Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup (Danish: Københavns Lufthavn, Kastrup, pronounced [kʰøpm̩ˈhɑwns ˈlɔftˌhɑwˀn ˈkʰæˌstʁɔp]) (IATA: CPH, ICAO: EKCH) is an international airport serving Copenhagen, the capital of Denmark, as well as Zealand, the Øresund Region, and southern Sweden including Scania. In 2023 it is the largest airport in the Nordic countries.

Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup

Københavns Lufthavn, Kastrup
Summary
Airport typePublic
Owner/OperatorKøbenhavns Lufthavne
Serves
LocationKastrup, Tårnby, Copenhagen, Denmark
Opened20 April 1925; 99 years ago (1925-04-20)
Hub forScandinavian Airlines
Focus city for
Operating base for
Elevation AMSL5 m / 17 ft
Coordinates55°37′05″N 012°39′22″E / 55.61806°N 12.65611°E / 55.61806; 12.65611
Websitewww.cph.dk
Map
CPH/EKCH is located in Denmark
CPH/EKCH
CPH/EKCH
Location within Denmark
CPH/EKCH is located in Capital Region
CPH/EKCH
CPH/EKCH
CPH/EKCH (Capital Region)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
04L/22R 3,600 11,810 Asphalt
04R/22L 3,300 10,827 Asphalt
12/30 2,800 9,186 Asphalt/concrete
Statistics (2023)
PassengersIncrease26,765,393[2]
DomesticDecrease1,198,571[2]
InternationalIncrease25,566,822[2]
Aircraft movementsIncrease227,342[2]
Source: cph.dk[2]

As the Nordic countries' largest airport, it served 30.3 million passengers in 2019. It is one of the oldest international airports in Europe, the fourth-busiest in Northern Europe, and the busiest for international travel in Scandinavia.[3]

The airport is on the island of Amager, 8 kilometres (5 miles) south of Copenhagen city centre, and 24 km (15 mi) west of Malmö city centre, to which it is connected by the Øresund Bridge. The airport covers an area of 11.8 km2 (4.6 sq mi).[4] Most of the airport is in the municipality of Tårnby, with a small part in the city of Dragør.

The airport is the main hub out of three used by Scandinavian Airlines and is also an operating base for Sunclass Airlines and Norwegian Air Shuttle. Copenhagen Airport handles around 60 scheduled airlines, and has a maximum operation capability of 83 operations/hour, and a total of 108 jet bridges and remote parking stands. Unlike other Scandinavian airports, most of the airport's passengers are international. In 2015, 6.1% of passengers travelled to and from other Danish airports, 83.5% to/from other European airports, and 10.4% were intercontinental passengers.[5] The airport is owned by Københavns Lufthavne, which also operates Roskilde Airport. The airport employs 1,700 people (not including employees in shops, restaurants, etc.).[6]

Copenhagen Airport was originally called Kastrup Airport, after the small town of Kastrup, now part of the Tårnby municipality. The formal name is still Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup, to distinguish it from Roskilde Airport.

History

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Kastrup Airport in the 1960s
 
Check-in desks at Terminal 2
 
Exterior of Terminal 3
 
Map showing the terminals and runways

The airport was inaugurated 20 April 1925 and was one of the first civil airports in the world. It consisted of a large, impressive terminal built of wood, a couple of hangars, a balloon mast, a hydroplane landing stage and a few grassy meadows that could be used as runways. The grass on the runways was kept short by sheep, which were shepherded away before take-offs and landings. From 1932 to 1939, takeoffs and landings increased from 6,000 to 50,000 and passenger number increased to 72,000. Between 1936 and 1939, a new terminal was built, considered one of the finest examples of Nordic functionalism. The terminal was designed by Vilhelm Lauritzen, who was considered a pioneer among architects, in terms not only of architecture and construction, but also of service and passenger comfort.[7]

In the years of World War II, the Copenhagen airport was closed for civil operations except for periodic flights to destinations in Sweden, Germany, and Austria. In the summer of 1941 the first hard-surface runway opened. It was 1,400 metres (4,600 ft) long and 65 m (213 ft) wide. When World War II ended in May 1945, Copenhagen had the most modern international airport in Europe, because the airport remained untouched by actual acts of war.

On 1 August 1947, Scandinavian Airlines (SAS) was founded, an important event for the Copenhagen Airport, as Copenhagen was to be the main hub for the airline. Traffic increased rapidly in the first years SAS operated. On 26 January 1947, a KLM Douglas DC-3 "Dakota" crashed at the airport after stopping en route to Stockholm. 22 people on board died, including the Swedish prince Gustav Adolf and the American opera singer Grace Moore. In 1948, Copenhagen airport was third largest airport in Europe with 150 daily takeoffs and almost 300,000 passengers for the year. The airport continued its rapid growth. The terminal was expanded several times and new hangars were erected.

In 1954, Scandinavian Airlines began the world's first trans-polar route, flying initially to Los Angeles. The route proved to be a publicity coup, and for some years Copenhagen became a popular transit point for Hollywood stars and producers flying to Europe – also the airport handled 11,000 tonnes of freight per year.[citation needed] In 1956, the airport handled 1 million passengers per year and won the award[clarification needed] for the world's best airport. The runways were lengthened and fitted with technically advanced equipment.

By 10 May 1960, when the new airport terminal (now Terminal 2) was inaugurated, the daily number of jet operations had increased to 28, and still traffic kept on growing. The large new airport terminal soon became too small, and in 1969 yet another huge expansion programme was launched. Domestic traffic was relocated to a new domestic terminal (the eastern part of Terminal 1). The (current) international terminal was supplemented with a new pier (C) and a separate arrivals hall (the building between Terminals 2 and 3). A new control tower and 3,600 metres (11,800 ft) of additional runways allowed take-offs and landings to take place at the same time. When the comprehensive expansion was completed in 1972, the number of take-offs and landings exceeded 180,000 and there were more than eight million passengers.[8]

Throughout the 1970s, airport traffic continued to grow, but the airport was not expanded further. A new large airport located at the island of Saltholm (with a connecting bridge to Denmark and Sweden) was on the drawing board. It would be a huge investment, and the proposal was evaluated thoroughly by many experts. In 1980, however, the Danish parliament instead decided to expand the capacity of Copenhagen airport to 20–22 million passengers by the year 2000.[citation needed] This solution was far cheaper than building a new airport and, because the new types of aircraft were less noisy, an airport on Saltholm did not offer a decisive environmental gain. In 1973 the airport handled 8 million passengers per year. The third (long) runway opened and the dual runway system (04L/22R-04R/22L) opened, strongly expanding the starts and landings capacity.[citation needed]

The expansion of the airport began in 1982, after the necessary period of planning. The intention was not to build Europe's largest airport, but to build transit passengers' favourite airport. A stay at the airport was supposed to be an integral part of the travel experience. Efficiency and precision were obvious demands, but focus was also on generating an oasis where international travellers could relax: beautiful architecture, Scandinavian design, and pleasant, light, and comfortable surroundings with plenty of shops, restaurants, and other facilities providing enjoyment and pleasure. The new cargo terminal was built in the eastern area of the airport.

From 1984, SAS operated a marine link from the airport to Malmö, across the Øresund to a dedicated terminal in Malmö where luggage could be checked in. From 1984 to 1994, the service was operated by hovercraft, whereas from 1994 to 2000 catamarans were used. The marine link closed in 2000 due to the opening of the Øresund Bridge.[9][10]

A number of important construction projects were completed in 1998: a pier connecting the domestic and international terminals; a new arrivals hall; new modern baggage handling facilities; an underground railway station with two large underground parking facilities with 2400 spaces opens; and above it all the spacious and impressive delta-shaped terminal (Terminal 3) with 17 million passengers capacity. The first stage of the new Pier D was completed in the spring of 1999.[11]

On 1 July 2000 the Øresund Bridge opened which connects Denmark and Sweden by motorway and train. In 2001 the five-star Hilton hotel opened with 382 rooms. In 2006 for the first time in its history Copenhagen airport exceeded 20 million passengers and reached 20,900,000 passengers. In October 2007 the metro station opened, connecting the airport to the Copenhagen Metro. A new control tower opened in 2008 by Naviair as part of a major renovation of the ATC system. Airport officials announced plans to build a new low-cost terminal at the facility. On 31 October 2010 the new low cost terminal CPH Go opened by easyJet.[12] In 2013 the airport handled a new record of 24,067,030 passengers. In 2014 CPH announced plans to increase capacity to 40 million passengers per year.[13] It reached 30 million in 2018.

From late 2015, the airport became the first in Scandinavia to have a regularly scheduled A380 service after Emirates started operating the plane for its Copenhagen route.[14][15]

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic the number of passengers fell dramatically during 2020. There were 7.525 million passengers this year, a majority of these in January and February when restrictions were yet not issued.[16] The Group Annual Report 2020 showed 600 million DKK in deficit.[17]

Facilities

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Terminals

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Copenhagen Airport has two terminals for check-in, Terminals 2 and 3, which handle all flights and share a common airside passenger concourse as well as the arrivals section which houses customs and baggage claim and is physically located in Terminal 3. The airside is reached through a common security check located between Terminal 2 and Terminal 3.

The common airside passenger concourse is divided into piers, called A, B, C, D, E and F.[18] Pier A and B are for flights inside Schengen only. Pier C is mostly for flights outside Schengen. Pier D is mostly for flights inside Schengen. The newest section, CPH Go, now called Pier F, dedicated to low-cost carriers opened in October 2010. So far, EasyJet, Transavia and Ryanair are the only airlines operating from this facility. An all new Terminal 4 has been discussed, but replaced by plans to expand the current facilities in appropriate increments.[19] Copenhagen Airport says passengers have easy transfer possibilities.[20]

Previously all domestic flights departed from Terminal 1, but from 29 March 2015 all departures have been collected in Terminals 2 and 3,[21][22] and Pier C was expanded with another jetbridge at DKK 10M to facilitate the Emirates Airbus A380 to Dubai from December 2015,[23][24] which was the first 2-class A380 carrying 615 passengers.[15][25]

Pier E began construction in 2016 and was finished in May 2019 and opened on June 4, 2019.[26][27] SAS have moved most of its long haul flight from pier C to E.

Runways

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Despite the short distance to the city centre, approaches to, and departures from, the airport are above water due to the heading of the dual parallel runway system (04R/22L & 04L/22R). Those runways point to the Øresund strait, close in both directions. The supplementary runway (30/12) oriented perpendicular to the main runways also has its approach or departure over Øresund in one direction. In the opposite direction, the 30/12 runway has noise restrictions as flight happens close over residential areas.[28] Other advantages are the low altitude of the airport and absence of hills and high buildings below the approach directions. In case of fog, the runway 22L is equipped with an ILS category III C system, which allows modern aircraft to land in zero sight. Runway 04R/22L was widened by 4 meters in each side at DKK 30M to accommodate the Airbus A380, as part of a general concrete renewal program of DKK 300M.[15][23][24]

Airlines and destinations

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Passenger

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The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights at Copenhagen Airport:

AirlinesDestinationsRefs
Aegean Airlines Athens
Seasonal: Kalamata
Air Cairo Seasonal: Hurghada, Sharm El Sheikh[29] [30]
Air Canada Toronto–Pearson
Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau
[31]
Air China Beijing–Capital[32]
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Greenland Kangerlussuaq (ends 28 November 2024),[33] Nuuk (begins 29 November 2024)[33]
Seasonal: Narsarsuaq
Charter: Pituffik[34]
Air India Delhi[35]
Air Montenegro Podgorica[36]
Air Serbia Belgrade
airBaltic Riga, Sandefjord[37][better source needed], Tallinn, Tampere[38][better source needed]
Seasonal: Gran Canaria[39]
[40]
AIS Airlines Midtjyllands[41][42][43]
Alsie Express Sønderborg[44]
American Airlines Seasonal: Philadelphia[45] [46]
Atlantic Airways Vágar
Seasonal charter: Sharm El Sheikh
[47]
Austrian Airlines Vienna
BH Air Seasonal: Burgas[48]
Braathens International Airways Seasonal charter: Antalya (begins 29 June 2024), Enfidha (begins 8 June 2024), Fuerteventura (begins 2 July 2024), Gran Canaria (begins 30 June 2024), Kavala, Lemnos, Palma de Mallorca, Preveza/Lefkada (begins 24 June 2024), Sitia [49]
British Airways London–Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Croatia Airlines Zagreb
DAT Bornholm
Delta Air Lines Seasonal: New York–JFK[50]
easyJet Amsterdam, Basel/Mulhouse, Berlin, Bordeaux, Bristol, Edinburgh, Geneva, London–Gatwick, Lisbon,[51] Lyon, Manchester, Milan–Malpensa, Nice,[52] Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Seasonal: Palma de Mallorca
[53]
Egyptair Cairo
Emirates Dubai–International
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa, Vienna[54]
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi[55]
Eurowings Berlin,[56] Düsseldorf, Prague
Seasonal: Salzburg
Seasonal charter: Innsbruck,[57] Verona[58]
Finnair Doha,[59] Helsinki
FlyErbil Erbil
Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: Bodrum
Iberia Express Madrid
Icelandair Reykjavík–Keflavík
Iraqi Airways Baghdad, Erbil, Najaf[60]
Jet2.com Seasonal: Leeds/Bradford, Newcastle upon Tyne[61]
KLM Amsterdam
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg
Middle East Airlines Beirut
Norwegian Air Shuttle Aalborg, Alicante, Amsterdam, Barcelona, Bergen, Berlin, Budapest, Edinburgh, Faro, Gran Canaria, Helsinki, Kraków, Larnaca, Lisbon, London–Gatwick, Málaga, Manchester,[62] Marrakesh, Nice, Oslo, Palma de Mallorca, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Riga, Rome–Fiumicino, Stavanger, Stockholm–Arlanda, Tel Aviv, Tenerife–South, Trondheim, Wrocław[63]
Seasonal: Agadir (resumes 30 October 2024),[64] Athens, Bari (begins 22 June 2024),[63] Basel/Mulhouse,[63] Bastia, Bergamo,[63] Bilbao,[63] Bologna,[62] Bordeaux,[62] Bornholm,[65] Burgas, Catania, Chania, Corfu, Dubai–Al Maktoum (begins 12 December 2024),[66] Dublin, Dubrovnik, Geneva, Funchal, Giza (begins 3 November 2024),[67] Helsinki, Heraklion,[68] Hurghada (begins 7 November 2024),[69] Lanzarote (begins 29 October 2024) [70] Ljubljana,[71] Madrid,[72] Malta, Montpellier, Munich, Naples,[62] Olbia, Palermo,[62] Pisa, Porto,[62] Preveza/Lefkada, Pristina, Pula,[62] Rhodes, Salzburg, Santorini,[73] Split, Tirana,[74] Tivat,[63] Toulouse,[63] Tromsø,[75] Valencia,[63] Venice, Zadar (begins 23 June 2024),[63] Zagreb[76]
[77]
Nouvelair Seasonal: Tunis[78]
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökcen
Seasonal: Antalya, Izmir, Konya
Play Reykjavík–Keflavík
Qatar Airways Doha
Ryanair Alicante, Barcelona (begins 29 October 2024),[79] Bergamo, Bristol,[80] Bologna, Budapest, Cologne/Bonn, Dublin, Edinburgh, Faro,[81] Gdańsk, Kaunas, Kraków, London–Stansted, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Porto, Prague, Rome–Fiumicino, Sofia, Treviso (begins 28 October 2024),[82] Turin, Vienna, Weeze
Seasonal: Beauvais,[83] Naples, Olbia,[84] Palma de Mallorca, Pisa, Thessaloniki, Venice (ends 26 October 2024),[85] Warsaw–Modlin, Zadar[86]
Scandinavian Airlines Aalborg, Aarhus, Alicante, Amsterdam, Athens, Atlanta (begins 17 June 2024),[87] Barcelona, Bergen, Berlin, Birmingham, Bologna, Boston, Brussels, Chicago–O'Hare, Dublin, Düsseldorf, Faro, Frankfurt, Gdańsk, Geneva, Gothenburg, Hamburg, Hanover, Helsinki, Larnaca,[88] London–Heathrow, Los Angeles,[89] Málaga, Manchester, Milan–Malpensa, Munich, Newark, New York–JFK,[90] Nice, Oslo, Palanga, Palma de Mallorca, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Porto,[88] Poznań, Prague, Reykjavík–Keflavík, Rome–Fiumicino, Salzburg, Sandefjord,[91] San Francisco, Shanghai–Pudong, Stavanger, Stockholm–Arlanda,[92] Stuttgart, Tallinn, Tokyo–Haneda,[93] Tromsø, Trondheim, Vilnius, Warsaw–Chopin, Washington–Dulles, Zürich
Seasonal: Aberdeen, Agadir,[94][95] Ålesund, Antalya,[88] Bari, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi,[96] Beirut, Biarritz, Catania, Chania, Corfu, Dalaman (begins 3 July 2024),[97] Dubrovnik, Edinburgh, Florence, Gazipaşa, Genoa,[97] Gran Canaria, Heraklion, Ibiza (begins 27 June 2024),[97] Kraków, Kristiansand,[98] Lisbon, Miami, Montpellier, Naples, Newquay,[88] Olbia, Östersund,[99] Palermo, Pisa, Pristina (resumes 3 July 2024),[100] Pula, Rhodes, Sälen-Trysil, Santorini, Sarajevo (begins 3 July 2024),[101] Split, Tenerife–South, Thessaloniki, Tirana (begins 2 July 2024),[102] Tivat,[103] Toronto–Pearson,[104] Turin, Vágar, Venice, Zadar, Zakynthos (begins 27 June 2024)[105]
Seasonal charter: Sitia[106]
[107]
Singapore Airlines Singapore
Sunclass Airlines Charter: Gran Canaria, Tenerife–South
Seasonal charter: Antalya, Banjul, Chania, Funchal, Gazipaşa, Heraklion, Kos, Larnaca, Palma de Mallorca, Preveza/Lefkada, Rhodes, Sal, Skiathos, Varna
[108]
SunExpress Seasonal: Ankara,[109] Antalya, Izmir, Konya[110]
Swiss International Air Lines Geneva,[111] Zürich
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon[112]
Thai Airways International Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Transavia Eindhoven
Seasonal: Paris–Orly
TUI Airways Seasonal charter: Cancún, Phuket[113]
TUI fly Nordic Seasonal charter: Boa Vista, Sal[113]
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Seasonal: Ankara, Konya
Volotea Nantes, Verona
Seasonal: Marseille[114]
[115]
Vueling Barcelona, Bilbao[116]
Widerøe Sandefjord
Wizz Air Belgrade,[117] Bucharest–Otopeni, Budapest,[118] Gdańsk,[119] Iași, Katowice,[119] Kutaisi, Skopje, Sofia, Warsaw–Chopin[120]

Cargo

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AirlinesDestinations
ASL Airlines France[121] Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Riga
Cargoair[121] Brussels, Helsinki, Leipzig/Halle
DHL Aviation[121] Brussels, East Midlands, Gothenburg, Leipzig/Halle, Milan–Malpensa, Oslo, Riga, Örebro
Emirates SkyCargo[122] Atlanta, Chicago–O'Hare, Columbus–Rickenbacker, Dubai–Al Maktoum, Houston–Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Mexico City
Ethiopian Airlines Cargo[123] Addis Ababa, Liège
FedEx Express[124] Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Liège
LATAM Cargo Brasil[125] Campinas
Lufthansa Cargo[126] Frankfurt, Helsinki
SprintAir[121] Kristiansand
Swiftair[121] Milan–Malpensa
West Atlantic[127] Kristiansand

Statistics

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Passenger numbers

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Annual passenger traffic at CPH airport. See Wikidata query.
Passenger numbers at Copenhagen Airport[128]
Year Passengers
handled[nb 1]
Passenger
% Change
Aircraft
movements
Aircraft
% Change
2001 18,082,158   288,738  
2002 18,253,446  0.9 266,896   7.6
2003 17,707,742  3.0 259,002   3.0
2004 19,034,557  7.5 272,512   5.2
2005 19,980,301  5.0 268,652   1.4
2006 20,877,533  4.5 258,354   3.8
2007 21,409,886  2.5 257,587   0.3
2008 21,529,857  0.6 264,086   2.5
2009 19,715,317  8.4 236,170   10.6
2010 21,501,473  9.1 245,635   4.0
2011 22,725,284  5.7 253,759   3.3
2012 23,334,939  2.7 242,990   4.2
2013 24,066,917  3.1 244,933   0.8
2014 25,627,093  6.5 251,799   2.8
2015 26,608,869  3.8 254,832   1.2
2016 29,043,287  9.2 265,784   4.2
2017 29,177,833  0.5 259,243   2.5
2018[129] 30,298,531  3.8 266,096   2.6
2019[130] 30,256,703  0.1 263,411   1
2020 7,525,441   75.1 98,239   62.7
2021 9,179,654  22.0 109,925   11.9
2022[131] 22,143,135  141.0 202,232  184,0

Busiest routes

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Busiest domestic routes by passenger traffic (2021)[132]
Rank
Destination
Airport
Passengers
1 Aalborg Aalborg Airport 566,089
2 Bornholm Bornholm Airport 178,886
3 Vágar Vágar Airport 175,602
4 Aarhus Aarhus Airport 48,636
Top 10 Busiest European routes by passenger traffic (2021)[132]
Rank
Destination
Airport(s)
Passengers
1   Oslo Gardermoen Airport 412,499
2   Amsterdam Schiphol Airport 399,135
3   Stockholm Arlanda Airport 394,091
4   London Heathrow Airport, Gatwick Airport, Stansted Airport 348,082
5   Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport 340,404
6   Málaga Málaga Airport 308,724
7   Frankfurt Frankfurt Airport 272,614
8   Mallorca Palma de Mallorca Airport 224,685
9   Reykjavík Keflavík Airport 206,084
10   Barcelona El Prat Airport 188,354
Busiest intercontinental routes from CPH (2021)[132]
Rank Airport All passengers Change
20/21
Operating airlines
1   Dubai–International
105,804
  4.5%
Emirates
2   Doha
104,794
  32.9%
Qatar Airways
3   New York–Newark
66,034
  53.0%
Scandinavian Airlines
4   Chicago–O'Hare
49,609
New
Scandinavian Airlines
5   Beirut
43,967
New
Middle East Airlines, Scandinavian Airlines
Busiest intercontinental countries by passengers from CPH (2021)[132]
Rank Country Passengers
handled
Change
20/21
Airlines
1   United States
115,643
  167.9%
Scandinavian Airlines
2   UAE
105,804
  4.5%
Emirates
3   Qatar
104,794
  32.9%
Qatar Airways
4   Lebanon
43,967
New
Middle East Airlines, Scandinavian Airlines

Other facilities

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The SAS traffic office resides at Copenhagen Airport South and in Dragør, together with a VIP terminal. The VIP terminal is actually the first terminal building, from the 1920s. It was moved about 2 km during the 1990s.

In 2015, Boeing opened a maintenance, repair, and operations facility at CPH, as proximity to daily operations is more important than high wages when checks have to be made every 1,000 flight hours.[133]

Ground transport

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Within the airport area, special airport buses depart every 15 minutes. The bus line connects all terminals and parking lot areas and uses in all 11 bus stops. The transport is free of charge for all. During a few night hours, the buses depart every 20 minutes instead.[134]

Panoramic view within the walking route between Terminal 2 (center) and Terminal 3 (right)

Train

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Train towards Copenhagen Central Station at the Copenhagen Airport railway station.

The airport's railway station is located underneath Terminals on the Øresund Railway Line.

  • The station is served by trains operated by DSB as part of the Øresundståg service. These trains, running as local services between Copenhagen city centre and Helsingør, have a dense stopping pattern inside Denmark. Øresundståg also operates regional and intercity trains to destinations across the south of Sweden: Malmö, Gothenburg, Kalmar, Karlskrona, and Kristianstad.
  • DSB, the Danish national rail operator, have InterCity and InterCityExpress trains calling at this station. Domestic destinations include Esbjerg, Aarhus, Aalborg and Sønderborg.
  • Swedish SJ runs several high-speed trains with daily departures between Copenhagen central station (København H) and Stockholm central station (Stockholm C) and Gothenburg (Göteborg). These trains all call at the Copenhagen Airport station (København Lufthavn/Kastrup).

Metro

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Line M2 of the Copenhagen Metro links the airport with the city centre in around 15 minutes.[135] The Metro station is two floors above the underground rail station and continues on elevated tracks until it goes underground after 5 stations. The metro trains run very frequently, in rush hours every four minutes, outside rush hours and on weekends every six minutes, and every 15/20 minutes at night. The metro runs to Kongens Nytorv station amongst other stations, where connections can be made to the City Circle that runs through the Østerbro, Nørrebro, Frederiksberg districts amongst other places in Copenhagen.

Road

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  • Movia buses 5C, 35, 36 and Gråhundbus line 999 all stop at the airport; bus 888, express-bus to Jutland, also stops at the airport. Movia bus 2A stops near the airport. There are long-distance buses to Sweden and Norway operated by Swebus: 820 to Oslo via Gothenburg and 832 to Uppsala via Stockholm. GoByBus and Bus4You also operate the same routes.
  • The E20 motorway runs right by the airport. The E20 uses the toll road Øresund Bridge to Sweden. The airport has 8,600 parking spaces.

Incidents and accidents

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A Douglas Dakota, similar to the KLM aircraft that crashed in 1947
  • 26 January 1947 (1947-01-26): Douglas Dakota (DC-3), PH-TCR of KLM crashed after takeoff from Copenhagen, killing all 22 on board, including Prince Gustaf Adolf of Sweden (father of present king Carl XVI Gustaf) and American singer and actress Grace Moore. The delayed KLM flight from Amsterdam had landed at Copenhagen for a routine stop before continuing to Stockholm. Soon after the Douglas DC-3 aircraft took off, it climbed to an altitude of about 50 metres (150 feet), stalled, and plummeted nose-first to the ground where it exploded on impact. The investigation showed that the crash had been caused by a forgotten elevator gust lock. Short of time, the captain never performed his checklist and took off not realising the lock was still in place. See 1947 KLM Douglas DC-3 Copenhagen accident.
  • 17 November 1957 (1957-11-17): Vickers Viscount G-AOHP of British European Airways crashed at Ballerup after the failure of three engines on approach to Copenhagen Airport. The cause was a malfunction of the anti-icing system on the aircraft.[136]
  • 28 August 1971 (1971-08-28): a Malév Ilyushin Il-18, HA-MOC crashed into the sea while executing an instrument approach. The main cause of the accident was a microburst, a particularly dangerous and unpredictable meteorological phenomenon. 23 passengers and the crew of nine died. Two passengers survived. The captain of the plane was World War II flying ace of the Royal Hungarian Air Force, Dezső Szentgyörgyi. He was due to retire in less than three weeks.
  • On 6 July 2022, a British Airways Airbus A320 caught fire as it was landing. Airport firefighters put out the fire with the use of firefighting foam. People in the terminal buildings were able to record the footage.[137]

See also

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Notes

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  1. ^ Number of passengers including domestic, international and transit

References

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  1. ^ "Finnair NW22 Intercontinental Changes: Qatar Additions".
  2. ^ a b c d e "Strong growth at Copenhagen Airport: Close to 27 million travellers".
  3. ^ "CPH: More than 24 million travellers in 2013, a new record". Copenhagen Airports. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. – total passengers 2013 was 24,067,030 of them were 22,164,738; "Rekord i antal resenärer under 2013 | Swedavia". Archived from the original on 15 January 2015. Retrieved 15 January 2015. Stockholm Arlanda had 20,7 million passengers in total in 2013, but around a third are usually domestic; "Trafikkvekst ved Oslo Lufthavn - Oslo Lufthavn AS". Archived from the original on 15 January 2015. Retrieved 15 January 2015. – Oslo Gardemoen had 23,159,233 passengers in 2013. But here is usually less than half international
  4. ^ "Area & Runway systems". CPH Airport. Archived from the original on 9 March 2016. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
  5. ^ "About CPH – News". CPH Airport. Archived from the original on 27 January 2016. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
  6. ^ "Copenhagen Airports – Copenhagen Airports". Archived from the original on 27 August 2007.
  7. ^ "The pioneer era". Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
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