the immediate period after its capture from German forces.
It was Rome's main airport until 1960, with traffic amounting to over 2 million passengers per year. After the opening of Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport, Ciampino handled almost exclusively charter and executive flights for more than three decades. However, the terminal facilities were extended at the beginning of 2007 to accommodate the growing number of low-cost carrier operations.
The airport features a single, one-storey passenger terminal building containing the departures and arrivals facilities. The departures area consists of a main hall with some stores and service facilities as well as 31 check-in counters and 16 departure gates using walk or bus boarding as there are no jet-bridges. The arrivals area has a separate entrance and features four baggage belts as well as some more service counters.
The airport hosts a fleet of Bombardier 415 aerial firefighting aircraft. It is also used by express logistics companies such as DHL, by official flights of the Italian Government and by planes of dignitaries visiting the Italian capital. There is also an additional smaller general aviation terminal, although private flights have now mainly been transferred to Rome Urbe Airport.
Airlines and destinationsEdit
The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Ciampino Airport:
|Ryanair|| Athens, Beauvais, Berlin–Schönefeld, Bordeaux, Bratislava, Bucharest, Budapest, Cagliari, Charleroi, Cologne/Bonn, Comiso, Copenhagen, Dublin, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Eindhoven, Hahn, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, Kraków, Lisbon, London–Stansted, Lourdes, Madrid, Manchester, Marrakesh, Marseille, Nuremberg, Porto, Poznań, Prague, Rabat, Santander, Sofia, Stockholm–Skavsta, Thessaloniki, Trieste, Valencia, Vilnius, Warsaw-Modlin, Weeze, Wrocław |
Seasonal: Aqaba, Billund, Corfu, Glasgow–Prestwick, Gothenburg, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos
|Wizz Air||Bucharest, Chișinău, Craiova, Iași, Katowice, Skopje, Suceava, Timișoara|
After decades of stagnation in scheduled traffic, low-cost carriers have boosted Ciampino; it is now one of the busiest and fastest growing airports in Italy. Passenger traffic in 2007 was 5,402,000 (9.24% up from 2006; 2006 itself had seen an increase of 16.75% compared to 2005). Traffic has grown so much that noise complaints are now forcing the Italian Ministry of Transport to look for a third airport for Rome, which could take over some part of the excess traffic of Ciampino. Passenger traffic in 2008 was 4,788,931 with a decrease of 11.31% compared to 2007 due to economic crisis and EasyJet gradually moving routes to Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport. In 2014, passenger traffic amounted to 5,018,289, and in 2015 the airport handled 5,834,201 passengers.
There are direct bus connections both to Roma Termini railway station and to close local stations (either to Anagnina, served by the metro or to Ciampino railway station, served by trains to Rome Termini station and other destinations, including Frosinone, Albano Laziale and Potenza). COTRAL/Schiaffini operates buses from outside the terminal building to both Anagnina metro station and Ciampino railway station every 15 minutes. Bus operators Terravision, Schiaffini and BusShuttle run a direct service to Roma Termini, travel time is about 40 minutes.
Since September 2017, the ATAC bus line 720 terminates at the arrival area of the airport; the connection allows reaching Laurentina subway station. The route is included in the ticket price / Atac urban subscription, being the stop in the territory of Rome.
The Appian Way can be reached on foot in 10 minutes (750 m) from the terminal building. This ancient roman road is a popular walking route. 11 km north-west along this road one reaches the start of the road at the Porta San Sebastiano, 3 km south-east along this road one reaches the train station of Santa Maria delle Mole.
Accidents and incidentsEdit
- Defects in the design of the de Havilland Comet jet airliner were discovered as the result of inflight breakups on two Comets that departed from Ciampino:
- On 10 January 1954, BOAC Flight 781, a de Havilland Comet, broke up in mid air and crashed into the Mediterranean twenty minutes after takeoff from Ciampino Airport, en route to London Heathrow Airport.
- On 8 April 1954, two weeks after Comets were allowed to resume flying following a temporary grounding resulting from the previous crash, South African Airways Flight 201, another Comet, broke up shortly after takeoff and crashed not far from Ponza.
- On 21 December 1959, Vickers Viscount I-LIZT of Alitalia crashed short of the runway on a training flight exercise in landing with two engines inoperative. Both people on board were killed.
- On 10 November 2008, Ryanair Flight 4102 from Hahn suffered damage during landing. The cause of the accident was stated to be birdstrikes affecting both engines. The port undercarriage of the Boeing 737-8AS collapsed. The aircraft involved was Boeing 737-8AS EI-DYG, delivered new to Ryanair from Boeing. There were 6 crew and 166 passengers on board. The airport was closed for over 24 hours as a result of the accident. Two crew and eight passengers were taken to hospital with minor injuries. As well as damage to the engines and undercarriage, the rear fuselage was also damaged by contact with the runway.
- "EAD Basic - Error Page". www.ead.eurocontrol.int. Archived from the original on 25 February 2009. Retrieved 3 May 2018.
- "Statistiche Dicembre 2017 - Assaeroporti". www.assaeroporti.com. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
- Maurer, Maurer. Air Force Combat Units of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1983. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
- "Airport map - Aeroporti di Roma". www.adr.it. Archived from the original on 14 October 2017. Retrieved 3 May 2018.
- "Italian flying firefighters". Aeromedia. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 20 December 2015.
- adr.it – Destinations Archived 20 June 2015 at the Wayback Machine. retrieved 20 June 2015
- "Traffic data". archive.org. 21 December 2002. Archived from the original on 21 December 2002. Retrieved 3 May 2018.
- "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on 12 July 2011. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
- "Bird-hit jet in emergency landing". BBC News Online. 10 November 2008. Archived from the original on 15 November 2008. Retrieved 11 November 2008.
- "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on 9 July 2011. Retrieved 11 November 2008.
- "Airport Remains Closed Following Ryanair Flight's Emergency Landing". Belfast Telegraph. Retrieved 11 November 2008.
- "Accident: Ryanair B738 at Rome on Nov 10th 2008, engine and landing gear trouble, temporarily departed runway". The Aviation Herald. Retrieved 11 November 2008.
- "PICTURES: Bird-struck Ryanair 737 extensively damaged". flightglobal.com. Archived from the original on 25 January 2009. Retrieved 13 November 2008.