Asiana Airlines Inc. (Hangul: 아시아나항공; RR: Asiana Hanggong, simplified Chinese: 韩亚航空; traditional Chinese: 韓亞航空; literally: "Korea Asia Airlines" ; KRX: 020560; formerly Seoul Airlines) is one of South Korea's two major airlines, along with Korean Air. Asiana has its headquarters in Asiana Town building in Seoul. The airline has its domestic hub at Gimpo International Airport and its international hub at Incheon International Airport (70 kilometres (43 mi) from central Seoul).
|Founded||17 February 1988|
|Commenced operations||23 December 1988|
|Frequent-flyer program||Asiana Club|
|Destinations||90 (inc. cargo)|
|Company slogan||아름다운 사람들(Korean)|
|Parent company||Kumho Asiana Group|
|Headquarters||Osoe-dong, Gangseo-gu, Seoul, South Korea|
|Revenue||KRW\ 5,552 billion (2015)|
|Revised Romanization||Asiana Hanggong|
As a member of Star Alliance, it operates 14 domestic and 90 international passenger routes, and 27 cargo routes throughout Asia, Europe, North America, and Oceania. As of December 2014, the company employs 10,183 people. The majority of Asiana's pilots, ground staff, and flight attendants are based in Seoul. Asiana Airlines is the largest shareholder in Air Busan, a low-cost regional carrier joint venture with Busan Metropolitan City. The airline also holds 100% share of Air Seoul, a subsidiary and its own low-cost carrier. Asiana is also currently an official sponsor of the South Korea national football team and The Presidents Cup 2015.
Korean Air (associated with the Hanjin Group), which was privatized in 1969, had a monopoly on the South Korean airline industry until the establishment of Asiana in 1988. Asiana's formation did not come about as a policy initiative favoring liberalized market conditions but rather because of pressure from other chaebols and interests who wanted to compete. It was formed by the Kumho Asiana Group (formerly Kumho Group) and was originally known as Seoul Air International. Asiana was established on 17 February 1988 and started operations in December 1988 with flights to Busan. As of 2007 the airline was owned by private investors (30.53%), Kumho Industrial (29.51%), Kumho Petrochemical (15.05%), foreign investors (11.9%), Korea Development Bank (7.18%), and others (5.83%).
Beginning regular serviceEdit
Asiana began operations in December 1988, using Boeing 737 Classic planes, with flights to Busan and Gwangju. In 1989, Asiana began regular services to Jeju City, Gwangju, and Daegu and later the same year, Asiana began international chartered flights to Sendai in Japan. In 1990, Asiana began its first scheduled international service to Tokyo, Nagoya, Sendai, and Fukuoka. In the same year, Asiana had 9 Boeing 747-400s, 10 Boeing 767–300s and 8 Boeing 737–400s. In early 1991, Asiana began services to Bangkok, Singapore, Hong Kong and Taipei. Transpacific flights to Los Angeles began in December 1991 with a Boeing 747-400 Combi. Services to Vienna, Brussels, and Honolulu began in the mid 1990s. In 1993, Asiana began services to Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam.
Expansion as global carrier and joining Star AllianceEdit
Asiana Airlines has rapidly expanded since its establishment in 1988 to become a mid-sized, global carrier with a current fleet of 85 aircraft. In December 1998, the airline operated the presidential airplane for the first time. The Airline was listed in KOSDAQ In December 1999. On 28 January 2003, the airline became a full Star Alliance member, expanding its worldwide network and global brand. In 2004, the airline added the Airbus A330 and the Boeing 777-200ER to its fleet, and expanded its routes into mainland China. Currently it provides international services to 71 cities in 23 countries on 91 routes, and domestic services to 12 cities on 14 routes. It also provides international cargo services to 29 cities in 14 countries on 28 routes by Asiana Cargo, the airline's freight division. In 2012, the airline had net sales of US$5.3 billion.
New corporate identityEdit
In February 2006, Asiana Airlines modernized its corporate identity for unification with those of other divisions of its parent company the Kumho Asiana Group. The names of the travel classes have changed from First Class, Business Class, and Economy Class to First, Business, and Travel classes respectively, and the colors of the travel classes have changed to yellow, blue and red for First, Business, and Travel Class, respectively. New uniforms were also created for the crew.
Since the 2000s (decade), Asiana has focused on long-haul services and fleet modernization. As of December 2013, Asiana operates total 90 (45 round-trip) transpacific passenger flights per week. The airline also plans to increase the size of its fleet from current 83 to 85, with the delivery of the Airbus A380 in May 2014. For safety improvement, further focus will also be made on improving communications between crews.
Asiana began to focus on being an environmentally friendly company in the mid-90s and has put its efforts ever since in this regard, such as completely banning in-flight smoking and cigarette sales in 1995. The company was awarded first in class certification by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) for meeting criteria ISO 14001 in 1996. In 2001, Asiana Airlines was recognized for being the "first environmentally friendly company within the service industry" by the Ministry of Environment. Some of Asiana's other environmentally-minded programs include an emissions measurement and reduction system, reducing pollution from ground facilities and partnering with the Rainforest Alliance for coffee served on board.
On 17 February 2009, Air Transport World (ATW) awarded Asiana the "Airline of the Year" award, which is considered to be one of the most honorable awards in the airline industry. In May 2010, Asiana Airlines was named the best airline in the world by Skytrax at the 2010 World Airline Awards. Asiana came in second place behind Qatar Airways in 2011 and 2012.
The airline has its headquarters in Asiana Town (아시아나타운) in Osoe-dong, Gangseo-gu, Seoul. The airline's head office moved from Hoehyeon-dong, Jung District to Asiana Town in Osoe-dong on 1 April 1998.
Asiana Airlines serves destinations on four continents with a well-developed Asian network that includes important cities in the People's Republic of China, Japan, Southeast Asia and Central Asia. The airline serves a number of gateway cities in North America and Europe while retaining a limited coverage of Oceania. It is the first airline that has developed regular passenger routes between Seoul and Tashkent, Almaty, Siem Reap, Phnom Penh and Koror. Besides regular routes, Asiana also has served a number of seasonal charter routes from Seoul to some tourist attractions such as Nha Trang, Lijiang and Zhangjiajie.
Asiana Cargo, the airline's only cargo subsidiary, also has a wide network, especially in Europe and the United States, and currently serves cities that Asiana does not offer regular passenger services to and from. Some of these cities in Europe, include Brussels, Milan, and Vienna. Some of these cities in the United States, include Atlanta, Dallas, and Miami.
Since early 2016, the airline's network expansion has slowed down as it terminated its service to Vladivostok, Denpasar and Yangon in February 2016, due to their disappointing financial results. In addition, as low-cost regional carriers increase their market shares in short-haul routes, Asiana decided to launch Air Seoul, the airline's second subsidiary and its own low-cost carrier, based in Incheon International Airport, and transfer some of its unprofitable routes to the subsidiary from November 2016. While continuously trying to obtain traffic rights for Korea-Mongolia routes, the airline is currently considering more investment in its long-haul services.
- Air Astana
- Air Busan
- Air Canada
- Air China
- Air India
- Air Macau
- Air New Zealand
- Air Seoul
- All Nippon Airways
- Austrian Airlines
- China Southern Airlines
- Copa Airlines
- Ethiopian Airlines
- Etihad Airways
- EVA Air
- Hong Kong Airlines
- LOT Polish Airlines
- Qatar Airways
- S7 Airlines
- Shandong Airlines
- Shenzhen Airlines
- Singapore Airlines (Trans Pacific Joint Venture Partner)
- South African Airways
- SriLankan Airlines
- Thai Airways
- Turkish Airlines
- United Airlines
|Airbus A320-200||7||—||0||0||0||156||156||To be retired and replaced by Airbus A321neo|
|Airbus A321-200||20||2||0||12||0||159||171||One in Star Alliance livery|
|Airbus A321neo||—||25||TBA||Deliveries from 2019.|
|Airbus A350-800||—||8||TBA||Original orders included 10 of each variant (−800, −900, −1000).
Deliveries from April 2017 to 2025.
|Boeing 747-400M||1||—||10||24||0||230||264||To be retired and converted into freighter|
|Boeing 767–300||7||—||0||15||0||235||250||One in Star Alliance livery|
|Asiana Cargo fleet|
The company has previously operated the following aircraft:
Asiana Airlines offers five classes of services – First Suite class, First class, Business Smartium class, Business class and Travel (economy) class. Seat configurations and in-flight entertainment systems vary by the type of the aircraft and its operating routes, although Asiana is likely to simplify those with upcoming deliveries of its new orders from Airbus.
First Suite class and First class are mainly offered in between Seoul and Los Angeles, New York City, Chicago and Frankfurt. Passengers in these classes are offered pajamas, souvenirs and "amenity kits" containing items such as skin cream, toothpaste, eye shades and earplugs. A passenger can pre-order in-flight meals 48 hours prior to departure. First class seats are equipped with personal AVOD systems.
Besides those routes, most of Asiana's international flights offer two type of classes – business smartium class or business class as the highest class, and travel class, without first class. Some of the short-length international flights and charter flights are operated by mono-class basis, as well as all of the airline's domestic flights. Every business "smartium" class seat is equipped with video on demand. Other business-class seats were upgraded to video on demand by 2014. Apart from some routes operated by 767 and A321-100 aircraft, most of Asiana's Travel class seats also have television or video systems. In-flight entertainment systems are not offered on domestic routes, which consist of flights of an hour or less.
Asiana offers two in-flight magazines, 'Asiana' (a travel magazine) and 'Asiana Entertainment', which are available to all passengers.
Asiana Club is Asiana Airline's frequent-flyer program, formerly Asiana Bonus Club. Asiana Club has five tiers: Silver, Gold, Diamond, Diamond Plus and Platinum. To acquire or maintain each tier, members are required to accrue 0, 20000, 40000, 100000 miles in two calendar years from the 'reference date'. Status miles are based on 'On-board mileage', which includes miles accumulated by traveling with Asiana Airlines or Star Alliance airlines. Also, members can accrue miles by flying 'partner airlines' such as Qatar Airways. Miles accumulated in the program entitle members to bonus tickets, class upgrades and other products and services such as dining at Outback Steakhouse.
In addition, individuals who accumulate 500,000 miles earned on Asiana receive lifetime Asiana Diamond Plus status. Individuals who accumulate 1,000,000 miles earned on Asiana receive lifetime Asiana Club Platinum status.
Asiana has endorsement deals with the following:
Incidents and accidentsEdit
- On 26 July 1993, Asiana Airlines Flight 733, a Boeing 737–500 (HL7229) crashed in poor weather about four kilometres short of the runway in Mokpo while making its third landing attempt on runway 06 at Mokpo Airport. Two of the six crew members and 66 of the 110 passengers on board were killed.
- On 11 November 1998, an Asiana Airlines Boeing 747-400 attempting a U-turn in the gate area of Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport embedded its winglet into an Aeroflot Ilyushin Il-62M's tail. No one was injured. Asiana was subsequently sued by Aeroflot. The Il-62M in this incident had to be written off and was parked at Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport with the Asiana winglet still embedded in its tail, until it was scrapped in October 1999.
- On 28 July 2011, Asiana Airlines Cargo Flight 991, a Boeing 747-400F bound for Shanghai Pudong Airport from Incheon Airport, crashed into the Pacific Ocean off Jeju Island, South Korea, after reporting a fire in the cargo compartment.
- On 6 July 2013, Asiana Airlines Flight 214, a Boeing 777-200ER (HL7742), crashed short of the runway while landing at San Francisco International Airport, due to pilot error, killing 3 of the 307 passengers on board. A passenger also suffered fatal injuries after being struck by airport facilities during the emergency response and a third died in hospital a week after the incident as a result of their injuries. On 25 February 2014, Asiana Airlines was fined $500,000 by the U.S. Department of Transportation for "failing to promptly contact passengers' families and keep them informed about their loved ones" during and after the crash.
- On 14 April 2015, Asiana Airlines Flight 162, an Airbus A320 (HL7762), crash landed short of the runway at Hiroshima Airport, Japan. The aircraft spun 180 degrees and eventually stopped on the runway with a fractured wing, damage to the left engine and all landing gear collapsed. The aircraft was operating an international scheduled passenger flight from Incheon International Airport, Seoul, South Korea. More than 20 of the 82 people on board were injured.
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