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Brussels Airport (IATA: BRU, ICAO: EBBR) (also called Brussel-Nationaal / Bruxelles-National (Brussels-National) or Zaventem) is an international airport 6.5 NM (12.0 km; 7.5 mi) northeast[2] of Brussels, the capital of Belgium. In 2017, more than 24 million passengers arrived or departed at Brussels Airport, making it the 23rd busiest airport in Europe. It is located partially in Zaventem, partially in the Diegem area of Machelen,[3] and partially in Steenokkerzeel, in the Flemish Region of Belgium. It is home to around 260 companies, together directly employing 20,000 people and serves as the home base for Brussels Airlines and TUIfly Belgium.

Brussels Airport
Luchthaven Brussel-Nationaal (in Dutch)
Aéroport de Bruxelles-National (in French)
BrusselsAirport.svg
Brussels - National (Zaventem) - Melsbroek (BRU - EBBR - EBMB) AN1788412.jpg
Summary
Airport type Military/Public
Operator Brussels Airport Company
Belgian Air Component
Serves Brussels, Belgium
Location Zaventem, Belgium
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 184 ft / 56 m
Coordinates 50°54′05″N 004°29′04″E / 50.90139°N 4.48444°E / 50.90139; 4.48444Coordinates: 50°54′05″N 004°29′04″E / 50.90139°N 4.48444°E / 50.90139; 4.48444
Website brusselsairport.be
Maps
Airport diagram
Airport diagram
BRU is located in Belgium
BRU
BRU
Location in Belgium
BRU is located in Europe
BRU
BRU
BRU (Europe)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
01/19 2,987 9,800 Asphalt
07R/25L 3,211 10,535 Asphalt
07L/25R 3,638 11,936 Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Passengers 24,783,911
Freight (tonnes) 535,634
Aircraft movements 237,888
Sources: Brussels Airport,[1] Belgian AIP[2]

The company operating the airport is known as The Brussels Airport Company N.V./S.A.; before 19 October 2006, the name was BIAC (Brussels International Airport Company), which was created by Belgian law through a merger of BATC with the ground operations departments of the RLW/RVA. Since 2011, the airport has been owned by the Toronto-based Ontario Teachers' Pension Plan (39%), Macquarie Group (Macquarie European Infrastructure Fund I and Macquarie European Infrastructure Fund III) (36%) and the Belgian State (25%).[4]

On 22 March 2016 the airport's departures hall was severely damaged by the two terrorist bomb blasts. The airport was closed until 3 April 2016, when it reopened with temporary facilities at less than 20% of its previous capacity.[5] It has since returned to full operations, with a record of 90,000 passengers on 29 July 2016.[6]

Contents

HistoryEdit

Early yearsEdit

The origins of Brussels Airport at Zaventem date back to 1940, when the German occupying force claimed 600 ha (1,500 acres) of agricultural fields reserved as a back-up airfield ("Steenokkerzeel"). There the Luftwaffe established Fliegerhorst Melsbroek and constructed 3 runways in the shape of a triangle: runway 02/20, runway 07L/25R (both of which are still in use today) and runway 12/30. The airport buildings were constructed in the nearby municipality of Melsbroek and not of Zaventem, which is why the airfield was known to the locals as Melsbroek (in Dutch) (or "Fliegerhorst Melsbroek" in German). There is an urban legend that the site of the airport was chosen by the Germans after asking locals where to build it–the Belgians then pointed to this location as it was often foggy.

After the liberation on 3 September 1944, the German infrastructure at Melsbroek fell into the hands of the British. When the old civilian airport in Haren became too small, the Belgian authorities decided to use the aerodrome at Melsbroek for the new national airport. By 1948, a new terminal building was constructed to replace the old wooden building. In the same year, the lengths of both runways 02/20 and 07L/25R were increased, to 1,200 m (3,900 ft) and 2,450 m (8,040 ft) respectively, whereas 12/30 remained at 1,300 m (4,300 ft). The civil aerodrome of Melsbroek was officially opened by Prince Charles, Count of Flanders, the Prince Regent, on 20 July 1948. From 1948 to 1956 many more buildings and facilities were erected, mostly on the Melsbroek side of the site.

In 1955, a railway line from Brussels city centre to the airport was constructed. The line was officially opened by King Baudouin on 15 May 1955.

In 1956 a new 2,300 m (7,500 ft) runway was constructed, 07R/25L, which almost runs parallel with 07L/25R. The runway is still in use today and saw its length later increased to 3,200 m (10,500 ft). In April 1956 the Belgian government decided to build a new airport, using the same runways, but with the buildings located within the municipality of Zaventem. In April 1957, construction started of the new terminal, preparing the airport for the 1958 World Fair. The grass runway 12/30 had to make way to allow for the new passenger terminal. This new airport was inaugurated 5 July 1958, almost just in time for the 1958 World Fair. The buildings on the Melsbroek side are still in use by the Belgian Air Force (15th Air Transport Wing), and this is still known as Melsbroek airfield. Both Zaventem Airport and Melsbroek Air Base, the military airfield, share the same runways.[7]

Development since the 1960sEdit

 
Sabena Boeing 707-300 at Brussels Airport in 1966

During the boom of commercial aviation in the 1960s and 1970s, several hangars were constructed. A new cargo terminal was constructed in 1976. In 1994, a brand new terminal was constructed adjacent to the old 1958 building. Two old piers were torn down and replaced by modern ones. In 2002, amidst the turmoil surrounding the demise of the national airline Sabena, a new pier was opened.

In 2005, the airport was awarded Best Airport in Europe by Airports Council International/International Air Transport Association (ACI/IATA), based on a survey of over 100,000 passengers worldwide. Brussels Airport continued to appear in top airports lists as of 2012. A direct train link with Leuven and Liège was opened on 12 December 2005.

In 2007, the airport served 17.8 million passengers, an increase of 7% over 2006. The cargo volume in the same year amounted to 780,000 tonnes, an increase of 8.9% over 2006. In 2008, the airport served 18.5 million passengers, which was an increase of 3.7% over the previous year.[8]

Sabena's demise meant a sharp fall in passenger traffic, a blow from which the airport only slowly recovered. The airport's future is threatened by disagreement between the governments of Flanders and the Brussels Capital Region concerning night-time air traffic routes.

In March 2009, the old mechanical Flight information display systems were replaced by electronic ones.[9] In September 2009, CEO Wilfried Van Assche resigned. One of the (unofficial) reasons was the delay in the construction of the low-cost terminal and the possible lawsuit by 52 airlines active at Brussels Airport, on the grounds of tax discrimination. It was Van Assche who started expanding the Long-Haul network (Jet Airways, Hainan Airlines, Etihad Airways and US Airways) at Brussels Airport. In February 2010 Arnaud Feist was appointed CEO. The Chairman of the Board is Marc Descheemaecker (nl).

According to an unofficial study, Brussels Airport is the most noise-polluting airport of 30 European airports in terms of the noise levels created and the number of people affected by take-off and landing operations.[10]

In November 2015, Jet Airways announced to shut down their scissor hub operations at Brussels Airport, which they maintained for several years, by 26 March 2016.[11] Two routes incoming from India met here and exchanged passengers for the onward flights to Newark and Toronto.[12]

2016 Brussels bombingsEdit

On 22 March 2016, two explosions took place in Brussels Airport at 07:58 local time. One occurred near the American Airlines and Brussels Airlines check-in desks and the other next to a Starbucks coffee shop. A third bomb was found in the airport and detonated in a controlled explosion. The airport was closed after the attacks until 3 April, when it reopened with temporary facilities at less than 20% of its previous passenger capacity.[5] Flights bound to Brussels Airport were either canceled or diverted to nearby airports such as Brussels South Charleroi Airport, Ostend–Bruges International Airport, and Schiphol. At 09:11 CET, an explosion took place at Maelbeek/Maalbeek metro station. ISIL claimed responsibility for the attacks as an act of revenge against Belgium for participation in the ongoing Military intervention against ISIL.[13]

FacilitiesEdit

 
Terminal exterior
 
Departures area at Pier A
 
Runway and apron
 
Control tower

Brussels Airport uses a one terminal concept, meaning that all the facilities are located under a single roof. The terminal building consists of several levels. The railway station is located on −1, buses and taxis arrive at 0, arrivals are located on level 2 and departures on level 3. Levels 2 and 3 are connected to the airport's two piers (A and B).[14]

Pier AEdit

Pier A is the newest pier on Brussels Airport and was opened on 15 May 2002. This pier was destined to support flights from and to the Schengen countries (A-gates). However, since 15 October 2008 all Brussels Airlines flights to African destinations are also handled at this pier. Therefore, border control was installed towards the end of the pier in order to create a new pier. As a result, gates A61-72 were renamed T61-72. Later, Brussels Airlines' daily flight to New York was also moved here from pier B.

Until March 26, 2015,[15] Pier A was connected to the main building via a 400-metre-long (1,300 ft) tunnel under the apron. Each pier used to have its own security zone, so transfer between the piers involved a security check. This tunnel was replaced by the "Connector", a new building that links both piers above ground and allows passengers to walk straight from the check-in desk to their gate in pier A or B, without changing floors. In the opposite direction, the building provides arriving passengers with a smooth and convenient passage to the baggage reclaim hall and the exit. Furthermore, border control has been relocated behind the 25-lane screening platform (Europe's largest) inside the Connector which means that changing planes no longer requires a security check.

Pier BEdit

Pier B is the oldest pier still in use at Brussels Airport and is only used for flights outside the Schengen Area. Pier B is connected immediately to the main departure hall and consists of two decks. The upper deck (level 3) is at the same level as the departure halls and is used for the departing passengers, whereas the lower deck (level 2) is used for arriving passengers and connects immediately to border control and the baggage claim area.

PlannedEdit

Pier A WestEdit

Pier A West is a planned expansion of Pier A, and is meant to relieve Pier B by also handling flights from non-Schengen countries. Pier A West was due to open in 2016, but because of the slow passenger growth, Brussels Airport announced in July 2013 that the works would be delayed. However, in November 2015, Brussels Airport announced a major 550 million euro investment and pointed out that within this investment the extension of the pier is included.[16]

Low-cost pierEdit

Just as is the case for Pier A West, the construction of a new low-cost pier is currently on hold. It will be built roughly where the old south pier used to be. At present, several low-cost airlines including Ryanair and Wizz Air fly to Brussels-South Charleroi Airport, 40 km (25 mi) away from Brussels.[17] In autumn 2013, low-cost carrier Pegasus Airlines announced it would end its flights between Brussels Airport and Turkey. The service between Brussels and Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen would relocate to Brussels-South Charleroi Airport. However, Turkish Airlines announced on 26 November 2013 it would offer one daily flight on the same route, starting one month after Pegasus terminated its operations at the airport.[18] One day later, Ryanair announced the opening of a second Belgian base at Brussels Airport, giving a boost to low-cost traffic at Brussels Airport. Ryanair announced on 27 November 10 new routes from Brussels Airport,[19] although Brussels-South Charleroi Airport will remain the low-cost carrier's primary Belgian base.

ServicesEdit

Shops, bars and restaurants are scattered throughout the building. A few facilities are located in the departure area. These are mostly convenience stores and small shops such as the airport shop, a pharmacy, Relay stores and a coffee shop. But most of the facilities can only be accessed after Security control –and are tax free. Several brands and chains have a branch in both piers, however several only operate in pier A. The airport also features places of worship (for Catholics, Jews, Muslims, Orthodox Christians and Protestants), as well as a place for meditation for humanists. The airport provides meeting facilities and can host congresses up to 600 participants, either in the Regus Skyport Meeting Center or in the Sheraton Brussels Airport Hotel. The latter is the only hotel located on the airport grounds, opposite the terminal. Shuttle services are provided to 14 nearby hotels.

All passengers now have unlimited free Wi-Fi access.[20][21][22]

There is a small smoking room next to gate A67 in the transfer section of pier A.

Other facilitiesEdit

Several airlines have or had its head offices at the grounds of Brussels Airport. Brussels Airlines has its corporate head office in the b.house, Airport Building 26, located in Diegem, Machelen.[3][23] European Air Transport had its head office in Building 4–5, in Zaventem.[24] Before Sabena went out of business, its head office was in the Sabena House on the grounds of Brussels Airport.[25] When it existed, Virgin Express had its head office in Building 116 in Zaventem.[26] SN Brussels, which formed in 2002, had its head office in Airport Building 117 in Zaventem when it existed.[27] Prior to its disestablishment, Sobelair had its head office in Building 45 in Zaventem.[28][29] CityBird was based in building 117D.[30] The cargo airline Cargo B Airlines had its head office in the Brucarco Building 706 in Zaventem.[31]

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Brussels:[32]

Airlines Destinations
Adria Airways Ljubljana
Aegean Airlines Athens
Aer Lingus Dublin
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Air Algérie Algiers, Oran
Air Arabia Maroc Fez, Casablanca, Nador, Tangier
airBaltic Riga
Air Canada Montréal–Trudeau
Air Europa Madrid
Air France Lyon
Seasonal: Calvi (begins 23 June 2018)[33]
Air Malta Malta
Air Moldova Chișinău
Air Serbia Belgrade
Air Transat Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau
Alitalia Milan–Linate, Rome–Fiumicino
Alitalia CityLiner Milan–Linate
All Nippon Airways Tokyo–Narita
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Blue Air Bacău, Bucharest, Iași
Seasonal: Constanța
BMI Regional Bristol,[34] East Midlands, Nuremberg,[34] Newcastle upon Tyne
British Airways London–Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Abidjan, Accra, Agadir, Alicante, Banjul, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Berlin-Tegel, Bilbao, Billund, Birmingham, Bologna, Bordeaux, Bristol, Budapest, Bujumbura, Conakry, Copenhagen, Cotonou, Dakar–Diass, Douala, Edinburgh, Entebbe, Freetown, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Geneva, Gothenburg, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Hannover, Hurghada, Kiev–Boryspil (begins 17 October 2018),[35] Kigali, Kinshasa-N'djili, Kraków, Lanzarote, Lisbon, Lomé, London–Heathrow, Luanda, Lyon, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Marrakech, Marsa Alam, Marseille, Milan–Linate, Milan–Malpensa, Monrovia, Moscow–Domodedovo, Mumbai, Nantes, Naples, New York–JFK, Nice, Oslo–Gardermoen, Ouagadougou, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Rome–Fiumicino, St. Petersburg, Stockholm-Bromma, Strasbourg, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tenerife–South, Toronto–Pearson, Toulouse, Turin, Venice, Vienna, Vilnius, Warsaw–Chopin, Wrocław (begins 29 October 2018),[36] Yaoundé
Seasonal: Ajaccio, Almería, Antalya (begins 29 June 2018),[37] Athens, Bastia, Boa Vista, Burgas, Calvi, Catania, Chania, Comiso, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Enfidha , Faro, Figari, Florence, Girona , Heraklion, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, Kalamata, Kos, Lourdes/Tarbes, Menorca, Mykonos, Ohrid, Olbia, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Porto, Reus, Rhodes, Sal, Santorini, Seville, Split, Thessaloniki, Tivat, Varna, Washington–Dulles, Yerevan, Zadar,[38] Zagreb, Zakynthos
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
Corendon Airlines Seasonal: Antalya, Bodrum, Burgas, Heraklion, Hurghada, Kos,[39] Rhodes[40]
Croatia Airlines Zagreb
Czech Airlines Prague
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, New York–JFK
easyJet Bordeaux, Nice
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva
EgyptAir Cairo
El Al Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Emirates Dubai–International
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa1
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
Eurowings Salzburg, Stuttgart
Finnair Helsinki
Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya, Bodrum
Georgian Airways Tbilisi[41]
Hainan Airlines Beijing–Capital, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenzhen
HOP! Rennes (begins 24 September 2018)
Iberia Madrid
Icelandair Reykjavík–Keflavík
KLM Amsterdam
KLM Cityhopper Amsterdam
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Lufthansa Regional Frankfurt, Munich
Middle East Airlines Beirut
Nordica Tallinn
Onur Air Antalya
Pegasus Airlines Seasonal: Antalya
Qatar Airways Doha
Qeshm Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca, Nador, Rabat, Tangier
Seasonal: Al Hoceima, Oujda
RwandAir Kigali2
Ryanair Alicante, Amman–Queen Alia (begins 28 October 2018), Barcelona, Berlin-Schönefeld, Dublin, Larnaca, Lisbon, Madrid, Málaga, Milan–Malpensa, Marrakech (begins 28 October 2018), Porto, Rome–Fiumicino, Treviso, Valencia
Seasonal: Ibiza, Palma de Mallorca
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm–Arlanda
SunExpress Seasonal: Ankara, Antalya,[42] Izmir
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
Tailwind Airlines Charter: Antalya, Eskişehir
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon
TAROM Bucharest
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
TUI fly Belgium Agadir, Alicante, Almería, Antalya, Banjul, Boa Vista, Cancún, Djerba,[43] Enfidha,[43] Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Málaga, Marrakech, Marsa Alam, Miami, Montego Bay, La Palma, Luxor,[44] Pristina, Punta Cana, Rabat, Sal, Santo Domingo, Sharm el-Sheikh, Tangier, Tenerife–South, Tirana, Valencia,[45] Varadero
Seasonal: Ajaccio, Aruba,</ref> Athens, Bastia, Bodrum, Brač, Brindisi, Burgas, Catania, Chania, Corfu, Curaçao </ref> Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Faro, Girona, Heraklion, Ibiza, Izmir, Jerez de la Frontera, Kavala, Kittilä, Kos, Lamezia Terme, Lourdes, Menorca, Mombasa (begins 26 october 2018), Mykonos, Mytilene, Naples, Olbia, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Patras, Ponta Delgada, Puerto Plata (begins 26 October 2018), Reus, Rhodes, Samos, Santorini, Thessaloniki, Tivat, Varna, Volos, Zakynthos, Zanzibar
Tunisair Djerba, Enfidha, Monastir, Tunis
Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev–Boryspil
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Newark, Washington–Dulles
Vueling Alicante, Barcelona, Málaga, Valencia
Seasonal: Santiago de Compostela
WOW air Reykjavík–Keflavík

^1 Ethiopian's flight from Brussels to Addis Ababa makes a stop in Vienna or Milan-Malpensa. However, the airline does not have traffic rights to transport passengers solely between Brussels and Vienna or Milan.
^2 RwandAir's flight from Kigali to Brussels continues on to London-Gatwick. However, the airline does not have traffic rights to transport passengers solely between Brussels and London-Gatwick.

CargoEdit

Airlines Destinations
Air Algérie Cargo Algiers, Casablanca
Asiana Cargo Anchorage, Halifax, London–Stansted, New York–JFK, Seoul–Incheon
ASL Airlines Belgium Helsinki
DHL Aviation Bahrain, Barcelona, Bergamo, Bratislava, Budapest, Cincinnati, Copenhagen, East Midlands, Oslo–Gardermoen, Helsinki, Lagos, Leipzig/Halle, Lisbon, London–Heathrow, Madrid, Shanghai, Seoul–Incheon,[46] Vitoria
Emirates SkyCargo Chicago–O'Hare, Dubai–Al Maktoum
Ethiopian Airlines Cargo Addis Ababa, Dubai–Al Maktoum, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, New York–JFK, Shanghai[47]
LATAM Cargo Chile Frankfurt, Campinas–Viracopos, Santiago de Chile[48]
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha, Entebbe, London Stansted, Nairobi, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stavanger
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca
Saudia Cargo Dammam, Jeddah, Milan–Malpensa, Riyadh, Vienna
Singapore Airlines Cargo Bangalore, Mumbai, Sharjah, Singapore

StatisticsEdit

TrafficEdit

Traffic by calendar year[1][49]
Year Passenger volume Change over previous year Aircraft operations Change over previous year Cargo (tonnes) Change over previous year
2017 24,783,911  013.60% 237,888  06.30% 535,634  08.30%
2016 21,818,418  07.00% 223,688  06.50% 494,637  01.10%
2015 23,460,018  06.96% 239,349  03.38% 489,303  07.79%
2014 21,933,190  014.60% 231,528  06.90% 453,954  05.60%
2013 19,133,222  00.90% 216,678  03.00% 429,938  06.40%
2012 18,971,332  01.00% 223,431  04.40% 459,265  03.30%
2011 18,786,034  09.30% 233,758  03.60% 475,124  00.20%
2010 17,180,606  01.10% 225,682  02.60% 476,135  06.00%
2009 16,999,154  08.20% 231,668  010.50% 449,132  032.1%
2008 18,515,730  03.40% 258,795  02.10% 661,143  015.60%
2007 17,900,000  07.10% 264,366  03.80% 783,727  08.90%
2006 16,707,892  03.30% 254,772  00.60% 719,561  02.40%
2005 16,179,733  03.50% 253,255  00.30% 702,819  05.80%
2004 15,632,773  02.90% 254,070  00.70% 664,375  09.40%
2003 15,194,097  05.40% 252,249  01.80% 607,136  013.1%
2002 14,410,555  026.8% 256,889  015.9% 536,826  08.00%
2001 19,684,867  09.00% 305,532  06.30% 583,729  015.1%
2000 21,637,003  07.90% 352,972  04.20% 687,385  01.90%
1999 20,048,532  015.7% 312,892  04.30% 674,837
1998 18,400,000  015.7% 300,000  08.30%
1997 15,900,000  018.7% 277,000  04.90%
1996 13,400,000  07.20% 264,000
1995 12,500,000  011.6%
1994 11,200,000
1993 10,000,000+
1950 240,000+
  • The relapse in 2001 and 2002 is due to the combined effects of the September 11 Attacks and the collapse of then home carrier Sabena in the final quarter of 2001.
  • The Cargo relapse in 2008 and 2009 is due to the combined effects of the Financial crisis of 2007–08, also affecting passenger volumes in 2009, and the relocation of DHL Aviation to Leipzig/Halle Airport. DHL departed after the Belgian government decided they couldn't operate more cargo flights at night because of noise for the people living in the surrounding area.
  • The 2016 decrease in passenger numbers and aircraft movements results from the 2016 Brussels bombings which caused the airport to close for 11 days before reopening with severely reduced capacity.

RoutesEdit

Busiest European routes from Brussels Airport[50]
Rank Destination Airport(s) Passengers 2015 Passengers 2016
1 Barcelona BCN 862,165 889,180
2 Madrid MAD 805,092 763,016
3 Rome FCO 793,605 713,392
4 Berlin TXL, SXF 510,143 703,272
5 Lisbon LIS 725,839 698,131
6 London LHR, LGW 723,081 587,487
7 Geneva GVA 570,261 545,230
8 Malaga AGP 463,838 499,228
9 Milan MXP, LIN 542,962 492,068
10 Frankfurt FRA 517,941 467,068
Busiest Intercontinental routes from Brussels Airport[50]
Rank Destination Airport(s) Passengers 2015 Passengers 2016
1 New York City JFK, EWR 601,314 441,212
2 Tel Aviv TLV 289,395 267,366
3 Washington, D.C. IAD 221,855 212,027
4 Dubai DXB 209,476 187,049
5 Montréal YUL 180,628 174,843
6 Doha DOH 147,395 156,644
7 Abu Dhabi AUH 171,407 144,239
8 Casablanca CMN 159,188 142,294
9 Beijing PEK 114,673 108,464
10 Bangkok BKK 100,026 101,434

Ground transportationEdit

RoadEdit

 
Brussels Airport bus service

Brussels Airport can be reached by car via the A201, which is directly connected to the Brussels Ring Road. From there, the main highways of Belgium can directly be accessed. Private partners provide three car parks at the airport, offering in total 10,600 parking spaces. Shell operates a self-service gas station near the exit of the airport complex.

Several car rental services are located in the airport as well. Europcar, Hertz, Sixt and Thrifty all operate at Brussels Airport. DriveNow also offers a car sharing service at Brussels airport located at P3 Holiday Parking[51], and Zipcar has parking spaces.[52] Taxi2Share provides sharing cab service from airport.

De Lijn provides bus transportation to and from various cities in Flanders from platforms A and B (via Brucargo). The MIVB/STIB provides transportation into Brussels city centre at Brussels Luxembourg Station via line 12 (weekdays before 8 pm) or line 21 (weekends and evenings after 8 pm) from platform C. Platform E is used by the Hotel Shuttles, offering shuttle services to several hotels near the area.

Taxis are permanently available in front of the arrivals hall. Licensed taxis can be recognized by the blue and yellow emblem.

RailEdit

The Airport Railway Station is located under the airport building at level −1. The train station has direct services to Antwerp, Brussels, De Panne, Ghent, Hasselt, Landen, Leuven, Mechelen, Nivelles and Quévy. At least four trains per hour serve the most used link to Brussels South Railway Station, where international connections are offered by Eurostar (to London), Thalys (to Amsterdam, Avignon, Cologne, Essen, Lille, Marseille, Paris and Valence), ICE (to Cologne and Frankfurt), and Eurocity (to Basel, Bern, Chur, Luxembourg and Zürich).

A direct train link with Leuven was opened on 12 December 2005. A direct link with Antwerp and Mechelen via the so-called Diabolo line was opened for public service on 10 June 2012. The Diabolo project is a public-private partnership. It has been decided that all rail passengers to the Brussels National Airport railway station pay a "Diabolo supplement" to finance the ongoing and planned work.

As of December 2014, a direct train link between Bruges and the Airport will be offered,[53] just as an Intercity service to Schiphol and Amsterdam.[54]

Since the new Schuman-Josaphat tunnel[55] has been finished, a new connection has been established to connect Brussels Airport directly to the stations of the EU quarter, being Brussels-Schuman and Brussels-Luxembourg. This brought the travel time between the Airport and the EU quarter to 15 minutes. The Belgian Railways announced the line to open as an hourly service.[56][57][58] However, the line now sees a train every 30 minutes on weekdays.[59]

TramEdit

In an attempt to alleviate gridlock around Brussels, the regional transport company De Lijn started the Brabantnet project.[60] Three new lightrail lines will be created, of which 2 will have a stop at Brussels Airport;

  • The Airport Tram, connecting Brussels Airport to Brussels-North, but taking a different trajectory from the existing railway line.
  • The Ring Tram, roughly following the northern side of the Brussels Ring and connecting several Brussels suburbs and Vilvoorde to the Airport

The Brabantnet project is scheduled to be finished by 2020.

To speed up the process, testing started in August 2016 with a Trambus, a Bus rapid transit system developed by Belgian bus builder Van Hool. As these require less investment, the Ringtrambus could enter into service as early as 2019. This solution would be an in-between step until the tram line is finished.[61] In November 2017, De Lijn placed an order with Van Hool for 14 24-metre double-articulated buses, each carrying up to 137 people.[62]

BicycleEdit

Brussels Airport has a special separated road that provides access to the airport for bikers and pedestrians. There is also a special place to park bikes. By 2018 a connection will be created between the airport and the Bike Highway Brussels - Leuven.[63] This should increase the number of employees commuting by bike, which only stands at 1%.[64]

Accidents and incidentsEdit

 
The Boeing 747 that overran the runway in 2008

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

  1. ^ a b "Brussels Airport Traffic December 2016". Brussels Airport. 
  2. ^ a b AIP for EBBR – Brussels Airport from Belgocontrol
  3. ^ a b "bedrijf.jpg." Retrieved on 25 April 2010.
  4. ^ "Moody's assigns (P)Baa1 rating to Brussels Airport Holding SA/NV's senior secured debt; stable outlook". Moodys.com. Retrieved 2 June 2015. 
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