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Stuttgart Airport (German: Flughafen Stuttgart, formerly Flughafen Stuttgart-Echterdingen) (IATA: STR, ICAO: EDDS) is the international airport of Stuttgart, the capital of the German state Baden-Württemberg. It is christened after Stuttgart's former mayor, Manfred Rommel[3] and is the sixth busiest airport in Germany with 10.5 million passengers having passed through its doors in 2015. The airport is an important hub for Eurowings and features flights to several European cities and leisure destinations as well as a long-haul service to Atlanta.

Stuttgart Airport

Flughafen Stuttgart
Stuttgart Airport Logo.svg
16-09-16-Flugplatz Stuttgart-RR2 5859.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorFlughafen Stuttgart GmbH
ServesStuttgart, Germany
Hub forEurowings
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL1,276 ft / 389 m
Coordinates48°41′24″N 009°13′19″E / 48.69000°N 9.22194°E / 48.69000; 9.22194Coordinates: 48°41′24″N 009°13′19″E / 48.69000°N 9.22194°E / 48.69000; 9.22194
Websitestuttgart-airport.com
Maps
Map of the Airport
Map of the Airport
STR is located in Baden-Württemberg
STR
STR
Location within Baden-Württemberg
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25 3,345 10,974 Concrete
Helipads
Number Length Surface
m ft
H1 30 98 Concrete
Statistics (2015)
Passengers10,512,225
Passenger change 14–15Increase8.2%
Aircraft movements101,169
Movements change 14–15Increase6.7%
Sources: Passenger Traffic, ACI Europe[1]
German AIP at EUROCONTROL[2]

The airport is located approximately 13 km (8.1 mi) (10 km (6.2 mi) in a straight line) south[2] of Stuttgart and lies on the boundary between the nearby town of Leinfelden-Echterdingen, Filderstadt and Stuttgart itself. In 2007, the Stuttgart Trade Fair – the ninth biggest exhibition centre in Germany – moved to grounds directly next to the airport. Additionally, the global headquarters for car parking company APCOA Parking are located here.

Contents

HistoryEdit

First years and World War IIEdit

The airport was built in 1939 to replace Böblingen Airport. In 1945, the United States Army took over the airport until returning it to German authorities in 1948.

For the duration of the Cold War the runway and facilities were shared with the United States Army who operated helicopters, the Grumman OV-1 Mohawk and other fixed wing aircraft as Echterdingen Army Airfield on the southern portion of the airfield.[4][5] Some of the units operating at Echterdingen were headquartered at nearby Nellingen Kaserne- now closed and redeveloped.[6] In 1984-5, the 223rd Aviation Battalion (Combat) of the 11th Aviation Group (Combat) was headquartered at Echterdingen, with three aviation companies assigned (one at Schwäbisch Hall).[7] The U.S. Army still maintains a small helicopter base - Stuttgart Army Airfield - on the southern side of the airport, which it shares with the Baden-Württemberg State Police helicopter wing. The police helicopter wing falls under the control of Stuttgart Police Department and has six modern helicopters based at Stuttgart and two in Söllingen.

Later developmentEdit

The airport was expanded after World War II. The runway was extended to 1,800 m (5,906 ft) in 1948, then to 2,250 m (7,382 ft) in 1961 and finally to 3,345 m (10,974 ft) in 1996.

The original 1938 terminal was finally replaced in 2004 and there are now four terminals with a maximum capacity of approximately 12 million passengers.

Politicians, town planners and nearby residents have been arguing for years about the construction of a second runway. However, on 25 June 2008 Minister-President Günther Oettinger announced that for the next 8–12 years no second runway will be built and that the restrictions for night operations stay in place.[8][9]

After the death of former mayor Manfred Rommel in November 2013 local politicians proposed to rename the airport after him.[10] This proposal caused public disputes as he was the son of Erwin Rommel but also highly respected for his work on intercultural affairs.[11] In July 2014 it has been announced that the airport will be named Flughafen Stuttgart - Manfred Rommel Flughafen from now on.[12] In September 2016, the airport announced a new branding and corporate design changing its official name from Flughafen Stuttgart to Stuttgart Airport.[13]

In September 2014, United Airlines cancelled their route to Stuttgart from Newark due to insufficient demand[14] leaving Stuttgart Airport with only one remaining long-haul connection to Atlanta provided by Delta Air Lines.

In October 2014, easyJet announced to serve Stuttgart as their seventh German destination by March 2015.[15] In December 2014, Ryanair also announced Stuttgart as a new destination of their network serving six weekly flights between Stuttgart and Manchester from April 2015.[16]

Air Berlin announced the start of a service to Abu Dhabi from December 2014.[17] On 31 May 2016, Air Berlin ceased its flights to Abu Dhabi.[18] In October 2016, Air Berlin announced to close its maintenance facilities at the airport due to cost cutting and restructuring measures.[19]

TerminalsEdit

Stuttgart Airport consists of four passenger terminals which have separate check-in facilities and entrances but are directly connected to each other and share a single airside area which features eight Jet bridges as well as about two dozen bus-boarding stands.[20]

  • Terminal 1 is the first of two landside main halls and features together with its addition Terminal 1-West 50 check-in counters. It shares the roof with Terminals 2 and 3 and is mainly used by Eurowings and Lufthansa.
  • Terminal 2 is a small area featuring nine check-in counters and a security checkpoint. It is located within the shopping area between the main halls of Terminals 1 and 3. It is used by Eurowings in addition to their counters in Terminal 1.
  • Terminal 3 is the second of the two landside main halls east of Terminal 1 and 2 and features 39 additional check-in counters. It is used by TUIfly and KLM among several other airlines.
  • Terminal 4 is, unlike the other three terminals, a separate and very basic equipped building to the east of Terminals 1 to 3 but also connected to them by a walk way. It features 17 more check-in counters as well as several bus-boarding gates and is used mostly for holiday charter operations. In March 2018, the airport administration announced that Terminal 4 will be entirely rebuilt and expanded in the coming years.[21]

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Stuttgart Airport:[22]

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens, Thessaloniki
Seasonal: Heraklion
Aer Lingus Seasonal: Dublin
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
airBaltic Riga (begins 31 March 2019)[23]
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Serbia Belgrade
AIS Airlines Münster/Osnabrück
AtlasGlobal Seasonal: Antalya
Austrian Airlines Graz, Vienna
Blue Air Bucharest, Sibiu, Turin
British Airways London–Heathrow
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna
Condor[24] Antalya, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Jerez de la Frontera, La Palma, Lanzarote, Palma de Mallorca, Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Agadir, Corfu, Heraklion, Kalamata, Kos, Marrakesh, Preveza, Rhodes, Santorini, Zakynthos
Seasonal charter: Dubai–Al Maktoum[25]
Corendon Airlines Antalya, Marrakech
Seasonal: Izmir (begins 4 June 2019)[26]
Delta Air Lines Atlanta
easyJet Berlin–Tegel, London–Gatwick, Milan–Malpensa, Porto, Venice
Seasonal: Edinburgh, Palma de Mallorca
Ellinair Thessaloniki
Seasonal: Heraklion
Eurowings[27] Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Berlin–Tegel, Bilbao, Bremen, Brindisi, Brussels, Budapest, Catania, Dresden, Düsseldorf, Faro, Hamburg, Hannover, La Palma, Larnaca, Leipzig/Halle, Lisbon, London–Heathrow, Málaga, Milan–Malpensa, Naples, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Pristina, Rome–Fiumicino, Sarajevo, Split, Thessaloniki, Venice, Vienna, Wrocław, Zagreb
Seasonal: Antalya, Arvidsjaur, Bari, Bastia, Burgas, Cagliari, Chania, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Gran Canaria, Heraklion, Heringsdorf, Ibiza, Izmir, Kavala, Kraków, Lamezia Terme, Lanzarote, Newquay, Olbia, Osijek, Palermo, Pisa, Pula, Rhodes, Rijeka, Santorini, Sylt, Tenerife–South, Valencia, Varna, Zadar, Zakynthos
Finnair Helsinki
Flybe Birmingham
flybmi Rostock (ends 6 January 2019)[28]
Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya
Germania Pristina
Iberia Express Madrid
KLM Amsterdam
Laudamotion Bergamo (begins 27 February 2019),[29] Bologna (begins 27 February 2019),[29] Budapest (begins 28 February 2019),[29] Copenhagen (begins 27 February 2019),[29] Gothenburg (begins 1 April 2019),[29] Kraków (begins 3 March 2019),[29] Málaga (begins 1 April 2019),[29] Marseille (begins 31 March 2019),[29] Naples (begins 28 February 2019),[29] Nice (begins 2 April 2019),[29] Treviso (begins 28 February 2019),[29] Vienna (begins 27 February 2019)[29]
Seasonal: Alghero (begins 1 April 2019),[29] Palma de Mallorca, Podgorica (begins 2 April 2019),[29] Pula (begins 2 April 2019),[29] Split (begins 31 March 2019),[29] Verona (begins 31 March 2019),[29] Zadar (begins 31 March 2019)[29]
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Nouvelair Djerba
Seasonal: Monastir
Onur Air Seasonal: Antalya, Istanbul–Atatürk
Orange2Fly Charter: Pristina[30]
Pegasus Airlines Ankara, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen, Izmir, Kayseri
Ryanair Dublin, Manchester, Marrakesh
Seasonal: Palma de Mallorca
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Stockholm–Arlanda
Sun d'Or Seasonal: Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
SunExpress Ankara, Antalya, Gaziantep, Izmir
Seasonal: Adana, Bodrum, Dalaman, Konya (begins 14 June 2019),[31] Samsun
SunExpress Deutschland Ankara, Fuerteventura, Hurghada, Kayseri
Seasonal: Beirut (begins 8 June 2019),[32] Burgas, Diyarbakır (begins 11 June 2019),[33] Enfidha (begins 1 May 2019),[33] Lanzarote, Marsa Alam, Trabzon, Varna
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
Tailwind Airlines Antalya
Seasonal: Adana, Kayseri
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon
TAROM Sibiu, Timișoara
TUI fly Deutschland Boa Vista, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Antalya, Brindisi, Corfu, Dalaman, Faro, Funchal, Heraklion, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, Kayseri, Kos, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Patras, Rhodes, Sal
Turkish Airlines Antalya (begins 31 March 2019),[34] Istanbul–Atatürk (ends 31 December 2018), Istanbul–Havalimanı (begins 1 January 2019), Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Ankara, Izmir, Kayseri, Ordu–Giresun, Samsun, Trabzon
Twin Jet Lyon
Vueling Barcelona, Palma de Mallorca

CargoEdit

AirlinesDestinations
DHL Aviation Cologne-Bonn,[35] Leipzig/Halle
FedEx Feeder Frankfurt, Katowice, Paris–Charles de Gaulle[citation needed]

StatisticsEdit

 
Aerial view
 
Terminals 1 to 3
 
Control tower
 
One of the two main halls
 
Departure area

Passengers and movementsEdit

Passengers Movements
1999 7,688,951 119,904
2000   8,141,020   150,451
2001   7,642,409   146,771
2002   7,284,319   144,208
2003   7,595,286   144,903
2004   8,831,216   156,885
2005   9,413,671   160,405
2006   10,111,346   164,735
2007   10,328,120   164,531
2008   9,932,887   160,243
2009   8,941,990   141,572
2010   9,226,546   135,335
2011   9,591,461   136,580
2012   9,735,087   131,524
2013   9,588,692   124,588
2014   9,730,531   124,452
2015   10,527,202   130,491
2016   10,640,610   129,704
2017   10,944,096   111,330
Source: Stuttgart Airport[36]

Largest airlinesEdit

Largest airlines by passengers (2017)[37]
Rank Airline %
1   Eurowings 36.2%
2   Air Berlin 7.2%
3   TUIfly 6.6%
4   Lufthansa 5.1%
5   SunExpress and
  SunExpress Deutschland
4.8%
6   Condor 4.7%
7   Turkish Airlines 4.6%
8   Niki 3.0%
9   EasyJet 2.9%
10   KLM 2.4%

Busiest routesEdit

Busiest domestic routes out of Stuttgart Airport (2017)[38]
Rank Destination Passengers
1   Berlin, Tegel Airport   1,037,000
2   Hamburg, Hamburg Airport   689,100
3   Hesse, Frankfurt Airport   370,500
4   Bavaria, Munich Airport   179,600
5   Lower Saxony, Hannover Airport   178,900
6   Bremen, Bremen Airport   163,400
7   North Rhine-Westphalia, Düsseldorf Airport   119,700
8   Saxony, Dresden Airport   102,100
Busiest international routes out of Stuttgart Airport (2016)[38]
Rank Destination Passengers
1   Spain, Palma de Mallorca Airport   730,700
2   Turkey, Istanbul (Atatürk Airport and Sabiha Gökçen Airport)   643,500
3   United Kingdom, London (Heathrow Airport, Stansted Airport and Gatwick Airport)   520,200
4   Austria, Vienna International Airport   367,100
5   Turkey, Antalya Airport   363,900
6   Netherlands, Amsterdam Airport   311,600
7   Spain, Barcelona Airport   239,800
8   Switzerland, Zürich Airport   193,800
9   Greece, Thessaloniki Airport   180,000
10   France, Paris Paris–Charles de Gaulle Airport   178,700

Ground transportationEdit

 
The motorway leading to the airport with a large car park across it
 
Stuttgart Flughafen/Messe station

CarEdit

There are two major highways: Just north of the airport runs the Bundesautobahn 8 (A8), which connects the cities of Karlsruhe and Stuttgart to Ulm, Augsburg and Munich. The Bundesstraße 27 (B27) leads to downtown Stuttgart, as well as to Tübingen and Reutlingen in the South.

CoachEdit

From the regional cities of Esslingen am Neckar, Reutlingen, Tübingen and Kirchheim exists a connection by coach. Additionally, German long-distance coach operators DeinBus and Flixbus maintain their stop for Stuttgart on the airport grounds with direct connections to several major cities.

Suburban railwayEdit

Stuttgart Airport can be easily reached within 30 minutes from the city's main railway station using the Stuttgart suburban railway S2 or S3 from Stuttgart Flughafen/Messe station.

Future long-distance railwayEdit

It is planned to connect the airport with the future Stuttgart - Ulm high-speed railway line currently under construction as part of the major Stuttgart 21 railway redevelopment program. Therefore, a new long-distance train station will be built on the airport's grounds near the existing suburban railway station. The new station, which will be served by ICE high-speed trains will be connected to the new line by an underground loop track. The Stuttgart-Ulm line is scheduled to be opened in 2020 while the new airport connection is planned to be inaugurated in 2022.[39]

Accidents and incidentsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "ACI EUROPE Airport Traffic Report. December, Q4 and Full Year 2015" (PDF). Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  2. ^ a b "EAD Basic". Euro Control. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
  3. ^ "Namenserweiterung in Manfred Rommel Flughafen" (Press release) (in German). Flughafen Stuttgart GmbH. 22 October 2014. Archived from the original on 7 November 2014. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  4. ^ http://www.mil-airfields.de/de/stuttgart-echterdingen.htm
  5. ^ http://www.usarmygermany.com/Sont.htm?http&&&www.usarmygermany.com/Units/Army%20Aviation/USAREUR_Stuttgart.htm
  6. ^ http://www.billybils.de/Seite%204_65.htm
  7. ^ Isby and Kamps, Armies of NATO's Central Front, Jane's, 1985, 375.
  8. ^ Flughafen bekommt keine zweite Startbahn Archived 16 September 2010 at the Wayback Machine.. Stuttgarter Zeitung online vom 25. Juni 2008 (in German).
  9. ^ Das Versprechen gilt nur auf "absehbare Zeit" Archived 26 June 2008 at the Wayback Machine.. Stuttgarter Zeitung online vom 25. Juni 2008 (in German).
  10. ^ Stuttgarter Nachrichten, Stuttgart, Germany (9 November 2013). "Manfred-Rommel-Flughafen?: CDU will Stuttgarter Flughafen umbenennen - Stuttgart - Stuttgarter Nachrichten". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  11. ^ Stuttgarter Zeitung, Stuttgart, Germany (15 July 2014). "Manfred-Rommel-Flughafen: Flughafen Stuttgart mit neuem Namen - Stuttgart - Stuttgarter Zeitung". stuttgarter-zeitung.de. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  12. ^ "aero.de - Luftfahrt-Nachrichten und -Community". aero.de. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  13. ^ http://www.designtagebuch.de/aus-flughafen-stuttgart-wird-stuttgart-airport/
  14. ^ FVW Medien GmbH. "United Airlines: Aus für Stuttgart–New York". biztravel.de. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  15. ^ FVW Medien GmbH. "Easyjet: Noch drei Deutschland-Routen". biztravel.de. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  16. ^ http://www.airliners.de/ryanair-flughafen-stuttgart/34475
  17. ^ "airberlin presse – airberlin plant Flüge von Stuttgart nach Abu Dhabi". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  18. ^ airberlingroup.com - airberlin withdraws from Stuttgart - Abu Dhabi route 18 March 2016
  19. ^ rbb-online.de - "Air Berlin wants to cancel nearly 500 staff nationwide" (German) 14 October 2016
  20. ^ "Terminal guide". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  21. ^ http://www.airliners.de/stuttgart-flughafen-schoefer-interview/44069
  22. ^ "Saisonflugplan". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  23. ^ https://www.tvnet.lv/6134022/nakamgad-airbaltic-saks-lidojumus-no-rigas-uz-stutgarti
  24. ^ https://www.condor.com/eu/index.jsp
  25. ^ https://www.condor.com/eu/generated/timetable_W2018.pdf
  26. ^ "Corendon Airlines Starts Izmir Flights in 2019 Season". corendonairlines.com. 2 October 2018.
  27. ^ eurowings.com - Route network retrieved 16 September 2018
  28. ^ airliners.de - BMI Regional stellt Flüge von Rostock nach Stuttgart ein "BMI Regional ends flights from Rostock to Stuttgart" (German) 6 December 2018
  29. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "Laudamotion outlines S19 Stuttgart network". routesonline.com. 18 October 2018.
  30. ^ https://www.flyrbp.com/
  31. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/281121/sunexpress-s19-network-additions-as-of-18oct18/
  32. ^ "Flight Schedule". sunexpress.com. 28 October 2018.
  33. ^ a b 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "SunExpress Germany S19 network additions as of 18OCT18". routesonline.com.
  34. ^ "Turkish Airlines adds Antalya – Stuttgart service in S19". routesonline. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  35. ^ http://www.flughafen-stuttgart.de/newsroom/pressebereich/pressemitteilungen/2017/frachtgeschaeft-am-landesflughafen-legt-zu-zweite-dhl-maschine-im-flugplan
  36. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 March 2017. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
  37. ^ https://www.flughafen-stuttgart.de/media/240700/jahresbericht_2017.pdf
  38. ^ a b "Statistisches Bundesamt: Luftverkehr auf Hauptverkehrsflughäfen Publikation 2017" (PDF). Destatis. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
  39. ^ stuttgarter-nachrichten.de - "Airport station finished by 2022" 1 August 2012
  40. ^ "Accident: BinAir SW4 at Stuttgart on Jan 19th 2010, right main gear collapsed on landing". The Aviation Herald. Retrieved 20 January 2010.

External linksEdit