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Chinggis Khaan International Airport

Chinggis Khaan International Airport (formerly Buyant Ukhaa Airport) (Mongolian: Чингис хаан олон улсын нисэх буудал, Çingis hán olon ulsîn niseh búdal, IPA: [t͡ʃʰiŋgis xaːn ɔɮɔŋ uɮsiːŋ nisex puːtaɮ]) (IATA: ULN, ICAO: ZMUB) is the international airport serving Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, situated 18 km (11 mi) southwest of the capital.[2] It is the largest international air facility in the country.

Chinggis Khaan International Airport

Чингис хаан олон улсын нисэх буудал
ᠴᠢᠩᠭᠢᠰ ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠣᠯᠠᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ ᠦᠨ ᠨᠢᠰᠬᠦ ᠪᠠᠭᠤᠳᠠᠯ
ULNAirportLogo.jpg
Ulan Bator 01.JPG
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerGovernment of Mongolia
OperatorCivil Aviation Authority of Mongolia
LocationUlaanbaatar, Mongolia
Hub for
Elevation AMSL1,300 m / 4,364 ft
Coordinates47°50′35″N 106°45′59″E / 47.84306°N 106.76639°E / 47.84306; 106.76639Coordinates: 47°50′35″N 106°45′59″E / 47.84306°N 106.76639°E / 47.84306; 106.76639
Websiteen.airport.gov.mn
Map
ULN is located in Mongolia
ULN
ULN
Location within Mongolia
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
14/32 3,100 10,170 Asphalt
15/33 2,000 6,560 Grass
Statistics (2016 ULN)
Aircraft movements11,682
Passengers1,023,045
Tonnes of cargo4,852
Sources: Civil Aviation Administration of Mongolia[1]

HistoryEdit

DevelopmentEdit

The airport was first established as Buyant-Ukhaa airport (Mongolian: Буянт-Ухаа нисэх онгоцны төв буудал, Buyant-Uhá niseh onğocnî töw búdal) on 19 February 1957. In 1958, international flights began with flights to Irkutsk and Beijing using Ilyushin Il-14 aircraft. Regular flights from the airport started in 1961.

The terminal was upgraded to make it suitable for international traffic in 1986.

Between 1994 and 1997 a further major upgrade of construction and air navigation was achieved with the assistance of the Asian Development Bank,[3] making the airport compliant with ICAO standards. The US$50 million construction project was carried out by the successful bidder: a German / English joint venture of Philipp Holzmann and Wimpey Asphalt.

The airport was named after Chinggis Khaan (Genghis Khan) to celebrate the 800th anniversary of the establishment of a Mongolian State on 21 December 2005.

New airportEdit

The airport is due for replacement in 2019 by the new New Ulaanbaatar International Airport.[4] The current airport is somewhat restricted, the single runway is used in one direction for arriving aircraft and in the opposite direction for departures.[5] The new airport, of which construction is finished, will significantly expand capacity, it is located at the Khoshigt Valley, 52 kilometres (32 mi) south of Ulaanbaatar city centre.

Airlines and destinationsEdit

StatisticsEdit

Traffic figuresEdit

 
Two MIAT Mongolian Airlines Boeing 737-800s at Chinggis Khaan International Airport
 
Aerial view of Chinggis Khaan International Airport
Annual traffic
Passengers Change Movements Cargo
(tons)
Change
2007 599,555  0+9.6% 9,297 3,299  0+11.2%
2008 596,765  0-0.5% 9,552 3,500  0+2.7%
2009 532,861  0-10.7% 8,330 2,970  0-12.8%
2010 665,055  0+24.8% 11,678 3,922  0+40.2%
2011 885,885  0+33.2% 14,940 5,452  0+27.9%
2012 1,098,865  0+24.0% 17,465 5,709  0+16.9%
2013 1,106,704  0+0.7% 16,468 5,825  0-5.7%
2014 1,019,102  0-7.9% 13,178 4,955  0-20.0%
2015 955,867  0-6.2% 10,985 4,710  0-4.9%
2016 1,023,045  0+7.0% 11,682 4,852  0+3.0%
Sources: Civil Aviation Administration of Mongolia[1]

Top destinationsEdit

Busiest domestic routes from Ulaanbaatar (2016)
Rank Airport Passengers Airlines
1 Oyu Tolgoi, Ömnögovi 122,916 Aeromongolia, Hunnu Air, MIAT
2 Dalanzadgad, Ömnögovi 20,650 Aeromongolia, Hunnu Air
3 Khovd, Khovd 20,632 Aeromongolia, Hunnu Air, MIAT
4 Ölgii, Bayan-Ölgii 20,223 Aeromongolia, Hunnu Air
5 Ulaangom, Uvs 13,602 Aeromongolia, Hunnu Air
6 Mörön, Khövsgöl 10,413 Aeromongolia, Hunnu Air
7 Uliastai, Zavkhan 8,700 Aeromongolia, Hunnu Air
8 Choibalsan, Dornod 7,489 Hunnu Air
9 Ovoot, Ömnögovi 4,532 Hunnu Air
10 Altai, Govi-Altai 1,407 Aeromongolia
Sources: Civil Aviation Administration of Mongolia[1]
Busiest international routes from Ulaanbaatar (2016)
Rank Airport Scheduled Passengers Carriers
1   Seoul–Incheon, Korea 302,919 MIAT, Korean Air
2   Beijing, China 189,372 MIAT, Air China
3   Moscow, Russia 65,871 MIAT, Aeroflot
4   Hong Kong 56,218 MIAT
5   Tokyo, Japan 55,212 MIAT
6   Istanbul, Turkey 31,515 Turkish Airlines
7   Berlin, Germany 14,352 MIAT
8   Busan, South Korea 13,283 Air Busan
9   Manzhouli, China 12,960 Hunnu Air
10   Hohhot, China 9,186 Aeromongolia
Sources: Civil Aviation Administration of Mongolia[1]

Other facilitiesEdit

The airline Aero Mongolia has its head office on the third floor of the main airport building.[19] The Air Accident Investigation Bureau Mongolia has its head office on the airport property.[20] There is also one cargo hangar at Chinggis Khaan International Airport.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Монголын иргэний нисэхийн статистикийн эмхтгэл 2016" (PDF). Civil Aviation Administration of Mongolia.
  2. ^ Purevsambuu, G.; Montsame News Agency (2006). Mongolia. Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia: Montsame News Agency. p. 67. ISBN 99929-0-627-8.p
  3. ^ "Ulaanbaatar Airport and National Air Navigation Development Projects (Loans 1256/1370-MON[SF])".
  4. ^ https://www.reuters.com/article/us-mongolia-airport/mongolia-delays-launch-of-500-million-airport-until-2019-idUSKBN1ET0QH
  5. ^ AIP Mongolia. Version 05/17 (2017, June 22). ZMUB AD 2.22.
  6. ^ Liu, Jim. "Air China adds Hohhet – Ulan Baatar service from mid-Sep 2019". Routesonline.
  7. ^ Liu, Jim (12 March 2019). "Angara schedules Irkutsk – Ulan Baatar summer service from May 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
  8. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/284881/asiana-airlines-adds-mongolia-service-from-july-2019/
  9. ^ Liu, Jim. "Eznis Airways schedules Hong Kong launch in June 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  10. ^ Liu, Jim (15 June 2017). "Hunnu Air adds new Russian routes in June 2017". Routesonline. Retrieved 15 June 2017.
  11. ^ "Возобновление рейса - Улан-Удэ-Улан-Батор-Улан-Удэ!". CJSC “IrAero” Airlines. Archived from the original on 10 March 2016. Retrieved 10 March 2016.
  12. ^ "MIAT plans Busan launch in June 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 28 April 2017.
  13. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/282972/miat-adds-ulan-baatar-guangzhou-service-in-s19/
  14. ^ "MIAT adds Thailand service from Nov 2017". 23 August 2017.
  15. ^ https://www.miat.com/index.php?lang=en
  16. ^ Liu, Jim (4 February 2019). "SCAT plans Astana – Ulan Baatar service from June 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 4 February 2019.
  17. ^ Liu, Jim (5 August 2019). "Tianjin Airlines plans Tianjin – Ulan Baatar flights from Aug 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 5 August 2019.
  18. ^ "Istanbul New Airport Transition Delayed Until April 5, 2019 (At The Earliest)".
  19. ^ "Ulanbator." Aero Mongolia. Retrieved on 21 September 2011. "Head office 3rd floor, Chinggis Khaan International Airport, Ulaanbaatar" – Address in Mongolian: "Чингис хаан олон улсын нисэх буудал, Улаанбаатар 34, ш/х-105"
  20. ^ "Address of Accident Investigation Authorities as of March 2010 Archived 3 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine." Air Accident Investigation Bureau. Retrieved on 11 May 2011. "Mongolia Air Accident Investigation Bureau Mongolia Ministry of Road, Transportation, Construction and Urban Development of Mongolia Chinggis Khaan International Airport Ulaanbaatar 34 Mongolia"

External linksEdit