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Shanghai Pudong International Airport

Shanghai Pudong International Airport (IATA: PVG, ICAO: ZSPD) is one of two international airports of Shanghai and a major aviation hub of China. Pudong Airport mainly serves international flights, while the city's other major airport Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport mainly serves domestic and regional flights. Located about 30 kilometres (19 mi) east of the city center, Pudong Airport occupies a 40-square-kilometre (10,000-acre) site adjacent to the coastline in eastern Pudong. The airport is operated by Shanghai Airport Authority (Chinese: 上海机场集团公司, SSE: 600009).

Shanghai Pudong
International Airport

上海浦东国际机场
ShanghaiAirports.png
Pudong International Airport at night.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorShanghai Airport Authority
ServesShanghai
LocationPudong, Shanghai
Hub forPassenger

Cargo

Focus city forHainan Airlines
Elevation AMSL4 m / 13 ft
Coordinates31°08′36″N 121°48′19″E / 31.14333°N 121.80528°E / 31.14333; 121.80528Coordinates: 31°08′36″N 121°48′19″E / 31.14333°N 121.80528°E / 31.14333; 121.80528
Websitewww.shairport.com/index_enpdjc.html
Maps
CAAC airport chart
CAAC airport chart
PVG is located in Shanghai
PVG
PVG
Location of airport in Shanghai
PVG is located in China
PVG
PVG
PVG (China)
PVG is located in Asia
PVG
PVG
PVG (Asia)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
17L/35R 4,000 13,123 Concrete
16R/34L 3,800 12,467 Concrete
17R/35L 3,400 11,155 Concrete
16L/34R 3,800 12,467 Concrete
15/33 3,400 11,155 Concrete
Statistics (2018)
Passengers74,006,331
Aircraft movements504,794
Freight (in tons)3,768,573
Shanghai Pudong International Airport
Simplified Chinese上海浦东国际机场
Traditional Chinese上海浦東國際機場

The airport is the main hub for China Eastern Airlines and Shanghai Airlines, and a major international hub for Air China, as well as secondary hub of China Southern Airlines. It is also the hub for privately owned Juneyao Airlines and Spring Airlines, and an Asia-Pacific cargo hub for UPS[1] and DHL. The DHL hub, opened in July 2012, is said to be the biggest express hub in Asia.[2]

Pudong Airport has two main passenger terminals, flanked on both sides by four operational parallel runways.[3] A third passenger terminal has been planned since 2015, in addition to a satellite terminal and two additional runways, which will raise its annual capacity from 60 million passengers to 80 million, along with the ability to handle six million tons of freight.[4]

Pudong Airport is a fast-growing hub for both passenger and cargo traffic. With 3,703,431 metric tons handled in 2017, the airport is the world's third-busiest airport by cargo traffic. Pudong Airport also served a total of 70,001,237 passengers in 2017, making it the second-busiest airport in China, fifth-busiest in Asia, and the ninth-busiest in the world. It is also the busiest international gateway of mainland China, with 35.25 million international passengers.[5] By the end of 2016, Pudong Airport hosted 104 airlines serving more than 210 destinations.[6]

Shanghai Pudong is the busiest international hub of China, and about half of its total passenger traffic is international.[7] Pudong Airport is connected to Shanghai Hongqiao Airport by Shanghai Metro Line 2 and the Shanghai Maglev Train via Pudong International Airport Station. There are also airport buses connecting it with the rest of the city.

The interior of Terminal 1

Contents

HistoryEdit

Early developmentEdit

Prior to the establishment of Pudong International Airport, Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport was the primary airport of Shanghai. During the 1990s, the expansion of Hongqiao Airport to meet growing demand became impossible as the surrounding urban area was developing significantly, and an alternative to assume all international flights had to be sought.[citation needed]

After deliberation, the municipal government decided to adopt the suggestion from Professor Chen Jiyu of East China Normal University, who wrote a letter to the Mayor of Shanghai Xu Kuangdi[citation needed] suggesting that the new airport should be constructed on the tidal flats of the south bank of the Yangtze River estuary, on the coast of the Pudong development zone to the east of Shanghai.

Construction of the first phase of the new Shanghai Pudong International Airport began in October 1997, took two years to build at a cost of RMB 12 billion (1.67 billion USD), and was opened on October 1, 1999[citation needed] It covers an area of 40 square kilometres (15 sq mi) and is 30 kilometres (19 mi) from downtown Shanghai. The first phase of the airport has one 4E category runway (4000 m x 60 m) along with two parallel taxiways, an 800,000-square-metre (8,600,000 sq ft) apron, seventy-six aircraft positions and a 50,000 m2 (540,000 sq ft) cargo warehouse.[citation needed]

A second runway was opened on March 17, 2005,[citation needed] and construction of phase two (including a second terminal, a third runway and a cargo terminal) began in December 2005 and started operation on March 26, 2008, in time for the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics.

In November 2011, Pudong Airport received approval from the national government for a new round of expansion which includes two runways. The 3,800-metre fourth runway, along with an auxiliary taxiway and traffic control facilities, is projected to cost 2.58 billion yuan (USD 403 million). The 3,400-metre fifth runway, along with a new traffic tower, will cost 4.65 billion yuan (USD 726.6 million). Construction was completed in 2015 and has doubled the capacity of the airport.[8][9]

Ongoing expansionEdit

Pudong International Airport officially started the third phase of the Pudong International Airport expansion with the construction on a new south satellite terminal on December 29, 2015. The new satellite terminal will be the world's largest single satellite terminal with a total construction area of 622,000 square meters, which is larger than the Pudong International Airport T2 terminal building (485,500 square meters). The satellite terminal is composed of two halls, S1 and S2, forming an H-shaped structure. It will have an annual design capacity of 38 million passengers, The total cost of the project is estimated to be about 20.6 billion yuan. Halls S1 and S2 will have 83 gates.[10] A high capacity People mover connecting T1 to SI and T2 to S2 will be constructed. After the completion of the satellite terminal in 2019, Pudong International Airport will have an annual passenger capacity of 80 million passengers, ranking among the top ten airports in the world.[11]

CompositionEdit

The airport has 70 boarding bridges along with 218 parking positions. Five runways are parallel to the terminals (four operational): one 4,000-metre (13,000 ft) runway with 4E rating (capable of accommodating aircraft up to Boeing 747-400) , two 3,800-metre (12,500 ft) runways with 4F rating (capable of accommodating aircraft up to Airbus A380, Boeing 747-8, and Antonov An-225) , and two 3,400-metre (11,200 ft) runways with 4F rating .

Pudong airport currently has 5 runways. Rwy 35L/17R and Rwy 34R/16L are mostly used for landing while Rwy 35R/17L and Rwy 34L/16R are mostly used for takeoff. Runway 15/33 is not in operation.

Terminal 1Edit

Terminal 1 was opened on October 1, 1999 along with a 4000-metre runway and a cargo hub.[citation needed] It was built to handle the demand for traffic and to relieve Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport's traffic. The exterior of Terminal 1 is shaped like a seagull, and has 28 gates, 13 of which are double-decker gates. The capacity of Terminal 1 is 20 million passengers. It currently has 204 check-in counters, thirteen luggage conveying belts and covers an area of 280,000 square metres.[citation needed]

The gates for Terminal 1 is 1–12, 14–29 (linked with jetway), while the remote gates are 201–211, 533–543, 115–117, 201–211, 251–255, 256–258, and 511–521.

Terminal 2Edit

Terminal 2, opened to public and officially opened on March 26, 2008, along with the third runway, gives a capacity of 60 million passengers and 4.2 million tons of cargo annually. Terminal 2 is shaped like Terminal 1, although it more closely resembles a wave, and is slightly larger than Terminal 1. Terminal 2 also has more levels than Terminal 1. Terminal 2 is primarily used by Air China and other Star Alliance members.[12]

The gates for Terminal 2 is 50–65, 67–79, 80–98 (Note that gates 58–90 is used by both the C gates (used for domestic flights) and the D gates (used for international flights). The gates between gates 65–79 is only odd numbers (65, 67, 69, 71, 73, 75, 77, 79). Gates 50–57 and gates 92–98 is used for C gates only. The remote gates for Terminal 2 is 581–586, 589–590, 593–600, 801–816.

Satellite ConcoursesEdit

 
Satellite Concourse under construction as of December 2018

An additional satellite concourse facility to provide further gates and terminal space started construction on December 29, 2015 and was expected to be completed in late 2018. This project will support 38 million passengers annually through 83 departure gates across two S1 and S2 concourses. These will be connected by an underground automated people mover to the current T1 and T2 terminals.[13] It is now set to open in the second half of 2019.[14]

A-CDM ImplementationEdit

The airport has been using the Airport Collaborative Decision Making system (A-CDM) developed by the aviation data service company VariFlight since January 2017. The system is aimed to improve on-time performance and safety of the airport's operations. By June 2017, Shanghai Pudong airport recorded 62.7% punctuality rate, which was a 15% increase compared to the same period previous year.[15]

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

AirlinesDestinations
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Aeroméxico Mexico City
AirAsia X Kuala Lumpur–International
Air Canada Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver
Air China Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona,[16] Beijing–Capital, Changchun, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Fuyuan, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin, Hohhot, Kunming, Lanzhou, Milan–Malpensa, Munich, Nagoya–Centrair, Nanning, Osaka–Kansai, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Sendai, Shenzhen, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita, Wenzhou, Xi'an, Xichang, Yinchuan
Air China
operated by Dalian Airlines
Dalian
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air India Delhi, Mumbai
Air Koryo Pyongyang
Air Macau Macau
Air Mauritius Mauritius
Air New Zealand Auckland
All Nippon Airways Nagoya–Centrair, Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita
American Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles
Asiana Airlines Busan, Seoul–Incheon
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Beijing Capital Airlines Lijiang
British Airways London–Heathrow
Cambodia Angkor Air Phnom Penh, Siem Reap
Cathay Dragon Hong Kong
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
Cebu Pacific Cebu,[17] Kalibo, Manila
Chengdu Airlines Chengdu
China Airlines Kaohsiung, Taipei–Taoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Amsterdam, Auckland, Baise, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beihai, Beijing–Capital, Brisbane, Busan, Cebu, Changchun, Changsha, Chaoyang, Chengdu, Chiang Mai, Chicago–O'Hare, Chifeng, Chongqing, Clark,[18] Daegu, Dalian, Datong, Dazhou, Delhi, Denpasar/Bali, Dubai–International, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Fuzhou, Ganzhou, Guangyuan, Guiyang, Hami, Handan, Hanamaki,[19] Harbin, Hefei, Heihe, Hiroshima, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Honolulu, Huai'an, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Jeju, Jiagedaqi,[20] Jiamusi,[21] Jieyang, Jinan, Jinggangshan,[22] Jinzhou, Kagoshima, Kashgar, Kathmandu, Komatsu, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Linyi, Liping, Liupanshui, Liuzhou, London–Gatwick,[23] London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Lüliang, Luzhou, Macau, Madrid, Malé, Mandalay,[24] Manila, Matsuyama, Melbourne, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Muan, Mudanjiang, Nagasaki, Nagoya–Centrair, Naha, Nanchang, Nanchong, Nanjing, New York–JFK, Niigata, Ningbo, Okayama, Osaka–Kansai, Panzhihua, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Phnom Penh, Prague, Qingdao, Qiqihar, Rome–Fiumicino, San Francisco, Sanya, Sapporo–Chitose, Seoul–Incheon, Shennongjia, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shigatse, Shizuoka, Siem Reap, Singapore, Saint Petersburg, Sydney, Taipei–Taoyuan, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita, Tonghua, Tongren,[25] Toronto–Pearson, Urumqi, Vancouver, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xichang,[26] Xingyi,[25] Xining, Xishuangbanna,[27] Yangon,[28] Yanji, Yantai, Yibin, Yichang, Yichun, Yingkou, Yongzhou, Yuncheng, Zhangjiajie, Zhangjiakou, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou, Zhoushan, Zhuhai, Zunyi–Xinzhou
Seasonal: Asahikawa, Cairns, Stockholm–Arlanda[29]
China Southern Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi (begins 26 July 2019),[30] Changbaishan, Changchun, Changsha, Chengdu, Dalian, Dandong, Daqing, Fukuoka, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin, Ho Chi Minh City, Jiamusi, Jieyang, Kunming, Mangshi, Nagoya–Centrair, Nanning, Nanyang, Osaka–Kansai, Pattaya–U-Tapao, Qingdao, Quanzhou, Sanya, Seoul–Incheon, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Taipei–Taoyuan, Urumqi, Wuhan, Xining, Yanji, Yinchuan, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai
Seasonal: Aksu
China Southern Airlines
operated by Chongqing Airlines
Chongqing
China United Airlines Beijing–Nanyuan, Shijiazhuang, Tianjin
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Detroit, Los Angeles, Seattle/Tacoma
Donghai Airlines Quanzhou
Eastar Jet Cheongju (suspended from 13 July 2019 to 26 October 2019), Seoul–Incheon[31]
Emirates Dubai–International
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
EVA Air Kaohsiung, Taipei–Taoyuan
Finnair Helsinki
Fuzhou Airlines Fuzhou
Garuda Indonesia Denpasar/Bali, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta
Hainan Airlines Beijing–Capital, Boston, Brussels,[32] Changsha, Chongqing, Dalian, Guangzhou, Haikou, Hohhot, Seattle/Tacoma, Shenzhen, Taiyuan, Tel Aviv,[33] Weifang, Xi'an
Hebei Airlines Shijiazhuang
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong
Iberia Madrid
Japan Airlines Nagoya–Centrair, Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita
Jetstar Japan Tokyo–Narita
Jin Air Jeju
Juneyao Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Bayannur, Beihai, Cebu, Changbaishan, Changchun, Changsha, Changzhi, Cheongju, Chiang Mai, Chongqing, Dalian, Dongying, Fuzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Guyuan, Haikou, Hailar, Hanzhong, Harbin, Helsinki,[34] Hohhot, Hong Kong, Huizhou, Jeju, Jinchang, Kalibo, Kaohsiung, Krabi, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lijiang, Linfen, Longyan, Macau, Mianyang, Nagoya–Centrair, Naha, Nanning, Obihiro, Osaka–Kansai, Penghu, Phuket, Qianjiang, Qingdao, Sanming, Sanya, Sapporo–Chitose, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Sihanoukville,[35] Singapore, Songyuan, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Haneda, Tongliao, Tongren, Ulanqab, Urumqi, Vladivostok,[36] Wuhan, Xi'an, Xiamen, Xiangyang, Xining, Yangyang, Yinchuan, Yueyang, Zhangjiajie, Zhangye, Zhengzhou, Zhongwei
Seasonal: Irkutsk
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Busan, Seoul–Incheon
Kunming Airlines Kunming
Lao Airlines Vientiane[37]
Lion Air Denpasar/Bali, Manado
Lucky Air Kunming
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Mahan Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Malaysia Airlines Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International
NokScoot Bangkok–Don Mueang[38]
Peach Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Haneda
Philippine Airlines Manila
Philippine Airlines
operated by PAL Express
Kalibo[39]
Philippines AirAsia Kalibo, Manila
Qantas Sydney
Qatar Airways Doha
Qingdao Airlines Qingdao
Royal Brunei Airlines Bandar Seri Begawan
S7 Airlines Vladivostok
Seasonal: Novosibirsk
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen
Shandong Airlines Harbin, Qingdao, Xiamen, Zhuhai
Shanghai Airlines Anshan, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Baotou, Budapest, Busan, Changchun, Changsha, Chiang Mai, Dalian, Denpasar/Bali, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin, Hengyang, Hong Kong, Jieyang, Jining, Jinzhou, Karamay, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lianyungang, Linfen, Linyi, Macau,[40] Melbourne, Mianyang, Nanning, Osaka–Kansai, Ordos, Phuket, Qinhuangdao, Qionghai, Rizhao, Sanya, Seoul–Incheon, Shenyang, Taipei–Songshan, Tangshan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Haneda, Tongliao, Toyama, Turpan, Urumqi, Wanzhou, Weihai, Wenzhou, Xinzhou, Yichang, Yinchuan, Yuncheng, Zhangjiajie, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou
Seasonal: Krabi, Malé
Shenzhen Airlines Nanchang, Quanzhou, Shenyang, Shenzhen
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu, Chongqing, Harbin, Kunming, Saipan, Sanya, Xi'an
Singapore Airlines Singapore
Spring Airlines Anshun, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beihai, Changbaishan, Changchun, Changsha, Chiang Mai, Chongqing, Dalian, Guilin, Harbin, Hong Kong, Ibaraki, Jeju, Jieyang, Kaohsiung, Kota Kinabalu, Krabi, Lanzhou, Macau, Mianyang, Nagoya–Centrair, Nanning, Nha Trang, Osaka–Kansai, Phuket, Phnom Penh, Qingyang, Saga, Sanya, Sapporo–Chitose, Seoul–Incheon, Shenyang, Shijiazhuang, Shiyan, Singapore, Surat Thani, Taipei–Taoyuan, Taiyuan, Takamatsu, Tianjin, Tokyo–Haneda, Yangon,[41] Zhangjiajie, Zhangye
SriLankan Airlines Colombo
Sriwijaya Air Charter: Denpasar/Bali, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta
Suparna Airlines Guilin, Guiyang, Harbin, Sanya, Quanzhou, Zhuhai
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
Thai AirAsia X Bangkok–Don Mueang
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Thai Lion Air Bangkok–Don Mueang,[42] Phuket
Tianjin Airlines Dalian, Haikou, Meixian, Tianjin, Weihai
Turkish Airlines Istanbul[43]
T'way Air Daegu
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Los Angeles, Newark, San Francisco
Vietnam Airlines Da Nang, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Nha Trang,[44] Phu Quoc[45]
Virgin Atlantic London–Heathrow
West Air Chongqing, Quanzhou
XiamenAir Dalian, Quanzhou, Tianjin

CargoEdit

AirlinesDestinations
AirBridgeCargo Amsterdam, Anchorage, Chicago–O'Hare, Los Angeles, Moscow–Domodedovo, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Sochi, Yekaterinburg
Air China Cargo Amsterdam, Anchorage, Beijing–Capital, Chengdu, Chicago–O'Hare, Chongqing, Copenhagen, Dallas/Fort Worth, Frankfurt, Los Angeles, Liège,[46] New York–JFK, Novosibirsk, Osaka–Kansai, Quito, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita, Zaragoza, Zhengzhou
ANA Cargo Naha, Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Narita
Asiana Cargo Seoul–Incheon
ASL Airlines Belgium Chongqing, Liège, Singapore
Cargolux Luxembourg
Cathay Pacific Cargo Chengdu, Chongqing, Hong Kong, Xiamen, Zhengzhou
China Airlines Cargo Taipei–Taoyuan
China Cargo Airlines Amsterdam, Anchorage, Atlanta, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Chengdu, Chicago–O'Hare, Chongqing, Copenhagen, Dallas/Fort Worth, Dhaka, Frankfurt,[47] Hong Kong, Los Angeles, Milan–Malpensa, Osaka–Kansai, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Seoul–Incheon, Shenzhen, Singapore, St. Louis, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita, Zaragoza
China Postal Airlines Beijing–Capital, Guangzhou, Nanjing, Osaka–Kansai, Tianjin, Xiamen
China Southern Cargo Amsterdam, Anchorage, Chicago–O'Hare, Frankfurt, Los Angeles, Osaka–Kansai, Vancouver, Vienna, Zhengzhou
DHL Aviation
operated by Air Hong Kong
Hong Kong
DHL Aviation
operated by AeroLogic
Leipzig/Halle
DHL Aviation
operated by Atlas Air
Anchorage, Baku, Dubai–International, Zhengzhou
DHL Aviation
operated by Kalitta Air
Anchorage, Chicago–O'Hare
DHL Aviation
operated by Polar Air Cargo
Anchorage, Cincinnati, Los Angeles, Nagoya–Centrair, Seoul–Incheon, Tokyo–Narita
DHL Aviation
operated by Southern Air
Anchorage, Chicago–O'Hare
Emirates SkyCargo Dubai–Al Maktoum, Kabul
Ethiopian Airlines Cargo Addis Ababa, Bangalore
Etihad Cargo Abu Dhabi, Chennai, Delhi, Karachi, Lahore, Mumbai
EVA Air Cargo Taipei–Taoyuan
FedEx Express Anchorage, Beijing–Capital, Delhi, Dubai–International, Guangzhou, Manila, Memphis, Oakland, Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Narita
Hong Kong Airlines Cargo Hong Kong, Xiamen
Iran Air Cargo Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Korean Air Cargo Anchorage, Atlanta, New York–JFK, Seoul–Incheon, Toronto–Pearson
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt, Krasnoyarsk, Novosibirsk, Seoul–Incheon
MASkargo Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International, Kuching, Penang, Sydney
MNG Airlines Almaty, Istanbul–Atatürk
National Airlines (N8) Anchorage, Los Angeles
Nippon Cargo Airlines Tokyo–Narita
Qantas Cargo Anchorage, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Chicago–O'Hare, Chongqing, New York–JFK, Sydney
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha
Saudia Cargo Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Jeddah, Riyadh
SF Airlines Beijing–Capital, Harbin, Shenzhen
Singapore Airlines Cargo Singapore
Silk Way Airlines Baku
Suparna Airlines Aktobe, Anchorage, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beijing–Capital, Chengdu, Chicago–O'Hare, Chongqing, Dhaka, Guangzhou, Hahn, Hangzhou, Hong Kong, Luxembourg, Munich, Nagoya–Centrair, Novosibirsk, Osaka–Kansai, Prague, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Singapore, Wuxi
Turkish Airlines Almaty, Bishkek, Istanbul–Atatürk
UPS Airlines Anchorage, Cologne, Louisville, Osaka–Kansai, Seoul–Incheon, Tokyo–Narita, Warsaw–Chopin
Volga-Dnepr Airlines Novosibirsk

StatisticsEdit

Annual traffic statistics at Shanghai Pudong International Airport
Year Passengers % change Aircraft movements Cargo (tons)
2006[48] 26,788,586 231,994
2007[49] 28,920,432  08.0% 253,532 2,559,098
2008[49] 28,235,691  02.4% 265,735 2,603,027
2009[50] 31,921,009  013.1% 287,916 2,543,394
2010[51] 40,578,621  027.1% 332,126 3,228,081
2011[52] 41,447,730  02.1% 344,086 3,085,268
2012[53] 44,880,164  08.3% 361,720 2,938,157
2013[54] 47,189,849  05.1% 371,190 2,928,527
2014[55] 51,687,894  09.5% 402,105 3,181,654
2015 60,098,073  016.3% 449,171 3,275,231
2016[56] 66,002,414  09.8% 479,902 3,440,280
2017[57] 70,001,237  06.1% 496,774 3,835,600
2018[58] 74,006,331  05.7% 504,794 3,768,573

Ground transportationEdit

 
A maglev train departing Pudong airport
 
Metro Line 2 links city center and Pudong airport

HighwayEdit

Maglev trainEdit

Starting service on January 29, 2004, as the first commercial high-speed maglev railway in the world, Shanghai Maglev Train links Pudong International Airport with Longyang Road Metro Station, where transfer to Line 2, Line 7, and Line 16 is possible. The 30 km (19 mi) ride from Longyang Road Metro station to Pudong International Airport typically takes less than eight minutes, with the maximum speed reaching 431 km/h (268 mph). Trains operate every 15 minutes; therefore passengers can expect to arrive in less than 25 minutes, waiting time included.

All cars are equipped with racks and space designated for luggage.

Shanghai Metro Line 2Edit

Shanghai Metro Line 2 also provides service between Pudong International Airport and Longyang Road, Lujiazui, People's Square, and Hongqiao International Airport, Shanghai's primary domestic airport as well as Shanghai Hongqiao Railway Station. Line 2 is part of the Shanghai Metro system; therefore unlike the Maglev, free in-system transfer to other lines are possible.

Prices are substantially lower than the Maglev. A casual ride to People's Square, the city center, typically takes just over one hour. It is wise to allow more than five hours for a safe flight transfer at Hongqiao International Airport using public transportation.

Line 2 operates in two sections: trains from Pudong International Airport terminate at Guanglan Road, where passengers wishing to travel on change trains across the platform. In addition, not all trains go to Hongqiao International Airport.

Future planEdit

The plan for building a new commuter railway line connecting the airport with Hongqiao Airport, Airport Link, has been formally established in 2015 and approved in December 2018 by National Development and Reform Commission. This railway starts from Shanghai East railway station under planning, via Disneyland, Zhangjiang and Sanlin in Pudong, Xujing in Xuhui and Qibao in Minhang. It will use the unused area in Hongqiao Railway Station originally for Maglev for its station at Hongqiao Transportation Hub.

Airport busesEdit

 
A Shanghai Pudong Airport Bus Expressway

Eight airport bus lines serve the airport, providing rapid links to various destinations.

Accidents and incidentsEdit

Photo galleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "UPS Air Operations Facts - UPS Pressroom". Archived from the original on 12 May 2015. Retrieved 1 June 2015.
  2. ^ "Deutsche Post DHL targets Asian expansion". 2012-07-11. Retrieved 1 June 2015.
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  4. ^ Shanghai Airport reports profit growth, despite big investments in massive new facilities at Pudong – China Airlines, Airports and Aviation News. Chinaaviation.aero (2008-03-11). Retrieved on 2011-01-22.
  5. ^ "上海浦东机场口岸出入境人数首破3500万". www.chinanews.com (in Chinese). 2017-12-27. Retrieved 2018-12-18.
  6. ^ 民航局与上海市人民政府在沪签战略合作协议 (in Chinese). Carnoc. 6 April 2012.
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  8. ^ "Shanghai Pudong's fourth and fifth runways receive approval". CAPA. 6 December 2011.
  9. ^ "Shanghai airport to double capacity". South China Morning Post. 8 December 2011.
  10. ^ 成昭远. "浦东机场三期扩建启动 世界最大单体卫星厅总面积超T2[图]-浦东,航站楼,上海,卫星,旅客,机位,厅,中转,机场,单体,-上海频道-东方网". sh.eastday.com. Retrieved 2018-11-04.
  11. ^ 万户网络设计制作. "上海机场(集团)有限公司". www.shanghaiairport.com (in Chinese). Retrieved 2018-11-04.
  12. ^ Dermot Davitt Shanghai Pudong International Airport begins new era with opening of Terminal Two 26/03/08, Source: The Moodie Report
  13. ^ "Shanghai Pudong Airport starts construction world's largest satellite terminal". Shanghai Airport Authority. 2016-01-12. Retrieved 2016-05-01.
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