Phnom Penh International Airport

Phnom Penh International Airport (Khmer: អាកាសយានដ្ឋានអន្តរជាតិភ្នំពេញ; French: Aéroport international de Phnom Penh) (IATA: PNH, ICAO: VDPP) is the busiest and largest airport in Cambodia, occupying a land area of 386.5 hectares. It is located in the Pou Senchey District,[2] 10 kilometres (5.4 NM) west of Phnom Penh, the nation's capital.

Phnom Penh International Airport
អាកាសយានដ្ឋានអន្តរជាតិភ្នំពេញ
Aéroport international de Phnom Penh
Logo-pnh.svg
Pochentong International Airport aerial overview MRD.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic / Military
Owner/OperatorCambodia Airports
ServesPhnom Penh, Cambodia
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL40 ft / 12 m
Coordinates11°32′47″N 104°50′38″E / 11.54639°N 104.84389°E / 11.54639; 104.84389Coordinates: 11°32′47″N 104°50′38″E / 11.54639°N 104.84389°E / 11.54639; 104.84389
Websitepnh.cambodia-airports.aero
Maps
PNH is located in Cambodia
PNH
PNH
Location of airport in Cambodia
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05/23 3,000 10,000 Asphalt concrete
Statistics (2021)
Passenger movements250,000 Decrease 81%
Aircraft movements10,173 Decrease 45%
www.vinci-airports.com[1]

The Techo Takhmao International Airport is under construction about 30–40 kilometres (16–22 NM) south of Phnom Penh, in the Kandal Province, which is expected to be fully operational by 2025.[3]

HistoryEdit

Phnom Penh airport's former name was Pochentong International Airport (Khmer: អាកាសយានដ្ឋានអន្តរជាតិពោធិ៍ចិនតុង). The name of Pochentong International Airport was derived from the leader of the Kuomintang Cambodian branch, Po Chentong (Chinese: 波成東). On 6 July 1995, the Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) signed a concession agreement with the French–Malaysian joint venture company Société Concessionaire d'Aéroport (SCA), to operate Phnom Penh (PNH) – Pochentong International Airport. In return for a 20-year concession, SCA—70 per cent owned by Groupe GTM and 30 per cent by Muhibbah Masterron of Malaysia—committed to a $100 million improvement program that includes the construction of a new runway, terminal and cargo buildings, hangars, installation of a Cat III level Instrument Landing System (ILS) and associated approach lighting. The Berger Group was selected by the RGC to provide independent engineering services during the concession, to audit the design and to advise on the practicality and cost of the concession's proposed improvements. The Berger team also supervised the initial works to accommodate widebody aircraft such as 747s, including asphalt concrete runway overlays; installation of new ILS, metrological equipment, runway lighting and generator and power systems; and construction of a new fire station, taxiway and turn-pad extensions. Following the successful completion of the initial works, the Berger team provided design review and independent engineering services for the construction of a new 20,000-square-metre (220,000 sq ft) terminal building to accommodate growing tourist traffic. The $20 million terminal building includes four mobile aerobridges, over 1000 auto parking spaces and VIP and CIP facilities.

FacilitiesEdit

OverviewEdit

The airport is at an elevation of 40 feet (12 m) above mean sea level. It has one runway designated 05/23 with an asphalt surface measuring 3,000 by 50 metres (9,840 ft × 160 ft).[4][5] The airport has two terminal buildings – one for international and one for domestic operations. Recently, it added a new facility for VIP service. The international terminal has four aerobridges built in 2003. Three more aerobridges were added during the passenger terminal expansion in 2016–2017. The airport's design capacity is 5 million people per year.

ExpansionEdit

In 2014, Cambodia Airports announced a $100 million project to expand the passenger terminals at Phnom Penh and Siem Reap international airports to accommodate continued strong passenger growth.[6] The project saw the extension of the parking lots and terminals, more check-in and immigration counters, and new baggage handling systems. Additionally, the commercial areas were enlarged to allow for more retail shops, new restaurants and food and beverage outlets, and mezzanine lounges to cater to first class and business travellers. The expansions will allow the airport to double its capacity to handle 5 million passengers a year from 2.5 million passengers.[citation needed]

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

AirlinesDestinations
AirAsia Kuala Lumpur–International
Air China Beijing–Capital[7]
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon
Bangkok Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Cambodia AirwaysBangkok–Suvarnabhumi,[8] Chengdu–Shuangliu,[9] Fuzhou,[10][11] Hong Kong,[12] Macau,[13] Shenzhen,[14][15] Singapore (begins 4 November 2022)[16]
Cambodia Angkor Air Guangzhou,[17][18] Ho Chi Minh City, Nanning (begins 24 September 2022), Siem Reap, Sihanoukville,[19] Zhengzhou[20]
Cathay PacificHong Kong[21]
China AirlinesTaipei–Taoyuan
China Eastern AirlinesKunming, Nanning, Shanghai–Pudong
China Southern AirlinesBeijing–Daxing, Guangzhou, Shenzhen[22]
EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan
JC International AirlinesKunming
Jetstar AsiaSingapore
Korean AirSeoul–Incheon
Lanmei AirlinesBangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Guangzhou, Ho Chi Minh City, Kuala Lumpur–International,[23] Nanning (begins 19 September 2022)
Malaysia AirlinesKuala Lumpur–International[24]
Myanmar Airways International Charter: Yangon
Philippine AirlinesManila[25]
Shenzhen Airlines Guangzhou, Shenzhen[26]
Singapore Airlines Singapore[27]
Sky Angkor Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi,[28] Chengdu–Shuangliu (begins 22 September 2022), Seoul–Incheon,[29] Zhengzhou
Spring Airlines Shanghai–Pudong
Thai AirAsiaBangkok–Don Mueang, Phuket[30]
Thai SmileBangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Thai Vietjet Air Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi[31]
Vietnam AirlinesHanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Vientiane
XiamenAirXiamen[32]

CargoEdit

AirlinesDestinations
Cathay Pacific CargoHong Kong, Penang, Singapore[33]
Emirates SkyCargoDubai–Al Maktoum[34]
Ethiad CargoAbu Dhabi
K-Mile AirBangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Qatar Airways CargoDoha
SF AirlinesShenzhen
Turkish CargoHyderabad, Istanbul

StatisticsEdit

Annual passenger traffic at PNH airport. See Wikidata query.
Statistics for Phnom Penh International Airport[35][36]
Year Total passengers Change from previous year Total aircraft movements Change from previous year
1998 600,000 6,000
1999 700,000 8,000
2000 800,000 9,000
2001 900,000 17,000
2002 900,000 18,000
2003 900,000 16,000
2004 1,200,000 18,000
2005 1,081,745  9.85% 17,035  5.36%
2006 1,322,267  22.23% 19,282  13.19%
2007 1,598,424  20.88% 20,881  8.29%
2008 1,691,870  5.84% 20,383  2.38%
2009 1,587,986  6.14% 20,352  0.15%
2010 1,673,421  5.38% 20,156  0.96%
2011 1,839,892  9.95% 21,365  6.0%
2012 2,077,282  12.9% 22,534  5.47%
2013 2,393,680  15.23% 26,583  17.97%
2014 2,665,894  11.37% 27,936  5.09%
2015 3,079,068  15.50% 31,409  12.43%
2016 3,388,553  10.05% 33,435  6.45%
2017 4,240,000  25.1% 41,057  22.8 %
2018 5,423,000  27.9% 52,217  27.2%
2019 6,029,000  11.2% 56,018  7.3%
2020 1,331,000  77.9% 18,346  67.2%
2021 250,000  81% 10,173  45%

Ground transportationEdit

 
Tuk-tuks at Phnom Penh International Airport

There are a few options to transfer to or from Phnom Penh International Airport and the city. Outside the arrival hall, passengers can take a taxi provided by the Airport Taxi Association or book a ride from Grab, a ride-hailing app. In April 2018, trains operated by Royal Railway Cambodia began running express from Phnom Penh International Airport (parking area) to Phnom Penh Railway Station (City Center). Trains run every 30 minutes and the journey takes roughly 30 minutes, fare of one-way is US$2.50.[37] There is also the city bus and an airport express bus.[38]

Accidents and incidentsEdit

  • On 3 December 1973, Douglas DC-3 XW-PHV of Air Union was reported to have crashed shortly after take-off.[39]
  • On 19 January 1975, Douglas C-47A XU-HAK, Douglas DC-3 XU-KAL of Khmer Hansa and Douglas C-47A N86AC of South East Asia Air Transport were all destroyed in a rocket attack on the airport.[40][41][42]
  • On 22 February 1975, Douglas C-47A XU-GAJ of Khmer Hansa was damaged beyond economic repair in a rocket attack.[43]
  • On 10 March 1975, a Douglas DC-3 of Samaki Airlines was damaged beyond economic repair in a rocket attack.[44]
  • On 11 March 1975, a Douglas DC-3 of Khmer Hansa was damaged beyond economic repair in a rocket attack.[45]
  • In March 1975, Vickers Viscount XW-TDN of Royal Air Lao crashed at Phnom Penh International Airport. The pilot was not qualified to fly the aircraft. All four people on board were killed.[46] Accident aircraft also reported as XW-TFK with a date of 15 March.[47]
  • On 11 April 1975, a Douglas DC-3 (possibly XW-PKT) of Sorya Airlines was hit by shrapnel shortly after take-off. The aircraft was destroyed by fire and two of the three occupants were killed.[48] The same day, Douglas C-47B XW-TFB of Air Cambodge was damaged beyond economic repair in a rocket attack.[49]
  • 3 September 1997: Vietnam Airlines Flight 815, operated by a Tupolev Tu-134 crashed on approach to Pochentong Airport, killing 65 of the 66 passengers on board. The aircraft was entirely destroyed. The aircraft was flying from Ho Chi Minh City to Phnom Penh.[50] The Tupolev was approaching the Phnom Penh airport runway in heavy rain from 2,000 meters; at this point the control tower ordered the pilot to attempt an approach from the west due to a wind pick-up. The crew then lost communication with the tower, and three minutes later the aircraft collided at low level with trees, damaging the left wing. The aircraft then slid 200 yards into a dry rice paddy before exploding. Pilot error was later identified as the cause of the crash; the pilot continued his landing descent from an altitude of 2,000 meters to 30 meters even though the runway was not in sight, and ignored pleas from his first officer and flight engineer to turn back. When the aircraft hit the trees, the pilot finally realized the runway was not in sight and tried to abort the approach; the flight engineer pushed for full power, but the aircraft lost control and veered left; the right engine then stalled, making it impossible to gain lift.[51]

Techo Takhmao International AirportEdit

In January 2018, the Cambodian government approved a proposal to build a new airport to serve Phnom Penh that will cost an estimated US$1.5 billion.[52] The new international airport will replace the existing Phnom Penh International Airport, with initial plans having the facilities being constructed on partially reclaimed land adjacent to Boueng Cheung Loung, a large lake in Kandal Province about 30 kilometres south of Phnom Penh.[53][54][55][3][56]

Cambodia Airport Investment, a joint venture 90 percent owned by Overseas Cambodia Investment Corporation (OCIC), one of the country's largest real estate developers, and 10 percent by the government's State Secretariat of Civil Aviation, plans to invest the $1.5 billion to construct the new airport. The OCIC will invest US$280 million, while unspecified "foreign banks" will provide US$1.1 billion in funding. The OCIC will own 90 per cent of the shares in the completed airport, with the rest going to the SSCA While the construction plans are still in the early stages of development, the 4F class airport will be capable of handling large long-haul aircraft and will reportedly cover an area of around 2,600 hectares, which would make it one of the largest airports in the world.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Phnom Penh international airport report from VINCI Airports – Traffic 2021". VINCI airport. 2021. Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  2. ^ "Map 12. Administrative Areas in Phnom Penh Municipality by District and Commune" (PDF). Statistics Bureau of Japan. Retrieved 16 May 2020.
  3. ^ a b "New Phnom Penh Airport". livinginasia.co. 16 June 2020. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  4. ^ "PHNOM PENH INTL". DAFIF – via World Aero Data.
  5. ^ "Schedule" (PDF). www.schedule-coordination.jp.
  6. ^ Styllis, George (24 February 2014). "$100-Million Airport Expansion Project Begins". The Cambodia Daily.
  7. ^ "Air China starts Phnom Penh flights from January". KhmerTimes. 5 December 2018. Retrieved 6 December 2018.
  8. ^ "Cambodia Airways adds Bangkok service from April 2019". RoutesOnline. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  9. ^ "Cambodia Airways adds Chengdu / Shenzhen service in W19".
  10. ^ "CambodiaAirWeb". Cambodia Airways. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  11. ^ "Cambodia Airways to link Phnom Penh & Fuzhou in Aug 2019". Cambodia-Airways.com. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  12. ^ "Cambodia Airways to link Phnom Penh-Wenzhou in Nov-2019". Cambodia-Airways. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
  13. ^ "CambodiaAirWeb". Cambodia Airways. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  14. ^ "CambodiaAirWeb". Cambodia Airways. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  15. ^ "Cambodia Airways adds Chengdu / Shenzhen service in W19". RoutesOnline. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
  16. ^ "Cambodia Airways Resumes Singapore Service From Nov 2022". Aeroroutes. Retrieved 15 August 2022.
  17. ^ "Cambodia Angkor Air Feb/Mar 2020 China inventory changes as of 30JAN20". RoutesOnline. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
  18. ^ "Cambodia Angkor Air Adds Phnom Penh – Guangzhou Service from July 2014". RoutesOnline. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
  19. ^ "Cambodia Angkor Air Schedules Additional Aihanoukville Routes From June-2019". RoutesOnline.
  20. ^ Liu, Jim. "Cambodia Angkor Air adds Zhengzhou service in Oct 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 22 September 2020.
  21. ^ Flightradar24. "Cathay Pacific flight CX600". www.flightradar24.com. Retrieved 15 March 2021.
  22. ^ "China Southern adds Shenzhen – Phnom Penh service from late-March 2017". RoutesOnline. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  23. ^ "Lanmei Airlines adds new SE Asia routes in late-March 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 7 January 2020.
  24. ^ "Malaysia Airlines set to resume direct flights to Cambodia from November 19 - Khmer Times". November 2021.
  25. ^ "Philippine Airlines S19 International Network Changes as of 21Dec18". RoutesOnline. 22 December 2018.
  26. ^ "Shenzhen Airlines plans Phnom Penh service from Dec 2017". RoutesOnline. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  27. ^ "SilkAir continues its journey as Singapore Airlines". Singapore Airlines.
  28. ^ "Daily Flight between Cambodia and Thailand". Sky Angkor Airlines official website. Retrieved 23 April 2022.
  29. ^ "Sky Angkor Airlines Resumes Seoul Service from late-June 2022". AeroRoutes. 13 May 2022. Retrieved 26 May 2022.
  30. ^ "AirAsia adds Phuket-Phnom Penh in June 2019". News.AirAsia.com. Retrieved 30 March 2019.
  31. ^ "Thai Vietjet resumes Phnom Penh flights".
  32. ^ "Xiamen Airlines plans Phnom Penh flights in W17". RoutesOnline. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  33. ^ "Cathay to open air freight Cambodia". Phnom Penh Post. 5 November 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2014.
  34. ^ "April 2016". Retrieved 7 April 2016.
  35. ^ "Airfreight Directory Search Results". AZfreight.com.
  36. ^ "Traffic Data". Cambodia Airports. Archived from the original on 5 October 2015. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
  37. ^ "Train from Phnom Penh Airport". Gecko Routes. Retrieved 27 April 2019.
  38. ^ "Access & Parking". Phnom Penh Airport.
  39. ^ "XW-PHV Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 26 August 2010.
  40. ^ "XU-HAK Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 17 August 2010.
  41. ^ "XU-KAL Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 17 August 2010.
  42. ^ "N86AC Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 17 August 2010.
  43. ^ "XU-GAJ Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 19 August 2010.
  44. ^ "Hull-loss description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 20 August 2010.
  45. ^ "Hull-loss description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 20 August 2010.
  46. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 8 October 2009.
  47. ^ "Vickers Viscount". BAAA/ACRO. Archived from the original on 18 May 2006. Retrieved 8 October 2009.
  48. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 21 August 2010.
  49. ^ "XW-TFB Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 21 August 2010.
  50. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 22 October 2009.
  51. ^ "VN-A120 Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 8 May 2011.
  52. ^ Ratana, Uong (18 January 2018). "Government approves plan to relocate Phnom Penh's airport". Phnom Penh Post.
  53. ^ "China's latest Phnom Penh airport deal casts doubt on Vinci's role in Cambodian aviation". www.globalconstructionreview.com. 23 November 2020. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  54. ^ "China bags Cambodian airport contract in blow to French operator". The Nikkei. 23 November 2020. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  55. ^ "Capital's new airport construction largely unaffected by days of deluges". Khmer Times. 20 October 2020. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  56. ^ "Construction of new Phnom Penh airport on schedule". Bankok Post. 2 December 2019. Retrieved 11 February 2021.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit

  Media related to Phnom Penh International Airport at Wikimedia Commons