Avianca S.A. (acronym in Spanish for Aerovias del Continente Americano S.A., "Airways of the American Continent", and stylized as avianca since October 2023), is the largest airline in Colombia. It has been the flag carrier of Colombia[5][6] since December 5, 1919, when it was initially registered under the name SCADTA.[7][8] It is headquartered in Colombia, with its registered office in Barranquilla and its global headquarters in Bogotá and main hub at El Dorado International Airport. Avianca is the flagship of a group of airlines of the Americas airlines, which operates as one airline using a codesharing system. Avianca is the largest airline in Colombia and second largest in South America, after LATAM of Chile. Avianca and its subsidiaries have the most extensive network of destinations in the Americas.[9] Prior to the merger with TACA in 2010, it was wholly owned by Synergy Group, a South American holding company established by Germán Efromovich and specializing in air transport. It is listed on the Colombia Stock Exchange.[10]

Avianca S.A.
IATA ICAO Callsign
AV AVA AVIANCA
FoundedDecember 5, 1919; 104 years ago (1919-12-05) (as SCADTA)
Commenced operationsJune 14, 1940; 83 years ago (1940-06-14) (as Avianca)
AOC #ANCF173C[1]
HubsBogotá
Secondary hubs
Focus cities
Frequent-flyer programLifeMiles
AllianceStar Alliance
SubsidiariesHelicol
Fleet size123[2]
Destinations74[3]
Parent companyAvianca Group
HeadquartersRegistered office:
Barranquilla, Colombia
Corporate headquarters:
Bogotá, Colombia
Key people
Operating incomeIncrease COP 100.3 B[4] (FY 2019 Q3)
Total assetsIncrease COP 2.403.632 M (FY 2008)
Websitewww.avianca.com

Through SCADTA, Avianca is the world's second oldest extant airline after KLM and celebrated its 100th anniversary in December 2019. It is the oldest airline in the Western Hemisphere.[11] It became an official member of Star Alliance on June 21, 2012, after a process that lasted approximately 18 months from the initial announcement[12] of its invitation to join the alliance.[13] On May 10, 2020, Avianca filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in a court in New York City, and liquidated its subsidiary Avianca Perú, due to the COVID-19 pandemic crisis.[14][15][16]

History edit

SCADTA (1919–1940) edit

 
A SCADTA Junkers W 34 "Magdalena", circa 1920s

The airline traces its history back to December 5, 1919, in the city of Barranquilla, Colombia. Colombians Ernesto Cortissoz Alvarez-Correa (the first President of the airline), Rafael María Palacio, Cristóbal Restrepo, Jacobo Correa and Aristides Noguera and Germans Werner Kämmerer, Stuart Hosie and Albert Tietjen founded the Colombo-German Company, called Sociedad Colombo-Alemana de Transportes Aéreos or SCADTA. The company accomplished its first flight on September 5, 1920, between Barranquilla and the nearby town of Puerto Colombia using a Junkers F.13, transporting 57 pieces of mail. The flight was piloted by German Helmuth von Krohn. This and another aircraft of the same type were completely mechanically constructed monoplanes, the engines of which had to be modified to efficiently operate in the climate of the country. There were nine aircraft in the fleet with a total range of 850 km (528 mi) which could carry up to four passengers and two crewmen. Due to the topographic characteristics of the country and the lack of airports at the time, floats were adapted for two of the Junkers aircraft to make water landings in the rivers near different towns. Using these floats, Helmuth von Krohn was able to perform the first inland flight over Colombia on October 20, 1920, following the course of the Magdalena River; the flight took eight hours and required four emergency landings in the water.

Soon after the airline was founded, German scientist and philanthropist Peter von Bauer became interested in the airline and contributed general knowledge, capital and a tenth aircraft for the company, as well as obtaining concessions from the Colombian government to operate the country's airmail transportation division using the airline, which began in 1922. This new contract allowed SCADTA to thrive in a new frontier of aviation. By the mid-1920s, SCADTA started its first international routes that initially covered destinations in Venezuela and the United States. In 1924, the aircraft that both Ernesto Cortissoz and Helmuth von Krohn were flying crashed into an area currently known as Bocas de Ceniza in Barranquilla, killing them. In the early 1940s, Peter von Bauer sold his shares in the airline to the US-owned Pan Am.

National Airways of Colombia (1940–1994) edit

 
Former Avianca Boeing 747-100 at Miami International Airport in 1993

On June 14, 1940, in the city of Barranquilla, SCADTA, under ownership by United States businessmen, merged with regional Colombian airline SACO, forming the new Aerovías Nacionales de Colombia S.A. or Avianca. Five Colombians participated in this: Rafael María Palacio, Jacobo A. Correa, Cristobal Restrepo, and Aristides Noguera, as well as German citizens Albert Teitjen, Werner Kämerer, and Stuart Hosie, while the post of first President of Avianca was filled by Martín del Corral. Avianca claims SCADTA's history as its own.

In 1946, Avianca began flights to Quito, Lima, Panama City, Miami, New York City and Europe, using Douglas DC-4s and C-54 Skymasters. In 1951, Avianca acquired Lockheed Constellations and Super Constellations.[17] In 1956, the company transported the Colombian delegation to the Melbourne Olympics on a 61-hour trip, stopping only to refuel.[18]

During the 1960s, the company built the Avianca Building in Bogotá, designed by the architect Germán Samper, which was inaugurated in 1969 on the south side of Santander Park. In 1961, Avianca leased two Boeing 707s to operate its international routes, and on November 2, 1961, it acquired its own Boeing 720s. In 1976, Avianca became the first Latin American airline to continuously operate the Boeing 747-100. Three years later, it started operations with more 747s, including two Combi aircraft, mixing cargo and passenger operations.[19]

In 1981, Avianca undertook the construction of a new exclusive terminal called the Terminal Puente Aéreo, which was eventually inaugurated by President Julio César Turbay Ayala. Avianca's original purpose for the terminal was for flights serving Cali, Medellín, Miami, and New York.[20]

Merger system (1994–2002) edit

 
Former Avianca Boeing 767-200ER taxiing at José María Córdova International Airport in 2004

In 1994, Avianca, the regional carrier SAM and the helicopter operator Helicol merged, beginning Avianca's new system of operations. This arrangement allowed for specialized services in cargo (Avianca Cargo) and postal services, as well as a more modern fleet, made up of Boeing 767s, Boeing 757s, MD-83s, Fokker 50s, and Bell helicopters. In 1996, Avianca Postal Services became Deprisa, which provided various mail services.

On December 10, 1998, Avianca officially opened its new hub in Bogotá, offering around 6,000 possible connections per week, and an increased number of frequencies, schedules, and destinations, taking advantage of the privileged geographical location of the country's capital, for the benefit of Colombian and international travelers between South America, Europe, and North America.

Summa Alliance (2002–2004) edit

After the September 11 attacks, Avianca, SAM, and their major rival ACES joined efforts to create the Alianza Summa, which began merged operations on May 20, 2002, to offer a more efficient service, with concerns to quality, quantity, security and competition in a new struggling marketplace. However, adverse circumstances within the industry and markets forced the alliance to disband. In November 2003, the Alianza Summa was disbanded, ACES was liquidated altogether and SAM was acquired to be a regional carrier under Avianca's brand.

American Continent Airways (2004–2009) edit

On December 10, 2004, Avianca concluded a major reorganization process, undertaken after filing for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection, by obtaining confirmation of its reorganization plan, which was financially backed by the Brazilian consortium, Synergy Group and the National Federation of Coffee Growers of Colombia, allowing the airline to obtain funds for US$63 million, in the 13 months following withdrawal from bankruptcy.

 
Avianca's former logo (2005–2013)

Under this plan, Avianca was bought by Synergy Group and was consolidated with its subsidiaries OceanAir and VIP. The company's full legal name was changed from Aerovías Nacionales de Colombia (National Airways of Colombia) to Aerovías del Continente Americano (Airways of the American Continent), retaining the acronym Avianca. On February 28, 2005, Avianca presented its new logo and livery.

Avianca-TACA merger (2009–2013) edit

 
Former Avianca Airbus A330-200 at El Dorado International Airport in 2009

In October 2009, it was announced that Avianca would merge with TACA Airlines.[21][22] This created AviancaTaca Holding, which instantly became one of the region's largest airlines, with 129 aircraft and flights to more than 100 destinations.

In November 2009, the airline's Chief Executive Fabio Villegas announced that the airline was looking to replace its Fokker 50 and Fokker 100 with newer aircraft of 100 seats or less.[23] On January 1, 2011, the airline decided to retire the Fokker 100 in 2011 and replace them with 10 Airbus A318s leased from GECAS. The aircraft were delivered from February to April 2011.

Star Alliance edit

On November 10, 2010, Star Alliance announced that Avianca (and its merger counterpart, TACA) were full members in 2012. Due to Avianca's entry into Star Alliance, it ended its codeshare agreement with Delta Air Lines and began a new codeshare agreement with United Airlines. TACA had been codesharing with United Airlines since 2006.[24] On June 21, 2012, Avianca and TACA were both officially admitted into Star Alliance.

Avianca Holdings (2013–2019) edit

On March 21, 2013, at the annual general meeting, the shareholders approved the change of corporate name from AviancaTaca Holding to Avianca Holdings.[25] TACA and all other AviancaTaca airlines changed their brand to Avianca on May 28, 2013.

As of 2017, Avianca operates the second-most daily international flights from Miami with 16, second only to American Airlines.

In August 2018, Avianca had some operational difficulties due to problems with the platform it used to assign crew schedules. This resulted in the cancellation of several flights within Colombia. Likewise, due to the stoppage of ACDAC pilots in 2017, only in October 2018 were all flight itineraries managed by the airline restored.

On March 1, 2019, Avianca launched a subsidiary named Avianca Express, which operated ATR-72s on short regional flights within Colombia.[26]

 
Avianca Airbus A320-200, painted in retro livery, celebrating the airline's 100th anniversary

2020 bankruptcy (2020-2021) edit

Avianca had significant financial liabilities in 2019. Because of this, they issued more debt to cover short-term liabilities and concluded a debt exchange on December 31, 2019. In response to the global outbreak of COVID-19, the Colombian government's lockdown suspended Avianca's domestic and international operations; most of the company’s 20,000 employees went without pay throughout this period, and the airline operated no scheduled passenger flights between late March and May outside of repatriation missions. As a result of this temporary cessation of business, the company had seen 80% of its revenue stopped.

Avianca Holdings and 23 affiliated debtors filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York on May 10, 2020, as a direct result of the COVID-19 pandemic and subsequent global shutdown, and their financial situation before and during the crisis. The airline holding liquidated their subsidiary Avianca Perú the same day. The debtors were granted joint administration of the cases under Case No. 20-11133. The airline had accumulated a total debt of USD $7.3 billion at the end of 2019.[27]

Avianca implemented numerous cost-reduction plans during and following their bankruptcy including increasing the passenger capacity and redesigning the cabin of their Airbus A320s, simplifying their fleet to only the A320 family and Boeing 787, the latter of which will also feature an economy class cabin redesign, and introducing new, cheaper, and more competitive fares with increased options for flexibility including checked and carry-on bags, seat selection, and priority boarding.[28][29]

In November 2021, Avianca Holdings announced they would move their legal address from Panama to the United Kingdom, and that they would change their name to Avianca Group.[30] Their global headquarters remains in Bogotá. On November 2, 2021, Avianca's reorganization plan was approved by the court,[31] and on December 1, 2021, more than a year and a half after filing, Avianca emerged from Chapter 11 bankruptcy for the second time in its history.[32]

Abra Group and Viva Air merger (2022-present) edit

On April 29, 2022, Avianca announced plans to acquire low-cost competitor Viva Air Colombia and its subsidiary Viva Air Perú.[33][34] On May 11, 2022, it was announced that Avianca planned to merge with Viva Air, and Gol Linhas Aéreas Inteligentes to form the Abra Group, and that Avianca would be the acquiring company.[35][36] The merger was rejected by the Colombian Civil Aviation Authority in November 2022.[37] Avianca stated that the rejection of the merger would not affect the plans for the Abra Group.[38]

In September 2022, Ecuador's Superintendency for the Control of Market Power became the first government body to approve the merger.[39] In December 2022, Avianca stated that they had reached all necessary agreements for the group bar "certain financing", and that they had obtained approval from regulatory bodies in Brazil and the United States. Avianca also stated that they do not need regulatory approval in Colombia because GOL has no presence in the country, and hence there would be no overlap in Colombia.[40]

On January 19, 2023, the Ministry of Transport and Aerocivil formally annulled the November 2022 decision to reject the Avianca-Viva Air merger, citing "procedural irregularities" found within the first review process. A second review is due to take place in "an urgent manner", because the merger proposal was filed under "exception for a company in crisis", referencing Viva Air's financial situation.[41][42]

On March 21, 2023, Aerocivil announced that it would approve the Avianca-Viva merger conditionally if the new entity complied with the following: to either refund or honor passengers' canceled bookings made before Viva Air suspended operations; to return some in-demand slots at Bogotá's El Dorado Airport previously held by Viva Air; to maintain Viva Air's low-cost model for consumers within Colombia; to reinstate flights between Bogotá and Buenos Aires; to maintain a fare cap on routes where the entity is the only operator; and, as the new entity would hold a majority of the market share in Colombia, to ensure that the market remains dynamic.[43]

On May 13, 2023, after analyzing the "financial and technical implications" of the merger under these conditions, Avianca withdrew its plans for the acquisition of Viva Air, given the strict requirements of Aerocivil and the damage that these would have on the airline's economy.[44][45]

Corporate affairs edit

 
Avianca's headquarters, designed by Esguerra Saenz Urdaneta Samper

Avianca's headquarters are on Avenida El Dorado and between Carrera 60 and Gobernación de Cundinamarca, located in the Ciudad Salitre area of Bogotá. The building is located next to the Gran Estación.[46] Its previous head office was at Avenida El Dorado No. 93-30.[47]

Destinations edit

Avianca's hub is in Bogotá, with its focus cities in Medellin, Cali, Barranquilla, San José, and Miami, in the latter of which Avianca is the largest foreign carrier by number of passengers.

Country/region City Airport Notes Refs
Argentina Buenos Aires Aeroparque Jorge Newbery Launch date TBA [48]
Ministro Pistarini International Airport [49]
Aruba Oranjestad Queen Beatrix International Airport
Bahamas Nassau Lynden Pindling International Airport Terminated
Barbados Bridgetown Grantley Adams International Airport Terminated [50]
Belize Corozal Town Corozal Airport Terminated
Bermuda Hamilton L.F. Wade International Airport Terminated [51]
Bolivia La Paz El Alto International Airport [49]
Santa Cruz de la Sierra Viru Viru International Airport [49][52]
Brazil Belo Horizonte Belo Horizonte International Airport [53]
Brasília Brasília International Airport Terminated
Manaus Eduardo Gomes International Airport [53]
Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro/Galeão International Airport
São Paulo São Paulo/Guarulhos International Airport
Canada Toronto Toronto Pearson International Airport [54]
Montréal Montréal–Trudeau International Airport Begins March 31, 2024 [55]
Chile Santiago Arturo Merino Benítez International Airport [56]
Colombia Arauca Santiago Pérez Quiroz Airport Terminated
Armenia El Edén International Airport [49]
Bahía Solano José Celestino Mutis Airport Terminated
Barrancabermeja Yariguíes Airport [49]
Barranquilla Ernesto Cortissoz International Airport Focus city
Soledad International Airport Terminated
Bogotá El Dorado International Airport Hub
Bucaramanga Palonegro International Airport
Cali Alfonso Bonilla Aragón International Airport Hub
Cartagena Rafael Núñez International Airport Hub
Corozal Las Brujas Airport
Cúcuta Camilo Daza International Airport [49]
Florencia Gustavo Artunduaga Paredes Airport [49]
Ibagué Perales Airport [49]
Ipiales San Luis Airport [57]
Leticia Alfredo Vásquez Cobo International Airport [49]
Manizales La Nubia Airport Terminated [58]
Medellín Olaya Herrera Airport Terminated
José María Córdova International Airport Hub
Montería Los Garzones Airport
Neiva Benito Salas Airport [49]
Nuquí Reyes Murillo Airport Terminated
Pasto Antonio Nariño Airport [49]
Pereira Matecaña International Airport [49]
Popayán Guillermo León Valencia Airport [49]
Quibdó El Caraño Airport Terminated
Riohacha Almirante Padilla Airport [49]
San Andrés Gustavo Rojas Pinilla International Airport [49]
Santa Marta Simón Bolívar International Airport
Tumaco La Florida Airport
Valledupar Alfonso López Pumarejo Airport [49]
Villavicencio La Vanguardia Airport [49]
Yopal El Alcaraván Airport [49]
Costa Rica San José Juan Santamaría International Airport Focus city
Cuba Havana José Martí International Airport Terminated [59]
Varadero Juan Gualberto Gómez Airport Terminated [59]
Curaçao Willemstad Curaçao International Airport
Czech Republic Prague Václav Havel Airport Prague Terminated
Dominican Republic Punta Cana Punta Cana International Airport
Santo Domingo Las Américas International Airport
Ecuador Guayaquil José Joaquín de Olmedo International Airport Operated by Avianca Ecuador [49]
Quito Mariscal Sucre International Airport Focus city
El Salvador San Salvador El Salvador International Airport [49]
France Paris Orly Airport Terminated [51]
Germany Frankfurt Frankfurt Airport Terminated
Hamburg Hamburg Airport Terminated [51]
Munich Munich Airport Suspended [60]
Guatemala Guatemala City La Aurora International Airport
Haiti Port-au-Prince Toussaint Louverture International Airport Terminated
Honduras Tegucigalpa Comayagua International Airport [61]
Italy Rome Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport Terminated
Jamaica Montego Bay Sangster International Airport Terminated
Mexico Cancún Cancún International Airport [49]
Mexico City Mexico City International Airport [49]
Netherlands Amsterdam Amsterdam Airport Schiphol Terminated
Nicaragua Managua Augusto C. Sandino International Airport
Panama Panama City Tocumen International Airport
Paraguay Asunción Silvio Pettirossi International Airport [49][62]
Peru Cusco Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport [61]
Lima Jorge Chávez International Airport [49]
Portugal Lisbon Lisbon Airport Terminated [51]
Puerto Rico San Juan Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport
Sint Maarten Philipsburg Princess Juliana International Airport Terminated
Spain Alicante Alicante–Elche Miguel Hernández Airport Terminated
Barcelona Josep Tarradellas Barcelona–El Prat Airport [49]
Madrid Madrid–Barajas Airport [49]
Tenerife Tenerife South Airport Terminated
Valencia Valencia Airport Terminated
Sweden Stockholm Stockholm Arlanda Airport Terminated
Switzerland Zürich Zurich Airport Terminated
United Kingdom London Gatwick Airport Terminated
Heathrow Airport [63]
United States Boston Logan International Airport [53]
Chicago O'Hare International Airport Terminated [64]
Fort Lauderdale Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport [65]
Los Angeles Los Angeles International Airport [66]
Miami Miami International Airport Focus city
New York City John F. Kennedy International Airport [49]
Orlando Orlando International Airport [49]
Washington, D.C. Dulles International Airport [49]
Uruguay Montevideo Carrasco International Airport [49][67]
Venezuela Caracas Simón Bolívar International Airport [68]
Porlamar Santiago Mariño Caribbean International Airport Terminated
Valencia Arturo Michelena International Airport Terminated

Subsidiaries edit

Avianca's subsidiaries' destinations
Company Number of
destinations
List
Avianca Cargo 25 List of Avianca Cargo destinations
Avianca Costa Rica 20 List of Avianca Costa Rica destinations
Avianca Ecuador 16 List of Avianca Ecuador destinations
Avianca El Salvador 27 List of Avianca El Salvador destinations
Avianca Express 10 List of Avianca Express destinations
Avianca Guatemala 9 List of Avianca Guatemala destinations
Helicol Un­known

Codeshare agreements edit

Avianca has codeshare agreements with the following airlines:[69]

Interline agreements edit

Avianca has an interline agreement with Boliviana de Aviación.[71]

LifeMiles edit

The frequent-flyer program of Avianca and its subsidiaries is LifeMiles. This program is designed to reward customer loyalty in the airline, travel, and retail sectors. LifeMiles members can earn miles every time they fly with Avianca, Star Alliance member airlines, as well as GOL Airlines, Aeromexico and Iberia.

The program was launched in 2011 with the merger of Avianca and TACA, replacing its former AviancaPlus program. LifeMiles has been awarded 14 Freddie Awards for its outstanding performance and promotions in the Americas during the last 9 years.

LifeMiles has four elite tiers:

  • Red Plus (Star Alliance Silver)
  • Silver (Star Alliance Silver)
  • Gold (Star Alliance Gold)
  • Diamond (Star Alliance Gold)

Fleet edit

Current fleet edit

 
Avianca Airbus A319-100 at Miami International Airport in 2014
 
Avianca Airbus A320-200 at Miami International Airport in 2016
 
Avianca Boeing 787-8 taxiing at Adolfo Suárez Madrid–Barajas Airport in 2015

As of February 2024, Avianca operates the following aircraft:[2][72]

Avianca fleet
Aircraft In
service
Orders Passengers Notes
C W Y+ Y Total
Airbus A319-100 7 12 48 84 144 To be retired by 2024.[73]
Airbus A320-200 67 12 60 108 180
Airbus A320neo 35 53[74] 12 60 108 180 With options for 50 additional aircraft.[75]
Some orders to be split with its subsidiaries.
188 188 Former Viva Air Colombia aircraft.[76]
Boeing 787-8 14 2[77] 28 222 250
32 259 291 Former Norwegian Long Haul aircraft.[78]
Total 123 55

Fleet development edit

In March 2007 the airline ordered 10 Boeing 787 Dreamliner.[79] The first delivery of that aircraft type was on December 17, 2014, and its first service was on January 16, 2015, between Bogotá and New York City.[80][81]

In 2015, Avianca signed an order for 100 A320neo family aircraft. At the beginning of March 2019, the airline had 20 A319neos, 92 A320neos, and 15 A321neos on order. In March 2019 the delivery of 17 Airbus A320neo family aircraft was cancelled, and deliveries of another 35 jets were rescheduled to 2026 to 2028, instead of 2020 to 2022.[82]

In March 2022 the airline confirmed an order for 88 new A320neo with deliveries between 2025 and 2031.[83]

In June 2023, it was reported that Avianca leased eight A320neos that belonged to the bankrupt airline Viva Air for delivery in 2023.[76]

In September 2023 the airline disclosed to lease 14 Airbus A320neo planes and two A320ceo planes.[84]

In February 2024, Avianca received one of the 3 Boeing 787-8s from Norwegian Air Shuttle. The airline said it wants to deviate from wet leases such as the one from Wamos Air and its A330, in addition, it wants to do it only with 787-8s owned by the company itself.[78]

Former fleet edit

Since its founding, Avianca has operated a wide variety of aircraft:[85][86][87]

Avianca former fleet
Aircraft Total Introduced Retired Notes
Airbus A318-100 10 2011 2019 Purchased from Mexicana[88]
Airbus A321-200 9 2014 2021
Airbus A321neo 2 2017 2020 [89]
Airbus A330-200 12 2008 2023 [90]
Airbus A330-300 2 2018 2020 Purchased from TransAsia Airways
ATR 72-600 9 2013 2019 Transferred to Avianca Express
Beechcraft 17 2 1941 1943
Boeing 247D 18 1936 1948
Boeing 707-120 1 1960 1961 Leased from Pan Am
Boeing 707-320C 8 1968 1994 One written off as Flight 052
Boeing 720B 7 1961 1984
Boeing 727-100 33 1966 1992
Boeing 727-200 18 1978 1999
Boeing 737-100 2 1968 1971 First 737 operator in Latin America
Boeing 747-100 3 1976 1996
Boeing 747-100SF 2 1981 1988
Boeing 747-200M 2 1979 1995 One written off as Flight 011
Boeing 757-200 21 1992 2010
Boeing 767-200ER 5 1990 2011
Boeing 767-300ER 5 1994 2011
1 2014 2015 Leased from Omni Air International
Boeing 787-9 1 2019 2023 Never entered service[91]
Consolidated PBY Catalina 4 1946 1956
Curtiss T-32 Condor II 2 Un­known Un­known
Curtiss C-46 Commando 5 1949 1955
de Havilland DH.60 Moth 7 1929 1939
Dornier Do J Wal 3 1925 1932
Dornier Merkur 2 1927 1932
Douglas C-47 Skytrain 52 1939 1974
Douglas C-54 Skymaster 26 1946 1975
Douglas DC-2 2 1944 1947
Douglas DC-3 4 1939 1973
Douglas DC-4 2 1953 1974
Fokker 50 10 1993 2014
Fokker 100 15 2006 2011 Operated by SAM until 2010
Fokker Universal 2 1929 1934
Ford 5-AT-DS Trimotor 19 1929 1946
General Aviation GA-43 1 1934 Un­known
Hawker Siddeley HS 748 2 1968 1978
IAI 1124 Westwind 1 1978 1995 Operated by Helicol
Junkers F 13 31 1920 1940
Junkers W 33 1 1929 1932
Junkers W 34 13 1928 1947
Lockheed L-749A Constellation 6 1951 1967
Lockheed L-1049E Super Constellation 4 1954 1969
McDonnell Douglas MD-11ER 1 1998 1999 Leased from World Airways
McDonnell Douglas MD-83 18 1992 2011
Sikorsky S-38 7 1929 1940
Sikorsky S-41 1 1930 1936

Accidents and incidents edit

The airline suffered a few incidents during the 1980s and early 1990s. The deadliest of those incidents was Avianca Flight 011, which crashed in 1983.

Awards and recognitions edit

In its recent history, the company has won different awards:[108]

  • 2010: E-Commerce Company of the Year – eCommerce Awards Colombia.
  • 2012: Best Company in Customer Service Labor and Management – Ibero-American Social Media Awards.
  • 2013: Best Company in Customer Service Labor and Management – Ibero-American Social Media Awards.
  • 2013: South American Airlines with Best Onboard Service – Skytrax World Airline Awards.
  • 2014: Best E-commerce Initiative in Colombia – Colombia Online Awards.
  • 2015: Best Airline in South America – World Travel Awards.
  • 2016: Best Airline in South America and Latin America – Business Traveler North America Magazine.
  • 2017: Best Airline in South America – Business Traveler Awards.
  • 2017: Best Airline in South America and Best Regional Airline in South America – Skytrax World Airline Awards.
  • 2017: Best Mobile Initiative for eCommerce – eCommerce Awards.
  • 2017: Second-best airline in the world – Consumers and Users Organization.
  • 2018: Best Airline in South America – Skytrax World Airline Awards.
  • 2018: Best Regional Airline in South America – Airline Passenger Experience APEX.

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Regulations.gov".
  2. ^ a b "Avianca Fleet Details and History". Planespotters.net. Retrieved March 10, 2022.
  3. ^ "avianca airlines on ch-aviation". ch-aviation. Retrieved 2023-11-09.
  4. ^ "Avianca Holdings S.A., Investor Relations - Financial Information". Archived from the original on 2020-03-01. Retrieved 2020-02-20.
  5. ^ Álvaro Uribe Vélez; Jorge Humberto Botero Angulo (7 March 2005). "Decreto número 604 de 2005 por el cual se concede la Orden del Mérito Comercial en la Categoría de Gran Oficial a Avianca" [Decree number 604 of 2005 which grants to Avianca the Order of Commercial Merit in the Category of Great Officer] (PDF) (in Spanish). Bogotá, D.C. (Colombia): Ministerio de Comercio, Industria y Turismo de la República de Colombia.
  6. ^ Álvaro Uribe Vélez (7 March 2005). "Discurso de entrega de la Orden del Mérito Comercial en la Categoría de Gran Oficial a Avianca" [Presidential address on the Order of Commercial Merit in the Category of Great Officer to Avianca] (.htm) (in Spanish). Bogotá, D.C. (Colombia): Presidencia de la República de Colombia. Nosotros no podemos perder la oportunidad de tener en Bogotá ese gran centro de conexiones. Y por supuesto, que lo haga la compañía bandera de Colombia, que es Avianca. Eso lo tiene que explicar el Gobierno a la opinión pública clara y paladinamente, sin malicias, sin cartas escondidas, y salir a defenderlo y decir por qué hay que hacerlo.
  7. ^ Simón Rodríguez Rodríguez (21 September 1989). "Sentencia del Honorable Consejo de Estado de la República de Colombia con relación al proceso número 132 que reposa en el expediente del año 1989 (ce-sec1-exp1989-n132)" [Sentence of the Honourable Council of State of the Republic of Colombia in relation to the process number 132 which rests on the record of 1989 (ce-sec1-exp1989-n132)] (in Spanish). Bogotá, D.C. (Colombia): Consejo de Estado de la República de Colombia. pp. 10, 16, 5th paragraph. Archived from the original (.doc) on 2011-07-04. Desde ningún punto de vista puede abrigarse duda alguna acerca del carácter eminentemente privado de la empresa Aerovías Nacionales de Colombia AVIANCA S. A. La prueba por excelencia en este caso, como es el certificado expedido por el Secretario de la Cámara de Comercio de Barranquilla así lo determina (fls. 2 a 10). En él se lee que la empresa se constituyó por escritura pública número 2374, otorgada ante Notaría Segunda de Barranquilla, el día 5 de diciembre de 1919, registrada en el Juzgado Tercero del mismo Circuito, llamada inicialmente Sociedad Colombo – Alemana de Transportes Aéreos -SCADTA-.
  8. ^ Friedman, Max Paul (April 2000). "Specter of a Nazi Threat: United States-Colombian Relations, 1939–1945". The Americas. Washington, D.C. (United States): Catholic University of America Press on behalf of Academy of American Franciscan History. 56 (4): 563–589 [566 2nd paragraph]. doi:10.1017/S0003161500029849. JSTOR 1008173. S2CID 147077020.
  9. ^ "Avianca-TACA joint venture ready for implementation". Flightglobal. 2 February 2010. Retrieved 2 February 2010.
  10. ^ "Flightgobal: Avianca-TACA joint venture ready for implementation". Flightglobal.com. 2 February 2010. Retrieved 28 September 2012.
  11. ^ Brown, Claire (28 July 1998). "National Air and Space Museum Exhibition Examines the Development of Latino Aviation". Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum. Archived from the original on 2010-04-08. SCADTA Junkers F 13, one of the first commercial airlines in Colombia. SCADTA (now known as AVIANCA) is the oldest, continuously operating airline in the Western Hemisphere.
  12. ^ "Avianca-Taca and Copa Airlines to join Star Alliance". Star Alliance. 11 October 2010. Archived from the original on 14 November 2010. Retrieved 11 October 2010.
  13. ^ "Avianca, Taca Airlines and Copa Airlines join Star Alliance". Star Alliance. 21 June 2012. Archived from the original on 15 April 2014. Retrieved 21 June 2012.
  14. ^ "Avianca files for bankruptcy in the United States due to the COVID-19 crisis". Explica. 11 May 2020. Archived from the original on 16 May 2020. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  15. ^ "Avianca Holdings files for Chapter 11". CH-AVIATION. 10 May 2020. Retrieved May 11, 2020.
  16. ^ "World's 'second oldest airline' files for bankruptcy". www.9news.com.au. 12 May 2020. Retrieved 2020-05-12.
  17. ^ Finlay, Mark (2022-12-05). "103 Years Ago Today Avianca's Predecessor SCADTA Was Founded". Simple Flying. Retrieved 2023-01-22.
  18. ^ "Avianca". SeatMaestro. Retrieved 2023-01-22.
  19. ^ Finlay, Mark (2022-12-05). "103 Years Ago Today Avianca's Predecessor SCADTA Was Founded". Simple Flying. Retrieved 2023-01-22.
  20. ^ María Fernanda Cedeño (15 July 2022). "¿Por qué el aeropuerto internacional de Colombia se llama El Dorado?: historia y origen del nombre". Colombia.as.com (in Spanish). Retrieved July 15, 2022.
  21. ^ "Avianca confirms 'strategic merger' with TACA". Flightglobal. 10 July 2009. Retrieved 10 July 2009.
  22. ^ "Latin American airlines to merge". BBC. 8 October 2009. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
  23. ^ "Avianca looking to replace Fokkers 100". Eturbonews.com. 30 November 2009. Archived from the original on 3 March 2012. Retrieved 4 December 2011.
  24. ^ "Copa Airlines, Copa Airlines Colombia, United Airlines and Avianca-TACA announce their intention to establish close cooperation agreements". avianca.co.uk. 28 January 2011. Archived from the original on 2 October 2011. Retrieved 4 December 2011.
  25. ^ "Avianca se quitó el apellido Taca". ElEspectador. Archived from the original on 20 April 2020. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  26. ^ "Avianca Launches New Regional Carrier In Colombia". Simpleflying.com. 14 February 2020. Retrieved February 14, 2020.
  27. ^ Rochabrun, Marcelo; Kumar, Devika Krishna; Bocanegra, Nelson (10 May 2020). "Latin America's second-biggest airline, Avianca, driven to bankruptcy by coronavirus". Reuters. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  28. ^ de 2021, 2 de Junio (2 June 2021). "Avianca anuncia que saldrá del Capítulo 11 y superará la crisis financiera en los próximos meses". infobae (in European Spanish). Retrieved 2021-06-04.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  29. ^ "Avianca signs agreement with Easyfly and farewells its ATR fleet". Aviaciononline. 4 November 2021. Retrieved 5 December 2021.
  30. ^ "Colombia's Avianca to move domicile to the United Kingdom". Reuters.com. 3 November 2021. Retrieved November 3, 2021.
  31. ^ "Avianca says U.S. court approves bankruptcy reorganization plan". Reuters. 2 November 2021. Retrieved 5 December 2021.
  32. ^ "Colombian airline Avianca says has completed bankruptcy process". Reuters. December 2021. Retrieved 5 December 2021.
  33. ^ "Avianca and Viva shareholders join economic ownership in a new holding company". Avianca.com. April 29, 2022.
  34. ^ "Avianca confirma acuerdo con Viva por sus filiales de Colombia y Perú". Aviacionline.com (in Spanish). 29 April 2022. Retrieved April 29, 2022.
  35. ^ "Breaking: Avianca and GOL set to become part of the same holding". Aviacionline.com. 11 May 2022. Retrieved May 11, 2022.
  36. ^ Daniel Martínez Garbuno (11 May 2022). "Abra Group Limited: the new holding of Avianca, GOL, and Viva". Airinsight.com. Retrieved May 11, 2022.
  37. ^ Martínez Garbuno, Daniel (November 8, 2022). "Colombia Rejects Avianca and Viva's Merger". Simpleflying.com. Retrieved November 16, 2022.
  38. ^ Martínez Garbuno, Daniel (November 8, 2022). "Colombia Rejects Avianca and Viva's Merger". Simpleflying.com. Retrieved November 16, 2022.
  39. ^ Martínez Garbuno, Daniel (September 6, 2022). "Avianca & GOL's New Abra Group Gets 1st Government Authorization". Simpleflying.com. Retrieved December 27, 2022.
  40. ^ Martínez Garbuno, Daniel (December 10, 2022). "Avianca & GOL's Abra Holding Company Could Soon Be Approved". Simpleflying.com. Retrieved December 27, 2022.
  41. ^ Galeano Balaguera, Paula (January 18, 2023). "Proceso de Avianca y Viva será anulado: ¿cuáles son las razones?". Portafolio.co. Retrieved January 19, 2023.
  42. ^ Martínez Garbuno, Daniel (January 19, 2023). "Avianca And Viva Merger Rejection Officially Annulled By Colombian Authorities". Simpleflying.com. Retrieved January 19, 2023.
  43. ^ Beresnevicius, Rytis (March 22, 2023). "Colombia approves Avianca-Viva Air merger following Viva's suspension of flights". Aerotime.aero. Retrieved March 24, 2023.
  44. ^ Griffin, Oliver (March 22, 2023). "Colombia's aviation regulator conditionally approves Avianca, Viva Air merger". Reuters.com. Retrieved March 24, 2023.
  45. ^ "Colombia's Avianca backs down from Viva Air merger". Reuters.com. 13 May 2023. Retrieved May 13, 2023.
  46. ^ Buitrago, Alejandra. "Avianca tendrá nueva sede administrativa a comienzos del 2009 en Eje Empresarial del Salitre m, portafolio.co, retrieved on 6 December 2015. "Será un edificio con 13.800 metros cuadrados de vidrio en sus fachadas, con un coeficiente de sombra de solo el 0,71% en diseño bioclimático que permitirá luz y aire naturales incluso en los sótanos." and "Su altura será de 46 metros y tres sótanos, para un área construida de 34.536 metros cuadrados. El primer piso tendrá locales comerciales y una amplia zona de parqueaderos."
  47. ^ Oficinas Colombia." Avianca. 9 March 2000. Retrieved on 30 January 2011.
  48. ^ "Avianca vuelve a pedir vuelos a Argentina y va por Aeroparque". Aviacionline.com (in Spanish). 18 May 2022. Retrieved May 19, 2022.
  49. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad "Our destinations". Avianca.
  50. ^ "Avianca ends Barbados service in July 2017". Airlineroute.net. 31 July 2017. Retrieved 31 July 2017.
  51. ^ a b c d "#TBT: Avianca flights between Colombia and Europe in 1954". Aviacionline.com. 20 October 2022. Retrieved October 22, 2022.
  52. ^ "Avianca plans Santa Cruz launch in July 2018".
  53. ^ a b c Gastón Sena (27 December 2022). "Avianca to resume flights to Boston, Manaus, and Belo Horizonte". Aviacionline.com. Retrieved December 27, 2022.
  54. ^ As Avianca turns 100, airline announces new direct service between Bogotá and Toronto
  55. ^ Lukas Souza (January 11, 2024). "avianca To Launch Second Canadian Route To Montreal". Simpleflying.com.
  56. ^ "Avianca to increase flights between Bogotá and Santiago de Chile". Aviacionline.com. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  57. ^ Gastón Sena (11 January 2022). "Ipiales becomes Avianca's new destination in Colombia". Aviacionline.com. Retrieved January 11, 2022.
  58. ^ Gastón Sena (14 February 2022). "Avianca stops operations in Manizales". Aviacionline.com. Retrieved February 14, 2022.
  59. ^ a b "Avianca dejará de volar a Cuba el próximo 15 de enero" (in Spanish). Asere. 22 November 2019. Retrieved November 24, 2019.
  60. ^ "Avianca kommt nach Deutschland". aerotelegraph.com (in German). 18 December 2017. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
  61. ^ a b "Avianca unirá a Bogotá con Tegucigalpa-Palmerola y Cusco". Aviacionline (in Spanish). August 2023. Retrieved August 1, 2023.
  62. ^ "Avianca resumes flights to Asuncion". Aviacionline.com. 7 September 2021. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
  63. ^ Gastón Sena (29 March 2022). "Avianca resumes flights between Bogota and London". Aviacionline.com. Retrieved April 16, 2022.
  64. ^ Sam Roecker (April 4, 2019). "Avianca Drops Chicago and Boston, Reduces JFK". Simpleflying.com.
  65. ^ "Avianca to increase flights between Bogotá and Fort Lauderdale". Aviacionline.com. 5 May 2022. Retrieved May 5, 2022.
  66. ^ "Avianca to Resume Bogota - Los Angeles from July 2015". Airlineroute.net. March 9, 2015. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
  67. ^ Avianca reanuda sus vuelos directos a Uruguay
  68. ^ "avianca To Restart Iconic Bogota-Caracas Route In 2024". Simpleflying.com. December 27, 2023. Retrieved December 27, 2022.
  69. ^ "Codeshare". Avianca. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  70. ^ "Avianca and ITA Airways sign codeshare agreement". 20 October 2022.
  71. ^ Daniel Martínez Garbuno (12 September 2022). "Avianca And Boliviana de Aviación Announce Interline Agreement". Airinsight.com. Retrieved September 12, 2022.
  72. ^ "Avianca Fleet | Airfleets aviation".
  73. ^ Sena, Gastón (2023-09-24). "Avianca to Retire its A319 Fleet in 2024; One Operator Left in South America". Aviacionline.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2023-11-12.
  74. ^ Airbus Orders and Deliveries (XLS), monthly updated, accessed via "Orders & deliveries". Airbus. Airbus SAS. Retrieved 13 November 2023.
  75. ^ "Avianca commits to order for 88+50 A320neo Family jets". ch-aviation. March 11, 2022. Retrieved 2023-11-12.
  76. ^ a b Sena, Gastón (2023-06-27). "Avianca Gets All A320neos That Belonged to Failed VIVA". Aviacionline.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2023-11-12.
  77. ^ Lori Ranson. "Avianca Aims To Place More Twin-Aisle Jets On North American Routes". Aviationweek.com. Retrieved August 7, 2023.
  78. ^ a b "Avianca Takes Delivery of the First of Three Former Norwegian Boeing 787s". Aviacionline.
  79. ^ "Boeing, Avianca Airlines Announce Order for 10 787 Dreamliners". MediaRoom. Retrieved 2023-11-12.
  80. ^ "Boeing". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  81. ^ "Avianca Celebrates Arrival of the Dreamliner". Airliner World: 14. March 2015.
  82. ^ Yeo2019-03-15, Ghim-Lay (2019-03-15). "Avianca cancels 17 A320neo family aircraft, defers 35". Flight Global. Retrieved 2023-11-12.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  83. ^ "Avianca confirms order for 88 new A320neo aircraft from AIRBUS". Avianca. March 9, 2022. Retrieved November 13, 2023.
  84. ^ "Colombia airline Avianca to invest $473 million to grow fleet by 16 planes". Reuters. 2023-09-07. Retrieved 2023-11-12.
  85. ^ "Avianca cumple 90 años" (PDF) (in Spanish). Avianca. 12 March 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 25, 2021. Retrieved 12 March 2009.
  86. ^ Avianca (4 April 2010). "Nace una historia con alas" (.htm) (in Spanish). Bogotá, D.C. (Colombia): Avianca.[permanent dead link]
  87. ^ "Avianca fleet". aerobernie.bplaced.net. Retrieved February 20, 2021.
  88. ^ "Colombia's Avianca Airlines retires last A318". CH-AVIATION. Retrieved December 21, 2019.
  89. ^ "Colombia's Avianca Airlines returns last A321neo". Ch-aviation.com. Retrieved August 24, 2021.
  90. ^ "Avianca Bids Farewell To Its Passenger Airbus A330". Simpleflying.com. 28 February 2023. Retrieved March 1, 2023.
  91. ^ "OE-IBM SMBC Aviation Capital Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner". Planespotters.net. 14 June 2023. Retrieved June 14, 2023.
  92. ^ Accident description for C-108 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 1 July 2013.
  93. ^ Accident description for HK-163 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 27 May 2012.
  94. ^ Accident description for HK-328 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 1 July 2013.
  95. ^ Accident description for HK-135 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 1 July 2013.
  96. ^ Jamaica Observer, "From Avianca to CanJet: MoBay Airport at Centre of J'can Aviation History" Archived 2009-04-22 at the Wayback Machine, 22 April 2009 . Retrieved 25 April 2009.
  97. ^ Accident description for HK-109 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 1 July 2013.
  98. ^ Accident description for HK-174 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 1 July 2013.
  99. ^ Accident description for CCCP-M25 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 1 July 2013.
  100. ^ "Hijacking description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
  101. ^ "HK-107 Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 5 September 2010.
  102. ^ "HK-1341 Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 5 September 2010.
  103. ^ "HK-111 Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 26 August 2010.
  104. ^ "HK-508 Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 24 August 2010.
  105. ^ "Colombia". Lcweb2.loc.gov. Retrieved 18 December 2010.
  106. ^ "Americas | Massive security at Colombia's airports". BBC News. 19 July 2002. Retrieved 18 December 2010.
  107. ^ "Recordando los 10 años del secuestro del Fokker de Avianca". Noticias ABC colombia. Archived from the original on 5 January 2013. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
  108. ^ "Know our Awards and recognitions". Avianca.com. Retrieved July 1, 2021.

External links edit

  Media related to Avianca at Wikimedia Commons