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Hong Kong Airlines Ltd (Chinese: 香港航空公司), IATA: HK is an airline company based in Hong Kong, with its corporate headquarters in Tung Chung district and its main hub at Chek Lap Kok International Airport. It was established in 2006 as a member of the conglomerate HNA Group.

Hong Kong Airlines
香港航空
Hong Kong Airlines Logo.svg
IATA ICAO Callsign
HX CRK BAUHINIA
Founded 2006
Hubs Hong Kong International Airport
Frequent-flyer program Fortune Wings Club
Fleet size 36[1]
Destinations 36 excl. cargo and charter
Company slogan Where Hong Kong begins
Headquarters One Citygate, Tung Chung, Lantau, Hong Kong
Key people
Website www.hongkongairlines.com
Hong Kong Airlines
Chinese 香港航空公司
Cantonese Yale Hēunggóng Hòhnghūng Gūngsī

Hong Kong Airlines’ growing network currently covers over 30 cities regionally, including Auckland, Gold Coast, Shanghai, Sanya, Bangkok, Bali, Tokyo, Sapporo, Beijing, Colombo, Vancouver, and Los Angeles.. The airline has a combined fleet of 35 aircraft. The current passenger fleet has 31 aircraft, which includes one Airbus A350-900, ten Airbus A330-300s, nine Airbus A330-200s and eleven A320s, with inflight entertainment system and an average age of around 5.0 years as of September 2017. The cargo fleet consists of four Airbus A330-200Fs.[2]

Contents

HistoryEdit

2001-2006:The early yearsEdit

Robert Yip, the chairman of China Rich Holdings, with business interests in Chinese medicine, internet portal, construction and property development, established CR Airways in Hong Kong on 28 March 2001.[3][4] The airline received its Air Operator's Certificate (AOC) from the Hong Kong Civil Aviation Department (CAD) with a 285 kilometres per hour (177 mph) 12 passenger Sikorsky S-76C+ helicopter in early 2002. It was Hong Kong's third commercial helicopter operator and the first helicopter operator to receive an AOC since Hong Kong became a Special Administrative Region of People's Republic of China.[5]

On 27 June 2003, CR Airways became Hong Kong's third passenger airline after receiving a revised AOC from the Director of Civil Aviation Albert Lam and operated its first passenger flight on the next day.[6] It started passenger charter operations to Laoag, Philippines on 5 July 2003, with a Bombardier CRJ200 leased from GE Capital Aviation Services.[7][8] In September 2003, the airline applied for traffic rights to operate scheduled passenger services to Laoag and Chinese cities of Jinan, Naning, Meixian and Wenzhou. In addition, Robert Yip sold 40 percent of the airline to his company, China Rich Holdings, for HK$180 million.[9] By March 2004, the airline had added Siem Reap, Cambodia to its charter network.[7]

 
A Hong Kong Airlines Boeing 737–800 takes off from Hong Kong International Airport. (2007)

In April 2005, the Hong Kong Air Transport Licensing Authority (ATLA) granted a five-year licence to transport passengers, cargo and mail to China; the airline was free to apply for traffic rights to 10 cities in China.[10] On 5 July 2005, the airline announced the purchase of two Bombardier CRJ700s from Danish carrier Maersk Air, scheduled to arrive in July and mid-August, respectively.[11] In addition, the airline had signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Boeing for the purchase of 10 Boeing 787 Dreamliners and 30 Boeing 737–800s on 20 December 2005 at a listed price of US$3.28 billion. An executive of the airline had told reporters that some of the Boeing aircraft was from Hainan Airlines' order.[12][13]

2006:Change of OwnershipEdit

On 27 June 2006, Hainan Airlines purchased a 45 percent holdings of the airline and the holdings would be transferred to Grand China Air, a new holding company of Hainan Airlines.[14] Two months later, Mr Mung Kin Keung acquired the remaining 55 percent of the airline and became the controlling shareholder on 7 August; and its director on 13 August. On 22 September 2006, CR Airways Limited officially changed its name to Hong Kong Airlines Limited and a launch ceremony took place on 28 November 2006. The airline also introduced a new logo, which represents a bauhinia flower, the symbol of Hong Kong where the airline is anchored. The new logo also represents the close relationship between the airline and Hong Kong and its new era in the civil aviation industry.[4][15] The airline made the biggest aircraft order in its young history on 21 June 2007, by ordering 51 narrow- and wide-body aircraft from European plane maker, Airbus, at an estimated value of US$5.6 billion.[16] The airline's IATA code was changed from N8 to HX on 27 May 2007.[17]

On 24 October 2008, the airline announced plans in preparation for the arrival of the Airbus A330-200 wide-body aircraft, which included personnel and fleet composition. The new aircraft will provide medium haul passenger and cargo services to the Middle East and Australia.[18]

2010:Growth and ExpansionEdit

On 8 June 2010, Hong Kong Airlines completed their proving flight from Hong Kong to Beijing and return earning their Air Operating's Certificate for the Airbus A330 operations from HKCAD.

On 28 June 2010, schedule flight to Moscow was launched.

In September 2010, Hong Kong Airlines introduced its first airbus A330F cargo freighter, launched the first full cargo route from Hong Kong to Hangzhou.

On 22 October 2010, Hong Kong Airlines officially joined the IATA.

In 2011, Hong Kong Airlines awarded 4-star rating by Skytrax. Passenger traffic exceeded one million, serving 19 destinations.

On 8 March 2012, Hong Kong Airlines launched a daily Hong Kong – London Gatwick service with an Airbus A330-200 aircraft. The aircraft on this route was operating as an all Club Class service, featuring 34 "Club Premier" (business class lie-flat beds) and 82 "Club Classic" (cradle style recliner business class) seats.[19] However, this route ended on September 10.[20] Meanwhile, Manchester City F.C. chose Hong Kong Airlines for domestic transportation as HX2871/CRK2871 from London Gatwick to Manchester[21][22]

2013:Reposition in steady growthEdit

In 2013, Hong Kong Airlines concluded a system wide strategy review to determine its priority routes for the immediate future with key focus on the Asia Pacific region in the period. Hong Kong Airlines launched new passenger route between Hong Kong and Maldives, passenger traffic exceeded four million. All Hong Kong Airlines' Boeing aircraft were replaced by Airbus fleet.

In 2014, Hong Kong Airlines launched new passenger routes between Hong Kong and Ho Chi Minh, Tianjin and Kagoshima, and increased to four flights to Beijing and five flights to Shanghai daily. The new Hong Kong Airlines Lounge "Club Bauhinia" started operations on June 27, 2014, replacing the existing lounge.

In February 2015, Hong Kong Airlines signed an agreement for sub-lease with the Airport Authority Hong Kong to develop a flight training centre on a plot of land of 0.6 hectare located at the southeast edge of the Hong Kong International Airport.

In March 2015, Hong Kong Airlines joined the Executive Committee of the Board of Airline Representatives in Hong Kong (BAR HK), holding hands with another almost 80 airlines to improve the commercial and operational conditions for airlines active in Hong Kong.

On 28 December 2015, Hong Kong Airlines flight HX658 bound for Okinawa became the first departure from the HKIA Midfield Concourse (MFC).

2016:Back in Intercontinental expansionEdit

On 28 November 2016, Hong Kong Airlines commemorated its 10th Anniversary with a grand celebration with distinguished guests which included government officials and business leaders. The momentous anniversary celebration was earmarked to launch the next phase of growth and expansion themed ″Flying Beyond″. ″Flying Beyond″ encompass further route expansion to current and new markets, fleet growth and expansion with the Airbus A350, enhanced customer service, amenities and facilities.

On April 26, 2017, air split air cargo business in Hong Kong, to set up an independent subsidiary cargo airline of Hong Kong (Hong Kong cargo airlines), and issued by the Hong Kong Civil Aviation Department, the operator license, and airline transport licence issued by the licensing authority. On June 20 of that year, and released in 2017, Skytrax best regional airline ranking second in the world, ranked best airline in the world at 24, in the same ranking taigang surpassed its competitors on Cathay Dragon.

On 8 August 2017, Atlas Air announced that it had placed three 747-400 freighters with Hong Kong Air Cargo, a subsidiary of Hong Kong Airlines. The first aircraft will enter service in September 2017, serving routes between the United States and Asia. Delivery of the remaining two aircraft is anticipated during 2018. All three aircraft will be operated by Atlas Air on behalf of Hong Kong Air Cargo.[23]

DestinationsEdit

FleetEdit

 
Hong Kong Airlines Airbus A320 parked at Taichung Airport, Taiwan
 
Hong Kong Airlines Airbus A330-200 at Hong Kong International Airport
 
Hong Kong Airlines Airbus A330-300 in new livery at Hong Kong International Airport
 
Hong Kong Airlines Airbus A350-900 landing at Taipei-Taoyuan Airport

As of November 2017, Hong Kong Airlines operated the following aircraft:[28][29]

Hong Kong Airlines Fleet
Aircraft In Service Orders Passengers Notes
J S Y Total
Airbus A320-200 3 8 144 154
8 174 174
Airbus A330-200 6 2 24 259 283
3 18 246 264
Airbus A330-300 5 9 32 260 292
5 30 255 285
Airbus A350-900 2 19 33 108 193 334 Entry into service mid september 2017[30]
Hong Kong Airlines Cargo Fleet
Airbus A330-200F 4
Cargo
[31]
Total 36 30

Aircraft ordersEdit

On 20 December 2005, the airline signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with Boeing to acquire 30 Boeing 737–800 aircraft and 10 Boeing 787 aircraft.[32] However, according to the airline's website, there is only a firm order of four Boeing 737–800 aircraft, with no mention of a firm order for the Boeing 787 aircraft.[33]

On 21 June 2007, the airline signed an MOU with Airbus to acquire 30 Airbus A320s, 20 Airbus A330-200s powered by Rolls-Royce Trent 700[34] engines and one Airbus Corporate Jet. The order was subsequently confirmed with the signing of a firm contract with Airbus on 12 September 2007 and it will be shared between the airline and its sister airline Hong Kong Express Airways.[33][35][36] In December 2008, three of the original orders for 20 A330-200s were converted to A330-300s and transferred to Hong Kong International Aviation Leasing. They will be operated by Hong Kong Airlines.[37]

On 4 February 2010, Airbus announced another MOU signed with Hong Kong Airlines to acquire 6 more Airbus A330-200s.[38] These will have Pratt & Whitney PW4000 engines[39] and were originally ordered by Grupo Marsans. At the same time, one of the A330-243s on order was converted to a −343.

At the Farnborough Air Show in July 2010, Airbus announced that Hong Kong Airlines had signed a MOU to convert orders for 15 A330s to A350s and place an additional order for 10 A330-200s. The airline converted an existing order for 15 A330s to the A350 XWB which will be delivered in 2018.[40] No engine selection for the additional A330s was announced.

In early 2011, there were rumours that Hong Kong Airlines had ordered 15 B747-8 aircraft, but such an order never materialized.[41][42]

At the Paris Air Show in June 2011, Hong Kong Airlines had announced a signed contract for 10 Airbus A380's[43][44] however due to China's anger with the European Union over plans to force all airlines to take part in its carbon-trading scheme, the Chinese government has blocked progress on Airbus’s sale of 10 A380s to Hong Kong Airlines.[45] Normally, airlines in Hong Kong are not required to seek approval from the Chinese government to proceed with aircraft orders. The A380 cancellation became an issue as Hong Kong Airlines' parent, Hainan Airlines, is registered in mainland China, not Hong Kong SAR. In early January 2012, HKA's corporate governance head Kenneth Thong stated in a TV interview that the order was going ahead.[46]

In December 2012, CEO Yang Jianhong told Bloomberg that "We won’t resume long haul routes in the short term. The carrier is discussing changing at least some of its 10 on-order A380s for A330s, and delaying deliveries."[47]

On 15 September 2016, Hong Kong Airlines ordered an additional 9 A330-300s for future route expansion.[48]

Fleet HistoryEdit

Hong Kong Airlines has previously operated the following aircraft:[49]

Hong Kong Airlines Retired Fleet
Aircraft Total Introduced Retired Notes
Airbus A320-200 5 2012 2013 Transfered to HK Express
Airbus A330-200F 1 2012 2017 Disposed to Hong Kong Air Cargo
Boeing 737-300SF 3 2010 2012 Disposed to Yangtze River Express
Boeing 737-800 9 2006 2013 Disposed to Hainan Airlines
Bombardier CRJ-200ER 2 2006 2007
Bombardier CRJ-700 1 2006 2008 Disposed to Air India Regional

Corporate Image and AffairsEdit

The airline's head office is currently located on the seventh floor of One Citygate at Tung Chung, Lantau Island.[50]

The airline's head office was located on Level 2 of the CNAC House (中航大廈) on the property of Hong Kong International Airport in Lantau, Hong Kong.[51][52]

Edit

Hong Kong Airlines adopts red and purple color as the dominant colors and utilized in its uniforms and passenger cabin.

Subsidiary companyEdit

Hong Kong Airlines holds a number of subsidiary companies to manage its business:

Hong Kong Aviation Ground Services Limited (HAGSL) Provide passenger self-handling services at Hong Kong International Airport

HKA Holidays Limited (HKA Holidays) Sell different kinds of travel products, including fixed charter flights tickets, package and hotel accommodation.

PromotionsEdit

Under the brand positioning of "Fresh and Very Hong Kong", Hong Kong Airlines carried out a series of promotional campaigns:

TVCEdit

2013: TV Commercial "Bringing the Best Sky High

Under the brand positioning of "Fresh and Very Hong Kong", the new TVC depicted flight attendants practising Wing Chun, gymnastics and cycling respectively following Rose Chan, the Aviation Service Ambassador, Teng Haibin and Zhang Nan, the Olympic Champions, and Kenji Leung, the Cycling coach. with an aim to showcase the image of Hong Kong Airlines’ flight attendants.[53]

Movie and MediaEdit

The airline was the aviation sponsor for the 2013 TVB drama Triumph In The Skies 2 (衝上雲宵II).[54] and the 2014 Triumph in the Skies movie (衝上雲宵-電影版).[55]

SportsEdit

Hong Kong Airlines is selected as the Official Carrier for Hong Kong Paralympic Committee and Sports Association for the Physically Disabled.[56]

Education and CommunityEdit

Hong Kong Airlines has engaged in community affairs, including joining the Caritas Fund Raising Bazaars for six consecutive years since 2009 and sponsored the "World Diabetes Day 2012" Hong Kong events.

The airline has a number of student sponsorship and aviation education programmes, such as "Triumph Sky High" Junior Programme, "Embrace the World" Student Sponsorship Programme and School Sharing Workshops.[57]

Loyalty programsEdit

The Fortune Wings Club is a global frequent flyer program designed for Hong Kong Airlines and its sister airlines, including Grand China Air, Grand China Express, Hainan Airlines, Hong Kong Express Airways and Lucky Air. Membership benefits include air ticket redemption and upgrade; VIP members have additional privileges of dedicated First or Business Class check in counters, lounge access, bonus mileage and extra baggage allowance.[58]

ServicesEdit

Ground ServicesEdit

 
HongKong Airlines check-in counter area at the Hong Kong International Airport

Hong Kong Airlines provides a wide variety of customer services at airports all over the world. At Hong Kong International Airport (HKIA), the check-in counter located at Aisle K of Terminal 1.

Priority Check-inEdit

Hong Kong Airlines provides different priority check-in services for its passengers. Business Class checkin zone is located at the front of the checkin aisle providing a seamless checkin experience without further transportation of luggages. In-town check-in stations of Hong Kong Airlines are located at both Hong Kong and Kowloon Station of the Airport Express Line for passengers to proceed check-in one day before boarding. Moreover, Hong Kong Airlines provides through check-in service. Passengers with flight connections on the following carriers can obtain their boarding passes for their onward flights upon checking in on their departure city.

Electronic Check-inEdit

Hong Kong Airlines passengers can use electronic check-in service at the Hong Kong International Airport, and flights departing from Taipei, Bangkok, Beijing, Shanghai Hongqiao, Shanghai Pudong and Bali prior to boarding.

Airport VIP LoungeEdit

 
Entrance of Hong Kong Airlines Lounge "Club Bauhinia"

There are two Hong Kong Airlines owned and operated VIP lounges, Club Autus and Club Bauhinia, at its hub Hong Kong International Airport.

Opening on September 1, 2017, Club Autus is located on the seventh floor of the Midfield Concourse (MFC), where HKA’s hub is located, and has the area of 1400 square-meter with the longest gourmet corridor among the VIP lounges in the airport of 20 metres, as well as dedicated cocktail and oriental tea selection to the lounge. Club Autus is divided into Premier Zone and Business Zone, where Business Zone is further divided into different functional areas including leisure place, family place, personal care station and scenery zone, all of which cater to customers’ different needs.

Club Autus has also introduced the Royole Moon™ 3D virtual mobile theatre with the world first scalable 800-inch curved screen design, for 3D movies and video games. The scenery zone can overlook the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge and the panoramic views of airport apron at sunset, through the floor-to-ceiling windows of the in-door balcony of the lounge.

Club Bauhinia is opened on June 27, 2014, Located near Gate 23, Terminal One, has the area of 506 square-meter and can accommodates up to 120 passengers. Club Bauhinia serves Hong Kong Airlines Business Class passengers, Foutune Wings Club Elite members as well as entitled first and business class passengers travelling with partner airlines.[59]

Cabin ServiceEdit

Most of the aircraft in the fleet are equipped with an AVOD in-flight entertainment system. An In-flight Magazine "Aspire" is available to passengers with travel and lifestyle articles.[60]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ Hong Kong Airlines – Hong Kong to Worldwide Air tickets, Online Special Air fares and Airline Reservation. "Hong Kong Airlines - About Us & Overview - The Company Profile". Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
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  48. ^ (Press release). Airbus. September 15, 2016 http://www.airbus.com/newsevents/news-events-single/detail/hong-kong-airlines-confirms-order-for-9-more-a330s/.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  49. ^ "Hong Kong Airlines Fleet Details and History". Planespotters.net. 30 August 2017. Retrieved 17 January 2017. 
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External linksEdit