Changsha Huanghua International Airport

Changsha Huanghua International Airport (IATA: CSX, ICAO: ZGHA, CAAC LID: HHA)[1] is the airport serving Changsha, the capital of Hunan province, China, as well as nearby cities such as Zhuzhou and Xiangtan. As of 2016, it is the 13th busiest civil airport in China. Located about 25 kilometres (16 mi) from downtown Changsha in the town of Huanghua in Changsha County, the airport has two terminal buildings. The airport is managed by the Hunan Airport Authority, a publicly owned corporation managing all five airports in Hunan Province. Huanghua airport was opened in August 1989, replacing Changsha Datuopu Airport, which is now a military air base.

Changsha Huanghua International Airport
Changsha airport logo.jpg
Csx airport view1.jpg
Airport typePublic
OperatorHunan Airport Management Group Co., Ltd.
ServesChangsha, Hunan
LocationHuanghua, Changsha County, Hunan
Opened29 August 1989 (32 years ago) (1989-08-29)
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL66 m / 217 ft
Coordinates28°11′48″N 113°13′15″E / 28.19667°N 113.22083°E / 28.19667; 113.22083Coordinates: 28°11′48″N 113°13′15″E / 28.19667°N 113.22083°E / 28.19667; 113.22083
CAAC airport chart
CAAC airport chart
CSX is located in Hunan
Location of airport in Hunan
CSX is located in China
CSX (China)
Direction Length Surface
ft m
18R/36L 10,498 3,200 Asphalt
18L/36R 12,467 3,800 Concrete
Statistics (2018)
Passengers25,266,251 Increase6.3%
Aircraft movements186,772 Increase 4%
Source: CAAC Central and Southern Regional Administration, List of the busiest airports in the People's Republic of China
Changsha Huanghua International Airport
Traditional Chinese長沙黃花國際機場
Simplified Chinese长沙黄花国际机场
Hallway after the security checking border inside the domestic terminal 2


Terminal 1Edit

Terminal 1, with 32,000 m2 of space, has 3 concourses (T1-A, T1-B and T1-c). It was opened in 2000, and the proposed capacity was 4.6 million passengers annually. Terminal 1 was closed for renovation from July 2011 to 17 May 2018 after Terminal 2 became fully operational.

Terminal 1 reopened on 18 May 2018. After renovation, Terminal 1 has 39,000 m2 of space, 38 check-in counters, 10 security lanes and 10 aerobridges. It has the capacity of 6 million passengers annually.[2] Terminal 1 serves Air China, Chengdu Airlines, Joy Air, Okay Airways, Tibet Airlines, Shandong Airlines, Shenzhen Airlines and Kunming Airlines.

Terminal 1 Departure hall
Terminal 1 and concourses

Terminal 2Edit

The inauguration of Terminal 2 was on July 19, 2011. With 212,000 square meters of space, the new terminal is the 5th largest airport terminal in mainland China (after Beijing–Capital, Shanghai–Pudong, Guangzhou, and Shenzhen). The 39.9m tall main building of Terminal 2, being 672m in length and 168m in depth, is the largest single steel-truss structure in Hunan. The new terminal has 22 bridge gates, to which the longest passenger walking distance is within 300m. With this new facility, the airport can handle 151,000 aircraft movements and another 15.6 million passengers every year. The peak hour volume of passengers is 3,940.

The Departure Hall has 4 automatic double-glass-door entrances which are directly facing Check-in Areas A,B,C & D respectively. Entrances 1-3 are domestic entrances and Entrance 4 is for International, Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan Departures, which will be checked in at Area D. Area A is the exclusive check-in Area for China Southern Airlines. Area B&C are domestic check-in areas for other airlines. The terminal has 80 check-in counters and 24 self-checkin kiosks, 24 security checkpoints and more than 6,390 seats.

The Arrival Hall is equipped with 8 baggage carousels (6 at domestic area and 2 at international area). The indoor parking garage P4, which has 693 parking spaces, is on floor B2. There are also three outdoor parking areas, P1,2&3, which provide over 1000 parking spaces.

Terminal 2 Departure Hall
International area inside Terminal 2


From 1957 to 1989, Datuopu Airport served as a dual-use military and civil airport for Changsha. It was only capable of handling small aircraft and a few flights per day. The Hunan Provincial Government proposed the construction of a new airport in October 1984, which was approved by the State Council of China. Construction for Huanghua Airport began in June 1986, and it was opened on 29 August 1989, when all civil flights were transferred to the new airport, and Datuopu reverted to sole military use.[3][4]

On October 28, 2000, the 34,000-square-meter Terminal 1-A, which cost 40.4 million CNY, was opened. The airport was capable of handling 4.6 million passengers per year. Afterwards, the construction of Terminal 1-B and Terminal 1-C were finished to ensure growing passengers and cargo.

The airport then went through a major expansion in 2008–2011, with lengthening of runway 18/36 from 2600m to 3200m and the addition of Terminal 2 which went into operation in 2011. The airport welcomed its first intercontinental destination when China Southern Airlines began service to Frankfurt, Germany on 23 June 2014.[5]

The construction of the second runway was completed in November, 2016. The new 3800mx60m Code-4F runway was built parallel to the current 18/36 runway and lies 380m to the east. The second runway officially came into use on March 30, 2017. The new runway means that Huanghua Airport is now ranked as a 4F, the highest level for an airport, and capable of accommodating wide-body aircraft such as the A380.

On May 16, 2018, the renovated Terminal 1 of the Changsha Huanghua International Airport resumes operation. The domestic flights operated by Air China, Shenzhen Airlines, Shandong Airlines, Chengdu Airlines, Kunming Airlines, Okay Airways, Joy Air, and Tibet Airlines arrive at T1.

The maglev-terminal corridor in 2017
New air traffic control tower
A China Airlines Airbus A330-300 (B-18355) ready for takeoff
A vacant airbridge of Terminal 2
Back view of Terminal 2 from the waiting area

Short-Term ExpansionEdit

The airport is undergoing a major expansion eastwards. After the completion of the 2nd runway, Terminal 3 and the east terminal area will be constructed on the east side of airport, with 500,000 square meters of space. The airport will be capable of handling 60 million passengers annually and an annual cargo capacity of 6 million tons. The airport becomes a hub in Central China after this stage. A third runway of 3600m*45m in length and a GTC with 280,000 square meters of space will also be constructed and ready for use in 2024.

Long-Term ExpansionEdit

Terminal 4 is to be constructed on the north side of the East terminal area. The east terminal area, in which both Terminals 3&4 lie, is located between the 2nd and 3rd Runways. At the final stage, the fourth parallel runway (3600m) of 4E will be constructed 1035m in the east of the third runway. Two tunnels connecting the west area (Terminal 1&2) and the east terminals (Terminal 3&4) are considered.

Changsha Huanghua Int'l airport will become a major hub in China which hosts a number of based airlines. The ultimate capacity of the airport will be 90 million passengers annually.

Airlines and destinationsEdit


9 Air Guiyang, Haikou, Hohhot, Lanzhou, Mandalay, Shaoyang
AirAsia X Kuala Lumpur–International
Air China Beijing–Capital, Beijing–Daxing, Chengdu–Tianfu, Chongqing, Lijiang,[6] Tianjin
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon
Beijing Capital Airlines Changchun, Haikou, Harbin,[7] Lijiang, Sanya, Shenyang[8]
Chengdu Airlines Chengdu–Shuangliu, Dunhuang, Hailar, Jiayuguan, Jieyang, Jinan, Lijiang, Manzhouli, Nanjing, Sanya, Weihai, Xi'an
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beihai, Dali, Fuzhou, Haikou, Jieyang, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Nanjing, Sanya,[9] Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Singapore,[10] Taiyuan, Wuxi, Xi'an, Yancheng, Yantai,[11] Yinchuan, Zhuhai
China Express Airlines Chongqing, Hohhot,[12] Shaoyang, Zhangjiajie
China Southern Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beihai, Beijing–Daxing, Changchun, Changzhou, Chengdu–Shuangliu, Chongqing, Dalian, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Hanoi, Harbin, Hohhot, Jieyang, Jinan, Korla, Kuala Lumpur–International, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lijiang, Linfen, Macau,[13] Meixian, Nagoya–Centrair,[14] Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta,[15] Nanjing, Nanning, Ningbo, Osaka–Kansai, Qianjiang, Qingdao, Sanya, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Singapore,[16] Taipei–Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita, Turpan, Urumqi, Wenzhou, Xi'an, Xining, Yinchuan, Yining, Yulin, Zhangjiajie, Zhuhai
China United Airlines Beijing–Daxing, Changzhi, Ordos
Chongqing Airlines Chongqing, Jieyang
Colorful Guizhou Airlines Guiyang, Yibin
Dalian Airlines Dalian, Jinan
Donghai Airlines Haikou, Nantong
Fuzhou Airlines Fuzhou, Zunyi–Xinzhou
GX Airlines Baise, Dalian, Guangzhou, Hohhot, Jinan, Jining, Linyi, Nanning, Rizhao, Shiyan, Taiyuan, Weifang, Xuzhou, Yantai
Hainan Airlines Beijing–Capital, Changchun, Chongqing, Dalian, Fuzhou,[17] Haikou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hohhot, Jinan, Kunming, Lanzhou,[18] Linfen,[19] London–Heathrow,[20] Melbourne,[21] Nanning, Ningbo, Quanzhou, Sanya, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Sydney,[22] Taiyuan, Tianjin, Urumqi, Xiamen,[23] Xuzhou, Yan'an, Yantai,[24] Yinchuan, Yingkou, Zhuhai
Hebei Airlines Beihai, Shijiazhuang
Himalaya Airlines Kathmandu (suspended)[25]
I-Fly Seasonal charter: Moscow-Vnukovo
Joy Air Liping, Tongren,[26] Xiangyang, Zhangjiajie
Juneyao Airlines Huizhou, Lijiang, Osaka–Kansai,[27] Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Wenzhou, Zunyi–Maotai
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Kunming Airlines Chengdu–Shuangliu, Datong,[28] Kunming, Shenyang,[28] Taiyuan, Taizhou, Tengchong,[29] Xishuangbanna
Lanmei Airlines Siem Reap[30]
Charter: Sihanoukville[31]
Lao Airlines Luang Prabang, Vientiane
Loong Air Hangzhou, Nanning,[32] Ningbo,[33] Wenzhou,[34] Xingyi, Xining, Zhuhai[35]
Mandarin Airlines Kaohsiung,[36] Taipei–Taoyuan
Okay Airways Chengdu–Shuangliu, Chongqing, Dalian, Da Nang,[37] Harbin, Huizhou, Jeju,[38] Kalibo, Kunming, Linyi,[39] Nanjing, Nha Trang, Osaka–Kansai,[40] Qingdao, Quanzhou, Shenyang, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Urumqi, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xining, Yantai, Zhanjiang
Pacific Airlines Charter: Nha Trang[41]
Qingdao Airlines Hailar,[42] Lanzhou,[43] Luliang,[42] Mandalay,[44] Van Don, Wenzhou,[45] Yantai
Royal Brunei Airlines Bandar Seri Begawan[46]
Ruili Airlines Mangshi, Shenyang, Yangzhou[47]
Scoot Singapore[48]
Shandong Airlines Haikou, Hohhot, Jieyang, Jinan, Qingdao, Xiamen
Shanghai Airlines Kunming, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Wuzhou[49]
Shenzhen Airlines Nanning, Quanzhou,[50] Shenyang, Wuxi, Yantai, Yuncheng
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu–Shuangliu, Chongqing, Fuzhou, Harbin, Kunming, Sanya, Wenzhou, Xiamen, Xichang
Spring Airlines Shanghai–Pudong, Xishuangbanna
Thai AirAsia Bangkok–Don Mueang, Chiang Mai
Thai Smile Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Tianjin Airlines Haikou, Kunming, Liupanshui, Ningbo, Tianjin, Urumqi,[51] Zunyi–Xinzhou
Tibet Airlines Kunming,[52] Lhasa, Mangshi,[52] Mianyang[53]
Urumqi Air Lanzhou, Urumqi
West Air Chongqing, Ningbo, Xiamen
XiamenAir Beijing–Daxing, Changchun, Chongqing, Dalian, Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hohhot, Huai'an, Jinan, Lanzhou, Lianyungang, Luzhou, Mianyang, Nanchong, Nanjing, Qingdao, Quanzhou, Sanya, Shenyang, Taipei–Taoyuan, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Urumqi, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xining, Xinzhou, Yinchuan
Seasonal: Hailar[54]


Jisheng Airlines Belgrade[55]
SF Airlines Osaka–Kansai[56]


As for 2016, Changsha Huanghua International Airport was the 13th busiest airport in the People's Republic of China with 21,296,700 passengers.

Year Passengers % Change Cargo (tons) Aircraft Movements
2017 23,764,820  011.6 138,737.6 179,575
2016 21,296,675  013.8 130,276.1 167,910
2015 18,715,278  03.9 122,022.1 153,367
2014 18,020,501  012.6 125,037.8 152,359
2013 16,007,212  08.5 117,588.7 137,843
2012 14,749,701  07.8 110,608.0 127,041
2011 13,684,731  08.4 114,831.1 116,727
2010 12,621,333  08.4 108,635.2 115,635
2009 11,284,282  33.5 86,995.0 110,023
2008 8,454,808  04.8 71,151.9 85,339
2007 8,069,989  14.9 68,629.7 82,041
2006 6,592,602  22.4 62,571.3 71,139
2005 5,301,396  24.4 52,360.3 59,534
2004 3,802,550  27.1 43,133.2 55,054
2003 2,992,543  15.2 34,987.5 46,993
2002 2,598,508  17.2 25,437.9 42,920
2001 2,217,088  09.0 20,375.2 39,194
2000 2,034,526 - 18,552.0 37,722
Changsha Airport Passenger Totals 2000–2016 (millions)

Ground transportationEdit


  • The regular-speed Changsha Maglev Express connects Changsha Huanghua International Airport and Changsha South railway station, it started operation on 6 May 2016.
    • The Maglev line is 18.5 km long and trains and runs at a speed of 120 km/h to finish the journey in just over 10 minutes.[57]
    • The ticket price is ¥20 between the Airport and South Railway Station. Metro-card holders can receive a 10% discount.
Map of Changsha Maglev Express
Station Name
Station Name
Transfer Location
Changshanan 磁浮高铁站  2   4 
Langli 磁浮㮾梨 Changsha County
Huanghua Airport 磁浮机场   CSX
 6  (under construction)




  • There are direct shuttle buses connecting the airport with Hunan Civil Aviation Hotel (with one stop at Gao Qiao on the way), Changsha South Railway Station, and South Bus Station


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "长沙航空口岸". Archived from the original on 2018-01-04. Retrieved 2018-01-09.
  2. ^ "图片 长沙机场进入双航站楼双跑道运营时代_民航资源网".
  3. ^ Sha, Zhaohua (2018-08-10). "1989年:长沙黄花机场建成通航". Hunan Daily. Retrieved 2018-10-02.
  4. ^ "30年前,见证黄花机场开建". Huaxia. Retrieved 2018-10-02.
  5. ^ "China Southern to Open Direct Flight from Changsha to Frankfurt on June 23".
  6. ^ "Live Flight Tracker - Real-Time Flight Tracker Map". Flightradar24.
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  8. ^ "夏秋航班换季 北京首都航空新增近20条航线-中国民航网".
  9. ^ "东航江苏2018夏秋换季抢先看!". Weixin Official Accounts Platform.
  10. ^ "China Eastern expands South East Asia Network in S19". routesonline. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
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  12. ^ "张家界呼和浩特航线正式开通_售票".
  13. ^ Liu, Jim. "China Southern schedules new Macau routes from late-Oct 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  14. ^ "China Southern adds Changsha – Nagoya route from August 2019". Routesonline.
  15. ^ "China Southern adds Changsha – Nairobi service from late-June 2019". routesonline. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  16. ^ Liu, Jim. "China Southern adds Changsha – Singapore service in S19". Routesonline. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
  17. ^ "Live Flight Tracker - Real-Time Flight Tracker Map". Flightradar24.
  18. ^ "太原往返长沙、海口增开航班 市民出行可选择航班更多-太原新闻网(太原日报报业集团)-太原日报报业集团".
  19. ^ "视觉临汾:临汾机场又迎来深圳长沙2条新航线_临汾频道_黄河新闻网".
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  24. ^
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  28. ^ a b "昆航新航季新航线:西双版纳直飞浦东3月31日开飞_民航资源网".
  29. ^
  30. ^ "Lanmei Airlines continues China expansion in mid-May 2018".
  31. ^ "Lanmei Airlines schedules new routes in 4Q18".
  32. ^ "Live Flight Tracker - Real-Time Flight Tracker Map". Flightradar24.
  33. ^ "Live Flight Tracker - Real-Time Flight Tracker Map". Flightradar24.
  34. ^ "长龙航空举办2019年夏航季航空旅游推介会-中国民航网".
  35. ^ "Live Flight Tracker - Real-Time Flight Tracker Map". Flightradar24.
  36. ^ "華航台北-長沙本月11日起增班 - 旅遊". 中時新聞網.
  37. ^
  38. ^ "长沙-济州岛复航 首批济州游客入湘旅游".
  39. ^ Liu, Jim. "Okay Airways adds Linyi – Osaka service from Dec 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 11 December 2019.
  40. ^ "Okay Airways adds Changsha – Osaka from late-July 2019".
  41. ^ "Jetstar Pacific Adds New Cam Ranh/Nha Trang – China Charters in W15".
  42. ^ a b "吕梁机场开通新航线,了解一下..._呼伦贝尔".
  43. ^ "图片 青岛航空夏秋航季航线发布 新增20余条航线_民航资源网".
  44. ^ Liu, Jim. "Qingdao Airlines plans new international routes in 4Q19". Routesonline. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
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  49. ^
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  52. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2019-05-17. Retrieved 2019-07-16.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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  54. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2019-07-11. Retrieved 2019-07-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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  56. ^ "New air cargo route links Changsha to Osaka". November 22, 2020.
  57. ^ Changsha to Construct Maglev Train Archived 2014-01-16 at the Wayback Machine, 2014-01-09

External linksEdit