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Sharm El Sheikh International Airport

Sharm El Sheikh International Airport (Arabic: مطار شرم الشيخ الدوليMaṭār Sharm El Sheikh El Dawli) (IATA: SSH, ICAO: HESH) is an international airport located in Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt. It is the third-busiest airport in Egypt after Cairo International Airport and Hurghada International Airport.

Sharm El Sheikh
International Airport

مطار شرم الشيخ الدولي
Terminal 2 Sharm el-Sheikh Airport.JPG
Summary
Airport typePublic (former military)
OperatorGovernment
ServesSharm El Sheikh, Egypt
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL143 ft / 44 m
Coordinates27°58′38″N 34°23′41″E / 27.97722°N 34.39472°E / 27.97722; 34.39472Coordinates: 27°58′38″N 34°23′41″E / 27.97722°N 34.39472°E / 27.97722; 34.39472
Websitesharm-el-sheikh-airport.com
Map
SSH is located in Sinai
SSH
SSH
Location of airport in Sinai
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
04L/22R 3,081 10,108 Asphalt
04R/22L 3,081 10,108 Asphalt
Statistics (2010)
Passenger throughput8,693,990[1]
Source: DAFIF[2][3]

Contents

OverviewEdit

The airport was opened on May 14, 1968 as an Israeli Air Force base. After the signing of the Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty in 1979 and subsequent Israeli withdrawal from the Sinai Peninsula, it was reopened as a civilian airport.

The largest regular aircraft using the airport was a Transaero Airlines-operated Boeing 747-400. These flights transiting from Moscow ended when Transaero ceased operations in October 2015. British Airways operated the only regular scheduled Boeing 777-200ER service (from Gatwick Airport). However, this service (and others) has ceased due to concerns over the downing of Metrojet Flight 9268 on 31 October 2015.

In 2008, the Egyptian Airports Holding Company (EAHC) announced plans to build a third new terminal at the airport. In July 2009 the Egyptian Holding Company for Airports and Air Navigation (EHCAAN) signed a contract with Spanish construction designers Pointec for the third terminal. The terminal was planned to double the airport's capacity from 7.5 to 15 million passengers per year. The project's primary costs were estimated at $350 million. The design phase was due to be completed by early 2010. International contractors then were invited for an open tender to construct the terminal, which was scheduled to be completely constructed by 2015.[4] However, as of September 2016 construction has not commenced yet.

In November 2015, passenger numbers significantly decreased due to the downing of Metrojet Flight 9268 on 31 October 2015. This led to airlines cancelling flights from the airport and operating rescue flights for stranded passengers. Governments from Russia and European countries such as the United Kingdom banned airlines from operating to the airport, citing safety concerns that were highlighted following the crash.

In January 2018, it was announced that EgyptAir Express would open a base at the airport for its incoming fleet of Airbus A220s. This would increase the amount of destinations served by the airline at the airport with the possibility of operating to cities in Italy, Germany, Morocco and India non-stop.[5]

TerminalsEdit

Terminal 1Edit

On 23 May 2007, the airport's second terminal was inaugurated with a capacity for 5 million passengers per year. The two-level, 43,000-square-metre (460,000 sq ft) terminal features 40 check-in counters and is designed to cater to a large number of international and chartered flights. It has two domestic and six international gates, all of which exit to remote stands. The terminal comprises three building components: two circular-shaped halls fused together by a wedge-shaped intermediate space dubbed 'the boat'. This serves as a passenger transit hub housing passport control, duty-free, and VIP areas as well as cafes/restaurants. The halls, in stark textural contrast to the solid mass of 'the boat', feature airy, billowing tent-like roofs inspired by the indigenous Bedouin culture.

Terminal 2Edit

Although known as Terminal 2, this is actually the airport's original terminal building. The building underwent a complete modernisation programme in 2004 and has a passenger handling capacity of 2.5 million passengers per year. Since the inauguration of Terminal 1 in 2007 most airlines have shifted operations to the new building.

In December 2016 Egyptian Airports Company announced plans to extend Terminal 2. EAC plans to expand the terminal and increase its capacity by two million passengers per year, thus taking the total capacity of the airport to 9.5 million. This also includes the construction of a new runway and 40 new airsides.[6]

Airlines and destinationsEdit

 
Departure hall at Sharm El Sheikh International Airport
 
Control tower at Sharm El Sheikh International Airport
AirlinesDestinations
Air Arabia Egypt[7] Alexandria–Borg el Arab, Beirut,[8] Bergamo
Seasonal: Amman–Queen Alia,[9] Luxor, Naples
Air Astana Almaty,[10] Nur-Sultan[10]
Air Bucharest Seasonal charter: Bucharest,[11] Cluj–Napoca[11]
Air Cairo[12] Alexandria–Borg el Arab, Amman–Queen Alia,[13] Bari, Bergamo,[14] Bologna,[15] Cairo, Katowice, Milan–Malpensa, Naples,[16] Rome–Fiumicino, Tbilisi, Venice,[15] Warsaw–Chopin, Yerevan
Seasonal: Bratislava, Copenhagen, Prague
Air Italy Milan–Malpensa
airBaltic Seasonal charter: Riga (resumes 27 October 2019)[17]
AlbaStar Seasonal: Bergamo
Alitalia Seasonal: Bari[18]
AlMasria Universal Airlines Seasonal: Cairo
Seasonal charter: Bari,[19] Bologna,[20] Catania,[21] Cluj–Napoca,[22] Milan–Malpensa,[23] Naples,[19] Tirana,[24] Yerevan
AtlasGlobal Antalya[25]
Aviolet Seasonal charter: Belgrade[26]
Avia Traffic Company Seasonal: Bishkek[27]
Azerbaijan Airlines Seasonal: Baku[28]
Azur Air Ukraine Charter: Kiev–Boryspil,[29] Lviv[29]
Seasonal charter: Kharkiv,[29] Odessa,[29] Zaporizhia[29]
Belavia Seasonal charter: Brest,[30] Gomel,[30] Grodno,[30] Minsk,[31][30] Mogilev,[30] Vitebsk[30]
BH Air Seasonal charter: Sofia[32]
Blue Air Seasonal charter: Bucharest[33]
Blue Panorama Airlines Seasonal charter: Bologna,[20] Verona[34]
Bukovyna Airlines Seasonal charter: Kiev–Boryspil,[35] Kryvyi Rih,[35] Lviv,[35] Zaporizhia[35]
Chair Airlines Zürich
Danish Air Transport Seasonal charter: Billund,[36] Copenhagen[36]
EgyptAir Alexandria–Borg el Arab, Cairo
Seasonal: Jeddah,[37] Medina[37]
Seasonal charter: Trapani[38]
EgyptAir Express Alexandria–Borg el Arab, Cairo, Hurghada, Kuwait
Enter Air Charter: Katowice,[39] Warsaw–Chopin[39]
FlyEgypt Seasonal: Cairo[40]
Seasonal charter: Cluj–Napoca,[41] Košice,[42] Oslo–Gardermoen[43]
Flynas Jeddah, Riyadh[44]
FlyOne Seasonal charter: Chișinău[45]
GetJet Airlines Charter: Vilnius[46]
Gulf Air Bahrain[47]
Iraqi Airways Seasonal charter: Baghdad[48]
Jazeera Airways Seasonal: Kuwait[49]
Jordan Aviation Amman–Queen Alia
Kuwait Airways Seasonal: Kuwait
Nile Air Cairo[50]
Seasonal charter: Baghdad,[51] Tashkent[52]
Neos[53] Bologna, Milan–Malpensa, Rome-Fiumicino, Verona
Seasonal: Naples
Nesma Airlines Seasonal charter: Rimini[54]
Onur Air Seasonal charter: Antalya, Tallinn (begins 24 October 2019)[55]
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen[56]
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh[57]
SCAT Airlines Seasonal charter: Baku[58]
SkyUp Charter: Kharkiv,[35] Kiev–Boryspil,[35] Lviv,[35] Odessa[35]
Seasonal charter: Kherson,[35] Mykolaiv (resumes 28 September 2019),[35] Zaporizhia[35]
Smartlynx Airlines Seasonal charter: Riga[17]
Smartlynx Airlines Estonia Seasonal charter: Tallinn[59]
Smartwings Poland Seasonal charter: Katowice,[60] Warsaw–Chopin[60]
Smartwings Slovakia Seasonal charter: Bratislava[61]
Somon Air Seasonal charter: Dushanbe[62]
Sunday Airlines Seasonal charter: Aktobe,[63] Almaty,[64] Karaganda,[65] Nur–Sultan[66]
TUI fly Belgium[67] Brussels, Charleroi, Ostend/Bruges
TUI fly Netherlands Eindhoven
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Ukraine International Airlines Charter: Kiev–Boryspil,[68] Lviv,[68] Odessa[68]
Seasonal charter: Kharkiv,[68] Zaporizhia[68]
Windrose Airlines Charter: Kiev–Boryspil[69]
Seasonal charter: Dnipropetrovsk,[70] Kharkiv,[71] Lviv,[72] Odessa[73]
Wings of Lebanon Seasonal charter: Beirut[74]

Accidents and incidentsEdit

  • On January 3, 2004, Flash Airlines Flight 604, en route to Cairo and then Paris as its final destination, crashed in the Red Sea shortly after taking off from Sharm El Sheikh, killing all 148 people on board. Causes for the accident include pilot error and instrument failure, but investigators have been unable to reach a consensus.
  • On August 23, 2015, Thomson Airways Flight 476, approaching Sharm El Sheikh at the end of a flight from London Stansted Airport with 189 passengers aboard, took evasive action to avoid a missile traveling toward it; the missile missed the airliner by about 1,000 feet (300 meters), and the plane landed safely. An investigation concluded that the missile was an Egyptian armed forces missile that had strayed from a military exercise.
  • On October 31, 2015, Metrojet Flight 9268, en route from Sharm El Sheikh to St. Petersburg, Russia, crashed in the Sinai Peninsula between Nekhel and Housna, killing all 224 people on board, most of them Russian tourists. The jihadist group ISIL, at war with Russian forces in nearby Syria, quickly claimed responsibility for the crash, which was believed by western governments to be the result of a terrorist bombing. Russian investigators confirmed in mid-November that the flight was bombed; the investigation is still ongoing.[75] Following these events, many countries ordered all flights to Sharm El Sheikh suspended until further notice. The security at Sharm El Sheikh is currently considered dangerously lax. Airport staff have been seen taking cash from passengers to let weapons and drugs through or to let passengers skip queues despite the bomb threat.[75]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "A-Z World Airports Online - Egypt airports - Sharm El Sheikh International Airport (SSH/HESH)". Archived from the original on 15 April 2015. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  2. ^ Airport information for HESH at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
  3. ^ Airport information for SSH at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective October 2006).
  4. ^ "Sharm El Sheikh International Airport". Archived from the original on 17 November 2015. Retrieved 6 November 2015.
  5. ^ "Egyptair Express eyes Sharm el-Sheikh base with CS300s". ch-aviation. Retrieved 2018-08-20.
  6. ^ Dey, Paromita. "Egypt: Tender for Sharm El-Sheikh airport works - ConstructionWeekOnline.com". www.constructionweekonline.com. Archived from the original on 14 January 2017. Retrieved 30 May 2017.
  7. ^ "Flight". airarabia.com.
  8. ^ "Air Arabia launches Beirut – Sharm El Sheikh flights". rustourismnews.com. Retrieved 5 July 2018.
  9. ^ "Air Arabia Egypt Launches New Flights Connecting Sharm El Sheikh and Amman". albawaba.com. Retrieved 2019-02-06.
  10. ^ a b Liu, Jim (28 May 2019). "Air Astana adds Sharm el Sheikh service from June 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
  11. ^ a b "Charter programme". kusadasi.ro.
  12. ^ "Timetable". flyaircairo.com.
  13. ^ "Air Cairo adds Sharm el Sheikh – Amman route from April 2019". routesonline.com. Retrieved 2019-02-02.
  14. ^ 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Air Cairo schedules new Italian routes in S19". routesonline.com. Retrieved 2019-01-16.
  15. ^ a b "Air Cairo W18 network additions". routesonline.com. Retrieved 2018-11-13.
  16. ^ "Air Cairo adds Sharm el Sheikh – Naples route in 1Q18". routesonline.com. 27 December 2017. Retrieved 27 December 2017.
  17. ^ a b "Timetable". www.tez-tour.com.
  18. ^ "Alitalia adds Bari – Sharm el Sheikh service in 3Q19". Routesonline. Retrieved 2019-04-03.
  19. ^ a b "Flight Only". balkanexpress.it. 30 January 2018.
  20. ^ a b "Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt". bologna-airport.it. 30 January 2018.
  21. ^ "Timetable". aeroporto.catania.it.
  22. ^ "Shuttle". amaratour.ro.
  23. ^ "Almasria Universal con A330- a Verona, Napoli e Milano Malpensa". 25 July 2019.
  24. ^ "Albanian tourism company operates charter flights to Sharm, Hurghada". egypttoday.com. Retrieved 2019-07-23.
  25. ^ "AtlasGlobal adds Sharm el Sheikh service from May 2019". routesonline.com. 28 May 2019. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
  26. ^ "Charter schedule" (PDF). aviolet.rs.
  27. ^ "Flight Schedule". aero.kg. Retrieved 2019-05-20.
  28. ^ "Charter flights to open from Baku to Sharm El-Sheikh". azernews.az. Retrieved 2018-09-24.
  29. ^ a b c d e "Flights". anextour.com.ua.
  30. ^ a b c d e f "Timetable". www.tez-tour.com.
  31. ^ "Belavia resumes charter flights to Sharm el-Sheikh". 20 April 2016. Retrieved 30 May 2017.
  32. ^ "Timetable". www.tez-tour.com.
  33. ^ "Timetable Summer 2019 Christian Tour Romania" (PDF).
  34. ^ "Flights schedule". aeroportoverona.it.,
  35. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "freight monitor". online.joinup.ua.
  36. ^ a b "Sharm El Sheikh". atlantisrejser.dk. 30 January 2018.
  37. ^ a b "WEEKLY FLIGHTS FROM JEDDAH AND MADINAH TO SHARM ELSHEIKH". egyptair.com. 9 June 2019.
  38. ^ "Egyptair adds Trapani charters in 3Q19". Retrieved 2019-07-11.
  39. ^ a b "Charter flights". TUI.pl.
  40. ^ "FlyEgypt adds domestic routes in S19". Routesonline. Retrieved 2019-04-04.
  41. ^ "Charter flights". airportcluj.ro.
  42. ^ "Flight schedule". airportkosice.sk.
  43. ^ "Oslo Airport - Sharm El-Sheikh". avinor.no.
  44. ^ "Route map". flynas.com.
  45. ^ {{cite web|url=https://www.tez-tour.com/ru/kishinev/avia-reference.html%7Ctitle=Timetable%7Cwebsite=www.tez-tour.com}
  46. ^ "Timetable". www.tez-tour.com.
  47. ^ "Gulf Air expands S18 network". Routesonline. 26 February 2018.
  48. ^ "Iraqi Airways IA192". flightmapper.net. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  49. ^ "Flight Schedule". jazeeraairways.com.
  50. ^ "Route map". nileair.com. 30 January 2018.
  51. ^ "Nile Air schedules Baghdad charters from July 2019". routesonline.com. 27 June 2019.
  52. ^ "Между Шарм-эль-Шейхом и Ташкентом запустят дополнительный авиарейс". regnum.ru. 8 August 2019. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  53. ^ "Flight Times". neosair.it/en.
  54. ^ "Flight Info". riminiairport.com.
  55. ^ "Sharm El Sheikh". TUI.ee.
  56. ^ "Pegasus Adds New Egyptian Service from late-Oct 2014". airlineroute.net. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  57. ^ "Flight Schedule". saudia.com.
  58. ^ Liu, Jim (27 June 2019). "SCAT Aircompany adds Baku – Sharm el Sheikh charters from late-July 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
  59. ^ "Timetable". www.tez-tour.com.
  60. ^ a b "air and charter tickets". itaka.pl.
  61. ^ "Travel Service Slovensko S19 Sharm el Sheikh service changes". routesonline.com. 29 May 2019.
  62. ^ "Orange2fly to operate additional couple of flights to Sharm El-Sheikh". dailynewssegypt.com. 31 December 2018.
  63. ^ "Timetable". www.tez-tour.com.
  64. ^ "Timetable". www.tez-tour.com.
  65. ^ "Timetable". www.tez-tour.com.
  66. ^ "Timetable". www.tez-tour.com.
  67. ^ "Sharm El Sheikh". tuifly.be.
  68. ^ a b c d e "Charter flights timetable". flyuia.com. 30 January 2018.
  69. ^ "Timetable". www.tez-tour.com.
  70. ^ "Timetable". www.tez-tour.com.
  71. ^ "Timetable". www.tez-tour.com.
  72. ^ Liu, Jim (20 November 2017). "WindRose adds Lviv – Sharm el Sheikh service in W17". Routesonline. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  73. ^ "Timetable". www.tez-tour.com.
  74. ^ "Welcome to Nakhal Online Booking System". www.nakhalonline.com.
  75. ^ a b News, ABC. "International News: Latest Headlines, Video and Photographs from Around the World -- People, Places, Crisis, Conflict, Culture, Change, Analysis and Trends". ABC News. Archived from the original on 8 November 2015. Retrieved 30 May 2017.

External linksEdit