Noi Bai International Airport

Nội Bài International Airport (IATA: HAN, ICAO: VVNB) (Vietnamese: Sân bay quốc tế Nội Bài) in Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam, is the second largest and busiest airport for passenger traffic, after Tan Son Nhat International Airport. It is currently the main airport serving Hanoi, replacing the role of Gia Lam Airport. The airport consists of two passenger terminals. Terminal 1 serves domestic flights, and the newly built Terminal 2 (inaugurated on 4 January 2015) serves all international flights to and from Hanoi. The airport is currently the main hub of the flag carrier Vietnam Airlines, and budget carriers Bamboo Airways, Pacific Airlines and Vietjet Air.

Noibai International Airport

Sân bay quốc tế Nội Bài
NIA Logo.png
Sân bay Nội Bài.jpg
Terminal 1 (domestic)
Summary
Airport typePublic / Military
Owner/OperatorAirports Corporation of Vietnam
ServesHanoi Capital Region
Opened2 January 1978
(44 years ago)
 (1978-01-02)
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL39 ft / 12 m
Coordinates21°12′50″N 105°48′11″E / 21.21389°N 105.80306°E / 21.21389; 105.80306Coordinates: 21°12′50″N 105°48′11″E / 21.21389°N 105.80306°E / 21.21389; 105.80306
Websitenoibaiairport.vn
Maps
HAN/VVNB is located in Hanoi
HAN/VVNB
HAN/VVNB
Location in Vietnam
HAN/VVNB is located in Vietnam
HAN/VVNB
HAN/VVNB
HAN/VVNB (Vietnam)
HAN/VVNB is located in Southeast Asia
HAN/VVNB
HAN/VVNB
HAN/VVNB (Southeast Asia)
HAN/VVNB is located in Asia
HAN/VVNB
HAN/VVNB
HAN/VVNB (Asia)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
11L/29R 10,497 3,200 Concrete
11R/29L 12,466 3,800 Concrete
Statistics (2019)
Total passengers29,304,631 Increase13.1%
Source: Taseco Airs[1]

The airport is located in Phu Minh Commune in Sóc Sơn District, about 35 kilometres (21 miles) northeast of downtown Hanoi, via the new Nhật Tân Bridge (also inaugurated on 4 January 2015).[2] It can also be reached by National Road 3, which connects it with the eastern suburbs of Hanoi. The airport is also close to some satellite cities of Hanoi such as Vĩnh Yên, Bắc Ninh and Thái Nguyên. The airport served a total of 13 million passengers in 2013, despite having a capacity of only 9 million at the time. The new international terminal, which had its first commercial flight on 25 December 2014[3] and went into full operation on 31 December 2014, has boosted the airport's total capacity to 20 million passengers per year. In 2018, the airport served 28 million passengers.[4][5] The airport's IATA code, HAN, is derived from the city's current name of Hanoi .

Of the routes the airport offers, the Hanoi – Ho Chi Minh City route is the busiest in Southeast Asia and the sixth busiest in the world, serving 6,867,114 customers in 2018.[6]

HistoryEdit

The airport was developed immediately south of the Phúc Yên Air Base and opened on 2 January 1978. The terminal 1 building was completed and became operational in 2001.

In 2005, Tiger Airways started thrice-weekly flights between Hanoi and Singapore after launching direct flights between Hồ Chí Minh City and Singapore becoming the first budget airline to operate in Vietnam. It was later joined by low-cost carrier AirAsia when they launched direct flights between Hanoi and Bangkok and Kuala Lumpur.

The second runway (1B – 11R/29L) opened in 2006 and the following year the airport hosted an Airbus A380 for the first time, although no scheduled A380 services are operated from the airport. 2013 saw the first arrival of a Cargolux Boeing 747-8F. In 2014 the airport received its first scheduled service with the newest generation of commercial aircraft when All Nippon Airways started using a Boeing 787-8 on services between to Tokyo–Haneda and later the same year the airport received its first visit of Airbus A350 XWB operated by Airbus on World Tour trip. In 2015, Vietnam Airlines started to operate the Airbus A350 XWB for commercial domestic flights.

The airport has been a SkyTeam hub since mid-2010, after Vietnam Airlines joined the network that year.[7]

Terminals and facilitiesEdit

At 650 hectares, Noi Bai is the second-largest airport in Vietnam, behind the 800 hectare Tan Son Nhat International Airport. Terminal 1, completed in 2001, had one main section for international flights with a new terminal extension (denoted Lobby E) for domestic flights, which was completed in late 2013. Together with the extension, terminal 1 is capable of handling 9 million passengers per annum.[8] Following the inauguration of Terminal 2 in January 2015, Terminal 1 is solely used for domestic flights. The terminal is currently being upgraded to handle 15 million passengers annually upon completion in March 2018.[9]

The construction of the new terminal (Terminal 2) next to the existing one with a designed capacity of 10 million passengers per annum started in March 2012. The 996 m long new terminal building, funded by a Japan International Cooperation Agency ODA loan was designed by Japan Airport Consultants and was built by Taisei Corporation. The total investment for the project was ¥75.5 billion (US$645.35 million). Japan's official development assistance accounted for ¥59 billion ($504.27 million) of the investment, while the remaining amount was covered by local funds.[10] The new international terminal was inaugurated on 4 January 2015[2] together with a new freeway connecting the airport to downtown Hanoi via the Nhật Tân Bridge.

The airport has a 3,800-meter paved runway (CAT II – 11R/29L) which opened in August 2006 and an older 3,200-meter paved runway (CAT I – 11L/29R). The older runway was closed for upgrades for 4 months from August to December 2014. The distance between the two runways is only 250 metres, so the airport currently restricts the maximum passenger capacity in accordance with International Civil Aviation Organization safety regulations.

The AMAN/DMAN system was implemented at the airport in October 2021 to manage and arrange the shortest flight trajectory of each flight, allowing to increased passenger capacity and airspace operations.[11]

AwardsEdit

Following the inauguration of the new international terminal, the Noi Bai International Airport received the World's Most Improved Airport Award from Skytrax.[12][13]

The construction project of the new Noi Bai international terminal also received the JICA President Award for 2015.[14]

TransitEdit

One can generally do an international transit through the airport without a visa as long as one does not need to leave the security area.[15] There is the ability to pick up board passes within the security area including for some low cost airlines like VietJet.

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

AirlinesDestinations
AirAsia Kuala Lumpur–International
Air Busan Busan[16]
Air Macau Macau
Air Seoul Seoul–Incheon[17]
All Nippon Airways Tokyo–Narita[18]
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon
Bamboo Airways Buon Ma Thuot, Can Tho,[19] Chu Lai,[20] Con Dao,[21] Da Lat, Da Nang, Dong Hoi, Frankfurt,[22] Ho Chi Minh City, Hue, Kaohsiung,[23] London–Gatwick,[24] Nha Trang, Phu Quoc, Pleiku, Quy Nhon, Rach Gia,[25] Seoul–Incheon,[23] Singapore,[26] Taipei–Taoyuan,[27] Tokyo–Narita,[28] Tuy Hoa,[29] Vinh
Charter: Ibaraki, Tainan[30]
Bangkok Airways Chiang Mai
Batik Air Malaysia Kuala Lumpur–International
Cambodia Angkor Air Siem Reap (resumes 22 December 2022)[31]
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
Cebu Pacific Manila
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan
Chongqing Airlines Chongqing[32]
Emirates Dubai–International
EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan
Fly Gangwon Yangyang[33]
GX Airlines Luoyang, Nanning[34]
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong
IndiGo Delhi (begins 28 March 2023),[35] Kolkata[36]
Japan Airlines Tokyo–Narita
Jeju Air Seoul–Incheon
Jin Air Seoul–Incheon
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Lao Airlines Luang Prabang, Vientiane
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur–International
Mandarin Airlines Taichung
Myanmar Airways International Yangon[37]
Pacific Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi,[38] Da Lat, Guangzhou, Ho Chi Minh City
Philippine Airlines Manila[39]
Qatar Airways Doha
Scoot Singapore
Singapore Airlines Singapore
Starlux Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan (begins 13 January 2023)[40]
Thai AirAsia Bangkok–Don Mueang, Chiang Mai
Thai Lion Air Bangkok–Don Mueang
Thai Smile Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi[41]
Turkish Airlines Istanbul[42]
T'way Air Busan, Daegu,[43] Seoul–Incheon
VietJet Air Ahmedabad,[44] Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Buon Ma Thuot, Busan, Can Tho, Chu Lai, Da Lat, Da Nang, Delhi,[45] Denpasar,[46] Dong Hoi, Fukuoka,[47] Ho Chi Minh City, Hue, Kaohsiung, Mumbai,[48] Nagoya–Centrair,[47] Nha Trang, Osaka–Kansai, Phu Quoc, Pleiku, Quy Nhon, Seoul–Incheon, Siem Reap, Singapore,[49] Taichung (resumes 15 December 2022),[50] Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Narita,[51] Tuy Hoa, Yangon[52]
Charter: Yangyang
Vietnam Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beijing–Capital, Beijing–Daxing,[53] Buon Ma Thuot, Busan, Can Tho, Chengdu–Shuangliu, Chu Lai, Da Lat, Da Nang, Delhi, Dong Hoi, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Guangzhou, Haikou,[54] Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Hue, Kaohsiung, Kuala Lumpur–International, London–Heathrow, Luang Prabang, Macau,[55] Moscow–Sheremetyevo,[56] Nagoya–Centrair, Nha Trang, Osaka–Kansai, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Phnom Penh, Phu Quoc, Pleiku, Quy Nhon, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenzhen,[57] Siem Reap, Singapore, Sydney, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita, Tuy Hoa, Vientiane, Vinh, Yangon
Charter: Chongqing, Dalian, Ibaraki, Ningbo
Vietnam Airlines
operated by VASCO
Dien Bien Phu, Dong Hoi, Vinh
Vietravel Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi (begins 16 December 2022),[58] Ho Chi Minh City
Charter: Nha Trang, Phu Quoc, Quy Nhon

CargoEdit

AirlinesDestinations
AirBridgeCargo Anchorage, Hong Kong, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Taipei–Taoyuan (all suspended)
Asiana Cargo Chongqing, Seoul–Incheon, Singapore[59]
Cargolux Hong Kong, Kuwait City, Luxembourg
Cardig AirJakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Shenzhen[60]
Cathay Pacific Cargo Dhaka, Hong Kong, Penang, Singapore
China Airlines Cargo Singapore, Taipei–Taoyuan
China Southern Cargo Guangzhou, Ho Chi Minh City
DHL Aviation
operated by DHL Air UK
East Midlands, Leipzig, Shenzhen, Bahrain
Emirates SkyCargo[61] Dubai–Al Maktoum
Etihad Cargo[62] Abu Dhabi, Anchorage, Chittagong
EVA Air Cargo Taipei–Taoyuan[63]
FedEx Express Guangzhou, Ho Chi Minh City
Garuda Cargo Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta
Hong Kong Air Cargo Hong Kong
Jeju Air Cargo Seoul–Incheon[64]
Korean Air Cargo Delhi,[65] Dhaka, Navoi, Seoul–Incheon, Vienna
K-Mile Air[66] Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Hong Kong
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt[67], Mumbai
MASkargo Kuala Lumpur–International
Qatar Airways Cargo[68] Doha
SF Airlines Wuhan[69], Hangzhou
Spicexpress Delhi[70]
Turkish Cargo Delhi, Istanbul, Tehran–Imam Khomeini
UPS Airlines Anchorage, Hong Kong, Singapore, Louisville

Ground transportationEdit

The future line 6 of Hanoi Metro is planned to be extended to the airport.

StatisticsEdit

Operational statistics of Noi Bai International Airport
Year
Passengers
handled
Passenger
% Change
Cargo
(tonnes)
Cargo
% Change
Aircraft
Movements
Aircraft
% Change
2013 12,847,056 N/A 352,322 N/A 89,835 N/A[71]
2014 14,190,675   10.6 405,407   16.4 100,864   12.3
2015 17,213,715   19.85 478,637   18.1 119,330   N/A[72]
2016 20,596,632   19.65 566,000[73]   18.2 N/A N/A
2017 23,824,400   15.7 712,677[74]   25.99 N/A N/A
2018 25,908,048   8.7 728,414   8.7 164,668 N/A[75]
2019 29,304,631   13.1 708,580   2.7 N/A N/A[76]

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit

  Media related to Noi Bai International Airport at Wikimedia Commons