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Eurowings GmbH is a German low-cost airline[3] headquartered in Düsseldorf[2] and a wholly owned subsidiary of the Lufthansa Group. Founded in 1996, it serves a network of domestic and European destinations as well as some long-haul routes and maintains bases at Berlin Tegel Airport, Cologne Bonn Airport, Düsseldorf Airport, Hamburg Airport, Hannover Airport, Munich Airport, Nuremberg Airport, Palma de Mallorca Airport, Salzburg Airport, Stuttgart Airport, and Vienna International Airport.

Eurowings
Eurowings Logo.svg
IATA ICAO Callsign
EW EWG EUROWINGS
Founded1 February 1993
Commenced operations1 January 1994
Operating bases
Frequent-flyer program
SubsidiariesEurowings Europe
Fleet size155
Destinations79
Parent companyLufthansa Group
HeadquartersDüsseldorf, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany[2]
Key people
Websiteeurowings.com

Eurowings has gone through a major transformation in recent years. It was part of Lufthansa Regional until October 2014. At that time it began operating on behalf of Germanwings within their network. Since spring 2015, Eurowings has been redeveloped into a low-cost carrier for short- and long-haul flights. By October 2015, it had also started to incorporate Germanwings' route network as part of the merger of the two brands.[4]

Contents

HistoryEdit

Early yearsEdit

The airline was formed on 1 February 1993, following a merger of Nürnberger Flugdienst (NFD) and Reise- und Industrieflug (RFG), two commuter airlines based in Nürnberg and Dortmund, respectively. Flight operations using an initial fleet of ATR 42 and 72 aircraft inherited from Eurowings' predecessors were launched on 1 January 1994. Subsequently, BAe 146 aircraft were added to the fleet, which were later followed by larger Airbus A320 family aircraft and even an Airbus A310.[5] Lufthansa took an initial 24,9% stake in Eurowings in 2001, increasing it to 49% in 2004. It has exercised full control of the airline since 2005 and assumed complete ownership in 2011.

Development as part of LufthansaEdit

 
A former Eurowings BAe 146-200

As of 31 December 2006, Lufthansa had a 49% shareholding in Eurowings with a call option for 50.91% of the remaining stakes, bringing the company into the Lufthansa Group fold.[6] At that time, Eurowings was the owner of Germanwings, thus creating a low-cost branch within the Lufthansa trust. Plans to merge these two airlines with TUIfly (controlled by TUI Travel) into a joint and independent holding company, were brought forth during 2008, but did not materialize.[7] Instead, Lufthansa announced in December 2008 to acquire Germanwings from Eurowings.[8]

In September 2010 Eurowings closed its headquarters and technical infrastructure in Dortmund, Germany, and moved both to Düsseldorf, where Eurowings operated most of its flights since the airline was part of Lufthansa Regional. In March 2011, the maintenance division at Nürnberg Airport was also closed.

In late 2013, Eurowings' short-haul flights that are not operated from Frankfurt or Munich were transferred from Lufthansa to Germanwings.[9] All Eurowings flights operated on behalf of Lufthansa Regional ceased by autumn 2014 and were rebranded to Germanwings, the last ones to and from Düsseldorf.

Redevelopment into a low-cost carrierEdit

 
Eurowings headquarters in Düsseldorf

In July 2014, the Lufthansa Group announced that Eurowings would replace its 23 Bombardier CRJ900 aircraft with 23 Airbus A320s. Ten of the A320s would be new orders, and 13 would be transferred from Lufthansa Group orders between February 2015 and March 2017. Lufthansa also announced Eurowings' transformation from a regional airline into a low-cost long and short-haul carrier by the end of 2015.[10]

On 1 February 2015, Eurowings started operating the Airbus A320-200, after taking delivery of its first on 20 January, which was received from Lufthansa and repainted in Eurowings' new livery. This and further A320s would be operated on behalf of Germanwings for most of 2015, until Lufthansa consolidated its low-cost operations under the new Eurowings brand by end of that year.[4] Additionally, in February 2015, the Lufthansa Group announced that SunExpress Deutschland would be the operator of Eurowings' new long-haul operations, which were to be based at Cologne Bonn Airport from November 2015. SunExpress Deutschland therefore would receive leased Airbus A330-200s.[11]

Eurowings also announced the establishment of its first base outside of Germany, at Vienna International Airport, where the aircraft were planned be operated by Austrian Airlines under the Eurowings brand. Previous plans to establish the first foreign base at Basel/Mulhouse were cancelled.[12] In June 2015, the Lufthansa Group announced the application for an additional Air operator's certificate (AOC) for Eurowings in Austria, called Eurowings Europe, under which all new Airbus A320-200s would be operated while the "current" German Eurowings would continue to operate the existing fleet. This was planned due to lower operational costs based on Austrian Airlines union agreements.[13]

On 2 October 2015, Lufthansa announced a change of plans for their Vienna operations. Austrian Airlines would not operate some routes for the Eurowings brand as planned; instead, Eurowings Europe would handle all these flights itself.[14]

In October 2015, Eurowings took over 55 Germanwings routes.[15] By April 2016, Eurowings had taken over several more routes.[16] Eurowings has been solely responsible for all sales under the Germanwings brand since October 2015.[17]

In December 2015, Eurowings' new long-haul operations faced severe criticism, as every fourth flight was delayed by an average of 5.8 hours, with some flights delayed more than 20 hours.[18] Lufthansa stated that unexpected technical difficulties and a small fleet were to blame; Eurowings started its first seven long-haul routes with only one own aircraft.[18] Shortly after, Eurowings again faced severe public outrage and negative media coverage,[19] after one of their flights from Varadero to Cologne was delayed by more than 60 hours with passengers with visas whose validity had run out stuck in their hotels.[20]

In January 2016, Eurowings cancelled their planned service from Cologne to Tehran,[21] and reduced Dubai flights from year-round to seasonal service.[22] Lufthansa also announced the establishment of a task force in the same month. Its brief would be to eliminate the operational problems which lead to serious delays and to increase operational reliability.[23]

In July 2016, it was made public that Eurowing's owner Lufthansa was considering taking over part of the route network, staff and aircraft leases from Air Berlin, which would then be made part of the Eurowings operations.[24]

In August 2016, Eurowings announced further changes to its long-haul operations. The routes to Boston and to Dubai, which had already been changed from year-round to seasonal, were terminated.[25] Boston was only served for three months.[26] Shortly after, Eurowings also announced it would terminate its last route to Moscow, and therefore Russia, due to low demand.[27] Also in August 2016, Eurowings announced it would open its second Austrian base after Vienna, at Salzburg Airport, with flights to six European metropolitan destinations from January 2017.[28]

In December 2016, it was announced that Air Berlin would wet-lease a total of 38 Airbus A319/A320 aircraft for six years to Lufthansa Group's Eurowings (33 aircraft) and Austrian Airlines (five), starting from February 2017. As a result, Eurowings will phase out Germanwings' older A320s.[29]

On 15 February 2017, Eurowings retired their last Bombardier CRJ900 after a flight from Karlsruhe to Hamburg. All CRJ900s have been handed over to Lufthansa CityLine and replaced by larger Airbus A320-200s, as part of the transformation from a regional into a low-cost carrier.[30]

In February 2018, Eurowings announced the relocation of all its long-haul routes currently operated from Cologne Bonn Airport to Düsseldorf Airport, from which it already flies long-haul routes, by late October 2018 to strengthen their presence there. This leaves Düsseldorf and Munich Airport as Eurowings' long-haul bases.[31]

In March 2019, the Lufthansa Group announced that starting in October 2019, Eurowings would introduce long-haul flights from Frankfurt Airport and further its Munich hub to expand Lufthansa's tourist-oriented presence and cooperation with these two hubs. It was announced that the original routes serviced from Frankfurt would be Mauritius, Barbados, and Windhoek, and Bangkok from Munich.[32] However, in June 2019, the Lufthansa Group announced that Eurowings will drop all long-haul flights and instead focus on short-haul operations aboard Airbus A320-family aircraft. All long-haul flights operated by Eurowings will be transferred to other network airlines- Lufthansa, Brussels Airlines, Austrian Airlines, and Swiss.[33] It was also announced that the Lufthansa Group would scrap their plans of completely integrating Brussels Airlines into Eurowings by 2020, which was reported earlier in 2019. Instead, Brussels Airlines will work more closely with its network partners under a turnaround plan introduced by Lufthansa. These actions will contribute to a cost reduction of 15% by 2022 by tempering annual capacity growth to just one percent as part of a major overhaul.[34]

Corporate affairsEdit

Ownership and structureEdit

The Eurowings Group, which now consists of low-cost or hybrid point-to-point airlines[35], is wholly owned by Lufthansa, and includes as subsidiaries[36]:

Business trendsEdit

The business and operating results of the Eurowings Group are fully incorporated into the Lufthansa Group accounts; key trends since 2015, when it moved towards the low cost model, are (as at year ending 31 December):

2015 2016 2017 2018
Turnover (€ m) 1,909 2,060 4,041 4,230
Net profit/loss (EBIT) (€ m) 38 -91 -33 -231
Number of employees (at year end) 3,186 3,493 7,501 9,255
Number of passengers (m) 16.9 18.4 32.6 38.5
Passenger load factor (%) 79.5 79.6 79.9 81.3
Number of aircraft (at year end) 78 180 205
Notes/sources [37] [37] [36] [36]

DestinationsEdit

FleetEdit

Current fleetEdit

As of May 2019, the Eurowings fleet consists of the following aircraft.[40]

Eurowings Fleet
Aircraft In Service Orders Passengers Notes
C W Y+ Y Total
Airbus A319-100 20 12 42 90 144[41]
96 150[41]
Airbus A320-200 49 1 12 50 108 170[41] To be transferred from Lauda
Airbus A321-200 1 4 N/A To be transferred from Lauda
Wet-leased aircraft
Airbus A319-100 24 12 42 96 150 Operated by Germanwings
6 Operated by Eurowings Europe
5 8 - - 132 140 Operated by Czech Airlines
Airbus A320-200 9 12 50 108 180 Operated by Germanwings
6 Operated by Eurowings Europe
Airbus A330-200 7 21 46 243 310[41] Operated by SunExpress Deutschland[42]
Airbus A330-300 2 4[43] 30 28 27 198 283 Operated by Brussels Airlines
Orders to be transferred from Lufthansa
Airbus A340-300 2 18 21 39 222 300[44] Operated by Brussels Airlines
Boeing 737-800 7 12 174 186[41] Operated by TUI fly Deutschland
Bombardier Dash 8-Q400 17 6 70 76 Operated by LGW[40]
To be replaced by Embraer E190 from late 2019
Embraer E190 17 TBA To replace Bombardier Dash 8-Q400
To be operated by LGW from late 2019[45]
Total 155 26

Historical fleetEdit

Over the years, Eurowings has operated the following aircraft types:[5]

 
A former Eurowings ATR 72-500
 
A former Eurowings Bombardier CRJ900 operated for Lufthansa Regional
Eurowings historical fleet
Aircraft Introduced Retired Notes
Airbus A310
1994
1995
Airbus A319-100
1997
2002
2017
-
Former Air Berlin aircraft
Airbus A320-200
2002
2003
2015
-
Airbus A321-200 2019 - Former Air Berlin aircraft, taken over from Lauda from 2019
Airbus A330-200 2015 - Operated by SunExpress Deutschland
Airbus A330-300 2018 - Former Lufthansa aircraft, operated by Brussels Airlines
Airbus A340-300 2018 - Former Lufthansa aircraft, operated by Brussels Airlines
ATR 42
1994
2005
ATR 72
1994
2006
BAe 146
1994
2010
Boeing 737-300
2001
2003
Boeing 737-800 2018 - Operated by TUI fly Deutschland
Boeing 767-300ER
2017
2018
Operated by TUI fly Deutschland
Bombardier CRJ200
2001
2011
Bombardier CRJ700
2007
2011
Aircraft transferred to Lufthansa CityLine
Bombardier CRJ900
2009
2017[30]
Aircraft transferred to Lufthansa CityLine
Dornier 328
1997
1998
[46]

Special liveriesEdit

As of 2018, an Eurowings Airbus A320-200, registration 'D-ABDQ', has been painted in a promotional Europa Park livery. As of January 2019, a new Airbus A320-200 (D-ABDU), taken-over from Air Berlin, received a new '100-years-of-Hertz'-special livery.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ airliners.de - Eurowings opens base in Nuremberg Archived 28 January 2018 at the Wayback Machine (German) 21 January 2018
  2. ^ a b "Imprint of Eurowings.com: Commercial Register Dusseldorf". Retrieved 11 July 2016.
  3. ^ "[1]." CAPA. Retrieved on October 5, 2017. "Eurowings Airline Profile."
  4. ^ a b "aero.de - Luftfahrt-Nachrichten und -Community". aero.de. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  5. ^ a b "Eurowings Fleet - Airfleets aviation". Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  6. ^ "Annual Report 2006" (PDF). Lufthansa AG. p. 176. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-08-16.
  7. ^ "Media". Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  8. ^ "EasyBourseLe courtier en lignede la Banque Postale". Retrieved 10 July 2015.[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ lufthansa.com
  10. ^ "Wings Set for Take-off". Airliner World: 5. February 2015.
  11. ^ COMKOM° GmbH, Germany. "Neue Eurowings geht an den Start – Ticketverkauf für Flüge ab Oktober". Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  12. ^ "Lufthansa-Billigairline: Eurowings: Wien statt Basel - aeroTELEGRAPH". aeroTELEGRAPH. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  13. ^ airliners.de - Alle neuen Eurowings-Maschinen sollen mit österreichischer Lizenz fliegen (German)
  14. ^ "Minhard: "Lufthansa hat uns belogen!" - Austrian Aviation Net". Retrieved 21 February 2017.
  15. ^ "germanwings Moves 55 Routes to Eurowings from late-Oct 2015". Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  16. ^ "germanwings / Eurowings Route Transfers in April 2016". Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  17. ^ germanwings.com - Impressum retrieved 30 December 2015
  18. ^ a b deutschlandfunk.de - Die Luftnummer 30 December 2015
  19. ^ aerotelegraph.com - "Chronicle of a failed start" (German) 18 January 2016
  20. ^ aero.de - "Eurowings: 60 hours delay in Cuba" (German) 11 January 2016
  21. ^ eurowings.com - All destinations – all prices retrieved 16 January 2016
  22. ^ aero.de - "Eurowings cancels Dubai flights over the summer" (German) 16 January 2016
  23. ^ aero.de - "Lufthansa wants to stop Eurowings delays" 18 January 2016
  24. ^ spiegel.de - "Lufthansa could take over parts of Air Berlin (German) 20 July 2016
  25. ^ aero.de - "Eurowings cancels Dubai and ends Boston earlier" (German) 15 August 2016
  26. ^ aerotelegraph.com - "Eurowings already gives up Boston" (German) 15 August 2016
  27. ^ handelsblatt.com - "Lufthansa's low-cost carrier departs Moscow" (German) 19 August 2016
  28. ^ - "Eurowings Europe starts in Salzburg" (German) 18 August 2016
  29. ^ Hofmann, Kurt (Dec 16, 2016). "Lufthansa, Etihad finalize codeshare, wet lease of 38 airberlin aircraft". Air Transport World. Retrieved 16 December 2016.
  30. ^ a b "Eurowings mustert letzte CRJ900 aus". 16 February 2017. Retrieved 21 February 2017.
  31. ^ aero.de - "Eurowings moves A330 from Cologne to Düsseldorf" (German) 1 February 2018
  32. ^ "Lufthansa Group expands tourist-oriented long-hail portfolio in Frankfurt and Munich with Eurowings". aviation24.be. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
  33. ^ "Lufthansa discontinuing long haul, low cost airline". onemileatatime.com. 24 June 2019. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  34. ^ "Lufthansa Reveals Major Shake-up of Eurowings". ainonline.com. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  35. ^ https://www.lufthansagroup.com/en/company/company-portrait.html
  36. ^ a b c "Lufthansa Group 2018 Annual Report" (PDF). Lufthansa. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
  37. ^ a b "Lufthansa Group 2016 Annual Report" (PDF). Lufthansa. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
  38. ^ "Profile on Eurowings". CAPA. Centre for Aviation. Archived from the original on 2016-11-03. Retrieved 2016-11-03.
  39. ^ "Singapore Airlines And Eurowings Launch Codeshare Operations". www.singaporeair.com.
  40. ^ a b planespotters.net - Eurowings retrieved 5 August 2018
  41. ^ a b c d e https://www.eurowings.com/us/4u/company/engineering-fleet.html
  42. ^ COMKOM° GmbH, Germany. "Eurowings - Themen - Lufthansa Group". Archived from the original on 28 August 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  43. ^ planetspotters.net. "Eurowings Future A333 Fleet". Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  44. ^ http://www.lufthansacityline.com/en/fleet/a340-300.html
  45. ^ "LGW stellt Flotte auf E190 um". aero.de (in German). 2019-05-09. Retrieved 2019-05-09.
  46. ^ "D-CATS OLT Dornier Do-328 - cn 3009". Retrieved 10 July 2015.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Eurowings at Wikimedia Commons