Jorge Chávez International Airport

Jorge Chávez International Airport (IATA: LIM, ICAO: SPJC, formerly SPIM) (Aeropuerto Internacional Jorge Chávez) is Peru's main international and domestic airport. It is located in Callao, 11 kilometers (7 mi) northwest from Lima Center, the nation's capital city and 17 km from the district of Miraflores. During 2017, the airport served 22,025,704 passengers. Historically, the airport was the hub for Compañía de Aviación Faucett and Aeroperú. Now it serves as a hub for many aviation companies. The airport was named after Peruvian aviator Jorge Chávez (1887–1910).

Jorge Chávez International Airport

Aeropuerto Internacional Jorge Chávez
MINISTRO DE DEFENSA SOBREVOLÓ LIMA POR TERCER DÍA CONSECUTIVO PARA VERIFICAR CUMPLIMIENTO DE AISLAMIENTO SOCIAL OBLIGATORIO (49676557216).jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic international
OperatorLima Airport Partners
ServesLima, Peru
LocationCallao, Peru
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL34 m / 113 ft
Coordinates12°01′19″S 077°06′52″W / 12.02194°S 77.11444°W / -12.02194; -77.11444Coordinates: 12°01′19″S 077°06′52″W / 12.02194°S 77.11444°W / -12.02194; -77.11444
Websitewww.lima-airport.com
Map
LIM is located in Lima
LIM
LIM
Location of airport in Lima
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
16L/34R 3,507 11,506 Asphalt
15R/33L 3,480 11,417 Under Construction
Statistics (2020)
Passengers7,841,944
Freight (tonnes)197,331
Aircraft movements178,578
Source: corpac s.a. statistics[1]

HistoryEdit

 
Lima Airport in 1972 with a SATCO Douglas DC-4 operating an internal flight
 
Main terminal
 
Check-in area at Jorge Chavez International Airport

Lima's first airport was the Limatambo Airport in San Isidro. It ceased operations in 1960 due to a lack of space and capacity, and was replaced by the Lima-Callao International Airport. In June 1965, the Lima-Callao airport was renamed the "Aeropuerto Internacional Jorge Chávez" after the famous Peruvian aviator, Jorge Chávez Dartnell. In December 1965, the terminal building was officially opened.

When it was in operation, Compañía de Aviación Faucett had its corporate headquarters on the airport grounds.[2]

In 2001, in order to improve and expand its infrastructure, the government of Peru placed the airport under the management of Lima Airport Partners (LAP). LAP is now composed of Fraport and International Finance Corporation. The air traffic control is managed by the Peruvian Corporation of Airports and Commercial Aviation (CORPAC). The Peruvian government engaged Jaime Malagón, Jerome Jakubik, Paul Slocomb, and Víctor M. Marroquín of Baker and McKenzie international law firm, to oversee the changes.

In February 2005, the first phase of a new renovation and expansion project was completed. This included the Peru Plaza Shopping Center and a new concourse. In June 2007, a four-star hotel, Ramada Costa del Sol, opened at the airport.

In January 2009, the second phase of the terminal expansion was commenced. The terminal has 28 gates, 19 with boarding bridges. In August 2009, the LAP announced that in 2010, the airport would have a new Instrument Landing System (ILS CAT III) to help with fog landings.[3] Arquitectonica, a Miami-based architectural office, and Lima Airport Partners planned a second terminal and expansion of the main terminal.

On October 24, 2018, the Peruvian state delivered all the land for the expansion and modernization of the Jorge Chavez airport to the airport operator "Lima Airport Partners". The estimated investment of US$1,200 million includes the construction of a new runway, a control tower and a passenger terminal in addition to the existing one. On the other hand, the state will build a new bridge and highway on the current Santa Rosa Avenue that will connect directly with the "Costa Verde" highway, benefiting a lot of tourists and entrepreneurs who are only going to visit Miraflores[4] and the south.[5] Works will be completed in 4 years, by the beginning of the year 2023, and will allow the transit of 40 million passengers per year by 2030.[6][7][8]

TransportEdit

Transportation between the airport and the city is provided by taxis, tour buses and vans. Airport Express Lima is the official bus of Jorge Chávez Airport. Line 2 and Line 4 of the Lima Metro are currently under construction. Some companies of taxis and buses offer services to visit the city, some of them transit through the avenues: Faucett, Linea Amarilla, Tomás Valle, De La Marina, Colonial and Costa Verde.[9] Some go north, east, to the historic center and the Financial Center; and others towards Miraflores and the south area like Pachacamac and Surco.

FacilitiesEdit

The airport hosts the Wyndham Costa del Sol hotel which is located adjacent to the control tower and the arrivals exit. The hotel is built with noise canceling panels. The Peru Plaza Shopping Center is located near the passenger terminal in the Grand Concourse area. The food court is located near the entrance of the passenger terminal on the second floor and is always open. There is an ice cream vendor selling some special Peruvian flavours such as Chirimoya and Lucuma.

The airport has numerous premium lounges in the departures terminal, such as VIP Peru. For passengers in first class, there is an exclusive salon near the gates, the VIP Club.

On 12 May 2009, the airport opened Lima Cargo City, a hub for cargo airlines.

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

AirlinesDestinations
Aerolíneas Argentinas Buenos Aires–Aeroparque[10]
Aeroméxico Mexico City
Air Canada Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau (begins October 30, 2022), Toronto–Pearson (resumes November 4, 2022) [11]
Air Europa Madrid
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
American Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth (ends November 3, 2022),[12] Miami
ATSA Airlines[13] Chachapoyas, Chimbote, Huánuco, Mazamari, Punta Sal, Tingo María
Avianca Bogotá
Avianca Costa Rica San José de Costa Rica–Juan Santamaría
Avianca Ecuador Guayaquil
Avianca El Salvador San Salvador
Boliviana de Aviación Santa Cruz de la Sierra–Viru Viru[14]
Conviasa Caracas
Copa Airlines Panama City–Tocumen
Delta Air Lines Atlanta
Gol Transportes Aéreos São Paulo–Guarulhos (resumes 30 October 2022)
Iberia Madrid
JetBlue Fort Lauderdale
JetSmart Santiago de Chile
JetSmart Argentina Buenos Aires–Ezeiza (begins 21 September 2022) [15]
JetSmart Perú Arequipa, Cajamarca (begins 31 August 2022), Chiclayo (begins 13 December 2022),[16] Cuzco, Iquitos (begins 24 August 2022), Juliaca (begins 17 August 2022), Piura, Talara (begins 9 August 2022), Tarapoto, Trujillo [17]
KLM Amsterdam
LATAM Brasil São Paulo–Guarulhos
LATAM Chile Santiago de Chile
LATAM Ecuador Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Quito (both resume October 30, 2022)[18]
LATAM Perú Arequipa, Asunción, Ayacucho, Bogotá, Buenos Aires–Aeroparque, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Cajamarca, Cali, Cancún, Cartagena, Chiclayo, Cordoba, Cuzco, Guayaquil, Ilo, Iquitos, Jaén, Jauja, Juliaca, La Paz, Los Angeles, Madrid, Medellín–JMC, Mendoza (resumes November 3, 2022), Mexico City, Miami, Montevideo, New York–JFK, Orlando, Piura, Porto Alegre,[19] Pucallpa, Puerto Maldonado, Punta Cana, Quito, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, San José de Costa Rica–Juan Santamaría, Santa Cruz de la Sierra–Viru Viru, Santiago de Chile, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Tacna, Talara, Tarapoto, Trujillo, Tumbes
Plus Ultra Líneas Aéreas Madrid
Sky Airline Santiago de Chile
Sky Airline Peru Arequipa, Ayacucho, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza,[20] Cancún, Cuzco, Iquitos, Juliaca, Miami,[21] Piura, Pucallpa, Puerto Maldonado, Punta Cana, Tarapoto, Trujillo, Tumbes
Spirit Airlines Fort Lauderdale
Star Perú Cajamarca, Chiclayo, Huánuco, Iquitos, Pucallpa, Tarapoto
United Airlines Houston–Intercontinental, Newark (resumes October 30, 2022)[22]
Viva Air Colombia Bogotá, Medellín–JMC
Viva Air Perú Bogotá, Cuzco, Medellín–JMC
Volaris Cancun, Mexico City[23]
Volaris Costa Rica San José de Costa Rica–Juan Santamaría[24]
Wingo Bogotá[25]

CargoEdit

AirlinesDestinations
Aerosucre Bogotá
Air Canada Cargo Toronto-Pearson[26]
Atlas Air Miami
Avianca Cargo Bogotá, Medellin–Córdova, Miami
KF Cargo Miami
Korean Air Cargo Campinas–Viracopos, Los Angeles, Miami, Seoul–Incheon
LATAM Cargo Brasil Campinas–Viracopos, Miami
LATAM Cargo Chile Miami
LATAM Cargo Colombia Rio de Janeiro–Galeão
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt
Martinair Quito
Mas Air Campinas–Viracopos, Mexico City
Northern Air Cargo Miami
Qatar Airways Cargo Campinas–Viracopos, Doha
Sky Lease Cargo Amsterdam, Campinas–Viracopos, Ciudad del Este, Bogotá, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Caracas, Manaus, Medellin, Montevideo, Quito, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, Santiago de Chile
UPS Airlines Miami

StatisticsEdit

FiguresEdit

Annual passenger traffic at LIM airport. See source Wikidata query.
Annual statistics
Year 2019 (Jan.-Sept.) 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008
Passenger traffic 19'009,897 23'659,196 22'046,042 19'286,158 17'575,919 16'170,035 14'908,772 13'330,290 11'904,553 10'278,493 8'786,973 8,285,688
YoY growth%   TBD%   7.61%   14.07%   9.73%   8.69%   8.45%   11.84%   11.70%   15.82%   17.00%   6.0%   10.4%

Busiest routesEdit

Busiest international routes from/to Lima (LIM) in January–December 2018[27]
Rank Airport Passengers Airline(s)
1   Santiago de Chile, Chile   1,654,378 Avianca Costa Rica, Avianca Perú, JetSmart, LATAM Chile, LATAM Perú, Sky Airline
2   Bogotá, Colombia   839,947 Avianca, Avianca Perú, LATAM Perú, Viva Air Colombia
3   Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Argentina   883,845 Avianca Perú, Aerolíneas Argentinas, LATAM Argentina, LATAM Ecuador, LATAM Perú
4   Miami, United States   881,406 American Airlines, Avianca Perú, LATAM Perú
5   Madrid, Spain   663,714 Air Europa, Iberia, LATAM Perú, Plus Ultra Líneas Aéreas
6   Mexico City, Mexico   630,495 Aeroméxico, Avianca Perú, Interjet, LATAM Perú
7   Panama City-Tocumen, Panama   511,965 Copa Airlines
8   Sao Paulo-Guarulhos, Brazil   506,918 Avianca Perú, LATAM Brasil, LATAM Perú
9   Cancún, Mexico   421,325 Avianca Perú, LATAM Perú
10   Quito, Ecuador   399,307 Avianca Ecuador, LATAM Ecuador, LATAM Perú, TAME
11   Punta Cana, Dominican Republic   285,775 Avianca Perú, LATAM Perú
12   Amsterdam, Netherlands   283,094 KLM
13   Los Angeles, United States   282,022 LATAM Chile, LATAM Perú
14   San Salvador, El Salvador   215,839 Avianca El Salvador, Avianca Perú
15   Montevideo, Uruguay   213,186 Avianca Perú, LATAM Perú
16   La Paz, Bolivia   200,961 Avianca Ecuador, LATAM Perú, Peruvian Airlines
17   Havana, Cuba   186,326 Avianca Perú, LATAM Perú
18   Guayaquil, Ecuador   174,820 Avianca Ecuador, LATAM Ecuador, LATAM Perú
19   Paris-Charles de Gaulle, France   172,383 Air France
20   New York-JFK, United States   172,866 LATAM Chile, LATAM Perú
21   Atlanta, United States   148,713 Delta Air Lines
22   Fort Lauderdale, United States   145,545 JetBlue Airways, Spirit Airlines
23   Santa Cruz de la Sierra-Viru Viru, Bolivia   144,765 Boliviana de Aviación, Avianca Ecuador, LATAM Perú
24   Houston-Intercontinental, United States   143,766 United Airlines
25   Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, Brazil   143,700 Avianca Perú, LATAM Perú
26   San José, Costa Rica   126,431 Avianca Costa Rica, LATAM Perú
27   Asunción, Paraguay   121,882 Avianca Perú, LATAM Paraguay
28   Córdoba, Argentina   121,832 LATAM Perú
29   Dallas–Fort Worth, United States   120,643 American Airlines
30   Toronto-Pearson, Canada   120,610 Air Canada Rouge
31   Mendoza, Argentina   109,484 Avianca Perú, LATAM Perú
32   Rosario, Argentina   101,990 LATAM Perú
33   Orlando, United States   100,983 Avianca Perú, LATAM Perú
34   Cartagena, Colombia   92,525 LATAM Perú
35   Newark, United States   85,269 United Airlines
36   Medellín-JMC, Colombia   84,356 Avianca Perú, LATAM Perú
37   Porto Alegre, Brazil   83,946 Avianca Costa Rica, Avianca Perú
38   Barcelona, Spain   80,730 LATAM Perú
39   Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil   79,989 LATAM Perú
40   London-Gatwick, United Kingdom   50,701 British Airways
41   Tucumán, Argentina   49,367 LATAM Perú
42   Montréal-Trudeau, Canada   44,412 Air Canada Rouge
43   Salta, Argentina   40,552 LATAM Perú
44   Antofagasta, Chile   36,872 LATAM Perú
45   Cali, Colombia   35,927 Avianca Perú
47   Caracas, Venezuela   30,997 Avior Airlines, Estelar Latinoamerica
46   Barcelona, Venezuela   29,453 Avior Airlines
48   Washington-Dulles, United States   26,675 LATAM Perú

Accidents and incidentsEdit

  • November 27, 1962: Varig Flight 810, a Boeing 707-441 registration PP-VJB flying from Rio de Janeiro to Jorge Chávez International Airport, after initiating an overshoot procedure at the suggestion of the control tower because it was too high, proceeded to start another approach when it crashed into La Cruz peak, 8 miles from the airport. Possibly there was a misinterpretation of navigation instruments. All 97 passengers and crew aboard died.[28][29]
  • May 8, 1964: an Argentine Air Force Douglas C-54 registration T-47 flying from Buenos Aires to Jorge Chávez International Airport crashed into a sand dune during approach in poor visibility conditions, killing 46 of 49 people on board.[30]
  • August 6, 1986: an explosion of unknown origin occurred at a restroom in the domestic terminal.[31]
  • December 8, 1987: a Peruvian Navy Fokker 27-400M registration AE-560 flying from Pucallpa to Jorge Chávez International Airport chartered by the Alianza Lima football team crashed into the Pacific Ocean shortly before landing. A malfunctioning cockpit indicator made the crew believe that the landing gear was not properly deployed and locked, so they requested the control tower allow the plane to make a low pass for a visual check by ground personnel. After receiving the confirmation that the landing gear was down, the aircraft circled the airport for another attempt to land, but plunged into the ocean instead, killing all on board except the pilot.[32]
  • March 10, 1989: an Aero Condor Britten-Norman BN-2A Islander registration OB-1271 flying from Nazca to Jorge Chavez International Airport crashed into a building during approach killing all on board, apparently due to fuel exhaustion.[33]
  • January 25, 1991: a car bomb placed by the Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement (MRTA) killed two Peruvians and wounded ten people. The attack occurred in a context of condemnation, by left-wing armed groups and political movements, of Operation Desert Storm; minutes after the attack, the US Embassy in Lima was attacked with an RPG and small arms fire by the MRTA.[34][35]
  • July 24, 1992: five American Airlines employees, charged with cleaning and baggage loading duties, were wounded by a bomb. This happened during the weekend in which Shining Path enforced a 48-hour nationwide "armed strike" that aimed at paralyzing, among other services, public transportation.[36][37]
  • January 22, 1993: three bullets hit the right side of the fuselage of American Airlines Flight 917 (inbound from Miami) while either landing or taxiing on the runway after landing. There were no casualties and damage to the plane was minimal. Despite Shining Path (SP) claiming responsibility for the attack, a subsequent investigation failed to identify the actual assailants. Airport authorities reportedly stated that the source of the shots was accidental, originating in a security guard working in the perimeter.[38] The incident, occurring in the context of a decade-long leftist insurgency against the Peruvian state, happened in the midst of a surge of terrorist attacks and assassinations during that month which also targeted US interests and businesses.[39]
  • April 15, 1995: an Imperial Air Tupolev Tu-134A-3 registration OB-1553 flying from Cusco to Jorge Chavez International Airport suffered a tire failure after departure. The crew decided to continue the flight to Lima, but the left main landing gear did not extend during landing. There were no fatalities, but the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.[40]
  • October 2, 1996: Flight 603, an AeroPerú Boeing 757-23A registration N52AW flying the Miami-Lima-Santiago, Chile route crashed into the Pacific Ocean some minutes after its takeoff from Jorge Chávez International Airport, killing all on board. The accident investigation found that masking tape was accidentally left over the static ports during maintenance, rendering the airspeed indicator, altimeter and vertical speed indicator unreliable.[41]
  • On October 11, 2013 an Airbus A320 (registration N492TA) from TACA Airlines, made an emergency landing at 8:20 am Local Time. The pilot declared an emergency due to smoke in the cockpit. The aircraft was en route from Jorge Chávez International Airport to El Salvador International Airport, San Salvador, El Salvador. There were 31 passengers plus crew on board. The aircraft landed safely.[42]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Statistics. "CORPAC S.A." www.corpac.gob.pe.
  2. ^ PDFarchive. "Flightglobal/view/1995/1995". www.flightglobal.com.
  3. ^ "Peru this Week". Archived from the original on 18 September 2009. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  4. ^ "¿De turismo por Miraflores? Estos son los 5 lugares que debes conocer". Hotel Ferré (in Spanish). 2017-06-26. Retrieved 2020-12-29.
  5. ^ "Los barrios pobres de Lima, una atracción turística para extranjeros". www.efe.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-12-29.
  6. ^ "VIZCARRA HACE ENTREGA DE TERRENOS EN JORGE CHAVEZ y ASEGURA ANUNCIADAS INVERSIONES | T News". 24 October 2018.
  7. ^ "Aeropuerto Jorge Chávez | ¿Cuándo podrás disfrutar de la ampliación del Aeropuerto Jorge Chávez?". 25 October 2018.
  8. ^ "Ampliación del Jorge Chávez permitirá tránsito de 40 millones de pasajeros en 2030". 2018-10-24.
  9. ^ "Licensed taxis". www.lima-airport.com. Retrieved 2020-12-29.
  10. ^ "AEROLÍNEAS ARGENTINAS PROGRAMA VUELOS a LIMA | T News". 22 September 2021.
  11. ^ "Air Canada to Launch Seasonal Flights to Bangkok and Mumbai for Winter 2022-23". 20 June 2022.
  12. ^ "American is dropping 7 international routes and resuming 2 others as it adjusts its network — see the full list". Business Insider.
  13. ^ Atsa Airlines. "Descubriendo juntos el Perú". www.atsaairlines.com.
  14. ^ "Boliviana de Aviación volará a Lima". 28 December 2021.
  15. ^ "JetSMART to fly between Buenos Aires and Lima". 2 May 2022.
  16. ^ https://booking.jetsmart.com/V2/Flight?cur=USD&SellKeys=&SellKeys=&BundleCodes=&BundleCodes=&pt=Smart&smt=&bvm=&bo=&
  17. ^ https://jetsmart.com/pe/es/destinos
  18. ^ "LATAM Ecuador to resume flights to Buenos Aires via Lima". 1 July 2022.
  19. ^ "LATAM volverá a volar entre Lima y Porto Alegre". 24 May 2022.
  20. ^ "SKY Airline Perú inauguró sus vuelos a Buenos Aires". Aviacionline (in Spanish). 14 December 2021. Retrieved 18 December 2021.
  21. ^ "SKY lanza nueva ruta entre Lima y Miami". Aviacion al dia (in Spanish). 18 April 2022. Retrieved 18 April 2022.
  22. ^ "UNITED VOLARÁ NEWARK-LIMA DESDE EL 30 DE OCTUBRE | T News". 24 June 2022.
  23. ^ "VOLARIS INICIARÁ VUELOS a LIMA EN JUNIO | T News". 25 February 2022.
  24. ^ "Volaris con el anuncio de su nuevo destino continúa con su expansión en América del Sur". 2 March 2022.
  25. ^ "Wingo announces 4 new international routes". Aviaciononline.com (in Spanish). May 2021. Retrieved May 13, 2021.
  26. ^ "Air Canada announces routes for expanded cargo capacity". 14 June 2021.
  27. ^ "Archived copy". www.mtc.gob.pe. Archived from the original on 27 June 2015. Retrieved 17 January 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  28. ^ Ranter, Harro (27 November 1962). "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 707-441 PP-VJB Lima-Callao International Airport (LIM)". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  29. ^ Germano da Silva, Carlos Ari César (2008). "Back course". O rastro da bruxa: história da aviação comercial brasileira no século XX através dos seus acidentes 1928-1996 (in Portuguese) (2 ed.). Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS. pp. 217–222. ISBN 978-85-7430-760-2.
  30. ^ Ranter, Harro (8 May 1964). "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas C-54A-DO (DC-4) T-47 Lima International Airport (LIM)". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  31. ^ Thomas, Andrew R. (2008). Aviation Security Management [3 volumes]. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9780313346538.
  32. ^ Ranter, Harro (8 December 1987). "ASN Aircraft accident Fokker F-27 Friendship 400M AE-560 Lima-Jorge Chavez International Airport (LIM)". Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  33. ^ Ranter, Harro (10 March 1989). "ASN Aircraft accident IRMA/Britten-Norman BN-2A Islander OB-T-1271 Lima". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  34. ^ Organization/20308.pdf. "Documents" (PDF). www.state.gov.
  35. ^ "Tupac amaru Revolutionary Movement: Growing Threat to US interests in Peru" (PDF). CIA.gov. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 25, 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2016.
  36. ^ Mickolus, Edward F.; Simmons, Susan L. (1997). Terrorism, 1992-1995: A Chronology of Events and a Selectively Annotated Bibliography. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9780313304682.
  37. ^ Shining Path Rebels Flaunt. "Their Power With Strike In Peru". tribunedigital-sunsentinel.
  38. ^ Peruvian rebels bomb Coca-Cola plant. "Kill mayoral candidates; shots fired at American Airlines jet". UPI.
  39. ^ Organization/19813.pdf. "Documents" (PDF). www.state.gov.
  40. ^ Ranter, Harro (15 April 1995). "ASN Aircraft accident Tupolev 134A-3 OB-1553 Lima-J Chavez International Airport (LIM)". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  41. ^ Ranter, Harro (2 October 1996). "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 757-23A N52AW Lima, Peru". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  42. ^ "INAC". Retrieved 4 June 2015.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Jorge Chávez International Airport at Wikimedia Commons