ABX Air, Inc., formerly Airborne Express, is a cargo airline headquartered at Wilmington Air Park near the City of Wilmington, Ohio, USA. ABX Air operates scheduled, ad hoc charter and ACMI (Aircraft, Crew, Maintenance and Insurance) freight services. It also provides flight support services and training. ABX Air is owned by Air Transport Services Group.
|Parent company||Air Transport Services Group, Inc.|
|Headquarters||Wilmington Air Park|
Clinton County, Ohio, U.S.
|Key people||Dave Soaper (President)|
ABX also operated cargo flights on behalf of Air Jamaica between Miami and the two Jamaican cities of Montego Bay (Donald Sangster International Airport) and Kingston (Norman Manley International Airport). One of their Boeing 767-200s routinely handled the flights, replacing the Douglas DC-8 types that flew previously. The aircraft flew with an Air Jamaica callsign of "Jamaica".
The airline was established in April 1980Midwest Air Charter; operations started later that year. Airborne Express, as the airline was initially named, was a wholly owned subsidiary of Airborne Freight Corporation of Seattle. Apart from its core activity of cargo transportation, Airborne Express also performed airframe maintenance services to a number of aircraft types. At March 1995 the company had 5,500 employees. In January 1996 , the company acquired 12 Boeing 767 aircraft for conversion to freighters.when Airborne Freight Corporation acquired
ABX became a public company on 16 August 2003 as part of the merger of DHL and Airborne, in which DHL kept Airborne's ground operations and spun off its air operations as ABX Air Inc. ABX Air's common shares were traded on the NASDAQ National Market under the ticker symbol ABXA. In early 2007, ABX Air entered an ACMI agreement with All Nippon Airways to begin flying freight within Asia. The contract utilized two Boeing 767-200SF aircraft. In March 2007, the airline had 7,600 employees.
On 2 November 2007, CEO Joe Hete and the ABX Air board of directors announced that the company had entered into an agreement to acquire Cargo Holdings International, the parent company of Air Transport International (ATI) and Capital Cargo International Airlines for a cost of $350 million. The transaction was finalized on 31 December 2007, and ABX Air was reorganized as a subsidiary of a holding company, later named Air Transport Services Group (ATSG).
On November 10, 2008, ABX Air's largest customer, DHL, announced a plan to exit the United States domestic market. Previous plans by DHL had been to keep its U.S. operations by contracting them out to United Parcel Service. On 30 March 2010, ABX Air's parent company, ATSG, entered into new long-term agreements with DHL, under which ABX Air would continue providing airlift for the U.S. portion of DHL’s international network.
The ABX Air fleet consists of the following aircraft (updated at November 2020):
ABX Air operated the following equipment throughout its history:
- McDonnell Douglas DC-8-61
- McDonnell Douglas DC-8-62
- McDonnell Douglas DC-8-63
- McDonnell Douglas DC-8-63F
- McDonnell Douglas DC-9-15
- McDonnell Douglas DC-9-31
- McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32
- McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32F
- McDonnell Douglas DC-9-33F
- McDonnell Douglas DC-9-41
- NAMC YS-11A-200
Incidents and accidentsEdit
- On December 22, 1996, an Airborne Express DC-8-63F operating as Flight 827 conducted a test flight after undergoing modifications at Piedmont Triad International Airport. While performing a stall test the airplane entered into a real stall and the flight crew was unable to recover before it crashed into mountainous terrain near Narrows, Virginia. All six occupants were killed.
- On June 29, 2008, a Boeing 767 parked at San Francisco International Airport was seriously damaged by fire as it was being prepared for flight. An investigation by the NTSB revealed that a design fault was to blame for the fire, allowing a short circuit between electric wiring and an electrically conductive component of the oxygen system.
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- Ranter, Harro. "Accident description". aviation-safety.net. Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved February 24, 2010.
- "Uncontrolled Flight into Terrain, ABX Air (Airborne Express) Douglas DC-8-63, N827AX, Narrows, Virginia, December 22, 1996" (PDF). National Transportation Safety Board. July 15, 1997. NTSB/AAR-97/05. Retrieved October 25, 2019.
- Kaminski-Morrow, David (June 30, 2008). "PICTURE: Fire badly damages ABX 767F at San Francisco". London: Flightglobal. Archived from the original on March 5, 2016.
- Hradecky, Simon. "Accident: ABX Air Cargo B762 at San Francisco on Jun 28th 2008, on fire while parked, no arson". Aviation Herald. Retrieved February 24, 2010.
- Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 767-281SF N799AX San Francisco International Airport, CA (SFO)". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved October 25, 2019.
- Endres, Günter, ed. (2010). Flight International World Airlines 2010. Sutton, Surrey, England: Reed Business Information. ISBN 978-1-898779-39-1.
- Marcial, Gene G. (September 26, 2004). "Why ABX Air Is Really Delivering". Bloomberg Businessweek. Archived from the original on January 18, 2013.
- Leeuw, Ruud (April 20, 2006). "Airborne Express". Airlines Remembered.
- "ABX Air sees 2Q earnings drop". Business First of Columbus. August 10, 2006.
- "ABX Holdings Announces Name Change to Air Transport Services Group". Air Transport Services Group, Inc. May 16, 2008. Archived from the original on June 1, 2008.
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