Juan Santamaría International Airport
Juan Santamaría International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional Juan Santamaría) (IATA: SJO, ICAO: MROC) is the primary airport serving San José, the capital of Costa Rica. The airport is located in the city of Alajuela, 20 km (12 miles) west of downtown San José. It is named after Costa Rica's national hero, Juan Santamaría, a courageous drummer boy who died in 1856 defending his country against forces led by US-American filibuster William Walker.
Juan Santamaría International Airport
Aeropuerto Internacional Juan Santamaría
|Owner||Government of Costa Rica|
|Operator||Aeris Holdings Costa Rica under ADC & HAS and Andrade Gutiérrez Concesores|
|Serves||San José, Costa Rica|
|Location||Alajuela Province, Costa Rica|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||921 m / 3,022 ft|
The airport is a hub of a local airline Sansa Airlines, bases for Avianca Costa Rica and Volaris Costa Rica, and a focus city for Copa Airlines. It was the country's only international gateway for many years, but nowadays there is also an international airport in Liberia, Guanacaste. Both airports have direct flights to North and Central America and Europe, with the difference that Juan Santamaría International Airport also serves cities in South America and the Caribbean. Juan Santamaría International Airport was once the busiest airport in Central America, but currently it is ranked second after Tocumen International Airport in Panamá. In 2016, Juan Santamaría International Airport received 4.6 million passengers (both international and domestic). In 2011, the airport was named the 3rd Best Airport in Latin America - Caribbean from the Airport Service Quality Awards by Airports Council International
The airport was built to replace the previous one in downtown San Jose where Parque La Sabana is located today. Funding was secured by the government in 1951 and construction proceed slowly until it was officially inaugurated on May 2, 1958. It was initially called "Aeropuerto Internacional el Coco" after its location of the same name in the province of Alajuela. It would later be renamed in honor of Juan Santamaría. In 1961, funding was secured to build the highway that connects the airport to downtown San José.
The road access to the airport is on an exit at Route 1, and near the exit to Alajuela. There is a parking area with surcharge, plus a bus stop with plenty of services to San Jose downtown (with no exact schedule but with 24-hours bus service and approximately one service every 10 minutes during working hours). Licensed taxis are available in the airport and will generally accept both colones and U.S. dollars, but not other currencies. Costa Rican taxis are red with yellow triangles on the doors, ubiquitous all over the country, plus there is a special airport taxi service that is licensed and employs orange taxis. While the rail line linking downtown Alajuela with San José's Atlantic Station passes in close proximity to the airport, there is no station serving the airport and no rail service of any kind to the airport.
The airport's main runway allows for operations of large, widebody aircraft. Currently, some scheduled flights are operated with Airbus A330 and A340, and Boeing 747, 767 and 777, for both passengers and freight. A Concorde landed in 1999 for that year's airshow. Previously, the airport had a small hangar, called the "NASA" hangar, to house research aircraft, like the Martin B-57 Canberra high altitude aircraft, that were being operated in Costa Rica. After that mission was completed, the hangar was removed.
The major operator in the airport is Avianca, followed by Copa Airlines which uses the Main Terminal (M). Sansa Airlines flights depart from the Domestic Terminal (D). No major changes were made to the terminal until November 1997 when the government issued a decree requesting participation of private companies to manage the operations of the airport. After a few years of legal challenges and contract negotiations, Alterra Partners was given a 20-year concession and started managing the facilities in May 2001. It was also expected that the company would finish the necessary expansion and construction of new facilities, however in March 2002, Alterra announced it would cease any further construction due to disagreements over financing and airport use fee billing with the government. The dispute was extended for a few years and problems started at the terminal; in 2005, the International Civil Aviation Organization pointed out that the airport did not comply with safety regulations. In July 2009, Alterra yielded the contract to a consortium composed of Houston-based Canadian-American company ADC & HAS and the Brazilian company, Andrade Gutierrez Concessoes (AGC) - subsidiary of the conglomerate Andrade Gutierrez. In December 2009, Alterra Partners changed its name to AERIS Holdings, S.A. In November 2010, Aeris announced it had finished the expansion and construction of new facilities with the installation of the 9th boarding bridge.
Airlines and destinationsEdit
The following airlines have scheduled direct services to and/or from Juan Santamaría International Airport:
- ^1 Condor's flights to and from Frankfurt fly via Santo Domingo, the airline has rights to transport passengers solely from Santo Domingo to San Jose.
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|DHL Aviation||Miami, Los Angeles, Panama City|
|DHL de Guatemala||Guatemala City|
|FedEx Express||Memphis, Panama City|
|LATAM Cargo Brasil||Miami|
|LATAM Cargo Chile||Miami|
|LATAM Cargo México||Mexico City|
Juan Santamaria International Airport is the largest and busiest airport in Costa Rica, having experienced a constant increase in traffic since its opening in 1958, boosted by the growing flow of tourists. The airport reached more than one million passengers per year for the first time in 1991 and having a record number of passengers in 2017. Traffic movements also reached its highest number in 2017, while freight (in metric tons) reached a peak in 2011, with 98,609 tons.
|Number of passengers||Percentage change||Number of movements||Freight (tonnes)|
|Source: Directorate General of Civil Aviation of Costa Rica|
Top international destinationsEdit
|1||Panama City, Panama1||381,668||384,295||765,963||43.54%||Avianca, Copa|
|2||Houston, United States2||199,682||210,061||409,743||28.97%||Southwest, Spirit, United|
|3||Miami, United States||191,026||180,056||371,082||7.96%||American|
|4||San Salvador, El Salvador||160,409||162,098||322,507||22.40%||Avianca, Veca|
|5||Mexico City, Mexico||140,915||146,198||287,113||21.02%||Aeroméxico, Interjet|
|6||Fort Lauderdale, United States||134,596||143,561||278,157||65.45%||Jetblue, Spirit|
|7||Atlanta, United States||130,168||115,770||245,938||9.42%||Delta|
|9||Newark, United States||107,980||95,642||203,622||27.45%||United|
|10||Guatemala City, Guatemala||85,219||82,745||167,964||19.45%||Avianca, Copa, Wingo Volaris|
|11||Orlando, United States||75,647||82,648||158,295||44.12%||Jetblue|
|13||Los Angeles, United States||67,930||60,179||128,109||6.81%||Alaska, Delta|
|14||Dallas, United States||53,109||72,054||125,163||15.34%||American|
|15||Managua, Nicaragua||62,583||46,625||109,208||52.14%||Avianca, Copa, Nature Air|
|16||Lima, Perú||38,706||41,491||80,197||13.90%||LATAM, Avianca|
|17||Charlotte, United States||25,465||26,035||51,500||3.30%||American|
|18||Tegucigalpa, Honduras||21,228||23,047||44,275||23.97%||Avianca, Copa|
|19||Frankfurt, Germany||20,843||19,486||40,329||28.69%||Lufthansa, Condor|
|20||Toronto, Canada||21,047||19,199||40,246||0.81%||Air Canada, Air Transat, WestJet|
|21||Phoenix, United States||10,790||13,727||24,517||2.57%||American|
|22||Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic||7,215||6,877||14,092||18.15%||Condor|
|24||Cancún, Mexico||5,410||5,281||10,691||13.79%||Avianca, Volaris,|
|25||San Pedro Sula, Honduras||4,862||5,747||10,609||63.34%4||Avianca, Copa|
|Source: Directorate General of Civil Aviation. Air Transportation Statistical Yearbook (Years 2014, and 2015).|
^1 Avianca and Copa fly to Panama City-Tocumen Airport, and Air Panama flies to Panama City-Albrook Airport. The data here is for traffic between SJO and all airports in Panama City.
Accidents and incidentsEdit
- On May 23, 1988 a leased Boeing 727-100 (TI-LRC) operating the route San Jose-Managua-Miami, collided with a fence at the end of the runway in the Juan Santamaria International Airport, crashed at a nearby field next to a highway, and caught fire. The excess of weight in the front part of the airplane was the cause of the accident. There were no fatalities out of the 23 occupants.
- AIP - Part 3 Aerodromes Archived 2011-09-27 at the Wayback Machine
- (in Spanish) Resumen Estadístico 2017. Datos Preliminares
- "ASQ Award for Best Airport in Latin America - Caribbean" Airports Council International. 14 February 2012. Retrieved 2012-04-13
- Calvo, Rodrigo (2011-03-27). "Los mil rostros de La Sabana". La Nacion (in Spanish). Costa Rica.
- "En primber debate fueron aprobados el Arancel de Aduanas y la Ley de Pagos Internacionales". La Nacion (in Spanish). Costa Rica. 1951-11-26.
- Rojas, Ronny (2008-07-09). "El Santamaría incumple normas de seguridad". Al Dia (in Spanish). Costa Rica.
- "Hace 50 años, Sábado 11 de marzo de 1961". La Nacion (in Spanish). Costa Rica. 2011-03-11.
- Delgado, Edgar (1999-01-28). "Concorde impuso récord". La Nacion (in Spanish). Costa Rica.
- Ponchner, Debbie (2005-07-02). "Hoy despega de suelo tico la misión TCSP de la NASA". La Nacion (in Spanish). Costa Rica.
- Ponchner, Debbie (2007-05-05). "NASA realizará gran misión científica desde suelo tico". La Nacion (in Spanish). Costa Rica.
- Feigenblatt, Hazel (2001-05-05). "Aeropuerto a manos privadas hoy". La Nacion (in Spanish). Costa Rica.
- Loaiza, Vanessa (2002-03-15). "Suspenden obras en aeropuerto". La Nacion (in Spanish). Costa Rica.
- Loaiza, Vanessa (2009-12-04). "BID presta $45 millones para ampliar Juan Santamaría". La Nacion (in Spanish). Costa Rica.
- Loaiza, Vanessa (2010-11-10). "Concluye modernización de aeropuerto Santamaría". La Nacion (in Spanish). Costa Rica.
- Anuario Estadístico de Transporte Aéreo 2014 Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine. Dirección General de Aviación Civil de Costa Rica
- Anuario Estadístico de Transporte Aéreo 2015 Archived 2016-11-11 at the Wayback Machine. Dirección General de Aviación Civil de Costa Rica