Stuttgart Airport

Stuttgart Airport (German: Flughafen Stuttgart, formerly Flughafen Stuttgart-Echterdingen) (IATA: STR, ICAO: EDDS) is the international airport of Stuttgart, the capital of the German state of Baden-Württemberg. It is christened in honor of Stuttgart's former mayor, Manfred Rommel,[3] and is the sixth busiest airport in Germany with 11,832,634 passengers having passed through its doors in 2018. The airport is an important hub for Eurowings and features flights to several European cities and leisure destinations, as well as a long-haul service to Atlanta.

Stuttgart Airport

Flughafen Stuttgart
Stuttgart Airport Logo.svg
Luftbild EDDS edit.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorFlughafen Stuttgart GmbH
ServesStuttgart, Germany
Hub forEurowings
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL1,276 ft / 389 m
Coordinates48°41′24″N 009°13′19″E / 48.69000°N 9.22194°E / 48.69000; 9.22194Coordinates: 48°41′24″N 009°13′19″E / 48.69000°N 9.22194°E / 48.69000; 9.22194
Websitestuttgart-airport.com
Maps
Map of the Airport
Map of the Airport
STR is located in Baden-Württemberg
STR
STR
Location within Baden-Württemberg
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25 3,345 10,974 Concrete
Helipads
Number Length Surface
m ft
H1 30 98 Concrete
Statistics (2018)
Passengers11,832,634
Passenger change 17-18Increase7.8%
Aircraft movements137,632
Movements change 17-18Increase7.5%
Sources: Passenger Traffic, ACI Europe[1]
German AIP at EUROCONTROL[2]

The airport is located approximately 13 km (8.1 mi) (10 km (6.2 mi) in a straight line) south[2] of Stuttgart and lies on the boundary between the nearby town of Leinfelden-Echterdingen, Filderstadt and Stuttgart itself. In 2007, the Stuttgart Trade Fair – the ninth biggest exhibition centre in Germany – moved to grounds directly next to the airport. Additionally, the global headquarters for car parking company APCOA Parking are located here.

HistoryEdit

First years and World War IIEdit

The airport was built in 1939 to replace Böblingen Airport. In 1945, the United States Army took over the airport until returning it to German authorities in 1948.

For the duration of the Cold War the runway and facilities were shared with the United States Army who operated helicopters, the Grumman OV-1 Mohawk and other fixed wing aircraft as Echterdingen Army Airfield on the southern portion of the airfield.[4][5] Some of the units operating at Echterdingen were headquartered at nearby Nellingen Kaserne- now closed and redeveloped.[6] In 1984-5, the 223rd Aviation Battalion (Combat) of the 11th Aviation Group (Combat) was headquartered at Echterdingen, with three aviation companies assigned (one at Schwäbisch Hall).[7] The U.S. Army still maintains a small helicopter base - Stuttgart Army Airfield - on the southern side of the airport, which it shares with the Baden-Württemberg State Police helicopter wing. The police helicopter wing falls under the control of Stuttgart Police Department and has six modern helicopters based at Stuttgart and two in Söllingen.

Later developmentEdit

The airport was expanded after World War II. The runway was extended to 1,800 m (5,906 ft) in 1948, then to 2,250 m (7,382 ft) in 1961 and finally to 3,345 m (10,974 ft) in 1996. Renovation was scheduled for 2020, full closure phase was preponed to be completed in April during the corona lockdown. [8]

The original 1938 terminal was finally replaced in 2004 and there are now four terminals with a maximum capacity of approximately 12 million passengers.

Politicians, town planners and nearby residents have been arguing for years about the construction of a second runway. However, on 25 June 2008 Minister-President Günther Oettinger announced that for the next 8–12 years no second runway will be built and that the restrictions for night operations stay in place.[9][10]

After the death of former mayor Manfred Rommel in November 2013 local politicians proposed to rename the airport after him.[11] This proposal caused public disputes as he was the son of Erwin Rommel but also highly respected for his work on intercultural affairs.[12] In July 2014 it has been announced that the airport will be named Flughafen Stuttgart - Manfred Rommel Flughafen from now on.[13] In September 2016, the airport unveiled new branding and corporate design, changing its official name from Flughafen Stuttgart to Stuttgart Airport.[14]

In September 2014, United Airlines cancelled their route to Stuttgart from Newark due to insufficient demand[15] leaving Stuttgart Airport with only one remaining long-haul connection to Atlanta provided by Delta Air Lines.

In October 2014, easyJet announced they would serve Stuttgart as their seventh German destination by March 2015.[16] In December 2014, Ryanair also announced added Stuttgart six weekly flights to Manchester from April 2015.[17]

Air Berlin announced the start of a service to Abu Dhabi from December 2014.[18] On 31 May 2016, Air Berlin ceased its flights to Abu Dhabi.[19] In October 2016, Air Berlin announced it would close its maintenance facilities at the airport due to cost cutting and restructuring measures.[20]

In July 2020, Lauda announced the closure of their base at Stuttgart Airport - which has been operated as a wetlease for Ryanair - by October 2020. Prior to this announcement, the base staff rejected a new labour agreement.[21]

TerminalsEdit

Stuttgart Airport consists of four passenger terminals which have separate check-in facilities and entrances but are directly connected to each other and share a single airside area which features eight Jet bridges as well as about two dozen bus-boarding stands.[22]

  • Terminal 1 is the first of two landside main halls and features together with its addition Terminal 1-West 50 check-in counters. It shares the roof with Terminals 2 and 3 and is mainly used by Eurowings and Turkish Airlines / Lauda Airlines
  • Terminal 2 is a small area featuring nine check-in counters and a security checkpoint. It is located within the shopping area between the main halls of Terminals 1 and 3. It is used by Lufthansa & Star Alliance partners in addition to their counters in Terminal 1.
  • Terminal 3 is the second of the two landside main halls east of Terminal 1 and 2 and features 39 additional check-in counters. It is used by TUIfly and KLM among several other airlines.
  • Terminal 4 is, unlike the other three terminals, a separate and very basic equipped building to the east of Terminals 1 to 3 but also connected to them by a walk way. It features 17 more check-in counters as well as several bus-boarding gates and is used mostly for holiday charter operations. In March 2018, the airport administration announced that Terminal 4 will be entirely rebuilt and expanded in the coming years.[23]

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Stuttgart Airport:[24]

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens, Thessaloniki
Seasonal: Heraklion
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Malta Malta
Air Serbia Belgrade
airBaltic Riga
AIS Airlines Münster/Osnabrück
Alitalia Milan–Linate
AnadoluJet Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Austrian Airlines Graz, Vienna
Blue Air Bacău, Bucharest, Sibiu
British Airways London–Heathrow
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna
Condor Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Palma de Mallorca, Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Corfu, Funchal, Heraklion, Kos, Preveza/Lefkada, Rhodes, Samos, Skiathos
Corendon Airlines Antalya
Seasonal: Bodrum, Gazipaşa, İzmir, Kayseri, Rhodes
Delta Air Lines Atlanta (suspended)[25]
easyJet London–Gatwick, Milan–Malpensa, Porto
Seasonal: Edinburgh
Ellinair Thessaloniki
Seasonal: Heraklion
Eurowings Alicante, Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Beirut (begins 2 February 2021),[26] Belgrade, Berlin–Tegel, Bilbao, Bremen, Brindisi, Bucharest, Brussels, Budapest, Catania, Dresden, Faro, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Hanover, Kraków, La Palma, Larnaca, Leipzig/Halle, Lisbon, London–Heathrow, Málaga, Milan–Malpensa, Naples, Nice, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Pristina, Rome–Fiumicino, Sarajevo, Sofia, Split, Thessaloniki, Timișoara, Valencia, Venice, Vienna, Zagreb
Seasonal: Antalya, Arvidsjaur, Bari, Bastia, Burgas, Cagliari, Chania, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Fuerteventura (begins 25 October 2020),[27] Heraklion, Heringsdorf, Ibiza, İzmir, Kavala, Lamezia Terme, Lanzarote, Olbia, Osijek, Pisa, Pula, Rhodes, Rijeka, Santorini, Sylt, Tenerife–South, Varna, Zadar, Zakynthos
Finnair Helsinki
Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya
Holiday Europe Seasonal charter: Hurghada,[28] Marsa Alam,[28] Sharm El Sheikh[28]
Iberia Express Madrid
Israir Seasonal: Tel Aviv
KLM Amsterdam
LOT Polish Airlines Budapest, Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Lübeck Air Lübeck
Nouvelair Djerba
Seasonal: Monastir
Onur Air Seasonal: Antalya, Istanbul
Orange2Fly Charter: Pristina[29]
Pegasus Airlines Ankara, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen, İzmir, Kayseri
Ryanair Palma de Mallorca
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Stockholm–Arlanda
SunExpress Ankara, Antalya, Gaziantep, İzmir
Seasonal: Adana, Konya, Samsun
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
Tailwind Airlines Antalya
Seasonal: Adana, Kayseri
TUI fly Deutschland Boa Vista, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Marsa Alam, Sal, Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Corfu, Dalaman, Faro, Funchal, Heraklion, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Patras, Rhodes
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Seasonal: Adana, Ankara, Antalya, Gaziantep, İzmir, Kayseri, Ordu/Giresun, Samsun, Trabzon
Twin Jet Lyon
Vueling Barcelona, Palma de Mallorca

CargoEdit

AirlinesDestinations
DHL Aviation[30] Cologne/Bonn, Leipzig/Halle

StatisticsEdit

 
Aerial view of the airport and Stuttgart Trade Fair
 
Apron view
 
Terminals 1 to 3, land side view
 
Control tower
 
One of the two main halls
 
Departure area

Passengers and movementsEdit

Passengers Movements
1999 7,688,951 119,904
2000   8,141,020   150,451
2001   7,642,409   146,771
2002   7,284,319   144,208
2003   7,595,286   144,903
2004   8,831,216   156,885
2005   9,413,671   160,405
2006   10,111,346   164,735
2007   10,328,120   164,531
2008   9,932,887   160,243
2009   8,941,990   141,572
2010   9,226,546   135,335
2011   9,591,461   136,580
2012   9,735,087   131,524
2013   9,588,692   124,588
2014   9,728,710   122,818
2015   10,526,920   130,485
2016   10,640,610   129,704
2017   10,975,639   127,981
2018   11,832,634   137,632
2019   12,721,441   -
Source: Stuttgart Airport[31]

Largest airlinesEdit

Largest airlines by passengers (2017)[32]
Rank Airline %
1   Eurowings 36.2%
2   Air Berlin 7.2%
3   TUIfly 6.6%
4   Lufthansa 5.1%
5   SunExpress and
  SunExpress Deutschland
4.8%
6   Condor 4.7%
7   Turkish Airlines 4.6%
8   Niki 3.0%
9   EasyJet 2.9%
10   KLM 2.4%

Busiest routesEdit

Busiest domestic routes out of Stuttgart Airport (2017)[33]
Rank Destination Passengers
1   Berlin, Tegel Airport   1,037,000
2   Hamburg, Hamburg Airport   689,100
3   Hesse, Frankfurt Airport   370,500
4   Bavaria, Munich Airport   179,600
5   Lower Saxony, Hannover Airport   178,900
6   Bremen, Bremen Airport   163,400
7   North Rhine-Westphalia, Düsseldorf Airport   119,700
8   Saxony, Dresden Airport   102,100
Busiest international routes out of Stuttgart Airport (2016)[33]
Rank Destination Passengers
1   Spain, Palma de Mallorca Airport   730,700
2   Turkey, Istanbul (Atatürk Airport and Sabiha Gökçen Airport)   643,500
3   United Kingdom, London (Heathrow Airport, Stansted Airport and Gatwick Airport)   520,200
4   Austria, Vienna International Airport   367,100
5   Turkey, Antalya Airport   363,900
6   Netherlands, Amsterdam Airport   311,600
7   Spain, Barcelona Airport   239,800
8   Switzerland, Zurich Airport   193,800
9   Greece, Athens Airport, Thessaloniki Airport   180,000
10   France, Paris Paris–Charles de Gaulle Airport   178,700

Ground transportationEdit

 
The motorway leading to the airport with a large car park across it
 
Stuttgart Flughafen/Messe station

CarEdit

There are two major highways: Just north of the airport runs the Bundesautobahn 8 (A8), which connects the cities of Karlsruhe and Stuttgart to Ulm, Augsburg and Munich. The Bundesstraße 27 (B27) leads to downtown Stuttgart, as well as to Tübingen and Reutlingen in the South.

CoachEdit

From the regional cities of Esslingen am Neckar, Reutlingen, Tübingen and Kirchheim exists a connection by coach. Additionally, German long-distance coach operators DeinBus and Flixbus maintain their stop for Stuttgart on the airport grounds with direct connections to several major cities.

Suburban railwayEdit

Stuttgart Airport can be easily reached within 30 minutes from the city's main railway station using the Stuttgart suburban railway S2 or S3 from Stuttgart Flughafen/Messe station.

Future long-distance railwayEdit

It is planned to connect the airport with the future Stuttgart - Ulm high-speed railway line currently under construction as part of the major Stuttgart 21 railway redevelopment program. Therefore, a new long-distance train station will be built on the airport's grounds near the existing suburban railway station. The new station, which will be served by ICE high-speed trains will be connected to the new line by an underground loop track. The Stuttgart-Ulm line is scheduled to be opened in 2020 while the new airport connection is planned to be inaugurated in 2022.[34]

Accidents and incidentsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "ACI EUROPE Airport Traffic Report. December, Q4 and Full Year 2015" (PDF). Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  2. ^ a b "EAD Basic". Euro Control. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
  3. ^ "Namenserweiterung in Manfred Rommel Flughafen" (Press release) (in German). Flughafen Stuttgart GmbH. 22 October 2014. Archived from the original on 7 November 2014. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  4. ^ http://www.mil-airfields.de/de/stuttgart-echterdingen.htm
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ http://www.billybils.de/Seite%204_65.htm
  7. ^ Isby and Kamps, Armies of NATO's Central Front, Jane's, 1985, 375.
  8. ^ "Partial renewal of the runway". Stuttgart Airport. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  9. ^ Flughafen bekommt keine zweite Startbahn Archived 16 September 2010 at the Wayback Machine. Stuttgarter Zeitung online vom 25. Juni 2008 (in German).
  10. ^ Das Versprechen gilt nur auf "absehbare Zeit" Archived 26 June 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Stuttgarter Zeitung online vom 25. Juni 2008 (in German).
  11. ^ Stuttgarter Nachrichten, Stuttgart, Germany (9 November 2013). "Manfred-Rommel-Flughafen?: CDU will Stuttgarter Flughafen umbenennen - Stuttgart - Stuttgarter Nachrichten". Retrieved 4 June 2015.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  12. ^ Stuttgarter Zeitung, Stuttgart, Germany (15 July 2014). "Manfred-Rommel-Flughafen: Flughafen Stuttgart mit neuem Namen - Stuttgart - Stuttgarter Zeitung". stuttgarter-zeitung.de. Retrieved 4 June 2015.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  13. ^ "aero.de - Luftfahrt-Nachrichten und -Community". aero.de. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  14. ^ http://www.designtagebuch.de/aus-flughafen-stuttgart-wird-stuttgart-airport/
  15. ^ FVW Medien GmbH. "United Airlines: Aus für Stuttgart–New York". biztravel.de. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  16. ^ FVW Medien GmbH. "Easyjet: Noch drei Deutschland-Routen". biztravel.de. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  17. ^ http://www.airliners.de/ryanair-flughafen-stuttgart/34475
  18. ^ "airberlin presse – airberlin plant Flüge von Stuttgart nach Abu Dhabi". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  19. ^ airberlingroup.com - airberlin withdraws from Stuttgart - Abu Dhabi route 18 March 2016
  20. ^ rbb-online.de - "Air Berlin wants to cancel nearly 500 staff nationwide" (German) 14 October 2016
  21. ^ swr.de (German) 17 July 2020
  22. ^ "Terminal guide". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  23. ^ http://www.airliners.de/stuttgart-flughafen-schoefer-interview/44069
  24. ^ "Saisonflugplan". Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  25. ^ routesonline.com 8 August 2020
  26. ^ Liu, Jim. "Eurowings moves forward Beirut / Erbil launch to late-Dec 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 11 October 2020.
  27. ^ Liu, Jim. "Eurowings W20 network additions". Routesonline. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
  28. ^ a b c "Flight". fti.de.
  29. ^ https://www.flyrbp.com/
  30. ^ "PRESSEMITTEILUNGEN" (in German). Stuttgart Airport. 22 September 2017.
  31. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 March 2017. Retrieved 22 April 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  32. ^ https://www.flughafen-stuttgart.de/media/240700/jahresbericht_2017.pdf
  33. ^ a b "Statistisches Bundesamt: Luftverkehr auf Hauptverkehrsflughäfen Publikation 2017" (PDF). Destatis. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
  34. ^ stuttgarter-nachrichten.de - "Airport station finished by 2022" 1 August 2012
  35. ^ "Accident: BinAir SW4 at Stuttgart on Jan 19th 2010, right main gear collapsed on landing". The Aviation Herald. Retrieved 20 January 2010.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Stuttgart Airport at Wikimedia Commons