Bolívar (Spanish pronunciation: [boˈliβaɾ]) is a department of Colombia. It was named after one of the original nine states of the United States of Colombia. It is located to the north of the country, extending roughly north–south from the Caribbean coast at Cartagena near the mouth of the Magdalena River, then south along the river to a border with Antioquia Department. The departments of Sucre and Córdoba are located to the west, and Atlántico Department to the north and east (most of the border formed by the Canal del Dique). Across the Magdalena River to the east is Magdalena Department. The flag of the department bears a resemblance to the flag of Lithuania.

Department of Bolívar
Departamento de Bolívar
Ab Ordine Libertas
(Latin: From order comes freedom)
Anthem: Himno de Bolívar
Bolívar shown in red
Bolívar shown in red
Topography of the department
Topography of the department
Coordinates: 10°24′N 75°30′W / 10.400°N 75.500°W / 10.400; -75.500
Country Colombia
RegionCaribbean Region
EstablishedJune 15, 1857
 • GovernorVicente blel (2019-2023)
 • Total25,978 km2 (10,030 sq mi)
 • Rank14th
 • Total2,070,110
 • Rank7th
 • Density80/km2 (210/sq mi)
 • TotalCOP 51,404 billion
(US$ 12.1 billion)
Time zoneUTC-05
ISO 3166 codeCO-BOL
HDI (2019)0.756[5]
high · 13th of 33

Its capital is Cartagena de Indias. Other important cities include Magangué, El Carmen de Bolívar and Turbaco.

Provinces and Municipalities edit

History edit

In today's villages of Maria La Baja, Sincerín, El Viso, and Mahates and Rotinet, excavations have uncovered the remains of maloka-type buildings, directly related to the early Puerto Hormiga settlements.[6]

Historical population
1938 763,782—    
1951 924,082+21.0%
1964 693,759−24.9%
1973 817,838+17.9%
1985 1,288,985+57.6%
1993 1,702,188+32.1%
2005 1,878,993+10.4%
2018 2,070,110+10.2%

Miscellaneous edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Información Institucional: Geografía" (in Spanish). Gobernación del Bolivar. 2011. Archived from the original on 5 March 2012. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
  2. ^ Kline, Harvey F. (2012). "Bolivar, Department of". Historical Dictionary of Colombia. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press. p. 83. ISBN 978-0-8108-7813-6.
  3. ^ "DANE". Archived from the original on November 13, 2009. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
  4. ^ "Producto Interno Bruto por departamento",
  5. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  6. ^ "Universidad del Norte". Archived from the original on 2010-12-20. Retrieved 2010-06-24.
  7. ^ "Reloj de Población". DANE. Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadísitica. Archived from the original on 28 October 2016. Retrieved 6 July 2017.

External links edit