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National Development and Reform Commission

The National Development and Reform Commission of the People's Republic of China (NDRC), formerly State Planning Commission and State Development Planning Commission, is a macroeconomic management agency under the Chinese State Council, which has broad administrative and planning control over the Chinese economy. The candidate for the chairperson of the NDRC is nominated by the Premier of the People's Republic of China and approved by the National People's Congress. Since February 2017 the Commission has been headed by He Lifeng.

National Development and Reform Commission of the People's Republic of China
Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó
Guójiā Fāzhǎn hé Gǎigé Wěiyuánhuì
National Emblem of the People's Republic of China (2).svg
Agency overview
FormedMarch, 2003
Preceding agencies
  • State Planning Commission (1952–1998)
  • State Development Planning Commission (1998–2003)
TypeCabinet-level Department Constituting the State Council
Jurisdiction People's Republic of China
Minister responsible
Parent agencyState Council[1]
National Development and Reform Commission
Simplified Chinese国家发展和改革委员会
Literal meaningState Development and Reform Commission
Commonly abbreviated as
Simplified Chinese发改委
Literal meaningDevelop-Reform-Commission

The NDRC's functions are to study and formulate policies for economic and social development, maintain the balance of economic development, and to guide restructuring of China's economic system.[1] The NDRC has twenty-six functional departments/bureaus/offices with an authorized staff size of 890 civil servants.


List of MinistersEdit

Name Office Took office Left office Premier
1 Gao Gang Chairman of the
Central People's Government State Planning Commission
November 1952 August 1954 Independent of the Premier Zhou Enlai
2 Li Fuchun Minister in charge of the
State Planning Commission
September 1954 January 1975 Zhou Enlai
3 Yu Qiuli January 1975 August 1980 Zhou Enlai
Hua Guofeng
4 Yao Yilin August 1980 June 1983 Zhao Ziyang
5 Song Ping June 1983 June 1987 Zhao Ziyang
6 Yao Yilin June 1987 December 1989 Zhao Ziyang
Li Peng
7 Zou Jiahua December 1989 March 1993 Li Peng
8 Chen Jinhua March 1993 March 1998 Li Peng
9 Zeng Peiyan Minister in charge of the
State Development Planning Commission
March 1998 March 2003 Zhu Rongji
10 Ma Kai Minister in charge of the
National Development and Reform Commission
March 2003 March 2008 Wen Jiabao
11 Zhang Ping March 2008 16 March 2013 Wen Jiabao
12 Xu Shaoshi 16 March 2013 24 February 2017 Li Keqiang
13 He Lifeng 24 February 2017 Incumbent Li Keqiang

Current LeadershipEdit

  1. He Lifeng - Vice Chairman of the CPPCC National Committee (sub-state level national leader)
Vice Chairmen
  1. Zhang Yong - Minister level
  2. Ning Jizhe - Minister level
  3. Mu Hong - Minister level, Deputy General Office chief of the Central Leading Group for Comprehensively Deepening Reforms
  4. Lian Weiliang (连维良)
  5. Liu Xiaobin (刘晓滨)
  6. Lin Nianxiu (林念修)
  7. Hu Zucai (胡祖才)
  8. Wang Xiaotao (王晓涛)[1]

National Energy AdministrationEdit

NEA was established in August 2008, replacing the National Energy Bureau (NEB; 国家能源局) which attempted to reform China’s highly dispersed energy management.[2]

See alsoEdit


External linksEdit