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Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport

Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport (IATA: FLL, ICAO: KFLL, FAA LID: FLL) is in Broward County, Florida, United States, The airport is off Interstate 595, U.S. Route 1, Florida State Road A1A, and Florida State Road 5 bounded by the cities Fort Lauderdale, Hollywood and Dania Beach,[4] three miles (5 km) southwest of downtown Fort Lauderdale[3] and 21 miles (34 kilometers) north of Miami. The airport is near cruise line terminals at Port Everglades and is popular among tourists bound for the Caribbean. With over 700 daily flights to 135 domestic and international destinations, FLL has become an intercontinental gateway since the late 1990s, although Miami International Airport still handles most long-haul flights.

Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport
Fort Lauderdale airport logo.jpg
Fort Lauderdale, Florida - FLL from airplane.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerBroward County
OperatorBroward County Aviation Department
ServesGreater Miami
Locationunincorporated Broward County
Opened1953 (1953)
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL65 ft / 20 m
Coordinates26°04′21″N 080°09′10″W / 26.07250°N 80.15278°W / 26.07250; -80.15278Coordinates: 26°04′21″N 080°09′10″W / 26.07250°N 80.15278°W / 26.07250; -80.15278
Websitewww.broward.org/airport
Maps
FAA diagram
FAA diagram
FLL is located in Florida
FLL
FLL
Location of airport in Florida / United States
FLL is located in the United States
FLL
FLL
FLL (the United States)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
10L/28R 9,000 2,743 Asphalt
10R/28L 8,000 2,438 Concrete
Statistics (2018)
Total passengers35,963,370[1]
Aircraft operations329,662[1]
Based aircraft (2017)102[2]

It is the largest base for Spirit Airlines, catering mainly to the airline's international to domestic network, and it is a focus city for JetBlue and Norwegian Air Shuttle. It is also a focus city for Allegiant Air and Southwest Airlines. In 2016, the top five air carriers by market share were JetBlue at 24.1%, Southwest Airlines at 21.2%, Spirit Airlines at 20.6%, Delta Air Lines at 9.7%, and United Airlines at 6.1%.[5] FLL is ranked as the 18th busiest airport (in terms of passenger traffic) in the United States, as well as the nation's 14th busiest international air gateway and one of the world's 50 busiest airports. FLL is classified by the US Federal Aviation Administration as a "major hub" facility serving commercial air traffic. In 2018, the airport processed 35,963,370 passengers[1] (10.6% more than 2017) including 8,608,363 international passengers (19.8% more than 2017).

HistoryEdit

Merle Fogg Airport opened on an abandoned 9-hole golf course on May 1, 1929. At the start of World War II, it was commissioned by the United States Navy and renamed Naval Air Station Fort Lauderdale. The base was initially used for refitting civil airliners for military service before they were ferried across the Atlantic to Europe and North Africa. NAS Fort Lauderdale later became a main training base for Naval Aviators and enlisted naval air crewmen flying the Grumman TBF and TBM Avenger for the U.S. Navy and U.S. Marine Corps aboard aircraft carriers and from expeditionary airfields ashore. NAS Fort Lauderdale was the home base for Flight 19, the five TBM Avengers that disappeared in December 1945, leading in part to the notoriety of the Bermuda Triangle.

NAS Fort Lauderdale closed on October 1, 1946 and was transferred to county control, becoming Broward County International Airport.

Commercial flights to Nassau began on June 2, 1953, and domestic flights began in 1958–1959: Northeast Airlines and National Airlines DC-6Bs flew nonstop to Idlewild, and Northeast flew nonstop to Washington National. In 1959 the airport opened its first permanent terminal building and assumed its current name.

In 1966, the airport averaged 48 airline operations a day; in 1972, it averaged 173 a day.

The Feb 1966 Official Airline Guide shows three nonstop departures to New York–Kennedy and no other nonstop flights beyond Tampa and Orlando. Five years later. FLL had added nonstop flights to Atlanta, Baltimore, Boston, Buffalo, Chicago, Cleveland, Detroit, Minneapolis, New York–La Guardia, Newark, Philadelphia, and Pittsburgh. (Northeast's nonstop to Los Angeles had already been dropped.)

By 1974, the airport was served by Braniff International Airways, Delta Air Lines, Eastern Air Lines, National Airlines, Northwest Orient Airlines, Shawnee Airlines and United Airlines. Delta and Eastern were the dominant carriers, with 12 and 14 routes from FLL respectively.[6] By 1979, following deregulation, Air Florida, Bahamasair, Florida Airlines, Mackey International Airlines, Republic Airlines, Trans World Airlines and Western Airlines also served the airport.[7]

Low-cost airline traffic grew in the 1990s, with Southwest opening its base in 1996, Spirit in 1999, and JetBlue in 2000. Spirit Airlines made FLL a hub in 2002. In 2003, JetBlue made FLL a focus city. US Airways also planned a hub at Fort Lauderdale in the mid-2000s as part of its reorganization strategy before its merger with America West.[8]

Low-cost competition forced several major legacy airlines to cut back service to FLL, with United pulling out of the airport entirely in 2008[9] and American Airlines moving its New York and Los Angeles services to West Palm Beach in 2013.[10]

During the 2005 hurricane season FLL was affected by Hurricane Katrina and Hurricane Wilma. Katrina struck land in late August as a Category 1 and made landfall on Keating Beach just two miles from the airport (near the border of Broward and Miami–Dade counties) with 80 mph (130 km/h) winds but caused only minor damage; however, the airport was closed for about a 48-hour period. However, when Hurricane Wilma made landfall in October roof damage was reported along with broken windows, damaged jetways, and destroyed canopies. The airport was closed for a period of 5 days. Hurricane Wilma was a Category 2 when its center passed to the west of FLL.

In February 2007, the airport started fees to all users, including private aircraft. FLL is one of the few airports to administer fees to private pilots. A minimum charge of $10 is assessed on landing private aircraft.

On October 11, 2016, Emirates announced that they would operate a flight from Dubai to Ft. Lauderdale daily using a Boeing 777-200LR. The airline decided on Fort Lauderdale instead of Miami, which has considerably longer runways and better facilities for long haul flights, because of its codeshare agreement with JetBlue. The airline started flying in December 2016. On October 27, 2016, British Airways announced a flight from London Gatwick to Ft. Lauderdale three times a week, which began on July 6, 2017.

A shooting took place at the airport on January 6, 2017 in Terminal 2, claiming five lives and injuring six.[11]

In 2018, NORAD announced that it would be stationing fighter jets at the airport during President Donald Trump's trips to Mar-a-Lago.[12]

FacilitiesEdit

Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport covers 1,380 acres (558 ha) and has two runways:[3]

  • 10L/28R: 9,000 x 150 ft (2,743 x 46 m) Asphalt
  • 10R/28L: 8,000 x 150 ft (2,438 x 46 m) Concrete (Opened September 18, 2014.)[13]

In August 2017, there were 102 aircraft based at this airport: 6 single-engine, 17 multi-engine, 68 jet and 11 helicopter.

Silver Airways has its headquarters in Suite 201 of the 1100 Lee Wagener Blvd building.[14][15] When Chalk's International Airlines existed, its headquarters was on the grounds of the airport in an unincorporated area.[16]

ConstructionEdit

Expansion of runway 10R/28L

In 2003, plans to expand the facility started. Proposed improvements included an extension of runway 10R/28L,[17] construction and modifications to the airport's taxiway system to provide for increased speed, improved inter-terminal passenger movement, and extensive terminal upgrades. The plan was updated a second time on April 25, 2006. Complaints by nearby communities about noise, along with concerns about buyout requirements, delayed construction that is expected to keep the airport viable through 2020.[18]

On June 5, 2007, Broward County commissioners voted six to three in favor of extending the southern 10R/28L runway. The proposal looked to extend the runway to 8,000 ft in order to accommodate larger aircraft and to allow airplanes to land side by side at the same time. The proposal was approved by the FAA and expansion of the south runway was completed in September 2014.[13] The crosswind runway (13/31) was decommissioned on May 6, 2013.[19] All four terminals now have 63 gates total; that number will increase to 97 with the completion of a new long-haul international Terminal Four and Concourse A at Terminal One. By 2020, Ft. Lauderdale–Hollywood is projected to handle 36 million passengers annually.[20]

Demolition and reconstruction of Terminal Four

During and after the expansion of runway 10R/28L, reconstruction of Terminal Four will begin at the cost of $450 million. The H concourse will be demolished to build the new "G" concourse. In this process four new gates will be added. Concession space will be increased from 2,128 ft² to 28,000 ft² and a secure walkway will be added to connect terminals three and four.[21]

North runway maintenance

On June of 2019, the north runway closed for maintenance, reducing the number of passengers flying in until October 2019. The airport had last seen major renovations on the north runway since 2004, with parts of the runway still dating back to 1943.[22]

TerminalsEdit

Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport has four terminals. Terminal 1, commonly referred to as "The New Terminal," opened in stages between 2001 and 2003 and was designed by Hellmuth, Obata and Kassabaum[23] and Cartaya Associates.[24] The other three terminals were constructed in 1986 and designed by Reynolds, Smith & Hills as part of a $263 million construction project.[25] Terminal 4, commonly referred to as the International Terminal, was inaugurated by a Concorde visit in 1983. Since 2005, T4 has been undergoing renovations and a major expansion designed by PGAL/Zyscovich joint venture. The airport announced that Terminal 1, common known as "The New Terminal", underwent $300 million makeover. Construction began in late 2015 and was completed in June 2017.[26]

Terminal 1: "New Terminal"- YellowEdit

  • The Yellow Terminal has three concourses (A, B, & C) and 23 gates. Concourse A opened on July 5, 2017 and has 7 gates (A1-A7), Concourse B has 7 gates (B2, B4-B9, B3 is now A1), and Concourse C has 9 gates (C1-C9). Concourse A mainly serves international travelers.
  • United Airlines operates a United Club in Concourse C, which opened with the new Terminal in May 2001 as a Continental Airlines Presidents Club.
  • This Terminal is only used by Swoop, Southwest, Alaska, Allegiant, Silver, United, Bahamasair, Copa, and WestJet.

Terminal 2: "Delta" Terminal- RedEdit

  • The Red Terminal has one concourse (D) and 9 gates.
  • Delta Air Lines operates a Sky Club here – one of six clubrooms in the state of Florida.
  • This Terminal is only used by Delta and Air Canada.

Terminal 3: Main Terminal- PurpleEdit

  • The Purple Terminal has two concourses (E & F) and 20 gates.
  • In May 2013, a food court opened in Concourse F. It currently consists of a Pei Wei, Einstein Bros. Bagels, and a Steak 'n Shake.[27]
  • This Terminal is only used by JetBlue, Azul, Emirates, American, and Norwegian.

Terminal 4: International Terminal- GreenEdit

  • The Green Terminal has one concourse (G) and 12 gates (G1-G6, G9-G14). Concourse H closed in December 2017 and has since been demolished.
  • Concourse H is currently being reconfigured and designed by the architectural firms of PGAL/Zyscovich joint venture. The new three-story facility renamed Concourse G will have 14 new gates, 11 of which are international/domestic capable and one arrivals area for bussing operations. New concessions and approximately 50,000 s.f. of administrative offices for the Aviation Department are being designed on the upper levels of the facility. Western Expansion began construction in 2013. Currently, gates G1-G6 on the east end and G9-G14 on the west end are operational and in use. Eastern expansion opened its first phase also in December 2017. An expanded Federal Inspection Services facility will also be included in the new Eastern Expansion construction.
  • This Terminal is used by Spirit, Frontier, Air Transat, Avianca, British Airways, Caribbean Airlines, TAME, IBC, and SkyBahamas.

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

AirlinesDestinationsRefs
Air Canada Seasonal: Halifax [28]
Air Canada Rouge Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson
Seasonal: Ottawa (begins October 27, 2019)[29]
[28]
Air Transat Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson
Seasonal: Halifax, Québec City, Vancouver (begins December 20, 2019)[30]
[31]
Alaska Airlines Los Angeles, Seattle/Tacoma
Seasonal: San Francisco
[32]
Allegiant Air Allentown, Asheville, Belleville/St. Louis, Columbus–Rickenbacker, Charlotte−Concord, Cincinnati, Flint, Greenville/Spartanburg, Indianapolis, Knoxville, Lexington, Louisville, Memphis, Norfolk, Plattsburgh (NY), Syracuse
Seasonal: Grand Rapids
[33]
American Airlines Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Philadelphia
Seasonal: Phoenix–Sky Harbor (resumes December 18, 2019)[34]
[35]
Avianca Bogotá [36]
Azul Brazilian Airlines Belém, Belo Horizonte–Confins (begins December 16, 2019),[37] Campinas, Recife [38]
Bahamasair Freeport, Nassau [39]
Caribbean Airlines Kingston, Port of Spain [40]
Copa Airlines Panama City–Tocumen [41]
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Boston, Cincinnati, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Raleigh/Durham, Salt Lake City [42]
Delta Connection Seasonal: Raleigh/Durham
Emirates Dubai–International [43]
Frontier Airlines Long Island/Islip, Trenton
Seasonal: Cincinnati, Cleveland, Denver
[44]
IBC Airways Guantánamo Bay, San Juan [45]
JetBlue Aguadilla, Albany, Aruba, Atlanta, Austin, Barbados, Bogotá, Boston, Buffalo, Camagüey, Cancún, Cartagena, Charleston (SC), Chicago–O'Hare, Cleveland, Grand Cayman, Guayaquil, Hartford, Havana, Holguín, Jacksonville (FL), Kingston–Norman Manley, Las Vegas, Lima, Los Angeles, Medellín–JMC, Mexico City, Montego Bay, Nashville, Nassau, New Orleans, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Newark, Newburgh, Philadelphia, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Port-au-Prince, Port of Spain, Providence, Providenciales, Punta Cana, Quito, Raleigh/Durham, Richmond, Salt Lake City, San Diego, San Francisco, San José de Costa Rica, San Juan, Santa Clara, Santiago de los Caballeros, Santo Domingo–Las Americas, St. Maarten, Washington–National, White Plains, Worcester
Seasonal: Hayden/Steamboat Springs
[46]
Norwegian Air Shuttle Oslo–Gardermoen, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Stockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal: Barcelona, Copenhagen
[47]
Silver Airways Freeport, George Town, Governor's Harbour, Key West, Marsh Harbour, New Bight, North Eleuthera, Orlando, Pensacola (FL), South Bimini, Tallahassee, Tampa, Treasure Cay [48]
SkyBahamas Airlines Freeport, Marsh Harbour, New Bight, South Bimini [49]
Southwest Airlines Aruba, Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Belize City, Boston (begins November 9, 2019),[50] Cancún, Chicago–Midway, Columbus–Glenn, Dallas–Love, Denver, Grand Cayman, Havana, Houston–Hobby, Indianapolis, Long Island/Islip, Jacksonville (FL) (ends January 5, 2020),[51] Kansas City, Las Vegas, Montego Bay, Nashville, Nassau, New Orleans, Orlando, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Pittsburgh, Providence, Providenciales, Punta Cana, Raleigh/Durham, San Antonio, San José de Costa Rica, San Juan, St. Louis, Tampa, Washington–National
Seasonal: Albany, Birmingham (AL) (begins November 3, 2019),[52] Buffalo, Cincinnati (begins January 11, 2020),[53] Cleveland (begins November 23, 2019),[54] Hartford, Louisville (begins November 23, 2019),[55] Manchester (NH), Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York–LaGuardia, Philadelphia, Rochester (NY) (begins January 11, 2020)[56]
[57]
Spirit Airlines Aguadilla, Armenia (Colombia), Aruba, Asheville (ends November 14, 2019),[58] Atlanta, Atlantic City, Austin, Baltimore, Bogotá, Boston, Cali, Cancún, Cartagena, Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Cleveland, Columbus–Glenn, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Detroit, Greensboro (ends November 10, 2019),[58] Guatemala City, Guayaquil, Hartford, Houston–Intercontinental, Jacksonville (FL) (ends November 12, 2019),[58] Kingston–Norman Manley, Las Vegas, Latrobe/Pittsburgh, Lima, Los Angeles, Managua, Medellín–JMC, Montego Bay, Myrtle Beach, Nashville, Newark, New Orleans, New York–LaGuardia, Niagara Falls, Orlando, Panama City, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Plattsburgh (NY), Port-au-Prince, Punta Cana, Raleigh/Durham, Richmond, St. Croix, St. Maarten, St. Thomas, San José de Costa Rica, San Juan, San Pedro Sula, San Salvador, Santiago de los Caballeros, Santo Domingo–Las Américas, Tampa
Seasonal: Minneapolis/St. Paul
[59]
Swoop Hamilton (ON), Winnipeg (begins November 16, 2019)[60] [61]
TAME Guayaquil [62]
Tropic Ocean Airways Freeport, Great Harbour Cay, Marsh Harbour, North Bimini, St. Petersburg–Downtown, Treasure Cay [63]
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, San Francisco, Washington–Dulles
Seasonal: Cleveland
[64]
United Express Seasonal: Cleveland
WestJet Toronto–Pearson
Seasonal: Calgary, St. John’s
[65]

CargoEdit

AirlinesDestinations
FedEx Express Atlanta, Dallas/Fort Worth, Fort Worth/Alliance, Greensboro, Indianapolis, Jacksonville, Key West, Lubbock, Marathon, Memphis, Nashville, Newark, New Orleans, Orlando, Tampa
IBC Airways Miami
UPS Airlines Fort Myers, Hartford, Louisville, Miami, Orlando

StatisticsEdit

Top destinationsEdit

Busiest domestic routes from FLL
(July 2018 – June 2019)
[66]
Rank City Passengers Airlines
1   Atlanta, Georgia 1,369,000 Delta, JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit
2   Newark, New Jersey 800,000 JetBlue, Spirit, United
3   New York–LaGuardia, New York 716,000 Delta, JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit
4   New York–JFK, New York 604,000 Delta, JetBlue
5   Baltimore, Maryland 599,000 Southwest, Spirit
6   Chicago–O'Hare, Illinois 453,000 American, JetBlue, Spirit, United
7   San Juan, Puerto Rico 444,000 JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit
8   Boston, Massachusetts 441,000 Delta, JetBlue Spirit
9   Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 430,000 American, JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit
10   Detroit, Michigan 425,000 Delta, Spirit
Busiest international routes to and from FLL (2018)[67]
Rank City Passengers Top carriers
1   Nassau, Bahamas 504,136 Bahamasair, JetBlue, Southwest
2   Toronto–Pearson, Canada 438,775 Air Canada, Air Transat, Sunwing, WestJet
3   Montréal, Canada 403,060 Air Canada, Air Transat, Sunwing, WestJet
4   Port-au-Prince, Haiti 394,373 JetBlue, Spirit
5   Montego Bay, Jamaica 373,076 Caribbean, JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit
6   San José, Costa Rica 338,299 JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit
7   Cancún, Mexico 332,502 JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit
8   Havana, Cuba 291,061 JetBlue, Southwest
9   Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic 261,433 JetBlue Airways, Spirit Airlines
10   Bogotá, Colombia 251,409 Avianca, JetBlue, Spirit

Annual trafficEdit

Annual passenger traffic (enplaned + deplaned), 1997 - 2017[68]
Year Passengers Year Passengers Year Passengers
1997 12,277,411 2007 22,681,903 2017 32,511,053
1998 12,453,874 2008 22,621,698 2018 35,963,370
1999 13,990,692 2009 21,061,131
2000 15,860,004 2010 22,412,627
2001 16,407,927 2011 23,349,835
2002 17,037,261 2012 23,569,103
2003 17,938,046 2013 23,559,779
2004 20,819,292 2014 24,648,306
2005 22,390,285 2015 26,941,511
2006 21,369,787 2016 29,205,002

Airline Market ShareEdit

Airline market share (March 2018 – February 2019)[69]
Rank Carrier Passengers Share
1 Southwest 6,318,000 23.38%
2 JetBlue 6,028,000 22.30%
3 Spirit 5,851,000 21.65%
4 Delta 3,393,000 12.56%
5 United 2,150,000 7.95%

Art ExhibitEdit

Internationally known artist and sculptor Duane Hanson created an installation for his work "Vendor with Walkman" at the Departure Level of Terminal 3 at the airport. Hamson, who retired and died in nearby Boca Raton, created a seated middle-aged man wearing a red T-shirt, blue pants, baseball cap and listening to a walkman during a break. The installation accessories give additional clues to the narrative of the artwork: toy airplane, various signs, and announcement for the shop, janitorial supplies.[70]

The artwork has since been moved to Terminal 1 Arrival Level.

Ground transportationEdit

RailEdit

Fort Lauderdale–Hollywood International Airport is near the Fort Lauderdale/Hollywood International Airport at Dania Beach train station, served by Amtrak intercity trains and Tri-Rail commuter trains. The latter provides a shuttle bus service from the station to three locations at the airport, all on the lower level: the west end of terminal 1, between terminals 2 and 3, and between terminals 3 and 4. The shuttles operate 7 days a week and are free for Tri-Rail customers.

RoadEdit

The terminals are accessible by U.S. Route 1. Other major roads that border the airport include Florida State Road 818, Interstate 95, and Interstate 595. U.S. Route 1 includes an underpass under Runway 10R/28L.

Ride-sharing apps can also be used to and from the airport in designated pickup and drop-off places found between Terminals 1 and 2 and Terminals 3 and 4.

The airport also offers airport parking and operates a consolidated rental car facility which can be accessed from Terminal 1 by a short walk and from the other terminals by a free shuttle bus service.

FLL is served by Broward County Transit bus Route 1 which offers connecting service through the Central Terminal in Downtown Fort Lauderdale, and also service to Aventura, in Miami-Dade County.

Accidents and incidentsEdit

 
FedEx Express Flight 910 experienced a landing gear malfunction in October 2016
  • On May 18, 1972, an Eastern Air Lines McDonnell Douglas DC-9-31 had its landing gear collapse and tail section separate during landing. The aircraft then caught fire but all passengers and crew were able to safely evacuate.[71]
  • On May 26, 1979, an Inter Island Shipping Inc. Howard 350 crashed when one engine lost power shortly after takeoff during a forced landing, impacting trees near FLL. Both occupants died. Contaminated fluid was found in the carburetor of the engine.[72]
  • On July 7, 1983, Air Florida Flight 8 with 47 people on board was flying from Fort Lauderdale International Airport to Tampa International Airport. One of the passengers handed a note to one of the flight attendants, saying that he had a bomb, and telling them to fly the plane to Havana, Cuba. He revealed a small athletic bag, which he opened, and inside was an apparent explosive device. The airplane was diverted to Havana-José Martí International Airport, and the hijacker was taken into custody by Cuban authorities.[73]
  • On November 19, 2013, an Air Evac International Learjet 35 crashed shortly after take-off from the airport, on its way to Cozumel, Mexico, after calling mayday and during an attempt to return to the airport, possibly due to engine failure, leaving 4 persons dead.[74]
  • On October 29, 2015, Dynamic Airways Flight 405, a Boeing 767-246ER (N251MY) was taxiing to a runway to take off for a flight to Caracas, Venezuela. when its left engine caught fire due to a fuel leak. The crew immediately stopped the airplane and fire crews arrived on the scene. All 101 passengers and crew were evacuated the aircraft, and 17 passengers were transported to a hospital. All runways were shut down and air operations ceased at the airport for three hours.[75]

ReferencesEdit

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