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Changsha Huanghua International Airport

Changsha Huanghua International Airport (IATA: CSX, ICAO: ZGHA, CAAC LID: HHA)[1] is the airport serving Changsha, the capital of Hunan province, China, as well as nearby cities such as Zhuzhou and Xiangtan. As of 2016, it is the 13th busiest civil airport in China. Located about 25 kilometres (16 mi) from downtown Changsha in the town of Huanghua in Changsha County, the airport has two terminal buildings. The airport is managed by the Hunan Airport Authority, a publicly owned corporation managing all five airports in Hunan Province. Huanghua airport was opened in August 1989, replacing Changsha Datuopu Airport, which is now a military air base.

Changsha Huanghua International Airport
Changsha airport logo.jpg
Changsha Huanghua International Airport 6.JPG
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorHunan Airport Management Group Co., Ltd.
ServesChangsha, Hunan
LocationHuanghua, Changsha County, Hunan
Opened29 August 1989
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL66 m / 217 ft
Coordinates28°11′48″N 113°13′15″E / 28.19667°N 113.22083°E / 28.19667; 113.22083Coordinates: 28°11′48″N 113°13′15″E / 28.19667°N 113.22083°E / 28.19667; 113.22083
Websitecsa.hnjcjt.com
Maps
CAAC airport chart
CAAC airport chart
CSX is located in Hunan
CSX
CSX
Location of airport in Hunan
CSX is located in China
CSX
CSX
CSX (China)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
18R/36L 10,498 3,200 asphalt
18L/36R 12,467 3,800 Concrete
Statistics (2018)
Passengers25,266,251 Increase6.3%
Aircraft movements186,772 Increase 4%
Cargo155,513.1Increase12.1%
Source: CAAC Central and Southern Regional Administration, List of the busiest airports in the People's Republic of China
Changsha Huanghua International Airport
Traditional Chinese長沙黃花國際機場
Simplified Chinese长沙黄花国际机场

Contents

TerminalsEdit

Terminal 1Edit

Terminal 1, with 32,000 m2 of space, has 3 concourses (T1-A, T1-B and T1-c). It was opened in 2000, and the proposed capacity was 4.6 million passengers annually. Terminal 1 was closed for renovation from July 2011 to 17 May 2018 after Terminal 2 became fully operational.

Terminal 1 reopened on 18 May 2018. After renovation, Terminal 1 has 39,000 m2 of space, 38 check-in counters, 10 security lanes and 10 aerobridges. It has the capacity of 6 million passengers annually.[2] Terminal 1 serves Air China, Chengdu Airlines, Joy Air, Okay Airways, Tibet Airlines, Shandong Airlines, Shenzhen Airlines and Kunming Airlines.

 
Terminal 1 and concourses

Terminal 2Edit

The inauguration of Terminal 2 was on July 19, 2011. With 212,000 square meters of space, the new terminal is the 5th largest airport terminal in mainland China (after Beijing–Capital, Shanghai–Pudong, Guangzhou, and Shenzhen). The 39.9m tall main building of Terminal 2, being 672m in length and 168m in depth, is the largest single steel-truss structure in Hunan. The new terminal has 22 bridge gates, to which the longest passenger walking distance is within 300m. With this new facility, the airport can handle 151,000 aircraft movements and another 15.6 million passengers every year. The peak hour volume of passengers is 3,940.

The Departure Hall has 4 automatic double-glass-door entrances which are directly facing Check-in Areas A,B,C & D respectively. Entrances 1-3 are domestic entrances and Entrance 4 is for International, Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan Departures, which will be checked in at Area D. Area A is the exclusive check-in Area for China Southern Airlines. Area B&C are domestic check-in areas for other airlines. The terminal has 80 check-in counters and 24 self-checkin kiosks, 24 security checkpoints and more than 6,390 seats.

The Arrival Hall is equipped with 8 baggage carousels (6 at domestic area and 2 at international area). The indoor parking garage P4, which has 693 parking spaces, is on floor B2. There are also three outdoor parking areas, P1,2&3, which provide over 1000 parking spaces.

 
Terminal 2 Departure Hall
 
International area inside Terminal 2

HistoryEdit

From 1957 to 1989, Datuopu Airport served as a dual-use military and civil airport for Changsha. It was only capable of handling small aircraft and a few flights per day. The Hunan Provincial Government proposed the construction of a new airport in October 1984, which was approved by the State Council of China. Construction for Huanghua Airport began in June 1986, and it was opened on 29 August 1989, when all civil flights were transferred to the new airport, and Datuopu reverted to sole military use.[3][4]

On October 28, 2000, the 34,000-square-meter Terminal 1-A, which cost 40.4 million CNY, was opened. The airport was capable of handling 4.6 million passengers per year. Afterwards, the construction of Terminal 1-B and Terminal 1-C were finished to ensure growing passengers and cargo.

The airport then went through a major expansion in 2008–2011, with lengthening of runway 18/36 from 2600m to 3200m and the addition of Terminal 2 which went into operation in 2011. The airport welcomed its first intercontinental destination when China Southern Airlines began service to Frankfurt, Germany on 23 June 2014.[5]

The construction of the second runway was completed in November, 2016. The new 3800mx60m Code-4F runway was built parallel to the current 18/36 runway and lies 380m to the east. The second runway officially came into use on March 30, 2017. The new runway means that Huanghua Airport is now ranked as a 4F, the highest level for an airport, and capable of accommodating wide-body aircraft such as the A380.

On May 16, 2018, the renovated Terminal 1 of the Changsha Huanghua International Airport resumes operation. The domestic flights operated by Air China, Shenzhen Airlines, Shandong Airlines, Chengdu Airlines, Kunming Airlines, Okay Airways, Joy Air, and Tibet Airlines arrive at T1.

 
Views from Terminal 2
 
New air traffic control tower
 
A China Airlines Airbus A330-300 (B-18355) ready for takeoff
 
A vacant airbridge of Terminal 2
 
Back view of Terminal 2 from the waiting area

Short-Term Expansion (2030)Edit

The airport is undergoing a major expansion eastwards. After the completion of the 2nd runway, Terminal 3 and the east terminal area will be constructed on the east side of airport, with 500,000 square meters of space. The airport will be capable of handling 60 million passengers annually, with a total investment of 28.5 billion yuan. The airport becomes a hub in Central China after this stage. A third runway of 3600m in length and a GTC with 270,000 square meters of space will also be constructed and ready for use in 2023.

 
Terminal 3
 
Terminal 3


Long-Term Expansion (2050)Edit

The third parallel runway of 3600m (4E) will be built to the east of Terminal 3&4, and it is 2000 meters away from the second runway. More concourses are to be added to increase the passenger capacity of Terminal 3. And Terminal 4 is to be constructed on the north side of the East terminal area. The east terminal area, in which both Terminals 3&4 lie, is located between the 2nd and 3rd Runways. At the final stage, the fourth parallel runway (3600m) of 4E will be constructed 1035m in the east of the third runway. Two underground tunnels connecting the west area (Terminal 1&2) and the east terminals (Terminal 3&4) are considered.

Changsha Huanghua Int'l airport will become a major hub in China which hosts a number of based airlines. The ultimate capacity of the airport will be 90 million passengers annually.


Airlines and destinationsEdit

AirlinesDestinations
9 Air Guiyang, Haikou, Hohhot, Lanzhou, Mandalay, Shaoyang
Air China Beijing–Capital, Chengdu, Chongqing, Tianjin
Air China
operated by Dalian Airlines
Dalian, Jinan
AirAsia X Kuala Lumpur–International
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon
Beijing Capital Airlines Changchun, Haikou, Hohhot, Lijiang, Sanya
Cathay Dragon Hong Kong
Chengdu Airlines Chengdu, Dunhuang, Hailar, Jiayuguan, Jieyang, Jinan, Lijiang, Manzhouli, Nanjing, Sanya, Weihai, Xi'an
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi,[6] Beihai, Dali, Fuzhou, Haikou, Jieyang, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Nanjing, Sanya,[7] Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Singapore,[6] Wuxi, Xi'an, Yancheng, Yantai,[8] Yinchuan, Zhuhai
China Express Airlines Chongqing, Shaoyang, Zhangjiajie
China Southern Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beihai, Beijing–Capital, Changchun, Changzhou, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Frankfurt, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Hanoi, Harbin, Hohhot, Jieyang, Jinan, Korla, Kuala Lumpur–International, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lijiang, Linfen, Meixian, Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta (begins 23 June 2019),[9] Nanjing, Nanning, Ningbo, Osaka–Kansai, Qianjiang, Qingdao, Sanya, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Singapore,[10] Taipei–Taoyuan, Taiyuan, Tokyo–Narita, Turpan, Urumqi, Wenzhou, Xi'an, Xining, Yinchuan, Yining, Yulin, Zhangjiajie, Zhuhai
China United Airlines Beijing–Nanyuan, Changzhi, Ordos
Colorful Guizhou Airlines Guiyang, Yibin
Donghai Airlines Haikou, Nantong
Fuzhou Airlines Fuzhou, Haikou, Zunyi–Xinzhou
GX Airlines Baise, Dalian, Guangzhou, Hohhot, Jinan, Jining, Linyi, Nanning, Rizhao, Shiyan, Taiyuan, Weifang, Xuzhou, Yantai
Hainan Airlines Beijing–Capital, Changchun, Chongqing, Dalian, Haikou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hohhot, Jinan, Kunming, London-Heathrow,[11] Los Angeles, Melbourne,[12] Nanjing, Nanning, Ningbo, Quanzhou, Sanya, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Sydney (ends 13 September 2019),[13] Taiyuan, Tianjin, Urumqi, Xi'an, Xuzhou, Yinchuan, Yingkou, Zhuhai
Hebei Airlines Beihai, Shijiazhuang
Jetstar Pacific Airlines Charter: Nha Trang[14]
Joy Air Jinggangshan, Liping, Shaoyang, Xiangyang, Zhangjiajie
Juneyao Airlines Lijiang, Osaka–Kansai (begins 1 July 2019),[15] Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Wenzhou, Zunyi-Maotai
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Kunming Airlines Chengdu, Jinan, Kunming, Taiyuan, Taizhou, Xishuangbanna
Lanmei Airlines Siem Reap[16]
Charter: Sihanoukville [17]
Lao Airlines Luang Prabang, Vientiane
Lion Air Manado[18]
Charter: Denpasar/Bali
Loong Air Hangzhou, Xingyi, Xining
Lucky Air Pu'er
Malindo Air Kota Kinabalu
Mandarin Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan
New Gen Airways Charter: Bangkok–Don Mueang
Nok Air Charter: Pattaya–U-Tapao
Okay Airways Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Harbin, Huizhou, Kunming, Manzhouli, Nanjing, Qingdao, Quanzhou, Shenyang, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Urumqi, Xi'an, Xiamen, Xining, Yantai, Zhanjiang, Kalibo, Nha Trang
Royal Brunei Airlines Bandar Seri Begawan[19]
Ruili Airlines Mangshi, Shenyang
Qingdao Airlines Linyi, Nantong, Qingdao, Yantai
Scoot Singapore (begins 20 June 2019)
Shandong Airlines Haikou, Hohhot, Jieyang, Jinan, Qingdao, Xiamen, Yinchuan
Shanghai Airlines Kunming, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong
Shenzhen Airlines Nanning, Shenyang, Wuxi, Yantai, Yuncheng
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu, Chongqing, Fuzhou, Harbin, Kunming, Ningbo, Sanya, Wenzhou, Xiamen, Xichang
SilkAir Singapore (ends 19 June 2019)
Spring Airlines Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Xishuangbanna
Sriwijaya Air Charter: Denpasar/Bali, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta
Thai AirAsia Bangkok–Don Mueang, Chiang Mai
Thai Lion Air Bangkok–Don Mueang, Chiang Rai,[20] Phuket
Thai Smile Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Tianjin Airlines Guiyang, Haikou, Liupanshui, Rizhao, Tianjin, Xiamen, Zhanjiang, Zunyi–Xinzhou
Tibet Airlines Lhasa
Urumqi Air Lanzhou, Urumqi
West Air Chongqing, Ningbo, Xiamen
XiamenAir Baotou, Beijing–Capital, Bijie, Changchun, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Ho Chi Minh City,[21] Hohhot, Jinan, Lanzhou, Lianyungang, Luzhou, Mianyang, Nanchong, Nanjing, Qingdao, Quanzhou, Sanya, Shenyang, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tianjin, Urumqi, Xi'an, Xiamen, Xining, Xinzhou, Yinchuan,

StatisticsEdit

As for 2016, Changsha Huanghua International Airport was the 13th busiest airport in the People's Republic of China with 21,296,700 passengers.

Year Passengers % Change Cargo (tons) Aircraft Movements
2017 23,764,820  011.6 138,737.6 179,575
2016 21,296,675  013.8 130,276.1 167,910
2015 18,715,278  03.9 122,022.1 153,367
2014 18,020,501  012.6 125,037.8 152,359
2013 16,007,212  08.5 117,588.7 137,843
2012 14,749,701  07.8 110,608.0 127,041
2011 13,684,731  08.4 114,831.1 116,727
2010 12,621,333  08.4 108,635.2 115,635
2009 11,284,282  33.5 86,995.0 110,023
2008 8,454,808  04.8 71,151.9 85,339
2007 8,069,989  14.9 68,629.7 82,041
2006 6,592,602  22.4 62,571.3 71,139
2005 5,301,396  24.4 52,360.3 59,534
2004 3,802,550  27.1 43,133.2 55,054
2003 2,992,543  15.2 34,987.5 46,993
2002 2,598,508  17.2 25,437.9 42,920
2001 2,217,088  09.0 20,375.2 39,194
2000 2,034,526 - 18,552.0 37,722
Changsha Airport Passenger Totals 2000–2016 (millions)
 

Ground transportationEdit

MaglevEdit

  • Maglev: The regular-speed Changsha Maglev connects Huanghua International Airport and Changsha South Railway Station, it started operation on 6 May 2016.
    • The Maglev line is 18.5 km long and trains and runs at a speed of 120kph to finish the journey in just over 10 minutes.[22]
    • The ticket price is ¥20 between the Airport and South Railway Station. Metro-card holders can receive a 10% discount.
Station Name
English
Station Name
Hanzi
Transfer Location
Changshanan Station 磁浮高铁站  2  Yuhua
Langli 磁浮㮾梨 Changsha County
Changsha Huanghua International Airport 磁浮机场

MetroEdit

  • Metro Line 6: planned and expected to start constructions in following years.

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "长沙航空口岸". Archived from the original on 2018-01-04. Retrieved 2018-01-09.
  2. ^ 长沙机场进入双航站楼双跑道运营时代
  3. ^ Sha, Zhaohua (2018-08-10). "1989年:长沙黄花机场建成通航". Hunan Daily. Retrieved 2018-10-02.
  4. ^ "30年前,见证黄花机场开建". Huaxia. Retrieved 2018-10-02.
  5. ^ http://www.chinaaviationdaily.com/news/34/34351.html
  6. ^ a b "China Eastern expands South East Asia Network in S19". routesonline. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
  7. ^ 东航江苏2018夏秋换季抢先看!
  8. ^ 新航季东航在烟台威海开通多条新航线
  9. ^ "China Southern adds Changsha – Nairobi service from late-June 2019". routesonline. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  10. ^ Liu, Jim. "China Southern adds Changsha – Singapore service in S19". Routesonline. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
  11. ^ "Hainan Airlines adds Changsha – London Heathrow from late-Mar 2018". routesonline. Retrieved 9 March 2018.
  12. ^ "Hainan Airlines plans Changsha – Melbourne launch in Nov 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 10 September 2016.
  13. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/284340/hainan-airlines-sydney-inventory-changes-from-june-2019/
  14. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2015/11/27/bl-cxr-w15/
  15. ^ "Juneyao Airlines adds Changsha – Osaka from July 2019". routesonline. Retrieved 6 May 2019.
  16. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/278174/lanmei-airlines-continues-china-expansion-in-mid-may-2018/
  17. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/281450/lanmei-airlines-schedules-new-routes-in-4q18/
  18. ^ "This year there are 37 flights from China to Indonesia Tourism Dive Resort Manado". top-news.top. 22 July 2016. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
  19. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/283870/royal-brunei-begins-changsha-service-from-mid-april-2019/
  20. ^ "Thai Lion Air plans Chiang Rai – Changsha launch in August 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 26 July 2017.
  21. ^ "Xiamen Airlines schedules new SE Asia service in W18". routesonline. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  22. ^ Changsha to Construct Maglev Train Archived 2014-01-16 at the Wayback Machine, 2014-01-09

External linksEdit