Mohammed V International Airport

Mohammed V International Airport (Arabic: مطار محمد الخامس الدولي‎, Matar Muhammad al-Khamis ad-Dowaly; Berber: ⴰⵣⴰⴳⵯⵣ ⴰⴳⵔⵖⵍⴰⵏ ⵎⵓⵃⵎⵎⴷ ⵡⵙ5; French: Aéroport international Mohammed V; IATA: CMN, ICAO: GMMN) is an international airport serving Casablanca, Morocco. Located in Nouaceur Province, it is operated by ONDA (National Airports Office).

Mohammed V International Airport

مطار محمد الخامس الدولي

ⴰⵣⴰⴳⵯⵣ ⴰⴳⵔⵖⵍⴰⵏ ⵎⵓⵃⵎⵎⴷ ⵡⵙ5
Aéroport international Mohammed V
Mohammed V International Airport - panoramio.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorONDA
ServesCasablanca, Morocco
LocationNouasseur
Hub for
Elevation AMSL656 ft / 200 m
Coordinates33°22′02″N 007°35′23″W / 33.36722°N 7.58972°W / 33.36722; -7.58972Coordinates: 33°22′02″N 007°35′23″W / 33.36722°N 7.58972°W / 33.36722; -7.58972
Websitewww.onda.ma
Map
CMN is located in Morocco
CMN
CMN
Location of airport in Morocco
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
17L/35R 3,720 12,205 Asphalt
17R/35L 3,720 12,205 Asphalt
Statistics
Passengers (2019)10,306,293[1]
Passenger change 18-19Increase +5.88%
Aircraft movements (2009)69,119
Freight (tons) (2009)53,469
Economic & social impacts (2012)$731 million[2]
Source: DAFIF[3][4]

With just under 8 million passengers passing through the airport in 2014, it was the busiest airport in Morocco and the fourth busiest in Africa.[5][6][7][8][9] In August 2014, ONDA reported a year-on-year increase of 7.28% passenger traffic, to 918,238.[10] The airport serves as hub for Royal Air Maroc,[11] Royal Air Maroc Express and Air Arabia Maroc. It is named after King Mohammed V of Morocco, who led the country's successful push for independence from French and Spanish colonial rule.

HistoryEdit

 
Transatlantic routes from Casablanca, September 1945
 
Terminal 1 interior
 
Arrivals area
 
Departure gates

1940sEdit

The Casablanca Mohammed V Airport was originally built by the United States in early 1943 following Operation Torch in World War II. It was named Berrechid Airfield and it served as an auxiliary airfield for Casablanca's Anfa Airport.[12] The airfield handled diverse military traffic as a stopover en route to Port Lyautey Airfield, and to Marrakech Airport on the North African Cairo-Dakar route. In addition, it was the terminus of Mid-Atlantic route transatlantic flights via the Azores to Nova Scotia and airfields on the East Coast of the United States.

In addition to its transportation role, the airfield supported the North African Campaign with the Twelfth Air Force 68th Reconnaissance Group operating photo-reconnaissance versions of the P-38 Lightning and P-51 Mustang. Part of the 68th first arrived at Angads Airport in Oujda in November 1942 and moved to Berrechid in March 1943 upon its completion. It flew both antisubmarine missions over the Atlantic and photo-reconnaissance combat missions over German-held territory until early September when it moved east to Massicault Airfield in Tunisia. With the end of the war in 1945, the airfield was handed over to the civil government.

1950sEdit

During the Cold War in the early and middle 1950s, the airfield was reopened as Nouasseur Air Base and was used as a United States Air Force Strategic Air Command staging area for B-47 Stratojet bombers pointed at the Soviet Union. These operations later moved to Ben Guerir Air Base.

With the destabilisation of French government in Morocco, and Moroccan independence in 1956, the government of Mohammed V wanted the US Air Force to pull its bases out of Morocco, insisting on such action after American intervention in Lebanon in 1958. The United States agreed to leave in December 1959, and was fully out of Morocco by 1963. The U.S. felt that, with the long range of the B-52 and completion of Spanish bases in 1959, the Moroccan bases were no longer important.

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

AirlinesDestinations
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Air Algérie Algiers, Oran
Air Arabia Maroc Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Bergamo, Bologna, Bordeaux, Brussels, Catania, Cuneo, Guelmim, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen, Lyon, Málaga, Montpellier, Naples, Pisa, Rennes, Toulouse, Tunis, Venice
Air Canada Montréal–Trudeau
Air Europa Madrid
Seasonal: Málaga, Palma de Mallorca
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Senegal Dakar–Diass
Binter Canarias Gran Canaria
Corendon Airlines Istanbul
EgyptAir Cairo
El Al Tel Aviv
Emirates Dubai–International
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
Eurowings Seasonal: Dusseldorf
Gulf Air Bahrain
Iberia Madrid
Lufthansa Seasonal: Frankfurt[13]
Mauritania Airlines Nouadhibou, Nouakchott
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Qatar Airways Doha
Royal Air Maroc[14] Abidjan, Accra, Agadir, Algiers, Amsterdam, Bamako, Bangui, Banjul, Barcelona, Beijing–Daxing, Bissau, Bologna, Bordeaux, Brazzaville, Brussels, Cairo, Conakry, Cotonou, Dakar–Diass, Dakhla, Doha, Douala, Dubai–International, Fes, Frankfurt, Freetown, Geneva, Gran Canaria, Istanbul, Jeddah, Kinshasa–N'djili, Laayoune, Lagos, Libreville, Lisbon, Lomé, London–Gatwick, London–Heathrow, Lyon, Madrid, Malabo, Málaga, Marrakesh, Marseille, Medina, Miami (resumes 24 December 2021),[15] Milan–Malpensa, Monrovia–Roberts, Montpellier, Montréal–Trudeau, Moscow–Domodedovo, Nantes, Naples, New York–JFK, Niamey, Nice, Nouakchott, Ouagadougou, Ouarzazate, Oujda, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Paris–Orly, Praia, Riyadh, Rome–Fiumicino, Strasbourg, Tangier, Tétouan, Toulouse, Tunis, Turin, Valencia, Venice, Washington–Dulles, Yaoundé
Royal Air Maroc Express[14] Agadir, Al Hoceima, Beni Mellal, Errachidia, Fes, Guelmim, Marrakesh, Nador, Ouarzazate, Oujda, Tangier, Tan-Tan, Tétouan, Zagora
Saudia Jeddah, Medina, Riyadh
S7 Airlines Moscow–Domodedovo
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon
Transavia Amsterdam
Transavia France Lyon, Nantes, Paris–Orly
TUI fly Belgium Brussels, Charleroi
Seasonal: Bordeaux, Lille, Metz/Nancy, Paris–Orly
Tunisair Tunis
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Seasonal: Antalya
VuelingSeasonal: Barcelona
Wizz Air Bologna,[16] Naples, Rome–Fiumicino, Venice (begins 4 March 2022)[17]
Seasonal: Milan–Malpensa

CargoEdit

AirlinesDestinations
Air France Cargo[18] Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Med Airlines[19] Bamako, Dakar–Senghor, Lisbon, Paris–Orly, Tangier
Qatar Airways Cargo[20] Doha
Royal Air Maroc Cargo[21] Abidjan, Accra, Bamako, Brussels, Douala, Frankfurt, Lagos, Libreville, London–Gatwick, Madrid
Turkish Cargo[22] Istanbul–Atatürk

TrafficEdit

Annual passenger traffic at CMN airport. See source Wikidata query.
Traffic[23] 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 Average growth
2004–2009
Aircraft movements[23] n/a 69,119 +1.11% 68,362 −2.5% 70,080 +7.6% 65,111 +9.2% 59,621 +13.9% 52,336 +5.86%
Passengers[23] 7,245,508[9] +13,28 6,395,862 +2.95% 6,209,711 +6.0% 5,858,192 +15.5% 5,071,411 +12.1% 4,456,639 +17.1% 3,803,479 +10.73%
Freight (tons)[23] n/a 53,469 -6.06% 56,919 −6.5% 60,682 +9.3% 55,673 +10.7% 50,285 +6.5% 47,152 +2.79%

Ground transportationEdit

 
The train station in Casablanca Mohammed V Airport

RailEdit

The Al Bidaoui train service, operated by ONCF from 04:00 to 23:00, is available every hour and connects the airport to Casablanca's two main railway stations, Casa-Port Railway Terminal and Casa-Voyageurs Railway Station.[24]

CarEdit

Incidents and accidentsEdit

  • On 1 April 1970, a Royal Air Maroc Sud Aviation SE-210 Caravelle crashed on approach to Casablanca Mohammed V airport when it lost control at a height of about 500 feet. The fuselage broke in two. Sixty-one of the eighty-two passengers and crew were killed.[26][27]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Office National des aéroports -I am a Professional - statistics". www.onda.ma.
  2. ^ "Mohammed V International airport – Economic and social impacts". Ecquants. Archived from the original on 22 May 2014. Retrieved 7 September 2013.
  3. ^ Airport information for GMMN Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine from DAFIF (effective October 2006)
  4. ^ Airport information for CMN at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective October 2006).
  5. ^ "Aéroport Mohammed V Trafic aérien en 2014" [Mohammed V Airport Air Traffic in 2014] (Press release) (in French). Office National Des Aéroports (ONDA). 30 January 2005. Archived from the original on 24 November 2015. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
  6. ^ "Passenger Statistics – O.R. Tambo International Airport". Airports Company South Africa. 2014. Archived from the original on 24 November 2015. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
  7. ^ "Passenger Statistics – Cape Town International Airport". Airports Company South Africa. 2014. Archived from the original on 25 November 2015. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
  8. ^ "EHCAAN Statistics". Egyptian Holding Company for Airports and Air Navigation. Archived from the original on 15 February 2016. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
  9. ^ a b "Aéroports du Maroc: Trafic du mois de Décembre 2010" [Airports of Morocco: Traffic for December 2010 (2010-12)] (PDF) (Press release) (in French). Office Nationale des Aéroports. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 March 2012. Retrieved 2 February 2011.
  10. ^ "Communiqué Statistics AOUT 2014" [Statistical Report, AUGUST 2014] (PDF) (in French). ONDA. August 2014. Retrieved 30 October 2014.
  11. ^ Dron, Alan (1 February 2019). "Royal Air Maroc sees fleet, hub growth ahead of oneworld membership". Air Transport World. Archived from the original on 4 February 2019. Retrieved 4 February 2019.
  12. ^ Division, United States USAF Historical (1961). Air Force Combat Units of World War II. U.S. Government Printing Office.
  13. ^ https://www.lufthansa.com/nl/en/homepage
  14. ^ a b royalairmaroc.com - Booking retrieved 2 January 2021
  15. ^ https://www.moroccoworldnews.com/2021/10/345182/ram-to-resume-direct-flights-to-miami-doha-in-december
  16. ^ "Wizz Air announces 4 new international routes from Italy". Wizz Air.
  17. ^ "Wizz apre base a Venezia nell'estate 2022". 6 October 2021.
  18. ^ afklcargo.com - Network retrieved 15 November 2020
  19. ^ med-airlines.com - Our company retrieved 15 November 2020
  20. ^ "W20/21 Freighters Route Map" (PDF). Retrieved 22 October 2020.
  21. ^ cargo.royalairmaroc.com - Our destinations retrieved 15 November 2020
  22. ^ turkishcargo.com - Flight Schedule retrieved 15 November 2020
  23. ^ a b c d "Casablanca Airport Passenger Statistics for 2008" (PDF). ONDA. 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 March 2020. Retrieved 25 February 2010.
  24. ^ (in French) ONCF transfère la desserte de l’AEROPORT Mohamed V À CASA-PORT Archived 11 June 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  25. ^ "Office National des aéroports -Nos Aéroports - Par route". www.onda.ma. Archived from the original on 18 May 2016.
  26. ^ "Fatal Events Since 1970 for Royal Air Maroc". airsafe.com. 1 June 2012. Archived from the original on 23 March 2015. Retrieved 30 October 2014.
  27. ^ "SE-210 RAM crash". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on 18 March 2011. Retrieved 5 August 2009.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Mohammed V International Airport at Wikimedia Commons